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  1. No charges for South African "rapist killer"
  2. Video shows Nigerian being thrashed by Indian mob
  3. Anthrax "may have killed 100 hippos in Namibia"
  4. Nigeria starts secret trials of Boko Haram suspects
  5. Kenyan police "killed 35 in August poll protests"
  6. Calm restored in Mozambique after Islamist raid
  7. Chad to reintroduce black rhinos after 40 years
  8. Forces "raid Biafran separatist's home"
  9. Tunisian health minister dies after charity run
  10. Egypt qualify for World Cup for the first time in 28 years
  11. UN base in DR Congo attacked by Ugandan rebels
  12. Eight drown after collision with Tunisian navy
  13. UK MP defends meeting with Mugabe

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Lucy Fleming

All times stated are UK

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  1. Scroll down for Monday's stories

    We’ll be back tomorrow

    That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: He who is married to lightning is not of afraid of its flashes." from A Chewa proverb sent by Blessings Kapalanga in Lilongwe, Malawi
    A Chewa proverb sent by Blessings Kapalanga in Lilongwe, Malawi

    Click here to send your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this photo taken outside Liberia's electoral commission in the capital, Monrovia, reminding voters about tomorrow's general election:

    Voting posters
  2. Calm restored in Mozambique after Islamist raid

    Jose Tembe

    BBC Africa, Maputo

    Calm has been restored to Mozambique’s northern port town of Mocimboa da Praia after 30 armed Islamist militants attacked the town last week.

    The governor of Cabo Delgado province, Celmira da Silva, described the raid, which began on Thursday, as “extremely frightening”.

    Local residents told the governor that most of those in the armed group were Somalis, who had been recruiting and training Mozambicans.

    The Mozambican police said during clashes between the security forces and militants, that lasted several days, 16 people were killed - two policemen and 14 of the attackers.

    Four policemen were wounded and are receiving medical care.

    Visiting the town on Sunday, Ms Silva stressed that everyone should go back to work as normal from today.

    However, she said the government was still trying to understand the group’s origins:

    Quote Message: We need to know who they are, what their motives are, and where they came from. Naturally we have some suspects and we believe they will be reliable sources of information."
  3. Turkey's feud with Gulen schools surfaces in Senegal

    Alex Duval Smith

    BBC Africa, Dakar

    Fethulah Gulen
    Image caption: Mr Gulen's movement has been running schools in Africa for 20 years

    The stand-off between the Turkish government and an influential exiled cleric has surfaced in Senegal.

    Supporters of the cleric Fethulah Gulen say a decision this morning in a court in the capital, Dakar, marks a small victory in their battle to save nine schools they run in Senegal.

    The case was brought by Gulen supporters in Senegal after the government recently closed down their schools and placed the company which owns them, Horizon Education, into receivership.

    At today's hearing, the government offered to return the control of the company to its owners. Moussa Sarr, the Gulenists' lawyer, welcomed the move:

    "This does not mean the schools can reopen but it's a first step. I hope the state is being sincere and that when talks resume, a solution can be reached very soon.

    "The government's move improves the mood. It's a first step but there's also another case before the Supreme Court. So let's see how we go."

    Nearly 3,000 children had been attending the Gulenists' nine schools in Senegal.

    Mr Gulen's movement has been running schools across Africa for the last 20 years.

    The fee-paying establishments have been seen as disciplinarian and high-achieving.

    Mr Gulen used to have the Turkish government's support.

    But last year the US-based cleric was accused of orchestrating a coup against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

    Senegal is the latest country to come under pressure from Turkey to close its Gulenist schools.

    Read more:

  4. Nigerian 'thrashed by mob' in Delhi

    A video has emerged of a mob in India's city of Delhi beating a Nigerian man, Indian media reports.

    According to the ANI news agency, the video was shot on 24 September.

    In the footage, the man can be seen with his feet tied to a lamp post as his attackers keep hitting him with sticks:

    A screengrab from the video of a Nigerian man being beaten

    Indian broadcaster NDTV, reports that residents accused him of robbing a house.

    The Nigerian man was taken to the police after the attack and had injuries to his head, face, limbs and back, it says.

    The police told NDTV that after he was treated in a hospital, he appeared before a judge, who sent him to jail.

    As a result of the footage, police say action will be taken against the attackers, the broadcaster says.

  5. Public hearings into SA psychiatric deaths

    Pumza Fihlani

    BBC News, Johannesburg

    Christine Nxumalo poses with a picture of her sister of Virginia Nxumalo, a mentally ill patient who died in Gauteng province last year
    Image caption: Christine Nxumalo poses with a picture of her sister - one of the patients who died last year

    Public hearings into the deaths of more than 100 psychiatric patients have begun in South Africa.

    Known as the “Life Esidimeni tragedy”, the deaths occurred between March and December 2016 following a "reckless" attempt by the government to save money, an official report by the health ombudsman found.

    Most of the patients died of starvation, dehydration and diarrhoea, according to the report.

    They had been transferred from private specialised care centres to various non-governmental organisations in the Gauteng province, many of which were unregistered and did not have equipment or staff to care for the patients.

    It took months for the families to be notified of the deaths - many said they were not even notified about the planned move.

    The three-week-long hearings, led by Dikgang Moseneke - a retired deputy chief justice - could lead to prosecutions and also assist families in civil claims against the state.

  6. Egyptian president awards bonuses to footballers

    Egypt's President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi shaking hands with Egypt's football national football team

    Egypt's President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has given a bonus of $85,000 (£65,000) to each of the players who clinched a place at the 2018 World Cup finals in Russia.

    A 2-1 win over Congo Brazzaville saw them qualify for the global showpiece for the first time since 1990.

    The president had special praise for match-winner Mohamed Salah, who scored a penalty in injury time to secure the qualification:

    Quote Message: I am proud of all the players but especially of Mo Salah who was brave enough to take the crucial penalty."

    He also thanked Argentine coach Hector Cuper for making "our dreams come true."

    During the meeting with the president, Cuper said:

    Quote Message: Maybe we don't play beautiful football but we are at the World Cup and that's the most important thing."

    Read the BBC Sport story for more.

  7. South Africa's rape culture


    Pumza Fihlani

    BBC News, Johannesburg

    A protester in South Africa holding up a sign reading: "Do not rape us".
    Image caption: Some are calling for harsher sentences for rape

    Prosecutors here in South Africa have dropped murder charges against a woman accused of killing her daughter's rapist, saying the chances of a successful prosecution were slim (see earlier post).

    South Africa has one of the highest rates of rape incidents in the world, more than 40,000 cases were reported in the last year’s figures.

    In a majority of the attacks, the victims and the perpetrators are known to each other – which sometimes leads to cases being dropped because of intimidation, the authorities say.

    A number of campaigns have been held in the country in recent months, some led by men, calling for harsher sentences for rapists.

    Campaigners have also called for the government to do more to help women feel safe.

    But women's rights activists have decried slogans advising women to “stay safe”, saying it almost absolves attackers and places the responsibility of not being rape squarely on women.

    Others say not enough is being done to address the heart of rape culture.

  8. Job prospects 'better in rural areas'

    Ferdinand Omondi

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    Farm in South Africa
    Image caption: Industrialisation is slowing while demand for food is increasing

    A report by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warns that young people in the developing world may be better off finding jobs in rural areas rather than cities.

    That is because demand for food production is high while industrialisation is slowing down.

    The report says rural people who relocate to cities will find it hard to get a job and risk joining the urban poor.

    By contrast it points out that rural areas have the potential for economic growth as the food production industry feeds the growing demand in urban settlements.

  9. Anthrax 'could have killed 100 hippos in Namibia'

    More than 100 hippos have died in Namibia in a remote national park in the past week, reports Namibia's New Era newspaper.

    Officials in the Ministry of Environment and Tourism told the newspaper that they expect they could have died from anthrax, a bacterial disease found in arid climates.

    The newspaper tweeted images from the Bwabwata national park showing lifeless hippos:

    The director of parks and wildlife, Colgar Sikopo, told New Era that anthrax normally occurs while the level of the river is low.

    He added that vets were trying to determine the cause of death.

  10. 'At least 10' killed in Nigeria shooting

    Gunmen attacked a market in the southern Nigerian city of Port Harcourt early this morning, reports AFP news agency.

    Most of the victims were market women, said trader Agnes Tarila.

    Local resident Arutere Utuama said: "As soon as I heard of the incident I ran to the market where I counted at least 10 bodies."

    Police spokesman Nnamdi Omoni told AFP that the motive for the killings was not clear yet.

    Port Harcourt Market
    Image caption: Port Harcourt has high levels of crime and political violence
  11. Eight drown after collision with Tunisian navy

    Rana Jawad

    BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

    At least eight migrants have drowned in the Mediterranean following a collision between the boat they were on and a Tunisian navy vessel.

    The accident took place in a stretch of water between Tunisia and Malta on Sunday night.

    The boat was trying to reach Italy when it collided with a Tunisian navy vessel that approached it around 34 miles (54km) from Al Ataya beach in the island of Kerkenah.

    The boat is believed to have been carrying around 70 people. Although dozens have been rescued, many are still unaccounted for.

    Tunisia’s ministry of defense says it’s investigating the circumstances of the incident and that they are still searching for victims. All the people who have been rescued are Tunisian.

    Migrant boat
    Image caption: The illegal crossing across the Mediterranean is perilous

    Some observers believe that there has been an increase in migrants leaving from Tunisia because of tighter controls off the Libyan coast, North Africa’s most popular transit route for the Mediterranean crossing.

    Last week, the Tunisian navy rescued 140 people. Most were Tunisian migrants from boats that set off from the country’s south-eastern coast.

    Official figures also show that more than 500 Tunisians and people from sub-Saharan Africa were arrested during attempted crossings in September.

  12. Cement billionaire clashes with Tanzania's 'Bulldozer'

    Aliko Dangote
    Image caption: Aliko Dangote has made a lot of his money from cement

    Africa's richest man Aliko Dangote has criticised Tanzanian President John Magufuli for scaring away foreign investors, reports the Financial Times.

    Mr Dangote highlighted a plan to allow the government to take 16% of an investor’s assets for free, says the FT.

    The newspaper goes on to explain that the Nigerian businessman Mr Dangote is one of the biggest investors in Tanzania and has built a $650m (£494m) cement plant in Tanzania.

    The mining laws have already changed this year and the president has accused international miners of under-reporting how much they were exporting from the country.

    Acacia Mining and Petra diamonds are among the companies that have reduced their operations since the changes.

  13. Liberia's president calls for peaceful polls

    Charlotte Attwood

    BBC Africa, Monrovia

    President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
    Image caption: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf won the Nobel Peace Prizein 2011 for helping bring peace after civil war

    Liberia's outgoing President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has just addressed the nation calling for peaceful elections tomorrow.

    The 78-year-old reminded voters that they were empowered:

    Quote Message: Your vote is about you and your family - not party, ethnicity."

    Twenty candidates are standing to replace Mrs Sirleaf, Africa's first female president, in a first round on Tuesday.

  14. Four judges begin secret Boko Haram trials

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    A displacement camp in Maiduguri, Nigeria
    Image caption: Millions of people have fled their homes during the eight-year insurgency

    Nigeria has now started the trials of thousands of suspects accused of being involved with the militant Islamist group Boko Haram.

    Sources at the ministry of justice have told me that four judges have started their trials at the military detention facility in Kainji town, north-central Niger state, where more than 1,600 suspects are being kept.

    It is not clear how many have been arraigned on the first day of the trials.

    Up to 1,670 people will be tried in the coming weeks with a further 5,000 people after that. Many of the suspects have been detained for years.

    This is the biggest series of terrorism-related trials in Nigerian history.

    The trials are to be conducted in secret at detention facilities across the country - although they are not military tribunals.

    Human rights activists and some families of the suspects have expressed fears that this will undermine transparency.

    The trials are likely to last for months, or even years, because of the huge number of suspects who will be tried individually, according to Justice Minister Abubakar Malami.

    Plus the judicial system here is chronically slow.

    More than 20,000 people have been killed and millions of others displaced by Boko Haram's eight-year insurgency in several countries in the Lake Chad region.

    Many people, including women and children, have also been abducted by the militants.

  15. UK MP defends meeting with Mugabe

    Robert Mugabe (L) and Sir Nicholas Soames
    Image caption: The meeting took place last week

    Sir Nicholas Soames has defended holding a personal meeting with President Robert Mugabe while on a visit to Zimbabwe.

    The veteran Conservative British MP said he met the president last week to reminisce about his father's role as the last governor of Southern Rhodesia.

    Sir Nicholas said they met for old times' sake, adding: "It was purely for Auld Lang Syne and I'm glad I did it."

    But Labour MP Kate Hoey called the visit a "body blow" to people who had suffered under the Mugabe regime.

    The 93-year-old president has been quoted in Zimbabwean press reports saying Sir Nicholas' visit showed the British wanted dialogue with his country.

    Read the BBC News story for more

  16. Kenyan police 'killed 35 in August poll protests'

    At least 37 people were killed in a police crackdown in protests immediately after Kenya’s 8 August election, the country’s human rights watchdog has said.

    In three days of violence, 35 people died as a result of “excessive use of force by police", the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) has said in a report about the vote.

    The dedication to its findings, entitled Mirage at Dusk, reads in part:

    Quote Message: The report is dedicated to the six-month-old baby Samantha Pendo, the seven-year-old Fred Omondi and eight-year-old Stephanie Moraa whose lives were tragically cut short in an electoral protest where they were not even qualified to participate either as voters or candidates.
    Quote Message: The life of every Kenyan is sacrosanct. The sanctity of life is protected under Article 26 of our Constitution. No Kenyan should ever lose their life in an election-related conflict."

    Last month, the Supreme Court annulled the presidential vote because of irregularities.

    The rerun is scheduled for 26 October, although the opposition coalition has threatened to boycott the poll unless the electoral commission makes some staff changes.

    Police fired teargas and shots in the air today as hundreds of opposition demonstrators marched through the capital, Nairobi, demanding reforms. A photographer for the Reuters news agency was at the protest:

    An opposition supporter runs from tear gas fired by policemen during a protest calling for the sacking of election board officials involved in August"s cancelled presidential vote, in Nairobi, Kenya 9 October 2017
    Opposition supporters carry banners during a protest calling for the sacking of election board officials involved in August's cancelled presidential vote, in Nairobi, Kenya

    According the AFP news agency, opposition leader Raila Odinga reiterated at a press conference that he would not take part in a re-run if his demands are not met:

    Quote Message: We have said and we continue to say that we will not participate in the elections if the environment is not conducive for a free and fair election."

    Click here to read the full report Mirage at Dusk

  17. Petra Diamonds in financial trouble

    Matthew Davies

    Editor, BBC Africa Business Report

    A diamond ring, made with a stone from Cullinan mine in South Africa
    Image caption: A diamond ring, made with a stone from the Cullinan Mine in South Africa

    One of Africa's largest diamond mining companies, Petra Diamonds, is in financial trouble.

    The firm, which has operations in South Africa and Tanzania, says it is likely to breach the terms of its loans by the end of the year.

    It is a double whammy for Petra – it has been hit by labour disputes at its mines in South Africa and tighter regulations in Tanzania.

    Most of Petra's operations are in South Africa and include the famous Cullinan Mine.

    But industrial action has disrupted production, even though a three-year wage deal was signed last week.

    And early last month, officials in Tanzania seized a parcel of diamonds from the Williamson Mine, claiming it was undervalued.

    The Tanzanian government has made several such claims recently, especially against the country's gold mines.

    The possible breach of Petra's lending covenants did not come as surprise to analysts, but the company’s shares in London fell around 5% on Monday morning.

    Petra will provide an update on its position when it posts its annual results next week.

  18. Is this the world's worst road?

    People are still reacting to this video posted by the International Committee of the Red Cross on Saturday showing a lorry pulling two other lorries through a river-like road in Democratic Republic of Congo:

    View more on twitter

    This South African tweeter takes inspiration:

    View more on twitter

    While this French journalist urges people to use it to give perspective:

    View more on twitter

    And this Nepalese tweeter compares the road to his own country:

    View more on twitter

    Finally, this South African tweeter ponders what the video tells us about the distribution of resources in DR Congo:

    View more on twitter
  19. No charges for SA 'rapist killer'

    Pumza Fihlani

    BBC News, South Africa

    South African state prosecutors have provisionally dropped their case against a woman who allegedly stabbed a man to death and wounded another after she said she found them raping her 27-year-old daughter last month.

    The woman from the Eastern Cape Province had initially been charged with murder and attempted murder.

    A provincial spokesperson for the National Prosecuting Authority said the woman’s charge sheet showed that she had “attacked the men because she was trying to save her daughter”.

    The NPA has decided not to proceed with the case, saying it could not be “successfully prosecuted in court”.

    Today's hearing was held in the Lady Frere Magistrate Court, where the woman has received the support of many community members who helped raise money for her bail.

    Following the NPA’s decision an inquest into the death of the alleged rapist will be conducted and could influence what further action, if any, will be taken against the woman.

  20. Taking dead bodies for a dance in Madagascar

    Raissa Ioussouf

    BBC Afrique, Antananarivo

    In the highlands of Madagascar, relatives exhuming the bodies of dead relatives and dance with them.

    It's an ancient ritual – known as the “turning of the bones” – and a moment for joy and celebration.

    I went along to one such ceremony:

    Video content

    Video caption: People dance with the dead in Madagascar