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Summary

  1. Nurses in Malawi told not to photograph victims or face being struck off
  2. Riek Machar denies house arrest and rejects Kiir-led national dialogue
  3. Valentina Guebuza, daughter of former Mozambique leader Armando, 'shot dead'
  4. Tanzanians support arrested Jamii Forum founder
  5. Civil disobedience movement heats up in Sudan
  6. Football halted in DR Congo
  7. Number of migrants transiting Niger falls dramatically
  8. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Thursday 15 December 2016

Live Reporting

By Tom Spender and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for Thursday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today.

    Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: A mountain is sacred to those far away; those nearby play on it." from Sent by Jude Nwokolo, Lagos, Nigeria
    Sent by Jude Nwokolo, Lagos, Nigeria

    Click here to send your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this birdseye view of the Democratic Republic of Congo taken by the BBC's Horaci Garcia:

    View more on instagram
  2. 'I'm the legal president of this country,' Barrow tells BBC

    barrow

    Gambia's President-elect Adama Barrow has told the BBC he will declare himself president on 18 January regardless of President Yahya Jammeh's rejection of the election result.

    Mr Barrow said his team was preparing for the event despite security concerns:

    Quote Message: "Our position is very very clear. I'm President-elect, we advise the president to cooperate.
    Quote Message: We have a team that is working on our inauguration. We are working on it; on the 18th, I'm the legal president of this country."

    Mr Barrow also insisted that a statement by a member of his team that Mr Jammeh would be prosecuted could have been misquoted and said his government would focus on "truth and reconciliation".

    Mr Jammeh challenged the result after the electoral commission revised the vote tally, giving Mr Barrow a smaller margin of victory.

    There is speculation that he could have been motivated by calls for his prosecution.

    Mr Barrow said he had been surprised at the U-turn - particularly after Mr Jammeh had called him to congratulate him - and rejected suggestions that the election could be run again.

    Speaking about the revised election tally he said:

    Quote Message: Both of our camps knew about it because we tabulate our own figures.
    Quote Message: After the error was made, the IEC (Independent Electoral Commission) called both parties. At the counting centres, the figures remained the same. All of them accepted the results; both parties signed the results."

    However Mr Jammeh is believed to retain the support of key members of the security forces, apparently including army chief Ousmane Badjie, who arrived at a meeting with West African leaders on Tuesday wearing a badge showing Mr Jammeh.

    Rights group Human Rights Watch has urged the army not to launch a crackdown on the opposition and its supporters, saying the military must put human rights above loyalty to Mr Jammeh.

    Read moreWhat next for Jammeh?

  3. Liberia's hydro power plant finally re-opens

    Jonathan Paye-Layleh

    BBC Africa, Monrovia

    A hydropower plant in Liberia has reopened today after being closed in the 1990s.

    It was the country's main power source but was attacked and destroyed by Charles Taylor's rebel forces two decades ago.

    The capital, Monrovia, has been struggling to keep the lights on ever since.

    The Liberian government originally planned for Mount Coffee Hydro Plant to be completed by the end of 2015, though the country's Ebola epidemic stalled progress, reports Hydroworld.

    A training officer at the plant posted this video of the waters flowing ahead of the opening: 

    View more on instagram
  4. Burundi police accuse Belgium of plot

    Prime Ndikumagenge

    BBC Africa, Bujumbura

    View more on twitter

    Police in Burundi have been searching residences where Belgian lived amid accusations that Belgian diplomats were plotting against the crisis-ridden country.

    A police official said they acted upon information that people of different nationalities were being housed near the Belgian residences ''possibly with a mission to undermine state security''.  

    Without giving numbers, the police said the alleged suspects included citizens from Senegal, Guinea, Rwanda as well as Burundian women. 

    Diplomatic residences were not included in the search and there were no arrests.

    Relations between Brussels and its former colony have worsened since Burundi descended into crisis last year after President Pierre Nkurunziza said he would stand for a third term.

    Burundi says Belgium is behind many of the problems and recalled its ambassador to Belgium last week.

  5. DRC 'must rescind social media block order' - Amnesty

    Human rights campaigners Amnesty International have blasted reports that the Congolese government have ordered internet service providers to block social media.

    Amnesty's Sarah Jackson said "the social media shutdown on the eve of the end of President Kabila’s mandate is a blatant attempt to keep the Congolese people in the dark at a critical time".

    A coalition in opposition to Mr Kabila has tweeted what it says is the order the government sent:

    View more on twitter
  6. Congo's bid to launch a rat into space

    rat

    We reported earlier that a Bloomberg investigation has found the Democratic Republic of Congo's President Joseph Kabila and his family have a vast network of business interests.

    This line in the article stood out:

    "Another venture even tried to launch a rat into space on a rocket."   

    A rocket launch even made TV news (in French) back in 2009:

    View more on youtube

    The Wall Street Journal relives the rocket launch:

    Quote Message: The rocket shot up, turned sideways and smashed into a mountain. The rat, his website says, 'disappeared in the name of science'."
  7. 'Take heart daddy - you did your best,' daughter tells Mahama

    The Ghanaian President John Mahama has shared a letter written by his daughter comforting him for losing the country's election this month:

    View more on instagram

    We particularly like "he has done his best and that is the important thing" as it feels like that is that kind of thing a parent normally says to a child, not the other way round.

  8. Malawi law takes 12 years to pass

    Joab Frank Chakhaza

    BBC Africa

    Malawi parliament has passed a bill which has taken 12 years to get to this point. 

    The Access to Information bill has been frustrated by three successive governments, amid heavy criticism from the media and civil society.  

    The bill seeks to improve accountability of civil servants and reduce corruption.

    The Chairperson of Media Institute of Southern Africa, Thom Khanje, told Malawi's The Daily Times he welcomed the news:

    Quote Message: Every Malawian should be excited that the bill has passed now... Generations from now will remember this day. The government has been operating in secret and now it is time for Malawians to demand expenditure of every penny.”

    But it's not quite law yet - first it has to be approved by President Peter Mutharika.

    And he has previously said he would not approve it if certain amendments proposed by the government are rejected.  

  9. Machar denies South Africa 'house arrest'

    Machar
    Image caption: Mr Machar has welcomed national dialogue as long as it is not led by President Salva Kiir

    The former South Sudan vice-president Riek Machar, who fled the country in August, has denied reports that he is under effective house arrest in the South African capital Pretoria.

    Mr Machar denounced the report as "propaganda".

    He said he welcomed national dialogue as a way of achieving peace, but said it must not be led by his bitter rival President Salva Kiir.

    Earlier this week Reuters news agency quoted a source as saying Mr Machar was "basically under house arrest" with his movements restricted and his calls monitored and controlled.

    "If he wants to go to the toilet, he has to hand over his phone and a guy stands outside the cubicle," the source told Reuters.

    South Africa's foreign ministry denied Mr Machar was being held against his will, describing him as a "guest".

    View more on twitter
  10. Nurses warned to stop taking pictures of victims

    Chipiliro Kansilanga

    BBC World Service

    Nurses in Malawi have been cautioned they could be struck off their professional register if they are found taking pictures of victims.

    The nursing professional body is so concerned about nurses taking pictures of victims at the scene of accidents and in hospital that they even took out an advert in national newspapers warning nurses: 

    advert

    The Nurses and Midwives Council of Malawi (NMCM) said that the trend was immoral and will not go unpunished.

    “This is morally, ethically and professionally wrong, besides causing more psychological trauma to the relatives of the concerned victims”.

  11. Explosives found on EgyptAir victims

    Plane

    Traces of explosives have been found on victims of the EgyptAir plane crash over the Mediterranean in May, investigators say.

    A criminal investigation would now begin into the crash of the Airbus A320, Egypt's civil aviation ministry said in a statement.

    Flight MS804 from Paris to Cairo plunged into the sea on 19 May killing all 66 people on board.

    The cause of the crash has remained unclear.

    An Egyptian affiliate of the Islamic State group said it was behind that attack. However, there was no such claim following the crash in May.

    Read more on the BBC News website

  12. Mogadishu bomb kills soldiers

    People gather at the scene
    Image caption: The bomb was under a tree outside a tea shop

    A bomb has killed at least four soldiers and injured a dozen other people in the Somali capital Mogadishu.

    The bomb had been placed under a tree outside a tea shop, Abdifatah Omar Halane, spokesman for Mogadishu municipality told Reuters.

    "We heard a huge blast and soon we saw people lying under the tree, some dead, others yelling for help," shopkeeper Nur Abdullahi told Reuters news agency. 

    He said two young children were among the injured.

    A spokesman for the Islamist militant group al-Shabab said it was behind the attack.

    The blast came hours after another bomb - apparently targeting a senior police commander - exploded, killing the bomber but no one else.

    The al-Shabab spokesman did not comment on that attack.

    Al-Shabab has been trying to disrupt Somalia's ongoing parliamentary elections, due to end on 29 December. 

    See earlier posts for more details

  13. Wedding bells for Zahra Buhari

    A photograph of President Buhar's daughter Zahra and her fiance Ahmed Indimi has been posted by an Abuja-based photographer ahead of their wedding:

    View more on instagram
  14. Barrow 'to declare himself president'

    Umaru Fofana

    BBC Africa, Banjul

    barrow
    Image caption: Mr Barrow won the election, the electoral commission says

    The Gambia's President-Elect Adama Barrow has told the BBC that he will declare himself president on 18 January if Yahyah Jammeh does not step down.

    President Jammeh wants the election annulled and a new vote run by a "God-fearing" electoral commission.

    However the UN has urged him to step down and said he could face sanctions if he clings to power.

    Read more: What next for Jammeh?

  15. Sol Bamba charged by FA

    Bamba

    Ivory Coast and Cardiff City defender Sol Bamba has been charged by the Football Association for alleged insulting and/or threatening behaviour in the draw at Ipswich.

    The 31-year-old has already received a two-game ban for his red card - and now faces more matches on the sidelines.

    Bamba confronted the referee, fourth official and Neil Warnock as he reacted angrily to a Jonathan Douglas tackle.

    He has until 18:00 GMT on Friday to respond to the charge.

    Read the full story here

  16. ExxonMobil workers shut Lagos office in job loss protest

    Chris Ewokor

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    petrol worker

    Workers of the US oil giant Exxon Mobil have shut down the office in Lagos, Nigeria. 

    The angry staff are protesting alleged plans to sack more than 100 Nigerian workers. 

    The workers' union - the Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria - say they plan to withdraw their services from all operating locations today.

    The protest began yesterday but ExxonMobil is yet to make an official statement.

  17. Uganda's Rwenzururu King 'to get own cook' in prison

    King Charles Mumbere is being held at a maximum security prison
    Image caption: King Charles Mumbere is being held at a maximum security prison

    A Ugandan king facing terror charges should have a private cook and a small fridge in prison, a court has ordered.

    Charles Mumbere, the king of Rwenzururu, is entitled to these privileges because he suffers from hypertension and diabetes, it added.

    But prison authorities say an outsider will not be allowed into the prison to prepare his meals.

    The king was arrested last month after a security force raid on his palace in western Uganda's Kasese district.

    More than 80 people were killed in the clashes.

    Read the full story here

  18. 'I was shot in the hand when I tried to escape'

    Adut

    It is three years today since the conflict in South Sudan began.

    The UN has this week warned that ethnic cleansing is taking place and there is "the potential for genocide".

    The International Rescue Committee estimates that more than 2m people have been forced to flee their homes in that time.

    They have been asking what happened next to some of those who fled.

    Adut left in 2014:

    Quote Message: When the fighting erupted, we fled and I was shot in the hand. It had to be amputated in hospital."
    Quote Message: I was with a group of women and children. We walked to the Kenyan border, sleeping at night. Kind people gave us food."

    She now lives in Kakuma refugee camp:

    Quote Message: Life is hard in the camp - especially with one hand. But the future is for my children to be educated.”
  19. Congo 'plan to block social media'

    Phone with Kabila picture on it

    Internet service providers (ISP) in the Democratic Republic of Congo have been told to block social media from Sunday, reports AFP news agency. 

    One ISP representative told AFP anonymously that they received instructions from the government to enforce the ban from 18:00 on Sunday. 

    President Joseph Kabila's mandate runs out the next day.

    Campaigners have been tweeting using the hashtag #ByeByeKabila to put pressure on him to step down on Monday.

    Read more: How African governments block social media

  20. Kenya teacher shortage 'at crisis level'

    classroom

    There’s a growing shortage of teachers in Kenyan classrooms, according to research by Twaweza

    It says the teacher-pupil ratio is now at crisis levels. 

    And the report says that the teachers who are employed too often fail to turn up for work.

    When researchers visited schools, only 12 out 100 teachers were available.

    Kenya’s northern region has been badly affected by the situation, with only six teachers for 10 classrooms. 

    And the effect is profound. The research found that for every 100 pupils in the final year of primary school, only eight had achieved the reading age expected of a seven-year-old.