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  1. Somali shopkeepers shot dead in South Africa
  2. Drunk pedestrians in Namibia are warned of breathalyser tests
  3. Zimbabwe's #ThisFlag pastor refused bail
  4. Nigerian government gives go ahead for 2face Idibia's protest
  5. Black Zimbabwean businesses accused of refusing to pay taxes
  6. Angola's defence minister to run for presidency
  7. Ethiopian-born artist behind Beyonce's pregnancy photo
  8. Cameroon celebrates victory over Ghana to reach Afcon final
  9. Email stories and comments to - Friday 3 February 2017

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Friday's stories

We'll be back on Monday

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of our African proverb of the day: 

Do not cut the branch of a tree on which you are resting."

A Nuer proverb from South Sudan sent by Duol Ruach Guok, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Click here to send us your African proverbs

And we leave you with this picture of followers of South Africa's Shembe church, a loose combination of Zulu culture and Old Testament Christianity. Some of them are wearing fake pelts designed by conservationists in an effort to save leopards:

Men dancing

Afcon: Missing Cameroon players 'should have listened to Bob Marley'

Allan Nyom will
Allan Nyom refused to honour the call up to play for West Brom in the English Premier League

Several Cameroonian players will be watching Sunday's African Cup of Nations finals full of regret. 

At least eight players refused to honour a call-up to the represent their country in Gabon. 

Former Senegalese international El Hadji Diouf has told the BBC that the players should have listened to reggae legend Bob Marley. 

"I don't understand people turning down their country," former Senegal striker Diouf told BBC World Service.

"And like the legend Bob Marley always said 'if you don't know where you come from, you don't know where to go'."

Read full story

Jamaican reggae musician Bob Marley (1945 - 1981) performs on stage, a microphone in his hand, late 1970s

Afcon: Ghana fans disappointed

The inquest is on to find out why Ghana's Black Stars lost to Cameroon yesterday. 

The Indomitable Lions won the game 2-0 to book their ticket to the finals to face Egypt. 

The BBC's Thomas Naadi spoke to several Ghanaians still reeling after the match last night: 

"This game was a very good game, but if Asmoah Agyan had started earlier we will have won this match because our keeper wasn't good. That's was everyone is saying. I don't think the Black Stars did well yesterday.'
"I don't like the keeper at all. The keeper is our problem. The calculation of the keeper is very poor."

The widows facing eviction by in-laws

Widows in Zimbabwe are fighting their in-laws who leave them destitute when their husbands die. 

Most of them marry through customary traditions which keeps no record of the union leaving them with no protection in the law:  

The 'natural' business of dreadlocks

South Africa's entrepreneur Jabu Stone spoke to the BBC's Africa Business Report about the skill of plaiting dreadlocks and setting up his Jabu Stone Natural Hair business which now sells its products in several African countries:

SA hair care entrepreneur: 'Don't suffer for beauty'

Police tell Namibians: 'Don't drink and walk'

BBC Monitoring

News from around the globe

Pedestrians in Namibia's capital are being warned that they'll be breathalysed if they are unlucky enough to be hit by a car, it's reported.

Police in Windhoek will treat those travelling on foot in the same way as drivers if there's a collision - provided the pedestrian survives, the Namibia Press Agency reports

Police spokesman Edmund Khoaseb says when pedestrians are hit it's often on weekend nights after people have had a tipple or two.

"Most of the time, the victims will be coming from bars and under the influence of alcohol, which makes it difficult for them to fully concentrate on the road," he tells the agency, adding that motorists could also slow down and be more attentive. It's not clear what the consequences of any elevated breath test readings would be.

Read full story

Cars on the road

Court bars reporting on Ruto's child support case

A Kenyan journalist has tweeted a court document which bars the media from reporting on a case filed by a woman who has sued Deputy President William Ruto over child support. 

View more on twitter

Mr Ruto says the child is "well catered for"

Somalis killed in South Africa

Three Somali shopkeepers were killed within minutes of one another in a poor neighbourhood in South Africa's Cape Town city, police have said. 

The motive for last night's killings in separate incidents in Khayelitsha township was still unclear, and investigations were continuing, police added. 

Somali and other immigrants have often been the victims of xenophobic attacks in South Africa. 

Read more - Anti-foreigner violence: South Africa's identity crisis

A man holds a placard as he and others attend a silent vigil against xenophobia, held at Constitution Hill in Johannesburg on April 21, 2015.

Zimbabwe's #ThisFlag pastor unfazed in court

Zimbabwe Pastor Evan Mawarire, who led protests last year against President Robert Mugabe"s authoritarian government, arrives in handcuffs in the back of a pickup truck at the Harare Magistrates Court on February 3, 2017 in Harare.
The jeans-wearing pastor was handcuffed as he arrived in court in the back of a van

 Zimbabwe's detained #ThisFlag movement pastor Evan Mawarire sent out a "Don't worry" message to his supporters, as he was escorted out of court by guards after his bid to be released on bail failed, the Associated Press news agency reports. 

The pastor could be sentenced to up to 20 years in prison if he is convicted of subverting a constitutionally elected government. 

He is due to stand trial on 17 February for organising protest against President Robert Mugabe's rule of almost four decades, and the economic crisis in the country. 

Addressing a handful of his supporters who had come to show solidarity with him in court in the capital, Harare,  he said: 

Thank you, guys. Don't worry. Justice will be served.''

Army worms land in South Africa

South Africa's Eye Witness News is reporting that the Agriculture ministry has confirmed the presence of army worms, which devour crops, in the country:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

We reported earlier that the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has warned that the pests may have spread to as many as six southern African countries. 

They are called army worms because they eat most vegetation in their way and can destroy entire crop fields.  

Zambia and Zimbabwe have also confirmed the presence of armyworms, with outbreaks also suspected in Malawi, Mozambique and Namibia. 

Zimbabwe's #ThisFlag pastor denied bail

Zimbabwean pastor Evan Mawarire (C) reads a bible as he arrives escorted by detectives at the Harare Magistrates court, Zimbabwe, February 3, 2017.R
The pastor read the Bible as detectives escorted him to court

A court in Zimbabwe has refused bail to  #ThisFlag movement pastor Evan Mawarire following his arrest on Monday after his surprise return from the United States, reports the BBC's Shingai Nyoka from the capital, Harare. .  

The magistrate said there was reasonable suspicion that he had committed a crime.

He appeared in the dock without the trademark national flag and was instead holding a Bible, our reporter adds.  

The pastor was charged yesterday with subversion. 

He has not yet been asked to plead. His lawyers have dismissed the charges as "trumped-up" and have demanded his unconditional release. 

Our reporter says the authorities are essentially holding him responsible for the violent protests that happened last year.

In July, protesters staged a national "shutdown" which led to a complete closure of schools, businesses and shops across the country. It was the biggest strike action since 2005. 

He fled to the US before returning to Zimbabwe on Monday via South Africa.  

Read: From preacher to 'Captain Zimbabwe'

Pastor Evan Mawarire
Pastor Evan Mawarire used the Zimbabwe flag to rally for change

'Go ahead' for 2face Idibia's march

Nigeria's government has tweeted that it upholds the right of people to protest peacefully, amid reports that police in the commercial capital, Lagos, had intended to prevent a march organised by music star 2face Idibia against the economic crisis in the West African state.   

View more on twitter

A group organising the protest has also tweeted that police intend to allow the march to go ahead:

View more on twitter

Dos Santos to 'remain power behind the throne'

Angola's President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos will remain the leader of the ruling party, when he steps down from government later this year after almost four decades in power.

Mr Dos Santos, president of the oil-rich country since 1979, announced in a televised address that the MPLA party's candidate in the August election will be Defence Minister Joao Lourenco. 

This file photo taken on December 10, 2016 shows Angolan Defence Minister Joao Lourenco looking on before delivering a speech as part of celebrations marking the 60th anniversary of Angolan ruling party People"s Liberation Movement of Angola (MPLA) in Luand
Mr Lourenco lists chess and karate as his interests

Playing down the significance of Mr Dos Santos' announcement, South African-based political analyst Gary van Staden told Reuters news agency:

"He is going to stay in a very powerful position in the party, which means he is going to stay in control and the president will defer to him."

his file photo taken on August 17, 2011 shows Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos looking on at the opening ceremony of the 31st Southern African Development Community (SADC) summit in Luanda. Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos confirmed on February 3, 201
Mr Dos Santos is southern Africa's longest-serving ruler

Mr Lourenco, 62, is expected to win the poll in a country where the security forces have been accused of brutally crushing dissent.

But Darias Jonker, Africa Director at the Eurasia Group risk consultancy, told Reuters that the defence minister was a "competent technocrat without major scandals in his past and he's probably the best selection the party could have made".

Here are more facts about Mr Lourenco:    

  • a ruling party stalwart who fought in the independence struggle
  • studied history in the former Sovet Union
  • fluent in several languages, including Russian and Spanish
  • plays chess and practises Shotokan karate in his spare time.

Widow demands Tanzanian president's attention

A woman disrupted a public meeting  attended by Tanzania's President John Magufuli  in the main city of Dar es Salaam to appeal to him to act against people whom she accused of conspiring to deprive her of property.

Ms Shoshi, as she was identified by government-owned Daily News, caused a commotion during Law Day, an annual event organised by the judiciary to provide legal education and legal aid. 

In a video shared online, she caught Mr Magufuli's attention, leading him to order policemen to allow her to come near the dais where he was seated. 

View more on twitter

Ms Shoshi then went on to narrate how the court system has frustrated her inheritance case by issuing conflicting orders and that she had received death threats.   

The paper reports that Ms Shoshi is a widow and a Kenyan citizen who was married to a Tanzanian and lived in the northern region of Tanga. 

Mr Magufuli ordered the judges to speedily listen to her case. He also directed the chief justice, who was present, to give the woman his phone number so that she can follow up with him on the case's progress.  

Mr Magufuli also ordered the police boss to ensure that Ms Shoshi gets full protection. 

Read: Tanzania's 'Bulldozer' president in profile

UN warns of armyworms invasion

The UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has warned that an outbreak of armyworms - a pest which causes considerable damage to crops - may have spread to as many as six southern African countries. 

Zimbabwe has confirmed the presence of armyworms, which are also suspected in Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia. 

The outbreak is particularly concerning because a drought affected much of the region last year, hitting crop production and leaving millions in need of food aid. 

The FAO said an emergency meeting would be held in the Zimbabwean capital Harare in 10 days' time to coordinate an emergency response.

Army worms can destroy entire fields

How Kenyan hospitals cope without incubators

Kenya's Business Daily reports on an ingenious technique being used in hospitals to address the shortage of incubators for babies born prematurely

View more on twitter

The Kangaroo technique, also known as skin-to-skin contact, is derived from the way kangaroos carry their young ones in pouches after birth, the report says. 

The technique started in Colombia more than 30 years ago due to a shortage of incubators.

The paper interviewed Maureen Akinyi at the Busia Referral Hospital in western Kenya. 

She gave birth to two boys who weighed 1.9kg and 2kg and their internal organs were not fully developed. 

They were placed in incubators for three days but had to be moved so that others could use it. The boys were then cared for using the kangaroo technique. 

Ms Akinyi says the effect the technique had on her sons surprised her and was an eye opener:

Within two weeks my sons had added weight to 2.1kg and 2.4kg respectively. From the stressed sons they initially were, they became very relaxed. The intimacy, comfort and safety a wrap offers babies is excellent. I love the fact that it allows skin-to-skin contact with my babies and frequent breast-feeding.”

Chad: 'A lean cow that can't hold elections'

Chad's President Idriss Deby Itno (C) holds hands with General of the Chadian contingent in Mali Oumar Bikimo (L) and second-in-command major and his son Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno (R) during a welcome ceremony, on May 13, 2013, in N'Djamena.
Mr Deby has a powerful army under his command

Chad's long-serving President Idriss Deby has postponed parliamentary elections yet again, saying that "in the time of the lean cow, we can do nothing", AP news agency reports. 

Mr Deby said the oil-producing nation lacked money to hold elections, first scheduled for 2015.

He added: 

Once we have the resources, we can organise the legislative elections."

Mr Deby called for talks with the opposition:

They should not be afraid to have a dialogue with me. I'm also Chadian like they are. The opposition must stop cultivating hatred that tears the country apart. Chad doesn't need that."

The opposition accuses Mr Deby, in power since 1990, of running a repressive state and rigging elections.

He is a key ally of France, and has used the threat posed by militant Islamists to strengthen his position internationally. 

Chadian are playing a key role in fighting the Islamic State-affiliated Boko Haram group in neighbouring Nigeria.  

They also fought al-Qaeda-linked militants in Mali.    

What will Trumponomics mean for Africa?

US President Donald Trump recently signed an order restricting travel to the United States from seven countries, three in Africa. 

His trade policies are also likely to have a far-reaching effect on the continent: 

What will Trumponomics mean for Africa?

Kenyan doctors in successful operation

Kenya's Daily Nation is reporting that doctors at a private hospital in the coastal city of Mombasa have removed a coin stuck in a boy's throat:

View more on twitter

Cameroon celebrates victory over Ghana

Christian Mougang Bassogog, obscured below right, and team mates celebrates after he scored a goal against Ghana during the African Cup of Nations semifinal soccer match between Cameroon and Ghana at the Stade de Renovation, in Franceville, Gabon, Thursday Feb. 2, 2017
Cameroon saw off Ghana with two second-half strikes

Fans of Cameroon have reacted with jubilation after victory in the semi-final of the Africa Cup of Nations. 

Their 2-0 defeat of much-fancied Ghana sets up a Sunday showdown with seven-time champions Egypt in Libreville. 

And their supporters feel upbeat about their prospects. Here is one of them:  

This match was fantastic. They weren't expecting us to make it to the second round, but now here we are in the final. And we're going to win it. The Lions are back. A new team, a new adventure, a new era."

And another: 

Know one thing, the African Cup recognises its past winners. It's not because you play a lot that it means you're going to win. I hope Egypt saw, and see you on Sunday. Cameroon!"

Ethiopian-born artist behind Beyonce's pregnancy photo

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Beyonce's pregnancy announcement portrait is now the most liked Instagram post of all time. But who is the artist behind the image?

The photo of Beyonce wearing a veil and cradling her stomach has now been liked over eight million times.

This might not be a big deal for the 35-year-old singer. But it's a huge accomplishment for Awol Erizku, the artist who took the famous photo - and the entire series of pregnancy photos that Beyonce has since uploaded to her website.

Born in Ethiopia, 28-year-old Awol grew up in the South Bronx area of New York.

In 2014, he graduated from Yale University with a masters in fine art and his work often fuses photography, video installations and sculpture. 

Read full story

View more on twitter

Angola's defence minister set to contest presidency

Angola's Defence Minister Joao Lourenco
Mr Lourenco is married with six sons

Angola's Defence Minister Joao Lourenco, 62, will be the ruling MPLA party's candidate in presidential elections due in August, President Jose Eduardo dos Santos has announed. 

Mr Dos Santos, 74, confirmed that he will step down after 38 years in power in the southern African state which is rich in oil and diamonds 

He has been accused of ruling with an iron-fist, and of nepotism after he appointed his daughter Isabel dos Santos as head of the state oil company Sonangol. 

She has been named by Forbes magazine as Africa's richest woman, worth an estimated $3.3bn (£2.3bn).

Representatives for Ms Dos Santos deny that her wealth is largely due to her father's position as president  

Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos Angolan greets the crowd on August 29, 2012 during the final election campaign rally in Kilamba Kaixi on the outskirts of Luanda
Mr Dos Santos is said to be a secretive leader

Read: Elite hoard Angola's new-found wealth

Kenya film board approves sex-themed movie

The team behind the BBC's satirical feature What's Up Africa are spending the day with Ezekiel Mutua, the controversial boss of the Kenya Film Classification Board.

Mr Mutua has earned the reputation as a moral policeman and has been on a relentless campaign to purge media and film content that he perceives as immoral or "unAfrican".

Surprisingly, the film board has just approved Fifty Shades Darker - a movie sequel of the sex themed Fifty Shades of Grey as suitable for those aged 18 and over. 

#EzekielMutuaDayWithBBC is currently the top trending topic in Kenya. 

View more on twitter

Cameroon makes it to the final

Nick Cavell

BBC Africa Sport

Cameroon players
Cameroon will play Egypt in the final, they lost to the Pharaoh's in the 2008 final

Cameroon made it through to the Africa Cup of Nations final to face Egypt in a repeat of the 2008 title decider. They beat Ghana 2-0 in Franceville yesterday evening. 

Over half a dozen players including Joel Matip of Liverpool refused to play at this Nations Cup for Cameroon for various reasons. What must they be thinking now? 

This was a famous win – masterminded by coach Hugo Broos and acted out to near perfection by his players on the field. 

Cameroon started the game with far more attacking intent than displayed so far at this tournament while Ghana barely troubled Cameroon goalkeeper Fabrice Ondoa all game. 

Jordan Ayew missed from a tight angle in the first half but after 72 minutes when Ghana failed to clear a free-kick, Michael Ngaedu lifted home at the back post. 

The defender is now Cameroon’s top scorer with two goals. 

Ghana threw on injury doubt Asamoah Gyan but it was Cameroon who had the final say with a break away goal finished cooly by the Christian Bassogog to spark wondrous scenes inside the Stade de Franceville and somewhat unexpectedly take the four-time champions through to their first final since losing to Egypt in 2008. 

Zimbabwe minister takes 'jibe at black people'

Patrick Chinamasa
Mr Chinamasa says Zimbabweans should develop a culture of paying taxes

Many black businessmen in  Zimbabwe refuse to pay taxes, but expect the government to provide them with public services, Finance Minister Patrick Chinamasa has said, the private NewsDay newspaper reports.

Mr Chinamasa challenged MPs in parliament to offer constructive suggestions on how to improve the government's income, saying that only 3% of every $100 ( £80) of revenue collected went towards delivering services while the bulk was consumed by the wage bill, the newspaper added.

It quoted the minister as saying: 

We must come to parliament to change that structure and we cannot change it if we continue to speak in tongues.

If you do not want to be taxed, please do not shout and expect better service delivery. Our people in the informal sector do not want to be taxed. When a black person takes over a business, they do not want to pay taxes.

If we want good health, education and roads, we need to have a culture of paying taxes. Who then is supposed to pay taxes, as I cannot tax foreigners."

Read: Why Zimbabweans spend nights outside banks

Nigeria police threaten 2face Idibia with arrest

Nigerian police have warned popular singer 2face Idibia that he will be arrested if he goes ahead with Monday's march in the main city, Lagos, to protest against the worsening economic crisis in the oil-rich state, local media reports. 

The artist is demanding an "urgent explanation into the reckless economic downturn nationwide".

The protest is due to take place in both Lagos and the capital, Abuja, with support being rallied on Twitter:  

View more on instagram
View more on twitter
View more on instagram

Lagos police chief Fatai Owoseni said police had not been informed of the march, and they would not allow it to proceed because intelligence reports indicated that "hoodlums are planning to hijack it" to rob, harass and attack members of the publi, the Vanguard newspaper reported. 

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day: 

Do not cut the branch of a tree on which you are resting."

A Nuer proverb from South Sudan sent by Duol Ruach Guok, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Click here to send us your African proverbs 

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live for news and views from around the continent.