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Summary

  1. Gambia tourism sector 'hit by political stalemate' pre-Christmas
  2. Nigeria's Arik Air cuts flights amid fuel shortage
  3. Top Ugandan general sidelined after scandal
  4. 'Twenty people killed in DR Congo' during anti-Kabila protest
  5. Almost half of Africans have high blood pressure
  6. Abducted UN workers 'freed in Darfur'
  7. Guinea 'coup officer' arrested in Senegal
  8. Somali-Islamic centre shooter found dead in Zurich
  9. Seven Cameroon players snub Africa Cup of Nations
  10. Gambian ambassadors urge President Jammeh to step down
  11. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Tuesday 20 December 2016

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer, Lucy Fleming and Lamine Konkobo

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

You don't learn to be left-handed in old age."

An Igbo proverb sent by Cynthia Echeme in Aba, Nigeria

Click here to send your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this photo from Instagram showing the divinities and football stars used to decorate a bicycle in Liberia's capital, Monrovia.

View more on instagram

Nigeria's Arik Air staff demand salary arrears

A picket line blocked the entrance to the offices of Nigeria’s largest airline, Arik Air, today in Lagos, reports the BBC’s Umar Shehu Elleman:

Protesters outside Ariq Air in Lagos
BBC

Workers are on strike demanding that the company pay them seven months’ arrears in salary:

Strikers' posters on gates to the offices of Ariq Air in Lagos
BBC

It comes as the airline announced it was suspending 55% of its domestic flights because of a fuel shortage - see earlier entry.

Nigeria 'to close Abuja airport for six weeks to fix runway'

Nigeria will close the airport in the capital, Abuja, for six weeks from February to repair its badly damaged runway, Reuters news agency quotes the the government as saying.

Flights to Abuja will be diverted to Kaduna, a small airport for domestic flights where airlines use handwritten boarding passes, it reports.

Kaduna lies about 160km (100 miles) to the north of the capital and a train service recently opened between the two cities.

Stolen temple carving 'returned to Egyptians'

Luxor temple
Getty Images
The temple is a big draw for tourists to Luxor

Egypt's embassy in London has received a limestone carving that had been stolen from Queen Hatshepsut's temple in Luxor, the Ministry of Antiquities told AP news agency.

The relief, which is carved in limestone and engraved with hieroglyphic symbols, was stolen from the temple in 1975 and smuggled out of the country, AP adds.

It was put on show in an auction hall in Spain and a British antiquities dealer bought it, the statement from the ministry said.

Newcastle player given five-game ban over Saiss abuse

Jonjo Shelvey
Rex Features
Newcastle United signed Jonjo Shelvey for £12m earlier this year

Newcastle United footballer Jonjo Shelvey has been banned for five games after he was found guilty of using racially abusive language against Moroccan Wolverhampton player Romain Saiss.

The British player has also been fined £100,000 ($123,000) and ordered to attend a Football Association education course.  

Newcastle were losing to Wolves in their Championship match in September, when in the 87th minute Shelvey insulted Saiss.

Newcastle went on to lose 2-0.

Read more on BBC Sport

Ivory Coast poll: Gbagbo's party gets three seats

Alex Duval Smith

BBC News, Abidjan

An election poster encouraging people to vote in Ivory Coast
AFP
Voter turnout is thought in be low

President Alassane Ouattara's coalition in Ivory Coast has maintained its control of the parliament, according to the country's independent electoral commission.

However the RHDP's majority was reduced amid successes for several independent candidates, most of whom were dissidents of the party.

But the outcome of Sunday's parliamentary election was even worse for the Ivorian Popular Front (FPI) - the party of former President Laurent Gbagbo.

It secured only three MPs in the 255-seat National Assembly.

The electoral commission president is due to make a speech soon and we are expect him to reveal the turnout figure.

China and Mozambique sign $11m arms deal

Jose Tembe

BBC Africa, Maputo

Military parade in Maputo, Mozambique
Getty Images
Mozambique's army is made up of about 11,000 recruits

China has signed a deal with Mozambique's army to provide training and equipment valued at roughly $11.5m (£9.3m).

Chinese ambassador Su Jian said at the ceremony that military co-operation between the two countries dated back to Mozambique’s national liberation struggle when China provided training and other assistance for the fighters of the liberation movement.

The liberation struggle was between 1962 and 1974. It was followed by a brutal civil war that ended in 1992.

Gambia crisis 'hits Christmas tourist bookings'

Umaru Fofana

BBC Africa, Banjul

People walking on a beach in The Gambia
BBC
The Gambia is a popular tourist destination

The Gambia's Chamber of Commerce and Industry says 90% of businesses in the tourism sector have been affected by the uncertainty caused by the current political stalemate.

It says they're experiencing cancellations and a decline in tourist numbers for the Christmas season.

This has affected craft vendors, like Auntie Marie de Mama, who told me: "It is very sad. There is no business; there is no business here for me to make something for my children. There is nothing going on."

President Yahya Jammeh, in power since 1994, is challenging the result of a presidential poll earlier this month in which he initially accepted defeat. 

Is salt to blame for Africans' high blood pressure?

Earlier we tweeted:

View more on twitter

And we were asked this:

@BBCAfrica @EricKigada The Big Question is Why Africa? Is it Food?

So we had a look into the report to see if the World Health Organization (WHO) had pin-pointed the cause.

The report says the lifestyle choices that can affect blood pressure do include food, especially salt, but can also be alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and obesity.

It recommends two things:

  • Initiatives to get people to eat less salt
  • Blood pressure screening services, as it says most people who have high blood pressure are not even aware that they do.

Police summon Uganda football boss

Andrew Jackson Oryada

BBC Africa sport, Kampala

Uganda’s football boss, Moses Magogo, has been summoned to help the police with an investigation into match-fixing at a national and league level.

The BBC has seen the police letter requesting that the football association president’s come in for questioning.

Mr Magogo opted to hand over investigations into alleged match-fixing to the police after an outcry when the national team lost a game to Guinea last year.

Earlier this year the Uganda FA's accounts were frozen as investigations continued.

And two players from the Ugandan premier league side Police Football Club were sacked for match-fixing two weeks ago.

Anti-Kabila protests: 'We need to reclaim our liberty'

Residents chant slogans against Congolese President Joseph Kabila as peacekeepers serving in the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) patrol during demonstrations in the streets of the Democratic Republic of Congo"s capital Kinshasa, December 20, 2016.
Reuters

As the UN says 20 civilians have been killed on the streets of the Democratic Republic of Congo's capital, Kinshasa, protesters have been telling the BBC why they are out on the streets.

One man says nearly 16 years is enough for President Joseph Kabila:

It's my country, I am Congolese. I am against everything he is trying to do to violate the constitution. There are millions of people who voted for the constitution. It is only the choice of 300 people that he will stay in power. He did what he could in 16 years of power, we don't want any more of him. We say thank you very much but it's time for him to leave power in DR Congo.

Another suspects violent protesters may be playing into Mr Kabila's hands:

It's a provocation, it's a challenge that he's sending to the people of DR Congo. We think that the Congolese people need to take care of themselves. We have to demonstrate peacefully to reclaim our liberty and rights."

Arrest 'major step' in Guinea stadium massacre probe

Toumba Diakite, ex-offcer in Guinea's army
AFP
Mr Diakite once commanded the Presidential Guard or Red Berets

Human Rights Watch has welcomed the arrest of Guinean army officer Toumba Diakite, who has been arrested in Senegal (see earlier entry).

He had been on the run since 2009, and is still wanted in connection with a massacre of people opposed to the junta.

Corinne Dufka from Human Rights Watch’s Africa Division, said in a statement:

The arrest... represents a major step forward in Guinea’s investigation into the 2009 stadium massacre that left over 150 dead. Toumba, the aide de camp of then coup-leader Moussa Dadis Camara, has been on the run since his indictment more than five years ago. A panel of judges has been investigating the crimes since 2010, and victims are eager to see the case move to trial.

“Mr Diakite should benefit from the full range of fair trial protections. His arrest is a final step in the judges' investigation, and seems to be an indication of both the Guinean and Senegalese governments’ commitment to justice."

At the time of the 2009 massacre, HRW says Mr Diakite commanded the Presidential Guard, or Red Berets, and was a close confident of then-coup leader

A spokesman for Guinea's government, Albert Damantang, has told BBC Afrique that the Guinean authorities are liaising with Senegalese officials over the extradition process.

Read more: Rape horror at Guinea stadium

Angola's oil boss Isabel dos Santos 'looks for new fuel sellers'

Isabel do Santos
BBC
Ms Dos Santos is reportedly Africa's richest woman

Angola's oil boss Isabel dos Santos has told the UK's Financial Times newspaper that she is going to open up the sale of oil into Angola to more competitors to reduce costs.

Her father, Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, appointed her as the boss of the state oil company Sonangol earlier this year. 

But the article indicates she has had a tough time.

Even though Angola is Africa's biggest oil producer, it imports 80% of its fuel because the country doesn't have enough refineries, the FT adds. 

That means Sonangol has to find about $170m (£138m) a month to buy the refined oil. 

But, to make things worse, the government is reportedly struggling to pay because it can't get hold of enough foreign currency.

The FT says the commodity trader Trafigura has a "near monopoly" on selling oil to Angola.

Ms Dos Santos told the newspaper she is looking to change this situation:

"My vision is to make Sonangol very profitable... For that we have to make sure... that we acquire products at the most competitive prices." 

'Twenty civilian deaths in Kinshasa'

Residents chant slogans against Congolese President Joseph Kabila as peacekeepers serving in the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) patrol during demonstrations in the streets of the Democratic Republic of Congo"s capital Kinshasa, December 20, 2016.
Reuters

The UN human rights director for the Democratic Republic of Congo has told Reuters that there were "solid" reports that 20 civilians had been killed in confrontations with security forces in the capital Kinshasa. 

"On the issue of deaths, it looks bad," Jose Maria Aranaz told Reuters. 

The Politico news website reported earlier that three demonstrators had been killed by soldiers in Kinshasa.

President Joseph Kabila's term officially ended on Monday but elections have been postponed to April 2018 - something demonstrators are protesting against.

Empty dock syndrome in Simone Gbagbo trial

An empty dock is a familiar scene for journalists reporting on the on-going trial of Simone Gbagbo, Ivory Coast's former first lady facing charges of crimes against humanity:

Journalists wait in court for Simone Gbagbo to arrive
BBC
Journalists wait in court for Simone Gbagbo to arrive

The case was supposed to resume this morning in Abidjan, but the BBC's Alex Duval Smith says when the courtroom opened there was no sign of the defendant, who has been in custody since April 2011.

An exasperated journalist told our reporter: 

It is like this every time she is due to appear."

One security guard fell sleep as he waited for the former first lady:

A security guard snoozes as he waits for ex-First Lady Simone Gbagbo to appear in court
BBC

Mrs Gbgabo's trial has been beset by incidents which has caused several postponements. 

Human Rights group Lidho, who was representing victims, pulled out of the trial citing a lack of thoroughness in the preparation. 

Proceedings have now got under way - without Mrs Gbagbo.

Last year she was sentenced in a separate case to 20 years in jail for her role in the violence which followed the refusal of her husband to stand down after elections in 2010.  

Top Ugandan general sidelined after scandal

Catherine Byaruhanga

BBC Africa, Kampala

One of Uganda’s most powerful generals has been removed from his position following allegations that he was involved in a fake arms deal.

Brigadier General Leopald Kyanda was chief of staff for land forces and before that commanded the presidential guard and military intelligence office.

He is not officially under investigation and has denied involvement in a scam to allegedly defraud a Polish arms company of about $500,000 (£405,400).

Gen Kyanda was seen as a rising star in Uganda’s army and has been close to the first family. But he has now been moved from his senior position in the military and sent on a year’s course to India.

The defence spokesman says there’s no guarantee he will take up the same role on his return.

In recent years President Yoweri Museveni, who seized power in 1986 and is now serving his fifth presidential term, has phased out the old guard in the military in favour of a new generation of officers like Mr Kyanda.

They have risen through the ranks quickly and are considered loyal to the president’s son, a commander in the army.

President Yoweri Museveni in army fatigues
AFP
President Yoweri Museveni has surrounded himself by a new generation of officers

The English girls' school reborn in a Nairobi slum

Judy Webb and Joyce Aruga
BBC
Joyce (R) was inspired to set up her Kenyan school after meeting Judy in 2013

Here's a story of serendipity.

In 2005 Judy Webb closed down the private girls' school her family had run in the English countryside for nearly 60 years. 

But a few years later she met Joyce Aruga at a conference of the 100 women chosen to be profiled by the BBC.

At the age of 14 Ms Aruga was forced to become the third wife of a much older man, but - determined to get an education - she ran away from her husband and later trained as a teacher.

Ms Aruga and Ms Webb hit it off at the conference and when she Ms Aruga visited Ms Webb's house she found the uniforms from her school.

She travelled home with two suitcases crammed full of the uniforms. 

Skip forward a few years and those uniforms are now being worn in a school Ms Aruga opened in Nairobi - which also has the same name as Ms Webb's school.

Read more: The English girls' school reborn in a Nairobi slum

Seven Cameroon players snub Africa Cup of Nations

BBC sports reporter John Bennett tweets the latest about the Africa Cup of Nations football tournament which kicks of on 14 January:

View more on twitter

Those turning down the opportunity to play for the Indomitable Lions are:

  • Andre Onana, who plays for Dutch club Ajax
  • Guy Rolland N'Dy Assembe, who plays for French club Nancy  
  • Joel Matip, who plays for English club Liverpool
  • Allan Nyom, who plays for English club West Bromich
  • Maxime Poundje, who plays for French team Bordeaux
  • Andre-Frank Zambo Anguissa, who plays for French club Marseille  
  • Ibrahim Amadou, who plays for French team Lille  

Three demonstrators 'killed in Kinshasa'

BBC Monitoring

News from around the globe

Anti-riot police in the Democratic Republic of Congo
AFP
Tension has been running high since President Kabila's term officially ended yesterday

Three demonstrators have been killed by soldiers in DR Congo's capital, Kinshasa,  the private news website Politico.cd reports.

Five others were also injured, two of them seriously, in a shooting which occurred in the east of the capital earlier in the day, it says.

Eyewitnesses are quoted as saying the victims were shot at "close range" by the Republican Guard deployed in the suburb of N’djili, one of the city's most populated districts.

Gunfire can still be heard in various parts of Kinshasa, even though opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi has called for peaceful resistance, the report adds.

'Tusks seized from timber planks' in Mombasa

A Kenyan radio station is reporting that Kenya Revenue Authority officers have found a haul of ivory, cunningly disguised within planks of wood at the port in the coastal city of Mombasa.

View more on twitter

It is estimated that Africa is losing nearly 30,000 elephants because of poaching driven by a demand for ivory in Asia.

'Kabila out' protests in Kinshasa

The BBC's Thomas Fessy has been out and about on the streets of DR Congo's capital, Kinshasa, where there have been running battles today between some protesters and security forces after President Joseph Kabila's mandate expired at midnight:

Anti-Kabila protests hit DR Congo's capital Kinshasa

Abducted UN workers 'freed in Darfur'

Three UN refugee agency workers who were abducted from Sudan's restive Darfur region last month have been freed, the AFP news agency quotes the UN as saying.

The two Nepalese citizens and one Sudanese national had been kidnapped by armed men on 27 November from el-Geneina in West Darfur state. 

AFP says the UN refugee agency spokesman Adrian Edwards did not provide any further details about the circumstances of the men's release:

At this time our immediate focus is on the health and well-being of our colleagues, as well as that of their loved ones following this ordeal."

UNHCR spokesman Adrian Edwards

Congolese protesters whistle against Kabila

Protests have been taking place in several cities of DR Congo, where President Joseph Kabila's term officially ended on Monday. 

Gunfire could be heard in parts of the capital, Kinshasa, early this morning as demonstrators demanded that Mr Kabila step down. 

People still blowing whistles across the capital of DR Congo, Kinshasa. 

They say this signals an end to Mr Kabila's term. 

They are also chanting "Kabila must go", reports the BBC's Charlotte Attwood who sent us these pictures:

blowing whistles
BBC
protestors
BBC

Elections have been postponed until April 2018, which the opposition says is a deliberate tactic by Mr Kabila to extend his time in office. 

South African couple 'outraged' by being labelled 'two blacks'

Two customers at a restaurant in South Africa's city of Cape Town received a bill which identified them as “two blacks”, reports Eyewitness News.

The customer Scott Maq tweeted the receipt:

View more on twitter

The Bungalow's marketing manager, Micheline Leo, told Eyewitness News that a waiter inputted identification notes to help identify tables.  

The restaurant later apologised in a tweet:

View more on twitter

But Mr Maq was not impressed, demanding a personal apology: 

@KoveCollection I do not accept your apology. You've failed to contact me directly as an offended patron.

@KoveCollection I had to hear from a journalist on how you plan to handle this incident. No apology/communication to the offended patron.

Nigeria's Arik Air cuts flights amid fuel shortage

Martin Patience

BBC News, Nigeria correspondent

An Arik aeroplane in the air
Boeing handout
Arik Air is one of the largest carriers in West Africa

Nigeria’s biggest airline, Arik Air, has suspended more than 55% of its domestic flights because of chronic shortages of aviation fuel.

Workers at the airline have also gone on strike today in protest over pay and working conditions.

The flight cancellations will bring fresh misery to thousands of Nigerians trying to fly home for the Christmas holidays.

In a statement, Arik Air said it was getting less than half the aviation fuel it requires to maintain its service.

In light of the shortages the airline’s deputy managing director told the BBC the company had been forced to slash its schedule. 

But other airlines are still operating and Arik’s business practices have been widely criticised in the past.

Nigeria’s aviation industry is chaotic - travellers are used to poor service - flight delays and cancellations are common.

But the recent fuel shortages appear to have been worsened by the country’s shortage of foreign currency required to pay for aviation fuel. 

Despite being a major oil producer, Nigeria imports all of its aviation fuel because the country’s refineries don’t function properly.  

Why do Africans have high blood pressure?

Anne Soy

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Smoking
AFP
Smoking, drinking alcohol and eating too much all increase risk of disease

Do you exercise often, eat at least five servings of fruit and vegetables per day, and abstain from tobacco and alcohol? 

If not, then there is a chance of getting a non-communicable disease, such as heart disease, cancer or diabetes. 

In half of the African countries surveyed in a World Health Organization (WHO) report we mentioned earlier, a quarter of adults had at least three risk factors, increasing the probability that they will get one or more of these illnesses sometime in their lives. 

The WHO report shows that African women above 45 are at a higher risk of getting these diseases. 

While tobacco and alcohol use is lower in Africa compared to other regions, the prevalence of hypertension - otherwise known as high blood pressure - is the highest in the world affecting nearly half the adult population. 

WHO says the trend is worrisome as the condition is a silent killer, often discovered when it’s too late. 

The continent is also the only place with a double burden of under nutrition and obesity. 

Yet all these health issues can be prevented by eating right, drinking in moderation and exercising. 

If such precautions are not taken, it could cost governments a lot more to provide treatment in the coming years.

Somali-Islamic centre shooter found dead in Zurich

Police outside an Islamic centre in the Swiss city of Zurich
EPA
Most of the centre's congregation comes from Somalia, Eritrea and North Africa.

A man who shot and wounded three people at an Islamic centre in the Swiss city of Zurich has been found dead a short distance away.

The attacker opened fire on Monday evening at a Somali-Islamic centre close to Zurich station.

A body and a gun were later spotted under a bridge a few streets away. Police confirmed it was the attacker.

The only information police have given so far is there is no indication of a link with so-called Islamic State.

Two of the victims, aged 30 and 56, were severely wounded while the third man in his mid-30s was in a less serious condition, reports said.

Local media said that around 10 people had been at the centre when the gunman entered the building at around 17:30 (16:30 GMT), wearing dark clothes and a woollen hat.  

Read the BBC News story for more

Ten-year-old victim of Egypt church bombing 'dies'

church attacked
Reuters
The bomb exploded in the Coptic Christian cathedral during a Sunday service

A 10-year-old girl who was critically wounded in a suicide bombing at a church in Cairo earlier this month, has died of her wounds, AP news agency reports Egypt's state news agency as saying.

This raises the death toll from the attack in the Egyptian capital to 27, AP says.

Maggie Mamoun's funeral will be held at the church that was bombed, the report says.

Egypt's so-called Islamic State affiliate has said it was behind the bombing, although the authorities have blamed the banned Muslim Brotherhood group.   

Gambian ambassadors urge Jammeh to step down

Mr Jammeh is now asking for a re-run of the presidential election
AFP
Mr Jammeh is now asking for a re-run of the presidential election

Eleven Gambian ambassadors serving in various countries around the world have called on outgoing President Yahya Jammeh to hand power and congratulate his rival Adama Barrow. 

The diplomats' move comes in the wake of Mr Jammeh's decision to challenge the outcome of the 1 December presidential election, which he had initially accepted - even congratulating Mr Barrow. 

In their joint appeal letter, the diplomats, including the ambassadors to Beijing, London, New York, Moscow and Brussels, say: 

We... strongly appeal for you to accept the choice of The Gambian people and facilitate a peaceful transfer of power to the President-Elect, Mr Adama Barrow."

The tone of their appeal is diplomatic rather than hawkish and credits President Jammeh's initial response to the result: 

Your statesmanly and televised acceptance of the election results in favour of the coalition candidate on 2nd December, was acclaimed and applauded throughout the world.

The fact that you further congratulated Mr Barrow on his victory and assured him of your support and guidance was testimony to the fact that you care for the progressive development of The Gambia in a peaceful and orderly transition."

Efforts by the regional grouping, Ecowas, to convince Mr Jammeh to step down have so far been unsuccessful. 

Anti-Kabila protesters tear gassed in Kinshasa

Congolese police deployed in Kinshasa
Reuters
Police are deployed across the capital, Kinshasa

Police have fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of youths from the streets of DR Congo’s capital, Kinshasa, early this morning, the Reuters news agency reports.

According to the Associated Press news agency, angry demonstrators began putting up barricades to demand that President Joseph Kabila step down after his mandate expired after midnight.

Opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi has called on the people to peacefully resist Mr Kabila’s bid to remain in power until elections are held in April 2018.

The BBC’s Thomas Fessy in Kinshasa says protesters blew whistles around midnight in different parts of the capital to signal the end of Mr Kabila’s term in office.

Repeated gunshots have been heard since then, he says. 

Embattled Kabila presses ahead with new cabinet

Prime Minister Sammy Badibanga is now heading a cabinet of 74 members
AFP
Prime Minister Sammy Badibanga (C) is now heading a cabinet of 74 members

DR Congo's President Joseph Kabila, whose second and last term officially ended yesterday, has defied calls for him to step and announced a new cabinet. 

Announced shortly after midnight, it is a 74-strong team of ministers and deputy ministers. 

It is led by Sammy Badibanga, a former MP who had defected from the main opposition UDPS party led by Etienne Tshisekedi.

Mr Badibanga was appointed prime minister last month by Mr Kabila under a deal brokered by the government with one faction of the opposition. 

Members of the political parties which are part of that faction feature in the new cabinet. 

The main challenge for the new cabinet is to maintain security and keep the country together amid the growing pressure on Mr Kabila to step down. 

Read previous earlier post 

'Shooting heard' in DR Congo's Lubumbashi city

Sustained gunfire has erupted in Lubumbashi, DR Congo's second-largest city, the AFP news agency reports.

An AFP reporter says large numbers of police were deployed in the city yesterday as President Joseph Kabila’s official mandate came to an end (see earlier report).

The firing started at 09:15 local time (07:15 GMT) in a southern neighbourhood where demonstrators and police have clashed - streets in the area have been strewn with rocks and burned tyres, AFP reports.

To find out more about why the opposition is opposed to Mr Kabila staying on in power beyond the end of his term, watch the video below:

Joseph Kabila: The DR Congo president who won't step down

Almost half of Africans 'have high blood pressure'

Smoking
Getty Images
Smoking can increase the risk of high blood pressure

An estimated 46% of Africans suffer high blood pressure - the highest worldwide, according to a new a World Health Organization (WHO) survey seen by the AFP news agency.

AFP goes on to say that the WHO survey of 33 countries shows that most adults in Africa have unhealthy habits. 

Report author Abdikamal Alisalad told AFP that he attributed this to urbanisation and growing incomes. 

But he added that he was still shocked by the finding:

We thought we would not see this kind of situation currently. We were expecting it maybe 30 or 40 years from now."

Senegal arrests Guinea 'coup officer'

Toumba Diakite was the aide de camp of Guinea's military ruler Captain Dadis Camara
AFP
Toumba Diakite was the aide to Guinea's military ruler Capt Moussa Dadis Camara

A former senior officer in Guinea's army, Toumba Diakite, who has been on the run since 2009, has been arrested in Senegal, local media reports.

According to the local radio station RFM, he was detained in the capital, Dakar, by the gendarmerie, the country's paramilitary force.

Mr Diakite was among soldiers who staged a coup in 2008 in Guinea following the death of long-serving President Lansana Conte, paving the way to military rule under Captain Moussa Dadis Camara. 

Infighting between junta members led Mr Diakite to attempt to assassinate Capt Camara, who had accused him of ordering a massacre in September 2009 of opposition supporters.

They had gathered in a stadium in the capital, Conakry, to demand an end to military rule.

Mr Diakite is still wanted in connection with the stadium killings.

Capt Camara has been living in exile in Burkina Faso for the last seven years.

Congo opposition urges peaceful resistance against 'coup'

Poster of Etienne Tshisekedi in Kinshasa, DR Congo
AFP
Etienne Tshisekedi described Mr Kabila staying in power as a "coup"

The Democratic Republic of Congo’s main opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi has called on people to peacefully resist President Joseph Kabila’s bid to remain in power beyond his mandate.

Mr Kabila's term in office expired at midnight on Monday, and elections to choose his successor are now not due until April 2018 as the voters' roll was not ready to hold polls last month.

In a video posted on social media, Mr Tshisekedi said Mr Kabila, who has been in power for 16 years, had lost all legitimacy.

I launch a solemn appeal to the Congolese people to not recognise the... illegal and illegitimate authority of Joseph Kabila and to peacefully resist [his] coup d'etat"

Earlier, there were late night clashes in several areas of the capital, Kinshasa.

Wise words

Today's African proverb is:

You don't learn to be left-handed in old age

An Igbo proverb sent by Cynthia Echeme in Aba, Nigeria

Click here to send your African proverbs.

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news and trends across the continent.