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Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Emmanuel Onyango

All times stated are UK

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  1. The company decoding African DNA

    Abasi Ene-Obong (C) has put together a team of the leading global medical researchers
    Image caption: Abasi Ene-Obong (C) has put together a team of the leading global medical researchers

    Black Africans are at disadvantage when it comes to drug treatments because they represent only 2% of the genetic samples used for pharmaceutical research, but a new Nigeria-based genomics company wants to change that.

    This dearth of genetic studies on diverse populations also has implications for risk prediction of diseases across the world, according to a scientific paper published by US-based academics in March.

    According to Abasi Ene-Obong, the founder and CEO of biotech start-up 54gene, black Africans and people of black ancestry are more genetically diverse than all of the other populations in the world combined, making their genetic information "a huge resource to be tapped".

    He has set up a genetic research laboratory in Nigeria's largest city of Lagos from where his team plans to analyse some 40,000 DNA data samples by the end of 2019, with a view to reaching 100,000 over the next 12 months.

    Dr Ene-Obong says that knowledge of the role genetics plays in diseases will help in developing relevant treatment.

    "Drugs are not even made with Africans in mind, they are not trialled clinically with an African population, so what you have is drugs with lower efficacy for African populations and with poorer safety profiles," he told the BBC.

    New drugs also take time to reach Africa - sometimes between 15 and 20 years, says Dr Ene-Obong.

    Read the full story on the BBC website.

  2. Film on Nigerian sex workers disqualified from Oscars

    View more on twitter

    The Academy of Motion Pictures has rejected a second entry for next year's Oscar award for Best International Film.

    The Austrian movie, Joy, is about Nigerian sex-workers in Vienna, but the Academy says it has too much dialogue in English.

    Last week it turned down Nigeria's own submission, Lionheart, for the same reason.

    The rejections come in the year when the Academy re-named the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar award to Best International Film for "films that are not in the English language".

    News about the film's disqualification was first reported by The Hollywood Reporter website, which said the Academy found that two-thirds of the dialogue in Joy was in English.

    "As we do every year, the Academy is in the process of reviewing the films submitted for the International Feature Film category to determine whether they meet our eligibility rules. The film Joy, submitted by Austria, was just reviewed and is ineligible because only 33% of the dialogue is non-English," a statement from the Academy says.

    The movie was written and directed by Austrian filmmaker Sudabeh Mortezai.

    Renowned film director Ava DuVernay has faulted the Academy's decision:

    View more on twitter
  3. Brutal attack of student by police angers Kenyans

    Kenyans have expressed outrage after a video of police officers brutally beating a university student was shared online.

    The 22-second clip recorded from a high-rise building on Monday shows four officers kicking, hitting and stamping on the student as he lies on the ground.

    Those recording the video can be heard expressing shock at the incident, with one of them letting out a cry as an officer kicks the student on the head.

    The video ends with the student being led away by the policemen.

    A top media boss tweeted the video:

    View more on twitter

    The police had been deployed to Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) in Juja town, north of the capital, Nairobi, after students held a demonstration against rising insecurity, local media report.

    The Inspector of Police Hilary Mutyambai, however, said in a statement on Tuesday that the officers were deployed to "restore order" after students blocked a major highway and started "harassing motorists and other road users".

    "It is important to note that all police officers have gone through a rigorous and professional training in management of riots and unlawful assemblies...the use of force must be legal and of necessity to the needs of justice," he added.

    The Minister for Interior Fred Matiang'i tweeted on Monday that action would be taken against the officers in 24 hours.

    View more on twitter

    Mr Mutyambai said investigations had been opened and that any police officer found "culpable" would be held accountable.

    View more on twitter

    The hashtag #StopPoliceBrutality is the top trending topic on Twitter, with tweeters sharing other videos of JKUAT students being attacked by police.

    Officials at the university ordered the closure of the institution "indefinitely".

  4. Tuesday's wise words

    Our proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: Treat a guest as a guest for two days, on the third day give him a hoe." from A Swahili proverb sent by Notorious Chabiet, Rumbek, South Sudan .
    A Swahili proverb sent by Notorious Chabiet, Rumbek, South Sudan .
    An illustration of a calender

    Click here to send in your African proverbs.

  5. Scroll down for Monday's stories

    We'll be back on Tuesday

    That's all from BBC Africa Live for now. We leave you with an automated service until Tuesday morning.

    Or you can keep up to date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast.

    A reminder of our wise words of the day:

    Quote Message: A hard-working child never lacks someone to take care of them." from A Kikuyu proverb from Kenya sent by Frida Howard, Birmingham, UK
    A Kikuyu proverb from Kenya sent by Frida Howard, Birmingham, UK

    We leave you with this image of an Egyptian man on a beautiful horse in Qena on the east bank of the Nile:

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  6. Murder forces Ebola advice radio station off air

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    A local radio station that has been involved in efforts to stop the spread of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo has closed down after one of its journalists was murdered.

    Staff at Lwemba Radio in the eastern town of Mambasa say they have received numerous threats and have stopped broadcasting for safety reasons.

    On 2 November a radio presenter, Papy Mumbere Mahamba, was killed in his home after hosting an Ebola awareness programme.

    Nearly 2,200 people have died from the virus since the outbreak began last year.

    Local fears and superstitions have led to attacks on health workers which have undermined the effort to stop the virus spreading.

  7. 'East African women shun government hospitals' - report

    Mercy Kandie-Tanui

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    Nurse entering hospital in Uganda
    Image caption: More than 800 women die worldwide every day from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth

    Women across Africa are demanding better care from government-run hospitals in an effort to cut the number of lives lost during childbirth.

    A survey by the White Ribbon Alliance found that 300,000 women in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania are not satisfied with government-run hospitals.

    Many said that they shun government hospitals due to verbal abuse and harassment from medical staff and a lack of security.

    Their responses highlight a big disconnect between governments and women.

    The top issues that women want addressed include better sanitation in hospitals, and more respectful and dignified care.

    According to the World Health Organization, more than 800 women die every day from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth, with more than half of the deaths recorded in sub-Saharan Africa.

    In Kenya, it’s estimated 22 women die every day from complications during childbirth. Women interviewed blamed this on negligence, poor infrastructure and high medical costs.

    This report is published ahead of the 25th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD).

  8. Ethiopia proceeds to introduce new hate speech law

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    The Ethiopian cabinet has proposed new legislation to help stop hate speech and the spreading of false information, at a time when ethnic related violence is on the rise.

    The draft bill will now be debated in parliament.

    Last month 86 people were killed in ethnic conflicts which are believed to have been fuelled in part by divisive, inflammatory videos shared on social media.

    The Ethiopian government says it doesn't currently have the legal framework to deal with the issue.

    Some activists are concerned that if the draft bill becomes law it could be used to curb media freedom.

  9. The Gambia takes Myanmar to court over Rohingya genocide

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Rohingya muslims making their away out of Myanmar
    Image caption: Rohingya Muslims have been fleeing violence in Myanmar since 2017

    The Gambia has filed a lawsuit at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague accusing the authorities in Myanmar of carrying out a genocide against the country's Rohingya Muslims.

    The Gambia - which has a largely Muslim population - is acting on behalf of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

    Human Rights Watch says it is striking and welcome that The Gambia has taken the lead on the Rohingyas as the West African country has recently emerged from decades of brutal dictatorship.

    It says the court could help stop the worst ongoing abuses against the Rohingya in Myanmar.

    A similar case brought in 1993 led to the ICJ finding Serbia had violated its duty to prevent and punish genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Read more here.

  10. New Zimbabwe cash fails to appear

    Shingai Nyoka

    BBC Africa, Harare

    Zimbabwe's central bank failed to introduce new bank notes as expected on Monday.

    It had announced that it would roll out the two and five Zimbabwe dollar notes and coins, the first real currency notes in 10 years. They were expected to deal with the cash shortage.

    There was some confusion however as there was no sign of the promised new cash.

    Instead, banks continued to give out temporary bond notes limiting withdrawals to just 50 Zimbabwean dollars equivalent to $4 (£3.10) per customer.

    The government is planning on injecting around 1bn Zimbabwean dollars into the economy over the next six months.

    They say it will end chronic cash and stem the black market trade in hard currency.

    Critics have warned it could fuel inflation, which at 300% is the highest in a decade.

    A central bank official told the BBC that some banks had now begun collecting the new cash and could begin dispensing it on Tuesday, 24 hours late.

  11. Students arrested after deadly clashes at Ethiopian university

    Kaleb Moges

    BBC Amharic

    Police in Ethiopia have arrested 13 university students in connection with a deadly clash over the weekend.

    Two students were killed and at least a dozen others injured when chaos erupted at Woldia University in the Amhara region of northern Ethiopia.

    The head of security for the region, Hailemariam Ambaye, told the BBC that police are searching for more suspects in an ongoing investigation.

    Authorities have not commented on the reason behind the deadly clash.

    However, local media report that the unrest started as a disagreement between two groups of students over a football game result which then quickly escalated.

    Mr Hailemariam said the local mayor and residents have held discussions with the students and the situation is now under control.

    However, one student who spoke to the BBC said he and his friends fear for their lives and want to go home.

  12. Chemistry exam leaves Kenyan students and teachers ill

    Mildred Wanyonyi

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    A number of Kenyan students sitting a chemistry practical exam have taken ill after being exposed to a poisonous chemical, the local Daily Nation newspaper reports.

    One exam invigilator, a pregnant teacher, is also reported to have developed complications following the exposure. She was admitted to a hospital, the newspaper said.

    The incidents have been reported in schools in Kisumu and Trans Nzoia counties in the country's western region.

    The Kenyan National Examinations Council (Knec) reportedly directed headteachers to buy and use xylene as an alternative for cyclohexane, which they were supposed to use, but which was unavailable.

    Breathing xylene vapors in small amounts can cause headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea, according to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. In some cases exposure to xylene can even lead to death.

    During the practical exam, candidates were expected to heat the chemical and observe the sample without wearing protective gear.

    It is not clear if officials at the education ministry were aware of the adverse health effects of the compound.

    “We had to rush some of the students to hospital after the exam because they were complaining of chest pains, headaches and stomach discomfort. We gave milk to the rest,” a teacher is quoted as saying by the Daily Nation.

    Meanwhile, teachers have accused the examinations council of negligence.

    “Knec should not just be concerned about the integrity of the examination and overlook the health of the teachers who are manning the examination. Our lives matter,” a union official said according to the newspaper.

    Knec has not yet commented.

  13. Trevor Noah is first African to sell out top US venue

    South African comedian Trevor Noah has become the first African to sell out New York's famous Madison Square Garden.

    The venue is a multi-purpose arena and one of the most expensive stadiums ever built, according to US-based sports site Totalprosports.com. It is used for sport and entertainment events and the stadium can seat almost 21,000 people.

    Noah performed over the weekend as part of his "Loud and Clear" comedy tour.

    Previous comedians to sell out the arena include Kevin Hart, Eddie Murphy and Chris Rock.

    The South African, who also hosts the late night programme the Daily Show, thanked his fans on social media, calling the night "incredible":

    View more on instagram
  14. Hundreds of elephants starve to death in Zimbabwe

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    elephants
    Image caption: Last month, 55 elephants died in Zimbabwe

    At least 200 elephants have died due to a lack of food and water as a result of severe drought, the authorities in Zimbabwe say.

    Last month they said 55 had died.

    In an effort to prevent more elephants dying, a spokesman for Zimbabwe's Parks and Wildlife Management Authority said there were plans to move 600 elephants from the Save Valley Conservancy in the south-east of the country to three other national parks.

    He said until the rains came there would be more deaths due to loss of habitat caused by the severe drought.

    Giraffes, lions, buffaloes and antelopes will also be moved in what the authorities describe as the biggest relocation in the country's history.

    Zimbabwe is thought to be home to 80,000 elephants - around a fifth of Africa's total. Park officials say the environment cannot support that number and they have recently flown dozens of elephants to China - a move criticised by animal welfare groups.

  15. By Steve Vickers

    BBC Sport, Harare

    Charlton Athletic's Macauley Bonne

    England-based Macauley Bonne withdraws from the Zimbabwe squad days after getting his passport allowing him to play in Africa Cup of Nations qualifiers.

    Read more
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  16. Cardi B's African fans left both excited and jealous

    American rapper Cardi B

    Friday's announcement by American rapper Cardi B that she will be performing in Nigeria and Ghana next month has been met by excitement and jealousy.

    Excitement in Ghana and Nigeria, where she'll be performing, but jealousy in the rest of the continent - where fans want her to visit their countries.

    On Instagram, Cardi B's wrote: “Africa. I'm coming!". Thousands have responded.

    View more on instagram

    One user wrote: "Welcome to Nigeria we love you.” And another said: "We are waiting for you Cardi."

    But one disgruntled fan, who seems to be based in Kenya, responded: “What about Nairobi? where you also have millions of fans.”

    South Africans had similar comments.

    Cardi B, whose real name is Belcalis Marlenis Almánzar, is best known for her hit Bodak Yellow. In 2019 she became the first solo female artist to win best rap album at the Grammys.

  17. Cape Town crowds 'bigger than for Mandela' welcome Springboks

    Crowds in Cape Town

    Thousands of people have turned out in the South African city of Cape Town to welcome the country's victorious rugby world cup team on the final leg of their journey across South Africa.

    Nothing has come close to the size of the crowds in recent years, not even when Nelson Mandela was released from prison in 1990, BBC sports reporter Mohammed Allie says.

    Crowds in Cape Town

    The Springboks beat England 32-12 in the final in Japan just over a week ago.

    The victory, under the team's first black captain, Siya Kolisi, was hailed as a sign of what is possible in a multi-racial country. Before the end of apartheid in 1994, the whites-only Springboks were a symbol of the racist system.

    Addressing the crowds in Cape Town, Kolisi said: "Look around you, everybody is different. Everyone in our team comes from different backgrounds - we can all do it!"