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Live Reporting

Flora Drury, Farouk Chothia and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

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  1. Scroll down for Thursday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: Great advice does not only come from elders but also from the young child." from A Bemba proverb sent by Victor Sichilongo in Lusaka, Zambia
    A Bemba proverb sent by Victor Sichilongo in Lusaka, Zambia

    Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this photo of a woman taking part in a parade in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, which has been hosting the summit between African and European leaders this week.

    People take part in a parade during the 5th African Union - European Union (AU-EU) summit in Abidjan, Ivory Coast November 30, 2017
  2. Seven missing off Tanzanian coast

    Sammy Awami

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    At least seven people are missing after their boat carrying construction material capsized on the route from the northern Tanzanian port of Tanga to Pemba Island on Tuesday morning.

    The boat is yet to be located but the rescue mission is still on-going.

    Chief inspector of marine vessels at Tanga port authority, Christopher Mlelwa, said he suspects the boat had a technical fault:

    Quote Message: The weather in the ocean is not good at the moment. Most vessels are travelling with caution.
    Quote Message: But unconfirmed reports says the boat had some technical problem. We haven’t confirmed this because we haven’t located the boat yet, but if the engine failed, coupled with bad weather, then the boat could have easily sank.”

    Most of the boats operating along the Tanzanian coast are often in poor conditions and are overloaded. They also lack basic safety and communication equipment.

    Tanzanian coast line
    Image caption: Boat accidents around the Tanzanian islands are not uncommon
  3. Activist behind Mandela helicopter rescue plot dies

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    One of Nelson Mandela's "greatest friends" from his prison days has died aged 89, the former president's foundation announced.

    Anti-apartheid activist Eddie Daniels spent 15 years in prison for his part in the struggle and became friends with Mr Mandela.

    Daniels did not forget his friend once he left prison in 1979 - he even hatched a plot to rescue Mandela by helicopter from his island jail.

    According to the Nelson Mandela Foundation, he even went as far as picking a date - 1 January, 1981.

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    The plan never happened but the two remained friends.

    Mandela once said: “I liked Daniels very much. He was one of my greatest friends in prison. We got on very well. I found him honest, very humble and very helpful indeed.”

    Mandela even penned the forward for Daniels' autobiography:

    “We recall his loyalty and courage; his sense of humour, and justice as well as total commitment to the struggle of the prisoners for the eradication of injustice and the betterment of their conditions,” Mandela wrote.

    View more on twitter
  4. Nigerian singer protests against Libyan slave trade

    Chris Ewokor

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    The singer Charly Boy led Nigerian protesters to the Libyan embassy in Abuja earlier today in protest against slavery in Libya:

    Slave trade protest

    His organisation Our Mumu Don Do describes itself in its Twitter biography as the "coalition of all angry, vexed, and frustrated Nigerians".

    He is quoted in Nigeria's Punch newspaper as saying: “It is shocking to find the slave trade, a horrible part of African history which is best confined to our collective past and best studied to avoid a repeat, is being conducted so brazenly in these modern times."

    CNN footage appeared to show a slave market in Libya and Nigeria's Daily Post reports that 242 Nigerians were flown back home from Libya.

    Earlier this month people, marched to the Libyan embassy in France's capital Paris, reports CNN, and there are plans for an anti-slavery march in London this Saturday.

    Read more: Why celebrities are sharing posts about 'slave auctions'

  5. Nigerian primary school children hacked to death

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    Three primary schoolchildren have been hacked to death by a machete-wielding man in Nigeria.

    The man attacked the primary school in a remote village in Borno state during break-time.

    He also wounded a female teacher.

    The man was arrested and handed over to the police by members of the community, which is about 230km (140 miles) south of Maiduguri, the Borno state capital.

    It is not clear if the lone attacker belongs to any group. The police say the mental state of the suspect is being examined.

    The militant group Boko Haram, which is active in the region, had targeted secondary schools in the past mostly using a large number of attackers with guns and explosives.

    Meanwhile, suspected Boko Haram insurgents have launched a fresh attack on a village in Adamawa state killing at least five people. Residents and the authorities say the militants have also burnt down dozens of homes and looted food.

  6. Two policemen killed in Cameroon

    Two police officers have died after coming under attack by suspected Anglophone separatists in Cameroon, the government has said.

    The officers were taking part in a routine patrol in Otu, in South-West Province, government spokesman Issa Tchiroma Bakary told news agency AFP.

    Another police officer and a soldier were also wounded in the attack.

    The deaths came a day after four soldiers were killed in the same region, and combined they bring to 10 the total number of security forces killed in attacks during November.

    The deaths form part of an escalating crisis in the country.

    Dozens of people have been killed following protests against the mainly Francophone government, leading to increased demands for independence from the English-speaking minority.

    For more about the current crisis, watch the video below.

    Video content

    Video caption: Cameroon's English-speaking protests explained
  7. Last of the strongmen?

    Robert Mugabe and King Mswati III
    Image caption: King Mswati III (r) is Africa's last absolute monarch

    Since Robert Mugabe's fall from power media across the continent have been taking their guess as to which of the so called strong men might be next to go.

    Quartz Africa says the landscape has changed for Africa's leaders, and tweeted an updated list of the longest serving ones.

    View more on twitter

    But it is a king, not a president, who has caught The Mail and Guardian's attention.

    It asks if Swaziland's King Mswati III will be the next to go.

    The country is an absolute monarchy, and political parties are banned.

    Columnists Bill Snaddon and Sibusiso Nhlabatsi write that "In private... many people express deep displeasure at how the country is run and would prefer a more open and free nation".

    However they also caution that it is difficult to say how much dissent there is, and how long his reign will continue.

  8. Every adult in Malawi gets biometric ID card

    BBC World Service

    Malawi has completed a mass registration programme of more than nine million citizens over the age of 16.

    They have been given biometric ID cards.

    Until now, millions of Malawians had no legal documents recognising their identity.

    The authorities say the registration programme will enable those in need to get help, and allow the state to collect taxes and remove fraudulent names from payrolls.

    It is also hoped that it will lead to a reduction in child marriages, since it will now be possible to verify the ages of young brides.

    Baby in Malawi
    Image caption: Births in Malawi have often gone unregistered
  9. Would you eat goat's head?

    The answer to that seems to depend on where you're from.

    But how do you make things like goat's head more palatable to those who didn't grow up eating it?

    Well, Senegalese chef Pierre Thiam and Nigerian chef and writer Nky Iweka have a few ideas (hint: don't go straight in with the goat).

    You can listen to their talk on The Food Chain below.

    Video content

    Video caption: The challenges of introducing African cuisines to other cultures
  10. Mozambique arrests 100 illegal immigrants

    Jose Tembe

    BBC Africa, Maputo

    More than 100 suspected illegal immigrants, mainly from Bengal, Ethiopia, Pakistan and Somalia, have been arrested in Mozambique.

    The arrests were made at Maputo International Airport on Tuesday and Wednesday, Mozambican Migratory Authority spokesman Cira Fernandes said.

    Among those being held as they await deportation are 52 Bengalis, 18 Ethiopians, 11 Pakistanis, and 15 Somalis, she said.

    Ms Fernandes added:

    Quote Message: They have either forged visas or they aren’t sure why they flew to Mozambique. They claim to have acquired visas in Addis Abeba, New Dheli, Mbabane and Dubai.”
  11. Zuma bid to block corruption charges

    Jacob Zuma
    Image caption: South Africa's President Jacob Zuma denies allegations of corruption

    South African media is reporting President Jacob Zuma's lawyers have filed papers detailing why charges of corruption should not be reinstated against him.

    They had been given until midnight today to do so.

    The charges relate to a controversial arms deal in the late 1990s which was worth around $2bn.

    They were dropped in 2009 on the basis that they were politically motivated.

    But last year the Supreme Court of Appeal said that decision was "irrational".

    If the charges go ahead it is likely to increase pressure for President Zuma to step down before the end of his term in 2019.

    He is due to step down as president of the ANC in December, and many analysts say he is trying to influence who takes over from him as leader of the ruling party.

    Mr Zuma denies all allegations of corruption.

  12. Togo instability may have 'wider implications'

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    A man holds up a sign, which reads: "Faure, still how many death by you", during an opposition protest calling for the immediate resignation of President Faure Gnassingbe in Lome, Togo, September 2017
    Image caption: Opposition protesters have called on President Faure Gnassingbé to stand down

    Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari and his Ivorian counterpart, Alassane Ouattara, say the political instability in Togo could have wider implications across the region.

    Opposition protesters have been calling on Togo's President Faure Gnassingbé, who has been in power since 2005, to step down in recent months.

    They are demanding the restoration of the 1992 constitution, which limited the number of presidential terms to two.

    However, Mr Buhari, who was meeting Mr Ouattara on the sidelines of the 5th AU-EU Summit in the Ivorian city Abidjan, warned it could have consequences beyond Togo's borders.

    ''There will be regional consequences for instability in Togo and this will surely come at a cost to development," he said.

    Mr Buhari and Mr Ouattara said friends of the opposition and the government must talk to them on the steps jointly take to achieve stability and mutual trust.

    Mr Gnassingbe is serving his third term in office. He succeeded his father, Gnassingbe Eyadema, who had ruled the country for 38 years.

  13. Families attend funerals of people killed during Kenyan elections

    Emmanuel Igunza

    BBC Africa, Kisumu

    Kenyan funeral

    Funerals are taking place today of some of the victims allegedly killed by Kenyan police as security officers clashed with opposition supporters during this year’s electioneering period.

    Human rights groups say more than 50 people have been killed by police since the election in August.

    The latest victim was a seven-year-old boy, shot dead as he played outside his home on Tuesday - the same day President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in.

    Some of the affected families have collected the bodies of their loved ones today at the City Mortuary in the capital Nairobi.

    Geoffrey Nguyagwa Ovwiru told me his brother Elisha Osenyo Lukuba was shot dead on 17 November.

    Quote Message: It is a very sad moment for us as a family, for the entire country to lose such a young energetic person. It's so painful. Why kill an innocent person? The government that is supposed to protect us is no longer protecting us."

    Rosa Buyu, who is an MP in Kisumu County, an opposition stronghold which has also witnessed violent protests and deaths, is among the leaders who have accompanied the mourners.She told them this is a fight for justice and electoral reforms:

    Quote Message: Your children have paid the biggest price anybody else can pay. But we want to tell the government and the police, we are tired of crying. We have cried enough and we don’t want to cry anymore. It’s the government that can stop us from crying because they can stop these senseless killings."

    Police have denied using lethal force against demonstrators.

    In an interview with a local TV station, police spokesman Charles Owino said all the deaths are being investigated:

    Quote Message: We don’t take death for granted. In every death, we open inquiries into the cause, and we present these files before magistrates having jurisdiction. And if a policeman is found to have committed and offence, he will definitely be charged."
  14. Is crude oil killing children in Nigeria?

    Research has shown that babies born within 10km (six miles) of an oil spill are twice as likely to die in their first month.

    It is a statistic which has left some communities in the Niger Delta wondering exactly what caused the deaths of their babies.

    Stephanie Hegarty has been speaking to some of the mothers who lost their newborns in one village affected by an oil spill.

    You can read her report here, or watch this video:

    Video content

    Video caption: Is crude oil killing Nigerian children?
  15. Malawi women put a ring on it to prevent HIV

    Video content

    Video caption: World Hacks: The secret HIV protection for women with cheating husbands

    Women in Malawi are trialing a new method to help defend themselves against HIV.

    A ring, which is inserted into the vagina, is a way for women to prevent getting infected, even when their partner refuses to wear a condom.

    What's more, their partner never even needs to know they are using it.

    However, it is not a miracle device: studies have found just one in three women using the ring are actually protected.

    But as Dr Annalene Nel explains:

    Quote Message: If you consider the proportions of the epidemic in our community, if you can reduce the risk for every one out of three women, that can really make a difference."

    Watch BBC World Hacks' video above.

  16. Police 'use tear gas' on banned DR Congo protests

    Police have fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators in several Congolese cities, reports AFP news agency.

    Opposition campaigner group Lucha has been tweeting pictures of protests from across the country:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    The protesters were demanding that President Joseph Kabila step down.

    Opposition figures had vowed to push ahead with the demonstrations despite a ban.

    In Kinshasa, police fired tear gas to disperse about a hundred supporters outside the home of opposition coalition head Felix Tshisekedi, AFP correspondents reported.

    Mr Tshisekedi, who called the protests, was quoted by AFP as saying he urged people to take to the streets "to show that we've had enough of this regime which is on its way out".

    The opposition want a transition of power by 31 December.

    But the electoral commission announced at the beginning of November that the election will be almost a year later on 23 December 2018.

    The date of the election has been a matter of contention or some time - Mr Kabila refused to step down at the end of his second and final term in office in December 2016, despite protests.

  17. Investing in youth goes 'beyond the migrant crisis'

    A Libyan coast guardsman stands on a boat during the rescue of 147 illegal immigrants attempting to reach Europe off the coastal town of Zawiya in June 2017
    Image caption: Tens of thousands of young Africans have left for Europe

    The Europe-Africa summit in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, was meant to focus on ''investing in youth' - but instead has been dominated by talk of the migrant crisis.

    But while the two issues are inextricably linked, Sarah Anyang Agbor, the African Union's youth champion, argues it is about more than just preventing people leaving their home countries.

    She told the BBC's Tamasin Ford:

    Quote Message: It is beyond the migration crisis: it is a dream that if Africa has to be driven, if Africa has to emerge, if Africa has to become like the American dream, we need competent skilled people who can fit in the needs of the African continent."

    Ms Anyang Agbor called for a focus on more practical education to give young people the skills they need to become "job creators not job seekers".

  18. Angola opens borders

    South Africa-Mozambique border
    Image caption: Many countries don't allow Africans to enter without a visa

    From Friday Mozambicans and South Africans can visit Angola, and Angolans can visit those two countries, without a visa, reports the state-run newspaper Jornal de Angola.

    The arrangement, which was first agreed in July, is for visits under 30 days.

    The bureaucracy making it difficult to moving between countries in Africa has long been a frustration across the continent.

    Back in 2016, the Africa Development Bank report on visa openness found only 13 out of 55 countries allow all Africans to enter either without a visa or to get one on arrival.

    The African Union is also pushing for citizens of all African countries to be allowed to stay visa-free for 30 days across the continent.

  19. World Cup 'great opportunity' for Tunisia

    Radhi Jaidi looks on during a match
    Image caption: Radhi Jaidi hopes Tunisia can send a positive message

    Former Tunisia football captain Radhi Jaidi has said going to next year's World Cup is a chance to remind the world about his country.

    Jaidi told the BBC he feels the World Cup campaign could also be used to discourage young people from engaging in terror related activities.

    Tunisia has suffered a number of terror attacks in recent years, including the beach attack which left 38 holidaymakers dead two years ago.

    Tunisians also make up the largest number of foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq.

    Jaidi, now in Southampton's under-23s following a successful career on the pitch with teams like Birmingham City and Bolton Wanderer, said:

    Quote Message: Succeeding in football is a great opportunity for the whole country to send a message that Tunisia is trying hard to keep ourselves in a good balance.
    Quote Message: Our image faded and we are trying hard to get that image people used to know.
    Quote Message: Going to the World Cup for the first time in 10 years will renew the message of what we have been through and sending a positive message that Tunisia still exists."

    Read the whole interview here.

  20. Zuma should testify on corruption says deputy

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    Cyril Ramaphosa
    Image caption: Mr Ramaphosa is one of the candidates vying to take over as president of the ANC

    South Africa's President Jacob Zuma should testify in front of a parliamentary committee on corruption if he's asked to, says the deputy president.

    Cyril Ramaphosa says it is a "no brainer".

    He told journalists that Nelson Mandela had set a precedent when he appeared in court in 1998 to answer questions on his decision to set up a commission investigating allegations of corruption and racism in rugby.

    Mr Ramaphosa said "Nelson Mandela... sought to demonstrate that even if you're head of state and head of government you should never be above the law."

    "Nelson Mandela was grilled, in parts it was very humiliating, but he went through with it," he added.

    Mr Ramaphosa is one of the seven candidates vying to take over from Mr Zuma as president of the ANC in December, in an increasingly bitter succession battle that has split the ruling party.