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Live Reporting

By Natasha Booty and Lucy Fleming

All times stated are UK

  1. Another historic day ends in Zimbabwe

    Emmerson Mnangagwa

    We're ending our coverage of events in Zimbabwe, where Robert Mugabe's successor has returned from exile promising to rebuild the country.

    Here are some of Emmerson Mnangagwa's key quotes delivered to cheering crowds at the ruling party headquarters this evening in Harare:

    Quote Message: Today we are witnessing the beginning of a new and unfolding democracy."
    Quote Message: We want to grow our economy, we want jobs... all patriotic Zimbabweans [should] come together, work together."
    Quote Message: We want jobs, jobs, jobs in our country."
    Quote Message: I pledge myself to be your servant."

    You can keep up-to-date with developments on Zimbabwe on the BBC News website and download the Africa Today podcast later to hear snippets and analysis of the speech.

    We'll be back tomorrow at 09:00 GMT.

    And we leave you with another photo of the cuddly crocodile Zanu-PF supporters have been carrying around today - a reference to Mr Mnangagwa's nickname:

    Zanu-PF supporters with a toy crocodile - 22 November 2017
  2. No sympathy for Mugabe - Botswana's leader

    Botswana's President Ian Khama has told the BBC that he doesn't have any sympathy for Robert Mugabe, who resigned yesterday as Zimbabwe's leader.

    Botwana, like other nations in southern Africa, hosts thousands of Zimbabweans who have fled their home for jobs and a better life.

    President Khama did not mince his words:

    Quote Message: I hope he was watching the television screens and seeing how people were rejoicing at his departure.
    Quote Message: You would say to yourself: 'Is this the legacy I had planned to leave?'
    Quote Message: If he cared nothing for his own people then why should I care for him? I don't wish him ill either.
    Quote Message: I say let's leave him alone and just let him try and enjoy the rest of his life."
    View more on twitter
  3. Mugabe 'turned down Zambia exile'

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Former President Robert Mugabe has rejected an offer of exile from Zambia, according to the privately owned Zambia reports website.

    The news site reports Zambia's President Edgar Lungu as saying:

    Quote Message: I had talked to him [and said] that if the chips are down you can come here but he refused saying that his home was Zimbabwe and he will remain there."

    Zambia Reports adds that President Lungu warned that Zimbabwe's military, whose intervention eventually led to Mr Mugabe's resignation, should now "return to their barracks":

    Quote Message: Now the people of Zimbabwe should follow their constitution since President Mugabe has resigned. It is time for the soldiers to return to the barracks."
  4. Mnangagwa's address 'impressive'

    Emmerson Mnangagwa,

    Zimbabwe’s President-to-be Emmerson Mnangagwa, who has finished his speech, revealed that he had been in constant contact with the military since their takeover last week.

    He also pointed to the reason for their intervention, saying that orders were being given to the government from people outside the executive – a veiled reference to Grace Mugabe, the former first lady.

    A Zimbabwean journalist who lives in exile in South Africa says Mr Mnangagwa's performance was promising:

    View more on twitter
  5. Mnangagwa: We need jobs, jobs, jobs

    Emmerson Mnangagwa, who thanked the crowd for waiting for him for so long, has said “the will of the people will always succeed”.

    Quote Message: The voice of the people is the voice of God.
    Quote Message: Today we are witnessing the beginning of a new unfolding democracy in our country."

    Zimbabwe's president-to-be has also thanked the speaker of parliament, the army and other officials who have helped him over the last week.

    Robert Mugabe's successor then went on to address the state of the economy, saying all Zimbabweans needed to come together:

    Quote Message: We want peace, we want jobs, jobs, jobs in our country."

    This was greeted by a huge roar the crowd.

    He went on to say Zimbabwe needed the corporation of Africa – to grow the economy.

  6. Mnangagwa: I was going to be eliminated

    Emmerson Mnangagwa speaks at Zanu-PF headquarters

    Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwe's president-to-be, said he had to flee as he was going to be "eliminated" by Robert Mugabe's government:

    Quote Message: The people of Zimbabwe, you who are gathered here to receive me, may I say in the name of our Lord I thank you considerably.
    Quote Message: Exactly 16 days ago I received a letter firing me from government of the republic of Zimbabwe as vice-president within two hours I was informed about plans to eliminate me.

    He then went on to refer to a previous attempt to eliminate him:

    Quote Message: Realising that on the 12 August this year I was subjected to poisoning that resulted in my being airlifted to South Africa.
    Quote Message: I survived that poisoning. This time around I said to myself, 'I should not wait for them to eliminate me - let me go out and let me go out and with you the people of Zimbabwe, make your voice heard.'"
  7. Massive cheers for Zimbabwe's 'crocodile'

    Zimbabwe's president-to-be is now being introduced to the cheering crowd at Zanu-PF party headquarters.

    The BBC's Stanley Kwenda in the capital, Harare, says they have been chanting the song of the moment Kutonga Kwaro – meaning to “rule properly” – as they wait.

    The speaker says it's a historic moment and he's thanked them for their patience - some have been waiting for hours to greet Emmerson Mnangagwa, known by his nickname "the crocodile".

    This is a screengrab of the speaker, you can see Mr Mnangagwa to his right with his fist raised:

    Speaker at Zanu-PF headquarters, Zimbabwe
  8. What baby names will become popular?

    A baby girl looks up at her parent
    Image caption: Will Resign become a popular name in Zimbabwe?

    South African politician Mbhazima Shilowa has tweeted a wry comment about the way Zimbabweans name their children - often to reflect the mood or circumstance of the family at the time of birth.

    Here's his list of names that might turn up on birth certificates soon.

    View more on twitter

    A South African journalist has replied with his own suggestion - "Crocodile", or its Shona equivalent "Ngwena" - a reference to the nickname of Zimbabwe's President-to-be Emmerson Mnangagwa.

    View more on twitter

    Read more: Africa's naming traditions

  9. The new presidential cavalcade

    A CNN journalist has tweeted a video of the cavalcade of Zimbabwe's president-to-be in the capital, Harare:

    View more on twitter

    Emmerson Mnangagwa, who will be sworn as president on Friday following Robert Mugabe's resignation, has landed back in Harare and is due to address his supporters soon.

  10. What do Zimbabweans want?

    People in Zimbabwe's capital Harare are pinning prayers and messages of hope to trees in the city's parks.

    One reads:

    Quote Message: I pray for the restoration of the economy, love, peace, unity and everlasting happiness to every citizen of Zimbabwe - [regardless] of colour or origin."

    Another person's wish reads:

    Quote Message: I'm praying for freedom. [We want] a one- or two-term president, not a life president."

    Video content

    Video caption: Locals consider what they want for their country now Mugabe has resigned
  11. Born frees 'will no longer be silenced'

    People celebrate in the streets of Harare, after the resignation of Zimbabwe"s president Robert Mugabe on November 21, 2017
    Image caption: People celebrated on the streets yesterday when Robert Mugabe resigned

    Today's editorial in Zimbabwe's state-run Herald newspaper, entitled "Dawn of a new era", warns President-to-be Emmerson Mnangagwa that Zimbabweans now have high expectations.

    It says the events of the last week - including a mass demonstration against Robert Mugabe on Saturday and the celebrations over his subsequent resignation yesterday - mean "some things have changed, forever".

    Quote Message: The overwhelming majority of the marchers on Saturday and those in the impromptu celebrations last night were the younger generations, young men and women in their twenties and thirties who had been born and had grown up in a free Zimbabwe.
    Quote Message: They will never again go back into a box of silence and all future Zimbabwean leaders are going to have to be accustomed to plain speaking, to listening and then explaining what they are doing and why."

    More than 70% of Zimbabweans are under 35, according to the last census.

    Another thing Zimbabwe's new leaders need to acknowledge is the remarkable unity on show over the last few days, the editorial says.

    Quote Message: They need to recognise another huge sea-change. The symbols in the marches, the rallies and the street parties were not names of people or pictures on walls. There was just one symbol – the flag... they did not care how their neighbour voted in the last election or how they might vote next year; they did not care about race or class. They were just happy to be together as Zimbabweans. And that is perhaps the greatest triumph of the past 37 years."

    The Herald also notes that that Mr Mnangagwa won't be able to hang on to power like Mr Mugabe as the new constitution, introduced a few years ago, has a two-term limit for presidents.

    Quote Message: The next 37 years will see a minimum of four presidents, and that assumes that everyone will win two terms and want to serve both of them."
  12. Supporters await Mnangagwa speech

    South Africa's Eyewitness News has shared this video showing huge crowds of people gathering outside Zanu-PF's party headquarters in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare.

    They are waiting to hear President-to-be Emmerson Mnangagwa address the nation for first time since Robert Mugabe's resignation yesterday.

    View more on twitter
  13. Saluting Zimbabwe's 'croc'

    More pictures are coming in of Zanu-PF supporters in the capital, Harare, with a toy crocodile, a reference to the nickname given to Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwe's president-to-be.

    Zanu-PF supporters with a toy crocodile, Harare, Zimbabwe - Wednesday 22 November 2017
    Zanu-PF supporters with a toy crocodile, Harare, Zimbabwe - Wednesday 22 November 2017

    During the struggle for independence, Mr Mnangagwa let a group of fighters known as the "crocodile gang".

    His nickname also reflects his political shrewdness - and his Zanu-PF faction is known as "Lacoste".

  14. Zimbabweans bin Mugabe portraits

    Some Zimbabweans are removing their ex-president's portrait from positions of prominence in public buildings.

    Images and videos of people binning portraits of Robert Mugabe, who resigned yesterday, are being widely shared on social media, as Zimbabweans enjoy a symbolic act of defiance they could have scarcely have imagined doing a week ago.

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
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  15. First picture of Mnangagwa in Zimbabwe

    A Twitter account that monitors the media in Zimbabwe has posted a photo of Emmerson Mnangagwa's arrival at an airbase in the capital, Harare:

    View more on twitter

    A marching band, which included some giant sousaphones, was pictured earlier at the base as people waited for Zimbabwe's incoming president:

    A brass band at an air force base in Harare, Zimbabwe - Wednesday 22 November 2017
  16. Stage readied for Mnangagwa speech

    Shingai Nyoka

    BBC Africa, Harare

    The stage at Zanu-PF's headquarters in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, is being readied for President-to-be Emmerson Mnangagwa to speak.

    Proceedings should start in about 30 minutes - and supporters are assembling outside.

    A man holds a placard reading "Ed for a new Zimbabwe" as people wait for the arrival of Zimbabwe"s former vice president and designated president Emmerson Mnangagwa in front of the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party headquarters in Harare on November 22, 2017
  17. 'I lost my land to Grace Mugabe'

    Video content

    Video caption: Zimbabwe crisis: Looking for Grace Mugabe in her heartland

    Meet the Zimbabweans who say that former First Lady Grace Mugabe seized their land.

    One woman, Helen, told BBC correspondent Andrew Harding:

    Quote Message: They demolished my house. They said: 'You must go away because this place has been taken by the First Lady'. I nearly killed myself because this was my last hope."

    When asked what he would say to Grace Mugabe if she appeared, a man named Innocent said:

    Quote Message: I would tear her to pieces. Because she has destroyed my life for the past 16 years."
  18. Five ways to revive Zimbabwe's economy

    Harare residents celebrate in front of the parliament after the resignation of Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe (21 November 2017)

    What can get Zimbabwe's finances off life-support and into recovery mode?

    Matthew Davies, editor of the BBC's Africa Business Report programme, says the country urgently needs these five measures:

    • Cash injection
    • Dump damaging policies and stamp out corruption
    • Negotiate with foreign lenders
    • Create the conditions to reduce unemployment and entice the diaspora to return
    • Create its own currency

    Read the analysis in full

  19. BreakingPresident-to-be Mnangagwa lands in Zimbabwe

    Emmerson Mnangagwa has returned from South Africa.

    He is expected to give an address at the governing Zanu-PF party's headquarters in Harare at 16:00 GMT.

  20. 'Croc crowds' moved to Zanu-PF's HQ

    The people who had gathered at the Manyame airbase waiting to welcome back Emmerson Mnangagwa – Zimbabwe’s president-to-be – have been taken to the ruling Zanu-PF party’s headquarters in the capital, Harare.

    The BBC's Sophie Ribstein in the city says it looks like officials want them to be there when Mr Mnangagwa gives an address after his arrival back from South Africa, where he fled after he was sacked two weeks ago.

    According to the state broadcaster, he may arrive at 16:00 GMT.

    Someone in the crowds at the Zanu-PF HQ is actually holding a toy crocodile, in reference to Mr Mnangagwa's nickname:

    Crowds at Zanu-PF's headquarters, Harare, Zimbabwe - 22 November 2017