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  1. Migrants climb over a border fence en masse to enter Spanish enclave Ceuta
  2. South African biker declared dead is found alive in morgue fridge, but later dies
  3. Opposition candidate reportedly ahead in Ghana election
  4. Army medics replace striking doctors at Nairobi hospital
  5. Angola's Dos Santos 'to name successor'
  6. Burundi exiles reject Benjamin Mkapa mediation
  7. South African justice minister writes to ICC over "failure to arrest" hearing
  8. Mrs Mugabe "is sued" over diamond deal
  9. Email stories and comments to - Friday 9 December 2016

Live Reporting

By Tom Spender and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for Friday's stories

    We'll be back on Monday

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: A cowardly vulture dies at an old age." from Sent by Kefa Kasakula, Lilongwe, Malawi, and Soliam Shaba, Blantyre, Malawi.
    Sent by Kefa Kasakula, Lilongwe, Malawi, and Soliam Shaba, Blantyre, Malawi.

    Click here to send your African proverbs.  

    And we leave you with this picture taken at the Swahili Fashion Week in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. It's one of our top shots from across Africa this week.  

    Model Winfrida Metili, from Dar es Salaam, presents a creation during the opening night of the Swahili Fashion Week in Dar es Salaam,Tanzania on December 2, 2016
  2. Undocumented children to get birth certificates

    Mary Harper

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    The government of Ivory Coast has launched a programme to provide birth certificates for three million children who currently have no documents. 

    Many either lost their documents or never obtained them during a decade-long conflict that ended in 2011. 

    The authorities say the programme will help them enforce a law passed last year requiring children to attend school until they are sixteen. 

    Parents who keep their children out of school face imprisonment. The government is trying to reduce child labour, which is common in Ivory Coast, especially in cocoa plantations. 

  3. #WhatWouldMagufuliDo one year on?

    On this day last year we reported Tanzania's newly elected President John Magufuli had cancelled independence day celebrations and ordered a clean-up campaign instead.

    Her was pictured cleaning the streets on 9 December instead of partying:

    John Magufuli

    Mr Magufuli became a bit of a Twitter celebrity as the hashtag #WhatWouldMagafuliDo spread across the continent at the end of last year to make fun of his money-saving plans.

    Man sits in fake car
    Candles under saucepan

    One year on and it appears to be a different story.

    The government-owned Daily News newspaper tweets pictures from today's rather grander events:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    The Daily News added that the president stipulated that the ceremony consisted only of the army parade and there was to be no state banquet "as measures to reduce expenses".

  4. Four parliamentary surprises in Ghana

    Adelaide Arthur

    BBC News

    Ghana's parliament
    Image caption: Ghana's parliament will feature young and new MPs next year
    • Minister loses: Veteran politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs Hanna Tetteh lost her seat to former telecoms executive George Andah. In 2014, a tweet by the minister appearing to mock the low turnout of a protest march organised by pressure group Occupy Ghana, which Mr Andah was a member of, attracted criticism from social media users
    • A Rawlings in government: Zanetor Rawlings, the eldest daughter of former President Jerry John Rawlings wins her constituency in the Greater Accra region
    • Political newcomer: Popular talk show host Kojo Oppong-Nkrumah wins his constituency with a wide margin
    • The youngest lawmaker: 23-year-old Francisca Oteng-Mensah of the NPP will be the youngest MP
  5. Investigate Bamenda deaths - rights group

    unrest bamenda 8 dec
    Image caption: Bamenda saw violent clashes on Thursday

    Amnesty International has called on the Cameroon authorities to investigate the use of what it calls "excessive and unnecessary" force that it says led to the deaths of between two and four people during a protest in the English-speaking north-western city of Bamenda yesterday.

    Lawyers, students and teachers have been protesting for weeks against what they say is the marginalisation of the Anglophone minority.

    On Thursday security forces attempted to disperse protesters and barricade the main protest site.

    Amnesty says it has been told by eyewitnesses that security forces fired live rounds and teargas in reaction to people throwing stones. The eyewitnesses told Amnesty they saw the bodies of two men who had been shot dead. 

    Security forces were also seen launching teargas into an area apparently unrelated to the protests, as well as firing live ammunition in the air, Amnesty said.

    Protesters burned down a police station during the unrest, the group said.

    Ilaria Allegrozzi, Amnesty International’s Central Africa Researcher, said:

    Quote Message: We call on the Cameroonian authorities to refrain from the use of unlawful force in its response to the protests. Responding to incidents of violence during protests with unnecessary or excessive force threatens to further enflame an already tense situation and could put more lives at risk.”
  6. And the award for worst aid video goes to....

    The Radi-Aid Awards are for the best and worst aid fundraising videos of the year created by the Norwegian Students’ and Academics’ International Assistance Fund (SAIH).

    In particular, it aims to identify communication that portrays poor people as "passive recipients of help, without the ability or desire to make their country a better place to live".

    The winner of this year's Rusty Radiator award was “The Wait Is Over” by Compassion International, a Christian sponsorship organisation, which says it is "releasing children from poverty in Jesus' name". 

    It tells the story about Helena who is finally given a sponsor from Australia.

    This is what the judges said:

    Quote Message: This video promotes deep-rooted perceptions of Western superiority over the South. It reinforces the white saviour complex, and depicts that there is nothing the parents can do for their children other than to wait for the sponsor who can save their lives and their future.”

    The Golden Radiator award - for a good video - went to “Love A Positive Life”, created by International HIV & Aids Alliance.

    Here's what the judges thought:

    Quote Message: This video can help break down prejudices and stereotypes against HIV by depicting the ‘positive’ daily life of an HIV positive woman who transformed her own life. The video gives a good amount of information about the situation for people living with HIV/ AIDS and is not presenting them as helpless victims, but empowered individuals.”

    An international jury selected the final nominees and the winners were awarded through open voting online.

  7. African Union debate now under way - watch it live

    All five candidates to be the next African Union (AU) commission chairperson are taking part in a live public debate at the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    They have introduced themselves and are on stage.

    It is between Botswana's foreign and international co-operation minister Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi, Chad's foreign minister Moussa Faki Mahamat, Equatorial Guinea foreign minister Apgapito Mba Mokuy, Kenya's foreign minister Amina C Mohamed and Senegal's Abdoulaye Bathily, a special UN envoy.  

    You can watch it here

    The five are competing to replace South African Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, who is stepping down in January after a four-year stint.  

    The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza is at the event and has tweeted details of what's happened so far:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  8. Motorbike crash victim 'found alive in morgue fridge'

    A South African motorcyclist declared dead at the scene of an accident was found alive in a morgue fridge the next day when his family went to identify his body, reports Reuters news agency

    He died later in hospital, the report says. 

    The victim was injured on Monday evening in the southeastern province KwaZulu-Natal and was transferred to the morgue in Durban.

    A health department official told the news agency that the next morning mortuary staff detected a pulse and breathing and rushed him to hospital, where doctors and nurses managed to resuscitate and warm him, but he later died.

    Kwa-Zulu Natal health authorities said they had launched an investigation into the incident.

  9. Ugandan players dismissed for match-fixing


    Former Uganda international defender Godfrey Kateregga and Saddat Kyambadde have been sacked by Police Football Club for match-fixing.

    "These players confessed," said the club's chairman Assan Kasingye. "Other players also admitted that the pair were always trying to convince them to throw away matches for money."

    Kasingye added the club had carried out an investigation before taking action.

    BBC Sport has been unable to reach the players for a comment.

    Read the full story here

  10. '800 tried to storm Spanish border'

    We reported earlier that at least 400 people stormed the border between Morocco and the Spanish enclave Ceuta.

    It now looks like many more were involved but did not succeed. 

    Some 800 migrants had tried to get over the fence, and 438 succeeded, the Spanish Interior Ministry's state secretary for security, Jose Antonio Nieto, told AP news agency.

    He added that 49 were treated in a Ceuta hospital for injuries. 

    Ceuta's border barrier is known as the "killer fence" because of the barbed and bladed wire that caps it. 

    People going over the Ceuta border fence
  11. What motivates suicide bombers?


    We reported earlier that at least 30 people have died after explosions in a market in Madagali, northeastern Nigeria.

    Two female suicide bombers are believed to have detonated the bombs.

    We do not have many details about the incident but in the past the Islamist militants Boko Haram have used girls and women as suicide bombers.

    In March the BBC's Anne Soy talked to Hauwa, not her real name, who defied orders to bomb a camp for displaced people.

    The interview gives some insight into what motivates suicide bombers.

    Hauwa had been held by Boko Haram for more than a year when her captors suggested the plan to attack the Dikwa camp.  

    In return for carrying out he mission, she was told she would go to paradise. 

    But she refused because her mother lived in the camp.

    Read more'How I almost became a Boko Haram suicide bomber'

  12. Buttercream.classify.done? Ivory Coast adopts ingenious address system

    ivory coast address

    Ivory Coast has adopted a new system of postal addresses that will allow the whole country to receive mail deliveries for the first time.

    Every location is identifiable by a unique combination of just three words, allocated to 3m-by-3m squares.

    Until now, the head of Ivory Coast's post office told the BBC the service had relied on post office boxes.

    But not all Ivorians will have phones with internet access needed to access their unique code via an app.

    The new system is likely to help the middle classes, and make it easier for companies to deliver parcels straight to their doors.

    Mongolia is the only other nation to use the system, called what3words.

    Read the full story here

  13. British journalist arrested in Kenya

    A British journalist for UK newspaper The Times says he is being detained at a Nairobi airport without explanation or charge after entering Kenya.

    Jerome Starkey said he had been arrested on Thursday evening. In his most recent tweet on Friday afternoon he said his mobile phones were being confiscated:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    Rono Burnei, the deputy police chief in charge of all Kenyan airports, told AP news agency Mr Starkey was being held over immigration issues but did not give further details. 

    Mr Starkey said in a statement that immigration officials at the airport told him security agencies had put a "block" on his passport. 

    Mr Starkey has lived in Kenya since 2012.

  14. Army medics step in as 300 more doctors join #HealthStrike

    Not a doctor or nurse in sight at the Kenyatta National Hospital
    Image caption: Not a doctor or nurse in sight at the Kenyatta National Hospital

    Kenya has deployed army doctors to the country's main teaching and referral hospital after the last 300 doctors still working joined an ongoing strike that has crippled healthcare services around the country, AFP news agency reported.

    "Our doctors are already at the hospital to help needy cases. It is within our mandate and that is why we stepped in," said military spokesman Paul Njuguna. 

    As the Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi is a key referral hospital, some 300 doctors had remained on duty - until today.

    The crisis could worsen further after doctors in private and mission hospitals said they would stop working and join the strike next Tuesday, the Daily Nation newspaper reported.

    The strike for better pay has seen thousands of doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers walk off the job since Monday, leaving patients stranded in hospital wards or forced to go to expensive private clinics. 

    Patients requiring emergency care went unattended as they lay on stretchers at the hospital. 

    The NTV channel reported that a woman had died in Kitui General Hospital, east of Nairobi, during the strike. 

    View more on twitter
  15. Emergency agency confirms market bomb

     Nigeria's National Emergency Management Agency has tweeted about the market bomb:

    View more on twitter

    We'll bring you more details when we have them.

  16. More on Nigerian market explosion

    We have just reported that two suicide bombers have attacked a market in a northeastern town.

    No group has said it was behind the attack. 

    But Islamist militant group Boko Haram has been waging a six-year insurgency against the government and often uses suicide bombers. 

    The explosion was in Madagali in northeast Nigeria:   

  17. Breaking'Thirty killed' in Nigeria suicide attack

    At least 30 people have been killed by two female suicide bombers in northeast Nigeria, says the army.

    Military spokesman Maj Badare Akintoye told AFP that the bombers detonated their explosives in a busy market in the town of Madagali.

  18. Liberia ambassador returns from Buckingham Palace

    liberian ambo

    Earlier we showed you photographs of the Liberian ambassador to the UK being picked up by royal carriage to deliver letters of credence to the UK Queen at Buckingham Palace.

    The ambassador and his wife have now been spotted returning from the palace to London's Langham Hotel, where they were picked up from.

    See earlier post for more details.

  19. Blood shortage for oil tanker victims

    Jose Tembe

    BBC Africa, Maputo

    The provincial health authorities in the western Mozambican province of Tete say they are short of blood to save the lives of the victims of last month’s deadly oil tanker explosion in Caphirizanje, in the coal-rich district of Moatize.

    The explosion has so far killed more than 100 people and injured many others, including children and pregnant women. 

    Dr Lidia Cunha, director of the Tete provincial hospital, the largest health unit in the province, says 28 victims are still in hospital, five in a serious condition. 

    She said the hospital was short of blood, particularly O Negative and B Negative. If this blood is not donated, the patients with serious burns run the risk of dying, she said. 

    She calls on blood donors and well-wishers to come to the rescue of the needy patients.

    Quote Message: We are facing difficulties. We have done all we could to get blood donors, particularly in these blood groups. We urge those who know their blood groups and others to come to the hospital and help save lives. We have patients of these blood groups who are badly in need of your support. There’s a need for everyone to help."