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Live Reporting

By Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

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  1. Egypt archaeologists find 20 ancient coffins

    Ancient Egyptian coffins uncovered at the Theban necropolis of Asasif, near Luxor

    Archaeologists have found more than 20 ancient wooden coffins near the Egyptian city of Luxor, the country's antiquities ministry says.

    The coffins, whose brightly coloured decorations are still visible, were uncovered at the Theban necropolis of Asasif, on the River Nile's west bank.

    They were in two layers, with the ones on top across those below.

    The ministry described the discovery as "one of the largest and most important" in recent years.

    More details will be released at a news conference on Saturday.

    Read more here.

  2. Rwanda opposition leader undergoing 'psychological torture'

    Victoire Ingabire
    Image caption: Ms Ingabire has denied links to the violent attack in the northern region

    The main opposition party in Rwanda, FDU-Inkingi, says its leader, Victoire Ingabire, is undergoing "psychological torture" a week after she was summoned and questioned by police over a recent attack in the northern region.

    Ms Ingabire, 51, has denied any links to the 4 October attack, which killed 14 people in Musanze district near Volcanoes National Park - a popular tourist spot.

    “I am fighting a political war but it is not a war of bullets," Ms Ingabire told the BBC's Great Lakes Service last week.

    In a statement, FDU-Inkingi said that the police had summoned Ms Ingabire for further questioning without her lawyer, despite knowing that they could not ask her any questions without her legal representative.

    "It seems to be done as a psychological ploy to wear down her mental capabilities and to humiliate her," the party said.

    "We call for the end of psychological torture, degrading and inhuman treatment," the statement said.

    Last week, the police's investigation bureau spokesman said he could not give details about the ongoing investigation into Ms Ingabire.

    A strong critic of President Paul Kagame, the FDU-Inkingi leader served eight years of a 15-year prison sentence for "belittling" the 1994 genocide after questioning why Rwanda's official memorial did not remember any of the ethnic Hutus who were murdered.

    Ms Ingabire believes the case against her was politically motivated. In just 100 days in 1994, about 800,000 people were killed by ethnic Hutu extremists, who were targeting members of the minority Tutsi community, as well as their political opponents, irrespective of their ethnic origin.

    Since her release after a presidential pardon last year, Ms Ingabire has had to report every month to the prosecutor's office.

  3. Blaming dress code for sexual abuse in Zimbabwe criticised

    A man rests his arms on the shoulder of a student

    Zimbabwe Gender Commission (ZGC) - the state body in charge of gender issues - has been criticised for proposing that universities introduce a dress code to protect students from sexual harassment.

    The commission's Legal and Investigations Manager Delis Mazambane was quoted by local media as saying on Tuesday:

    “To make life easier for the lecturer the university needs to have a dress code policy, of course, the constitution talks about freedom of expression but institutions are allowed to cascade such provisions to their own needs."

    Ms Mazambane said that there would be exceptions to the policy:

    “During the weekend, the students can then wear whatever they want but when attending lectures, they need to be guided on how to dress and this makes it easier for lecturers to pinpoint that according to the university’s policy you are not dressed appropriately."

    She added that relationships between lecturers and students are unacceptable.

    National University of Science and Technology (NUST) Dean of Students Sibongile Kamusoko is quoted as saying by ZimLive news site that the main challenge they face is victims not reporting the abuse:

    “Very often I see young men coming forward to report that women are being abused but the women themselves don’t step up so there is no way we can do anything without tangible proof and information."

    One student suggested that universities need to vet lecturers before hiring them:

    “Can universities have a mechanism to sample if someone is a perpetrator or if they have any cases of previously abusing students in their workplaces,” she said.

    Some Twitter users have criticised ZGC's proposal:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  4. Nigerian art work sells for $1.4m after owners googled signature

    Christine painting

    A painting by the artist considered to be the father of Nigerian modernism has been bought for $1.4m (£1.1m) at an auction in London after the owners googled the artist's signature.

    Ben Enwonwu's "Christine", painted in 1971 in Lagos, Nigeria, had been in the home of the family of the sitter since then, auction house Sotheby's says.

    But following the passage of time they "were unaware of the significance of the painting or the importance of the artist, until a chance 'googling' of the signature," it adds.

    Enwonwu, who died in 1994, also produced "Tutu", which had been described by Nigerian novelist Ben Okri, as the "African Mona Lisa".Tutu was sold last year for $1.5m after it was discovered in a London flat.

    Christine, the subject of the painting that has just been sold, was born in New York but moved to Ghana in her late 20s to live with her step-father, Sotheby's says.

    She then moved to Lagos in 1969 where she struck up a friendship with the artist.

    Enwonwu was a student at Goldsmiths, Ruskin College, and the Slade art school in the UK in the 1940s.

    He became more widely known when he was commissioned to create a bronze sculpture of Queen Elizabeth during her visit to Nigeria in 1956.

    Read more about Enwonwu's life.

    Video content

    Video caption: Enwonwu's masterpiece "Tutu" was sold in 2018
  5. Eliud Kipchoge returns to Kenya after historic feat

    Eliud Kipchoge has returned home after becoming the first athlete to run a marathon in under two hours.

    The Kenyan runner, 34, covered the 26.2 miles (42.2km) in one hour 59 minutes 40 seconds in the Ineos 1:59 Challenge in Vienna, Austria on Saturday.

    Kenya's national carrier, Kenya Airways, tweeted a photo of the athlete aboard the flight from Amsterdam.

    View more on twitter

    The airline's spokesperson Denis Kashero told Kenya's Citizen TV that the athlete landed in Nairobi on Wednesday morning.

    The sub-two-hour marathon mark will not be recognised as the official marathon world record because it was not in open competition and he used a team of rotating pacemakers.

    Kipchoge, also the World and Olympic marathon champion, compared the feat to being the first man on the moon.

  6. Deadly parasite 'jumped' from gorillas to humans


    A rare and unfortunate sequence of events allowed a deadly type of malaria in gorillas to "jump" species and attack humans, according to scientists.

    Hundreds of thousands of people die from malaria every year andPlasmodium falciparum- the type the researchers studied - accounts for most cases.

    African great apes were the original host to the parasite.

    But a chance genetic mutation about 50,000 years ago turned it into a threat to humans, experts have found.

    The findings, published in the journal PLoS Biology, could help uncover new ways to fight malaria, the Wellcome Sanger Institute researchers hope.

    Malaria is caused by a parasite that gets into the bloodstream when an infected mosquito bites humans - or animals.

    There are lots of different strains of parasite and one of the most important ones, which now affects only humans, isPlasmodium falciparum.

    It switched host from gorillas at about the same time as the first migration of humans out of Africa, some 40,000 to 60,000 years ago, the researchers say.

    Read the full story of the BBC website.

  7. 'Music has kept Cape Verde peaceful'

    Cape Verde - a group of islands off the west coast of Africa - has long been hailed as a model for democracy in Africa.

    It’s had a peaceful transition of power pretty much every time since achieving independence from Portugal in 1975.

    That's partly because of its Funaná music according to African music collector Vik Sohonie whose new album focuses on the unique sound.

    He spoke to the BBC Newsday programme:

    Quote Message: In 1991, the Cape Verde islands had its first democratic elections and the political parties came up with a rather noble approach which was to incorporate music festival (into campaigns)."
    Quote Message: The festivals allow large crowds to gather... there is a grand stage, people's ears are wide open, the question now was what music do you use at the music festival They tapped into this particular Funaná sound as the soundtrack to their campaign rallies."

    Video content

    Video caption: Cape Verde's unique Funaná music has played an important part in the country's democracy
  8. Somalia army 'seizes sheep and weapons from al-Shabab'

    A cache of weapons and 300 animals were seized from militant Islamist group al-Shabab in an operation on Tuesday in Reydab village, 40km (24 miles) north of Baardheere in southern Somalia, the national army's radio station reported.

    The militants had forcefully taken the animals from locals, it said.

    The commander of the operation Ali Mohamed Hassan told the radio station that several militants were captured alive.

    Al-Shabab - who want to overthrow the central government - impose taxes on locals to fund their operations.

    A VOA journalist shared a video of the recovered animals:

    View more on twitter

    Read more: Who are Somalia's al-Shabab?

  9. Kenya to open $1bn Chinese-built railway line

    Image caption: A banner on the Kenya Railways Facebook page announces the launch of the passenger service

    The second phase of Kenya's new railway line, connecting the capital Nairobi to the Rift Valley region, will be opened today for passenger services only.

    Cargo services will have to wait for the construction of a dry port, which could take longer than planned after the local Maasai community moved to court to oppose its construction.

    The 120km (74 miles) stretch has been built by the China Communications and Construction Company at a cost of 150 billion Kenyan shillings ($1.4bn; £1.10bn).

    Passenger services will only be available in four of the 12 stations, The Business Daily newspaper quotes Kenya Railways head Philip Mainga as saying.

    The entire line, initially planned to reach Naivasha town, has not been completed and ends kilometres away from any major town or population, the Daily Nation newspaper reports.

    Its launch lacks the fanfare witnessed at the opening of the first phase - which cost $3bn to build - running from the coastal city of Mombasa to Nairobi in May 2017.

    The Standard Gauge Railway line project has cost close to three times the international standard and four times the original estimate.

    The government explained the reasons for the high cost include the terrain that required many bridges, tunnels and land compensation.

    About 80% of the money for the railway came through loans from China.

    The initial plan was for the railway to run from the coastal town of Mombasa to the lakeside town of Kisumu, and a possible extension to Uganda. But in April the Chinese government pulled the plug over viability concerns.

    The country will now need to borrow an additional $3.3bn to complete the project.

  10. Wednesday's wise words

    Our proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: Empty stomachs have no ears." from Sent by Chatim Daniel Diu, Juba, South Sudan
    Sent by Chatim Daniel Diu, Juba, South Sudan
    An illustration of a person holding their belly

    Click here to send in your African proverbs.

  11. Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    That's all from BBC Africa Live for today. There will be an automated service until Wednesday morning.

    Here's a reminder of our African proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: The tree the elephant keeps breaking as it moves will be used to roast it." from Sent by Mike Watmon Kinyera and Alii Emmanuel Omati, both from Uganda
    Sent by Mike Watmon Kinyera and Alii Emmanuel Omati, both from Uganda

    And we leave you with this image by Gabonese photographer and visual artist Yannis Davy Guibinga:

    View more on instagram
  12. Polls close in Mozambique amid ballot-stuffing complaints

    Jose Tembe

    BBC Africa, Maputo

    Voters seen queuing with their infant children in Mozambique on 15 October 2019.

    Voting has officially ended in Mozambique's general elections but people who joined queues at polling stations before the cut-off time of 18:00 (16:00 GMT) will be allowed to cast their ballot.

    Seven polling stations did not open in an area of the country that has suffered militant Islamist attacks in recent years - three fewer than expected - said the body in charge of voter registration and the voting process, STAE.

    It had also denied reports of ballot-stuffing made by the the two main opposition parties, Renamo and the Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM), plus four smaller groups.

    But when reporters insisted, pointing out that photos of the supposedly fraudulent ballot papers have gone around the world via the internet and thus threaten the international credibility of the elections, STAE's director Felisberto Naife admitted it was a serious problem.

    He said there should be a through investigation of these cases, starting with ascertaining whether the extra ballot papers are authentic.

    Electoral observers were deployed from the Southern African Development Community(Sadc), the EU and the Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa. The first two applauded the government earlier on Tuesday for its efforts to maintain peace and organise secure elections.

    However it is unclear if all monitors were able to secure accreditation in time - a researcher for campaign group Human Rights Watch tweeted on Monday that over 3,000 election observers were still waiting for the necessary paperwork.

  13. Muslims in Ghana demand end to discrimination

    Thomas Naadi

    BBC Africa, Accra

    Muslims women protesting
    Image caption: Muslim women held a protest march over the weekend

    Members of Ghana's Muslim community are pushing for a new law that would prohibit and prescribe punishment for public officials who discriminate against women and girls who wear hijabs or headscarfs.

    This follows reported incidents of discrimination against some Muslim women at work and in schools.

    This latest incident comes after an invigilator for the West African Examinations Council asked a candidate to remove her hijab before sitting her exams.

    Thousands of Muslims staged protests on Saturday in key cities across the country to push for an end to discrimination.

    Sheikh Armiyawo Shaibu, the spokesperson for Ghana’s chief Imam, said public officials who discriminate against Muslims must "suffer sanctions, adding:

    Quote Message: The sanctions must be made public to send a message."

    Muslim youth have also started a social media campaign using the hashtag #HijabIsAnIdentity calling for the end to discrimination.

    Ghana is officially a secular country and the constitution prohibits all forms of discrimination.

  14. 'I benefited from white privilege' - Hollywood star Charlize Theron

    Charlize Theron at the Oscars in 2019
    Image caption: Theron won an Oscar for her portrayal of a female serial killer in the 2004 film Monster

    South African Hollywood actress Charlize Theron has admitted she has benefited from "white privilege" growing up in apartheid-era South Africa, entertainment paper Variety reports.

    Theron, who was born in the South African town of Benoni in 1975, spoke at an annual fundraiser for an educational and health program for Nigerian children.

    She said:

    "I obviously am a white person who benefited from my white privilege. I grew up during the apartheid era, I benefited from it."

    "These children [today] were all born post-Apartheid era. I feel like it’s my duty to not let them forget and to also let them know that there is [unity], that I am with them, that we are all standing together," the Oscar-winning actress added.

    Apartheid, a system of institutionalised racial segregation, was dismantled in the 1990s.

    However, racial relations are still complicated in the country.

  15. Anti-measles, polio and rubella drive to launch in Uganda

    Mildred Wanyonyi

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    Nurse Agnes from the Bwindi Community Hospital administers a measles vaccination during a Polio and Measles vaccination program for newborn children in the community - June, 2011
    Image caption: More than 18 million children under 15 are to be vaccinated

    Uganda is set to immunize more than 18 million children against measles, polio and rubella in a five-day mass vaccination programme starting on Wednesday.

    It follows recent measles and rubella outbreaks that spread to more than 60 districts. The drive is co-funded by Gavi - the global vaccine alliance, Unicef and the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ugandan government.

    Polio has remained a big threat in Uganda with wild and vaccine-derived strains circulating in neighboring DR Congo and South Sudan.

    Uganda has also seen a decline in routine vaccination programmes in recent years, the WHO says.

    In a joint statement, Uganda's health ministry and WHO said that the campaign will be a launchpad to introduce the measles-rubella vaccine into the country’s routine immunization schedule.

    Disease surveillance is to begin as well as investigation of any suspected cases of these diseases.

    View more on twitter
  16. Crashed government plane found in DR Congo

    BBC World Service

    A map showing the location of Sankuru province in DR Congo.

    Search teams in the Democratic Republic of Congo have found the wreckage of a government-chartered cargo plane, which went missing last Thursday with eight passengers on board. One of those was President Félix Tshiseked's personal driver, the presidency told the BBC.

    The aircraft - also carrying military personnel - had provided logistical support for a presidential visit to eastern DR Congo.

    An aid worker from the Catholic Relief Service said he had visited the crash site in Sankuru province, and local villagers had already buried the bodies of four people found among the debris.

    The Russian embassy in Kinshasa said two Russians had been on the Antonov 72 plane when it crashed.

  17. Malawi government dismisses Ebola scare

    Peter Jegwa Kumwenda

    Lilongwe, Malawi

    A map showing Karonga region in north Malawi

    Malawi's government has dismissed fears of a possible Ebola outbreak in the country after a suspected case was reported in the northern district of Karonga, which borders Tanzania.

    The patient, reported to be 37 years old, was admitted last week at a health facility after exhibiting symptoms associated with the disease - prompting fears of an outbreak.

    Health Secretary Dan Namarika dismissed the fears in a statement released Monday night.

    “There’s no history suggesting contact or travel to any region with Ebola,” Mr Namarika said.

    “The patient is being managed with broad spectrum antibiotics, fluids and general supporting care.”

    Fears of a possible outbreak are heightened by the area's proximity to neighbouring Tanzania, where the government has denied withholding information from the World Health Organization (WHO) on suspected cases of Ebola.

    The Tanzanian government admitted earlier this month that it investigated some 28 suspected cases of Ebola over the past year, including two in September, but says they all tested negative.

    A current outbreak in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo has killed more than 2,000 people.

    The statement by Malawi's health minister follows a social media storm over fears that the country was at risk.

    Mr Namarika assured Malawians that “the government will... be vigilant in ensuring that disease surveillance and response continues”.

  18. Ethiopia landslide kills 22 amid fears of more destruction

    Desta Gebremedhin

    BBC Tigrinya Nairobi

    Rescuers at the site of the landslide
    Image caption: The landslide was caused by heavy rains in southern Ethiopia

    At least 22 people were killed in a landslide in Ethiopia after heavy rains pounded the southern region on Sunday.

    The disaster in Konta district, Dawro Zone, saw waves of mud destroy five homes, killing residents and animals, a local official told the BBC.

    “Thirteen of the victims are women,’’ said Fasika Mulugeta, a communication officer.

    Local media are reporting that a policeman and his family are among those killed.

    Villagers gather at the site of the landslide
    Image caption: The area has previously experienced landslides after heavy rains

    An operation to retrieve the bodies is under way with rescuers using an excavator to dig through the mud. Seventeen bodies have been recovered so far, according to Mr Mulugeta.

    He has asked the federal and state governments to intervene.

    Local officials fear more incidents will happen if the rains continue.

    Last month, seven people were killed in the area after heavy rain triggered a landslide, Chinese news agency Xinhua reported. Five of them were family members.

    Officials fear the ongoing rains could trigger more landslides
    Image caption: Officials fear the ongoing rains could trigger more landslides
  19. Mozambique electoral body denies ballot-stuffing

    Jose Tembe

    BBC Africa, Maputo

    Allegations that extra ballot boxes and voting material have been smuggled into Mozambique to undermine Tuesday's general election have been dismissed as "completely untrue" by the body in charge of voter registration and the voting process.

    The Electoral Administration Technical Secretariat (STAE) was responding to claims made by the the two main opposition parties, Renamo and the Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM), plus four smaller groups.

    They alleged in that that an unauthorised private company has, under cover of night, brought ballot boxes and voting material into Mozambique. STAE says all voting material is produced by the companies Academica and Uniprint, which won the tender.

    The opposition parties also said that two ballot boxes containing ballot papers already marked had been discovered in Cuamba district, in the northern province of Niassa. STAE has denied this.

    Campaign group Human Rights Watch has called into question the fairness of the elections, reporting that some 5,400 people are unable to vote because of safety concerns in the area they live in. It says the 10 voting stations in Macomia, Mocimboa da Praia, and Muidumbe districts are in areas that have suffered Islamist militant attacks.