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  1. Tens of thousands of Togolese protest against 'dynastic rule'
  2. Boat capsizes on River Niger, killing 16
  3. Six children and two women killed in South Africa
  4. Zulu monarch says corporal punishment makes children 'perform well'
  5. Paul Kagame's rival charged with mother and sister
  6. Zimbabwe's vice-presidents clash over poisoning claim
  7. Anger over UK foreign secretary's Libya 'bodies' comment

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

    We’ll be back tomorrow

    That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: No matter how strong a termite’s stomach is, it still cannot digest green grass." from A Dinka proverb sent by Malueth Agany Kuot in South Sudan
    A Dinka proverb sent by Malueth Agany Kuot in South Sudan

    Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this picture of a fruit vendor's stall in Kenya's capital, Nairobi:

    View more on instagram
  2. Seven years back pay for fired Pick n Pay workers

    Mary Harper

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    An appeals court in South Africa has ordered the reinstatement of 61 supermarket staff seven years after they were fired.

    The workers from the Pick n Pay chain were sacked for going on strike for one hour.

    The court also ordered that they receive back pay for the entire period.

    Pick n Pay says it is surprised by the ruling and that it is yet to decide its next move.

    The staff, who worked in a Johannesburg branch of the supermarket, downed tools in a row over pay.

  3. UK foreign secretary accused of 'insensitivity'

    BBC World Service

    Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson looks on as Prime Minister Theresa May delivers her keynote speech to delegates and party members on the last day of the Conservative Party Conference at Manchester Central on October 4, 2017 in Manchester, England
    Image caption: Boris Johnson has faced calls to resign

    UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has been accused by a prominent Libyan political activist and academic of extreme insensitivity after he suggested that a Libyan city could become the next Dubai once the dead bodies had been "cleared away".

    Guma el-Gamaty told the BBC that some 750 young Libyan men died to liberate the city of Sirte from the Islamic State group to remove the threat of terrorism not just from Libya but the rest of the world, including the UK.

    Mr Johnson has faced demands for his resignation from several members of his own Conservative Party, as well as the opposition.

    See earlier post for more details

  4. 'I build fast and furious vintage cars'

    The Shelby Cobra is such a rare vintage car that a South African factory builds replicas to meet demand.

    Zandile Dlamini works there, welding the car chassis, one of the few women working on the factory floor in an industry dominated by men.

    Watch her story:

    Video content

    Video caption: The South African woman building Shelby vintage cars
  5. Togo protesters in 'final warning' to president

    Image caption: More anti-Gnassingbe protests are planned for Thursday

    Tens of thousands of opposition supporters in Togo have marched in the capital, Lome in what they call the next phase of their campaign to force out President Faure Gnassingbe.

    There were also big numbers of protesters in the second largest city of Sokode and the northern town of Bafilo, where youths blockaded a major highway connecting the north and south of the country.

    Organisers had billed today's march as a "final warning" to the regime.

    More rallies are expected on Thursday, described by organisers as a "march of anger", AFP news agency reports.

    The main opposition leader, Jean-Pierre Fabre, said that they were going to maintain pressure on the government.

    Protesters carried placards demanding the restoration of the 1992 constitution, which limited the number of presidential terms to two. Mr Gnassingbe is serving his third term in office.

    He succeeded his father, meaning the same family has ruled Togo for 50 years.

    At least four people have been killed and hundreds injured during weeks of anti-government protests in Togo.

    Abdou Razak (C) of Togo demonstrates with others against President Faure Gnassingbé in Dag Hammarskjold Plaza outside the UN in New York on September19, 2017
    Image caption: Togolese in the diaspora have also joined in the protests
  6. Dive puts Ivorian footballer out for two months

    Seydou Doumbia
    Image caption: Seydou Doumbia is set to miss Ivory Coast's final two 2018 World Cup qualifiers with an injury he picked up diving for a penalty

    Ivory Coast's Seydou Doumbia is facing two months on the sidelines after injuring himself diving trying to win a penalty for his Portuguese club Sporting Lisbon.

    He is set to miss the Elephants' final two 2018 World Cup qualifiers against Mali and Morocco.

    Ivory Coast's Belgian coach Marc Wilmots confirmed Doumbia had torn a tendon.

    Doumbia was shown a yellow card for diving and limped off the pitch during Sporting's European Champions League loss to Barcelona.

    Read the full BBC story here

  7. Huge anti-government protest in Guinea

    Mary Harper

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Large demonstrations have taken place across Guinea against what opposition supporters describe as government impunity.

    Schools and shops have remained closed in several towns.

    Opposition groups say the security forces have killed more than 80 of their supporters since President Alpha Conde was elected in 2010.

    They say two were shot dead during demonstrations last month.

  8. SA police vow to find killers

    South African police would leave no stone unturned in their efforts to hunt down the killers of six children and two women from the same family during an attack on their homes in a village in KwaZulu-Natal province, spokeswoman Captain Nqobile Gwala has said.

    The motive for the killings at the two homes close to each other is still unclear, she added.

    See earlier post for more details

  9. Bafana Bafana players to sign conduct code

    Stuart Baxter
    Image caption: Stuart Baxter was re-appointed as coach of South Africa in May

    South Africa's squad members have been made to sign a code of conduct upon arrival at their training camp for Saturday's World Cup qualifier.

    The move is aimed at preventing any repetition of the excessive partying after their last match in Durban.

    The incidents were widely reported in local media and happened despite Bafana Bafana losing to Cape Verde.

    "When we are professional athletes representing our country we don't do that," coach Stuart Baxter said.

    "It will be dealt with in-house. What does not help are people making up stories that are… hugely inflated and missing the mark completely."

    The squad also watched a presentation on professionalism as Baxter also partly defended his players despite the antics being criticised by disappointed fans.

    "I am pretty sure that over the last 50 years people have looked with admiration at boys taking a drink or 'boys being boys'," he said.

    On arrival this week to prepare for the qualifier against Burkina Faso at Johannesburg's Soccer City on Saturday, the players had to watch a presentation called 'The 24-hour professional'.

    Read full story

  10. Nigeria deaths after boat hits tree stump

    Chris Ewokor

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    At least 16 have died after their boat capsized on the River Niger in north-western Nigeria.

    The vessel, carrying about 60 passengers, is believed to have hit a tree stump in the middle of the river.

    So far, only three people are known to have survived.

    Boat accidents are common on the River Niger, especially during the rainy season.

    More than 100 people have died in the past three months alone.

  11. Extreme poverty in Africa is 'decreasing'

    We've just come across this data visualisation that shows a positive trend in the reduction of extreme poverty in Africa.

    It uses data collected by a US-based independent research centre at the University of Washington.

    It shows that there are only a few places on the continent where 20% of children are still dying before the age of five.

    View more on twitter
  12. Deadly suicide bombing in Libya

    Rana Jawad

    BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

    A suicide bombing targeting a court complex in Libya’s western city of Misurata has killed six people, including the assailants, a security spokesman in Misrata has confirmed to the BBC.

    The so-called Islamic State has claimed responsibility for the attack.

    Mohamed Al Ghasri, a spokesman of the Bunyan Al-Marsous armed group in Misurata, told the BBC that four people were killed in the bombing, as well as two IS militants.

    A third assailant was arrested.

    Mr Ghasri said a vehicle with three IS militants drove into the court building.

    “One of them blew himself up, the second was killed in a confrontation with the police,” he added.

    Mr Ghasri accused the UN-backed government in the capital, Tripoli, of being “weak” and failing to support them.

    The attack would have taken security forces in Misurata by surprise, because the port city has largely been spared militant attacks of this kind in the past, unlike other cities in Libya.

    The Al Bunyan Al Marsous is a coalition of armed groups, comprised of brigades mostly from Misurata, which fought IS and ousted them from their previous stronghold of Sirte last year.

    It has since fallen out with the UN-backed government in Tripoli.

  13. UN says Mali crisis worsening

    Tomi Oladipo

    BBC Monitoring's Africa security correspondent

    The UN Security Council is to discuss the crisis in Mali today after an investigation found that the country's security situation had significantly worsened.

    It noted that there had been a 100% increase in Islamist attacks in the past four months.

    UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres reported a surge in attacks against peacekeepers and local troops.

    He said that since June extremist groups – mostly in northern Mali - have carried out a total of 75 attacks against Malian, French and UN forces.

    Most of the attacks were claimed by JNIM – a jihadist coalition linked to al-Qaeda.

    The UN chief called for funding and logistical support for the new regional force that is being set up to fight jihadists in the Sahel.

    He also expressed his disappointment in the resumption of fighting between local armed groups despite a prior peace agreement between them.

    Meanwhile, the defence minister and the top military commander in the Netherlands have both resigned over the deaths of two Dutch soldiers in Mali last year.

    An investigation by the Dutch Safety Board into the training accident found that the military had been using stocks of old and defective shells without carrying out its own checks.

    Read:Why Mali is the world's most dangerous peacekeeping mission

  14. Political uncertainty slows Kenya's economy

    Ferdinand Omondi

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    Nairobi stock market
    Image caption: Kenya’s private sector has been deteriorating due to the political stalemate

    Political uncertainty in Kenya has slowed down growth in Kenya’s private sector to its lowest point in three years, according to a bank survey.

    It shows that businesses are holding off major investments as they await the outcome of Kenya’s election re-run, while the existing interest rate cap on commercial lending has made it even harder to access bank loans.

    The research conducted by Stanbic Bank shows that a key indicator of Kenya’s economic health dropped for the 5th consecutive month to its lowest since 2014.

    According to Jibran Qureishi, an economist at the Stanbic Bank, Kenya’s private sector has been deteriorating due to the political stalemate.

    The country held general elections in August, but the Supreme Court annulled the results over irregularities.

    A re-run will be held in three weeks time.

    Many investors are said to have adopted a wait-and-see attitude pending the fresh election.

    Mr Qureishi also said firms are finding it harder to access credit as banks hold back their money because of the current cap on interest rates which the government imposed two years ago.

    Since then banks have largely shied away from high risk financing, slowing down economic growth.

  15. SA police: 'Six children and two women killed'

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    I have just been on the phone to a spokeswoman of the South African Police Service (SAPS) about the mass shooting at a village in KwaZulu-Natal province.

    Captain Nqobile Gwala confirmed that eight pople from one family were killed when gunmen entered two homes next to each other in Matimatolo village near Greytown.

    At the first home, four children and a woman aged 60 were killed.

    At the second home, a woman aged 58 died at the scene and two children died in hospital. A third child is in a critical condition in hospital.

    “We are making an urgent appeal to local community members or anyone to come forward with information and contact the local police station or our crime stop number 08600 10111,” Captain Gwala said.

    See previous post

  16. 'Eight killed' in South Africa mass shooting

    Two South African news sites are reporting that eight people were killed in the shooting at two homes in KwaZulu-Natal province.

    They include six children and two elderly women, News24 and IOL are reporting.

    See previous post

  17. 'Seven women from one family' killed in South Africa

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    Gunmen have shot dead seven women from the same family in a village in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, local media reports.

    The unknown gunmen stormed two family homes next to each other, before opening fire.

    The governing African National Congress (ANC) in KwaZulu-Natal said it had learned of the killings with "great pain and sadness".

    "Clearly something is not right in our province and needs all of us, beyond political affiliations, to join hands in an effort to defeat this new tendency,” its spokesman Mdumiseni Ntuli said.

    It is not clear whether the killings are politically motivated.

    KwaZulu-Natal has seen a spike in politicall killings, with 35 people murdered since last year.

    Read: Could killings engulf South Africa?

  18. First global pledge to end cholera by 2030

    Washing hands
    Image caption: The charity Wateraid estimates it would cost $40 (£30) per person to provide water, sanitation and hygiene.

    Health officials from around the world are meeting in France to commit to preventing 90% of cholera deaths by 2030.

    The disease, which is spread through contaminated water, kills about 100,000 people every year.

    It is the first time governments, the World Health Organization, aid agencies and donors have made such a pledge.

    It comes as Yemen continues to fight one of the worst cholera outbreaks on record.

    Cholera has been spreading in the war-torn country due to deteriorating hygiene and sanitation conditions and disruptions to the water supply.

    More than 770,000 people have been infected with the disease, which is easily treatable with the right medical equipment, and 2,000 have died. Many of the victims are children.

    Estimated global annual cholera cases:

    • India: 675,188 cases, 20,266 deaths
    • Ethiopia: 275.221 cases, 10,458 deaths
    • Nigeria: 220,397 cases, 8,375 deaths
    • Haiti: 210,589 cases, 2,584 deaths

    Source: Johns Hopkins University

    Read full story on the BBC website

  19. Mugabe thanks South Africa for jobs

    Jacob Zuma and Robert Mugabe
    Image caption: Mr Mugabe was hosted by his counterpart President Zuma

    Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe used his official visit to South Africa on Tuesday to thank the country for giving Zimbabwean nationals employment opportunities, South Africa's privately owned EWN news site reports.

    “Here is where many of our people have found incomes through employment,” he said in his speech.

    Zimbabwe has been facing an economic crisis for years, leading to the collapse of its currency in 2009.

    Mr Mugabe admitted that some Zimbabweans were in South Africa illegally, and others did bad things.

    “The good and the bad... we have given you the trouble to sort out," Mr Mugabe said, adding: "Others don’t mean well and need to be punished or sent back.”

    Mr Mugabe's praise for South Africa came after he annoyed the secretary-general of the governing African National Congress (ANC), Gwede Mantashe, for criticising the legacy of anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela.

    Mr Mugabe was quoted as saying that the late Mr Mandela cherished his personal freedom more than anything else and left "whites with everything".

    Mr Mantashe hit back, saying Mr Mugabe had destroyed Zimbabwe's economy, and should be grateful that South Africa had given jobs to millions of Zimbabweans.

    On Tuesday, Mr Mugabe urged the ANC not to render itself into "nothingness" - a reference to the divisions which have hit the party ahead of its conference in December, when it will elect a sucessor to Mr Zuma.

    "I don't know what we would be if all that future is rendered into nothingness, torn apart," Mr Mugabe said.

    "We wish [the] ANC every success at the congress, so that it can continue into the future renewed and strengthened," he added.

  20. Zimbabwe vice-presidents fall-out

    Shingai Nyoka

    BBC Africa, Harare

    In Zimbabwe, there has been extraordinary criticism of one vice-president by another.

    In a lengthy press statement Phelekelezela Mphoko accused Emmerson Mnangagwa of lying about being poisoned in August.

    Mr Mnangagwa, 75, is a frontrunner to succeed President Robert Mugabe, 93.

    Mr Mnangagwa fell ill at a political rally attended by Mr Mugabe and had to be airlifted to South Africa.

    Over the weekend he said someone had tried to poison his food. His supporters suggest a rival group within the ruling Zanu-PF party was involved.

    Emmerson Mnangagwa (L) and his wife Auxilia (R) attend the funeral ceremony of Peter Chanetsa at the National Heroes Acre in Harare, on January 7, 2017.
    Image caption: Mr Mnangagwa is said to be politically cunning

    Mr Mnangagwa and First Lady Grace Mugabe, 52, are reported to lead rival groups within the party - a claim both deny.

    The latest statement by Mr Mphoko, who has a lower profile than Mr Mnangagwa and Mrs Mugabe, is a sign that tensions are becoming more difficult to hide.

    Mr Mphoko, 73, says doctors had confirmed to the president that stale food - not poison - caused Mr Mnangagwa to fall ill.

    He said Mr Mnangagwa's claim shows an agenda to undermine the president and fuel tensions within the party.

    Mr Mnangagwa has not yet responded.

    See earlier post for more details