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  1. Nigeria fails to pay six ex-leaders because of 'cash crisis'
  2. Zimbabwean activists 'abducted' by suspected security officials
  3. Guinea flies out woman to give birth to quintuplets
  4. Nigerian caught with cannabis executed in Singapore
  5. Mozambique mourns after 56 people die in a fuel tanker explosion
  6. Vasectomies carried out live on stage in Nairobi
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  8. Email stories and comments to - Friday 18 November 2016

Live Reporting

By Tom Spender and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for Friday's stories

    We'll be back on Monday

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.  

    A reminder of our African proverb of the day: 

    Quote Message: A clever gazelle sleeps on the edge of the forest." from A Runyankore/Rukiga proverb sent by Ambrose Niwagaba Katoto, Kanungu, Uganda.
    A Runyankore/Rukiga proverb sent by Ambrose Niwagaba Katoto, Kanungu, Uganda.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs

    And we leave you with an image of a man leaning against a tree on a windy Friday in Dakar, Senegal:

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  2. The shoeshiner who 'earns more than a civil servant'

    Idris, 21, has been in the shoeshine business in Nigeria for three years now. 


    He roams around a suburb of the capital, Abuja, in search of customers, offering to repair or polish shoes.  


    Idris has not had any formal education, but he does not regret this. He says he earns about $5 (£4) a day, and adds that his monthly income is higher than of some civil servants who start off with a salary of between $125 and $190.


    Idris’s dream is to own a big shoe-making factory, but for now he remains a shoe shiner on the streets of Abuja.


    * Idris told his story to BBC Hausa's Usman Minjibir

  3. Eye Radio 'back on air'

    BBC Monitoring

    News from around the globe

    South Sudan’s first independent radio station Eye Radio is going back on air on Saturday, the station says.

    Eye Radio - which is managed by South Sudanese but funded by USAid and is part of the Internews network - was shut down by national security service officials last Friday.

    No reason was given for the closure and the station now says matters have been resolved.

    Quote Message: Matters concerning the recent shutdown of the station have been discussed and amicably resolved with authorities." from Eye Radio management statement
    Eye Radio management statement
    View more on twitter
  4. Guinean pregnant with quintuplets flown out for birth

    Alhassan Sillah

    BBC Africa, Conakry

    A woman pregnant with quintuplets in Guinea has been flown to Morocco because local state-run hospitals are not in a position to handle the birth of five babies. 

    First Lady Hadja Djene Kaba arranged for her to be treated at a clinic in Morocco and the government has promised to pay the bill. 

    The woman flew out on a regular flight from the capital, Conkary, with her husband and personal medic. 

    She is six months pregnant, according to medical sources. 

    She was admitted to a state-run hospital in Conakry on 2 November for unspecified complications. 

    The woman comes from a poor family, and the first lady's intervention has been widely welcomed here. 

    Her name has not been released. 

    There are only two state hospitals in Conakry, and facilities are poor. 

    Guinea's President Alpha Conde (R) and his wife Hadja Djene Kaba Conde attend Conde's Rally of the Guinean People (RPG) party conference on August 11, 2015 in Conakry
    Image caption: The first lady is seen here with President Alpha Conde
  5. Can Indomitable Lionesses deny Super Falcons at Cup of Nations?

    Asisat Oshoala with the Women's Africa Cup of Nations trophy after Nigeria won the title in 2014
    Image caption: Asisat Oshoala of Nigeria with the 2014 trophy

    A first ever continental title is Cameroon's goal, when the women's Africa Cup of Nations kicks off on Saturday - but will the hosts flourish or collapse under the weight and pressure of expectation?

    The Indomitable Lionesses are one of seven teams desperate to deny Nigeria another African title.

    The Super Falcons are the dominant force on the continent, having been crowned African champions seven times.

    On the two occasions that they misfired, Equatorial Guinea took the honours.

    Florence Omagbemi in action for Nigeria at the 2003 World Cup
    Image caption: Florence Omagbemi in action for Nigeria at the 2003 World Cup

    Last month it was reported that Nigeria coach Florence Omagbemi has not been paid by the Nigerian Football Federation (NFF) for eight months.

    The former international has played in four Fifa Women's World Cups.

    Read more: Super Falcons go for eighth title in women's Africa Cup of Nations

    Read more: Nigeria women's football coach goes unpaid for months

  6. Nollywood's few female film directors

    Mayeni Jones

    BBC Focus on Africa

    Image caption: The documentary says film directing is seen as a male terrain in Nollywood

    A new documentary seeking to shed light on the contribution of female film makers to the Nigerian film industry will have its world premiere in London this weekend.

    “Amaka’s Kin – The Women of Nollywood” chronicles the journey of directors Mildred Okwo, Omoni Oboli, Lowla Dee, Blessing Effiom-Egbe and others.

    View more on youtube

    Filmmaker Effiom-Egbe, told documentary maker Tope Oshin that often actors won’t respect her because of her gender; which can be a bit of a problem when your job is to tell people what to do.

    Meanwhile Michelle Bello - who has directed hits such as romcom Flower Girl - said that when she tells people she is a Nollywood director they tend not to believe her.

    But many of the female directors featured in the documentary say this perception drives them to work hard to prove people wrong.

    Amaka’s Kin will have its world premiere at the Beyond Nollywood film festival in London, UK, this weekend, along with a number of other films by female directors.

    The weekender is curated by Jamaican programmer Nadia Denton and aims to showcase the diversity and creativity of Nigerian cinema.

  7. Mugabe opens new Victoria Falls airport

    View more on facebook

    Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has opened an expanded airport at Victoria Falls, built using a $150m (£120m) loan from China.

    The new airport means international tourists can now fly directly to Victoria Falls, a major tourist attraction and a World Heritage site, Mr Mugabe said.

    It was opened in 1966 as a regional airport and work on the new expansion began in 2013.

    Mr Mugabe said the upgrade would be a major boost to tourism and Chin's financial aid showed the "enduring friendship" between the two countries.

    He urged people to "keep the airport tidy, clean, and let's not mess it up with litter thrown everywhere," the state-owned Herald newspaper reports in a live blog of the event. 

    Mr Mugabe did not refer to opposition claims that suspected security officials abducted six anti-government activists, and arrested at least eight people who had planned to protest today to demand an end to Mr Mugabe's 36-year rule.  

  8. Madonsela is Forbes Africa Person of the Year

    Image caption: Ms Madonsela was a thorn in the side of South African President Jacob Zuma

    A lawyer and former head of South Africa's anti-corruption watchdog has been named Forbes Africa Person of the Year for 2016.

    Thuli Madonsela, who was public protector from 2009 until last month, is the sixth recipient of the award.

    The announcement was made at a ceremony in Nairobi on Thursday evening.

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    The winner was a thorn in the flesh of South Africa's President Jacob Zuma. She ruled that he had "unduly benefited" from government money used to upgrade his private residence. 

    Before she stepped down last month as anti-corruption chief, she called for a judge-led inquiry into allegations that Mr Zuma let a powerful business family, the Guptas, wield influence in his government. 

    Mr Zuma and the family strongly denied the allegation. 

    Read: South Africa's corruption crusader    

  9. EU condemns Zimbabwe 'abductions'

    The European Union has condemned the alleged abduction of at least six anti-government activists in Zimbabwe ahead of a planned protest today. 

    In a statement, it said there had been a worrying increase in recent months of abductions, torture, violence and intimidation. 

    The EU called on the authorities to conduct a thorough investigation into the incidents, and to prosecute those who were responsible for the human rights violations. 

    Police made several arrests amid a heavy security presence as the planned demonstration failed to materialise.

    View more on twitter
  10. Canada extradites Rwandan to face genocide charges

    skulls in kigali museum
    Image caption: About 800,000 people were killed in the 1994 genocide

    An ex-army officer has arrived in Rwanda after being extradited from Canada on accusations he took part in 1994 genocide, Rwandan officials have said.

    Jean Claude Seyoboka, who was a second lieutenant in the Rwandan military, is accused of participating in the "extermination" of more than 72 Tutsis in Kigali and attending meetings where massacres were allegedly planned, AFP reports.

    He has denied involvement in the genocide.  

    About 800,000 people, mostly from the Tutsi ethnicity, were killed in the four months of violence.

    Mr Seyoboka arrived in Canada in 1995 and was granted refugee status a year later. 

    However, his status was revoked after testimony at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda linked him to the killing of a woman and two children during the massacre.

    Rwandan authorities issued a warrant for Mr Seyoboka's arrest this year, but he fought extradition by claiming he would be tortured or killed if returned to Rwanda. 

    He is the second genocide suspect to be extradited from Canada after former politician Leon Mugesera was sent back to Rwanda in 2012. 

    He was sentenced to life in prison in April for inciting the 1994 slaughter. 

    The Dutch national prosecutor said last week that two Rwandans living in the Netherlands would be extradited to their homeland. 

    Rwanda had demanded the extraditions of Jean-Claude Iyamuremye and Jean-Baptiste Mugimba in 2012 and 2013 respectively to face trial on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity.

    Read more: Rwanda genocide: 100 days of slaughter

  11. Mozambique in mourning after deadly explosion

    Jose Tembe

    BBC Africa, Maputo

    Mozambique’s government has declared three days of national mourning after an emergency cabinet meeting convened by President Filipe Nyusi.

    At least 56 people have been killed and 108 injured in a fuel tanker explosion in western Mozambique, officials say.

    The circumstances of the blast on Thursday afternoon in the village of Caphirizanje in Tete province, near the border with Malawi, remain unclear.


    Some reports say the driver of the tanker was trying to sell fuel to villagers, others that he was ambushed.

    The blast itself may have been caused by a lightning strike or a fire nearby, reports say.

    The government says it will provide coffins for identified victims.

    Those burned beyond recognition have been buried in a common grave, government sources told the BBC.

    Officials initially said 73 people had died in the explosion.

    The fact that the official figure is now lower may be that it only accounts for actual bodies recovered.

  12. US concern over 'dozens' of Nigeria Shia deaths

    mourners carry bodies of those killed in clashes
    Image caption: The number of people killed on Monday is disputed

    The US says it is "deeply concerned" by reports of "dozens of deaths" during clashes between Nigerian police and people participating in a Shia Muslim religious procession on Monday.

    In a statement released by the embassy in Abuja, spokesman John Kirby said the US was "troubled" by the "apparent disproportionate response by the police".

    The IMN said scores of its members had been killed in when police opened fire unprovoked in the northern city of Kano on Monday. Police said eight marchers and one police officer died after police came under attack.

    View more on twitter

    The marchers were embarking on an annual seven-day procession from Kano to the city of Zaria in Kaduna state, where the IMN has its headquarters.

    The right of Shia Muslims to celebrate their beliefs should be protected while members of Nigeria's biggest Shia organisation - the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) - should respect the rule of law, Mr Kirby said.

    The Iran-backed IMN has a history of tension with the security forces.

    Almost 350 IMN members were killed by the security forces in Zaria last December during a crackdown on the group.

    The US said it was "continuing to urge the government to ensure accountability for their deaths".

    A Nigerian judicial inquiry has recommended that those responsible for the killings face charges.

    Read more:Investigating clashes between Nigeria's Shia and the army

  13. Judge finds magistrates absent on surprise visit

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    Kenya's Chief Justice startled staff and found courtrooms closed on a surprise visit to a provincial courthouse, the Daily Nation has reported.

    David Maraga discovered a large number of claimants waiting for the courts in Kakamega in western Kenya to open when he arrived. He was told the magistrates were attending a seminar.

    “Some arrangements should have been made to ensure the magistrate on duty was left behind to serve the litigants and ensure normal services continue uninterrupted,” he said, the newspaper reported.

    Mr Maraga has been touring the country's courts after taking over from his predecessor.

  14. 'Hyena man' convicted in Malawi

    Karen Allen

    BBC southern Africa correspondent, Johannesburg

    hyena man

    In the first case of its kind in Malawi, an HIV-positive man has been convicted after admitting to having sex with 104 women and not disclosing his status. 

    Eric Aniva was found guilty under the country’s gender laws of what the lawyers describe as a "harmful cultural practice" -  forced sex with newly widowed women as part of a cleansing ceremony.  

    In an interview with the BBC prior to his conviction he also admitted to having sex with girls as young as 12 to prepare them for adulthood. He was subsequently arrested under presidential orders.

    Two women testified that he had been paid by traditional communities to act as a so-called hyena – the word used for a man hired to have sex with newly bereaved widows. 

    The practice is outlawed under Malawian law. Mr Aniva also admitted that he had been paid to have sex with underage girls and continued this despite his HIV-positive status.  

    The case has attracted international media attention and sharply divided opinion as to how widespread the practice remains.  

    He will be sentenced on 22 November. 

    Read more: The man hired to have sex with children

  15. Zimbabwe protesters 'arrested'

    A least eight people have been arrested in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, as our reporter tweets:

    View more on twitter

    One of the social media groups which organised the protest says the number is much higher: 

    View more on twitter

    The protests are against President Robert Mugabe's 36-year rule, amid a worsening economic situation.

    Security officilas have also been accused of carrying out abductions. 

    See earlier posts for more details

  16. Nigeria's government stops salaries for ex-leaders

    Former Nigerian President Shehu Shagari arrives to attend the inauguration of new Nigerian President at the Eagles Square in Abuja, on May 29, 2015.
    Image caption: Former President Shehu Shagari is said to live hand-to-mouth

    Nigeria's government has failed to pay the country's ex-leaders their monthly salaries and allowances since January because of a cash crisis, government secretary Babachir Lawal has said. 

    He made the disclosure during a meeting with group of senators, raising questions about whether the government was in breach of the constitution which guarantees ex-leaders salaries for life, reports BBC Abuja bureau chief Naziru Mikailu.

    There are six ex-leaders whose salaries have been cut, including that of 91-year-old Shehu Shagari, who was elected in 1979 and overthrown by the military in 1983 after winning elections. 

    In an interview with Punch newspaper, Senator Aliyu Wamakko condemned the failure to pay Mr Shagari:

    Quote Message: We can understand if former President Goodluck Jonathan has not been paid because he just left office. But for someone like Shagari, who lives from hand-to-mouth, it is something I can’t understand. This development is really unfortunate. It doesn't indicate seriousness and it doesn't indicate fairness.”

    Naziru says that unlike Mr Shagari, other ex-leaders are wealthy so they are unlikely to feel the pinch. 

    They include:

    • Olusegun Obasanjo - military ruler from 1976 to 1979 and elected president from 1999 to 2007
    • Ibrahim Babangida  - military ruler from 1985 to 1993
    • Ernest Shonekan - interim president in 1993
    • Abdulsalami Abubakar - military ruler from 1998 to 1999.

    Current President Muhammadu Buhari, who is also a former military military, was elected to office last year after defeating Mr Jonathan - the first Nigerian leader to relinquish power without a fight.

    Our reporter says it is likely that the salaries of vice-presidents have also been stopped.

    Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (C) and APC main opposition party's presidential candidate Mohammadu Buhari (R) smile after signing the renewal of the pledges for peaceful elections on March 26, 2015 in Abuja
    Image caption: Mr Jonathan (L) gracefully accepted defeat at the hands of Mr Buhari (R)
  17. War crimes court 'will survive'

    International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor Fatou Bensouda has told the BBC the court will survive despite a wave of defections.

    Burundi, The Gambia and South Africa have recently announced that they are withdrawing their membership.

    But Ms Bensouda admitted to the BBC's Anna Holligan during a conference of the court’s founding members in The Hague that the withdrawals were a step backwards for international justice.

    Video content

    Video caption: War crimes court will survive, says ICC prosecutor
  18. Pardew wants Africa Cup of Nations rethink

    Stanley Kwenda

    BBC Africa

    Alan Pardew
    Image caption: Pardew said losing African players mid-season was a "massive worry"

    Crystal Palace Manager Alan Pardew, has told the BBC that the timing of the Africa Cup of Nations is disruptive to the English Premier League season.

    Dozens of African players playing for English clubs will be trooping back home for the Africa Cup Nations tournament in Gabon in January.

    "It's very disruptive for us. It was particularly damaging for me at Newcastle where I had three or four African players. There was always a massive worry," said Pardew at his weekly pre-match press briefing.

    In 2012 while he was still managing Newcastle, Pardew struggled to find suitable cover of his then star performers Cheick Tiote, from Ivory Coast, and Demba Ba, from Senegal, who went away on Nations Cup duty. As a result, the club suffered a deep in form.

    Pardew said clubs now have to consider whether an African player would be going away for Nations Cup duty before signing them. 

    "It's one of the things that comes on your scouting  tick list. Are we going to lose him to the Africa Nations Cup? We considered it when we signed Pape Souare," said Pardew.

    He suggested a review of the tournament timing. Most big international football tournaments are usually played in the summer after the European season has ended.