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  1. The Gambia's Yahya Jammeh will be 'tried for crimes' during his rule
  2. South Africa to take fingerprints of all visitors
  3. UK seeks stronger ties with South Africa post-Brexit
  4. Kenyan police 'killed at least 80 in mysterious circumstances'
  5. Long voting queues in Ghana's fiercely contested election
  6. Al-Qaeda-linked militants 'freed' Mali prisoners
  7. Nigeria's president says militant Islamists giving up 'en masse'
  8. Email stories and comments to - Wednesday 7 December 2016

Live Reporting

By Farouk Chothia, Clare Spencer and Lamine Konkobo

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's it from us today. We've been following the presidential and parliamentary election in Ghana all day. The polls are closed and we expect the result on Saturday.

We'll be back tomorrow. In the meantime, keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

Puppies open their eyes at different times after they are born."

A Shona proverb sent by Basil, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Click here to send your African proverbs.  

And we leave you with this picture from the Bole district in of Ghana:


Apology for no payment to Nigerian champions

Mohamed Sanussi

Nigeria's football boss has apologised for not paying the national women's team for winning the Women's Africa Cup of Nations.

Nigeria Football Federation's secretary general Mohamed Sanussi told BBC Focus on Africa TV  that it was “impossible” to access the money in their bank account.

He added that he has asked the central bank to help them track the money.

“While we were in the euphoria of the victory, this issue came up. We are not happy that we are not able to pay them what they are entitled to,” Mr Sanussi added.

Read more on the BBC Sport website.

Kenyan court rules in dispute over declaring HIV status

BBC World Service

Rights workshops and self-empowerment classes for young women and girls in the sprawling Kibera slum in Nairobi, Kenya December 2006.

A Kenyan high court has ruled against a presidential directive compelling schoolchildren and expectant mothers with HIV to declare it to the authorities. 

The court said the presidential order was a violation of the rights, freedoms and privacy of those with the virus. 

It was issued by President Uhuru Kenyatta in February 2015. Lawyers representing a home for the destitute in Nairobi brought the court case.  

Is there a sex revolution in Nigeria's bedrooms?

BBC Focus on Africa radio presenter Bola Mosuro has travelled to her home country, Nigeria, to look at people's attitudes towards intimacy, sexual fulfillment, lust and love - in and outside marriage. 

And, she spent time with the woman who set up Nigeria's first online sex-aids shop, despite getting death threats.  

Listen to Bola's report: 

This content only works in the UK.

Breaking taboos by exploring sex and female sexuality in conservative Nigeria

Polls close in Ghana

Polls have officially closed at all of Ghana's 275 constituencies except one - Jaman North, an election commission spokesman says.

Here are some shots from the day, as people voted in presidential and parliamentary elections:

People voting
Person voting
People voting
Person voting
Person voting
People voting

Egyptian lawyer arrested

Egyptian police have arrested prominent human rights lawyer and activist Azza Soliman after banning her from travel, a relative and a security official have said.

Amnesty International said this was a "clear sign that Egyptian authorities are intensifying the crackdown on human rights activists". 

Change Namibian town's name to ǃNamiǂNûs

In colonial times in what is now Namibia, Germans forced Herero and Nama people to build the town of Luderitz.

Now residents are in a dispute over whether to replace the colonial-era name with a Nama name - ǃNamiǂNûs.

The BBC's Pumza Fihlani spoke to residents and tourists about the issue.

Luderitz: Should Namibian town scrap German colonial name?

Military patrol amid peaceful vote in northern Ghana

Thomas Naadi

BBC Africa, Accra

Military patrolling at election

In Ghana's northern Tamale city the voting process has been peaceful.

There have been no incidents of political violence.

That may be because of the presence of the military and police who have been patrolling the city.

Court refuses to block trial of Equatorial Guinea's VP

Teodorin Obiang Nguema
Teodorin Obiang Nguema is the vice-president in his father's government

Prosecutors in France can proceed next month with the corruption trial of the son of Equatorial Guinea's president after the International Court of Justice (ICJ) refused to stop it, the AP news agency reports. 

Equatorial Guinea resorted to the United Nations' highest court, hoping it would order France to halt the prosecution. 

It argued that Teodorin Obiang Nguema has immunity from prosecution in France because of his position as vice president of the oil-rich West African state.

However, the ICJ said it did not have jurisdiction over the case and would not make a ruling, AP reports. 

Mr Obiang's trial is due to start in Paris on 2 January. 

He faces charges of corruption, money laundering and embezzlement.

He denies the charges, but is not expected to appear in court to defend himself. 

BBC man lets slip full name in Ghana vote

The BBC's Akwasi Sarpong revealed his full name when he was reporting for a radio about the process to vote in Ghana's election.

He was asking the voting official to find him on the list when he said "no-one knows this but my name is Daniel, Sshh, don't tell anyone".

Listen to the whole report:

Ghana Presidential election underway

Somali forces 'seize' IS-held town

Abdiqadir Mumin
Abdiqadir Mumin leads IS in Somalia

The authorities in Somalia's semi-autonomous region of Puntland say they have recaptured a key town from jihadists who have sworn allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) group. 

Regional governor Yusuf Mohamed told the BBC that the militants had been chased out of Qandala, a port which they took over in October.

The militants are led by Abdiqadir Mumin, who used to be a commander in the al-Qaeda-linked al-Shabab group until he switched to IS.  

Read more: Al-Shabab v IS in Somalia

Church mediates in DR Congo crisis

The president of DR Congo Joseph Kabila
Under the constitution, President Joseph Kabila must step down on 19 December

The influential Catholic Church in the Democratic Republic of Congo has held talks with the ruling party and the opposition in an attempt to diffuse the crisis following the postponement of presidential elections, AFP news agency reports.

President Joseph Kabila was due to step down on 19 December, but will now stay in office until 2018. 

Bishops held separate talks with the two sides in an attempt to avert possible bloodshed as the 19 December deadline approaches.

The opposition coalition, Etienne Tshisekedi, have vowed to step up their campaign to force Mr Kabila, in power since 2001, to step down. 

The courts have ruled he can remain remain in office until elections, now scheduled for 2018, are held. 

The election commission says it needs more time to organise the poll in a country that has not had a smooth transfer of power since independence in 1960. 

South Africa tightens border controls

Foreign national shows a sign as South African President Jacob Zuma addresses a temporary refugee camp in Chatsworth, south of Durban on April 18, 2015 during a visit marked by hostile reaction of foreign nationals chanting 'Go home, go Home' and 'too late, too late'.
South Africa has a huge number of immigrants, especially from other African countries

South Africa's immigration officials will take fingerprints of all visitors to the country in an attempt to curb crime, the government-run news site SA News reports

Speaking in the capital, Pretoria, Home Affairs department director-general Mkhuseli Apleni said: 

Capturing of fingerprints of foreign nationals helps identify them when a crime has been committed. We also want to know every individual who is in the country."

Queuing Ghana-style to vote

We reported earlier that people in northern Ghana had reserved their place in the queue to vote for their new president by using stones.

Here's why people were so determined to vote early in the morning:

Ghana elections: Unique way to hold your place in the queue

Do smoke-free stoves really save lives?

Woman with cookstove
Victoria Gill

A big clinical trial in Malawi was expected to show children are less likely to die of pneumonia if they live in a home where food is cooked on a smoke-free stove rather than an open fire. 

Instead it suggests the stove makes no difference.   

The surprise finding was only found out at the last minute because researchers deliberately kept hidden whether a given set of medical records were from a family who had been given a stove, or from a family in the control group.   

The BBC's Victoria Gill says this raises questions about the major international efforts to provide clean cookstoves and fuels in 100 million households. 

Read more on the BBC News website.

India doctor to operate on '500kg' woman

Eman Ahmed Abd El Aty
Courtesy: Dr Muffazal Lakdawala

An Egyptian woman, believed to be the world's heaviest woman at 500kg (1,102lb), will soon be flown to India for weight reduction surgery. 

Eman Ahmed Abd El Aty, 36, will be flown on a chartered plane to Mumbai where surgeon Dr Muffazal Lakdawala plans to operate. 

The Indian embassy in Cairo initially denied her visa request as she was unable to travel there in person. 

After the surgeon tweeted to India's foreign minister that changed.

Ms Abd El Aty's family says she hasn't been able to leave home for 25 years.

If the claim about her weight is true, then that would make her the world's heaviest woman alive as the current Guinness record holder is Pauline Potter of the United States who weighed 292kg (643lb) in 2010. 

Read more on the BBC News website.

Al-Qaeda affiliate 'carried out Mali prison raid'

BBC Monitoring

News from around the globe

Fighters of Ansar Dine in northern Mali.
Ansar Dine's fighters have pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda

The al-Qaeda-linked jihadist group Ansar Dine has said it was behind Monday's raid on a jail in southern Mali, saying it released all of the prisoners located at the facility. 

All its jailed members, numbering more than 100, had been freed during the assault on the prison in Niono by its southern Mali-based Macina Battalion, Ansar Dine added. 

Local media reported that 93 prisoners escaped and two guards were wounded during the attack. 

In early November, Ansar Dine claimed its Macina Battalion, also known as the Macina Liberation Front (MLF), was behind a prison break in Banamba in southern Mali.

New call to solve UN air crash mystery

Dag Hammarskjold
Dag Hammarskjold was trying to mediate between Congo's Soviet-backed government and a breakaway province

A resolution is being presented to the UN General Assembly asking for a special investigator to look into the 1961 plane crash that killed then UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold.

The UN resolution would seek to compel countries to hand over documents and radio intercepts to a special investigator, which might nail down the truth of what really happened, the BBC's Karen Allen says.  

The plane went down over what is now Zambia during a diplomatic mission to help broker a ceasefire in the Congolese civil war.

Searchers walk through wreckage of the DC6 plane carrying Dag Hammarskjold in a forest near Ndola, Zambia. 19 Sept 1961

Pilot error was initially suspected.

However, new evidence has emerged which sceptics say could add weight to suspicions of foul play.

Read more on the BBC News website.

Tanzania PM 'demands return of rhino called John'

Tanzania’s Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa has ordered wildlife officials to immediately return a rare black rhino to the famous Ngorongoro Conservation Area, the state-owned paper Daily News reports.

The rhino, named John, was moved three months ago under dubious circumstances to a private lodge on the pretext that it could breed there, it quotes Mr Majaliwa as saying.

Mr Majaliwa, on a visit to the state-run park of Ngorongoro, said that officials had “colluded” to sell the animal for 200m Tanzanian shillings ($92,000, £73,000), the paper reports.

One official in the audience, who was asked to respond to the allegations, said that proper procedures had been followed to move the rhino and the accusations that they had pocketed money were “pure lies”, the Daily News says.

Eastern black rhinos are the rarest of Africa's three rhino subspecies - and are threatened by poachers driven by a demand in Asia for rhino horns for their purported medicinal properties.

The eastern black rhino population stands at about 700

African women's champions Nigeria demand full bonus payments

Super Falcons
Darius Meke

Nigeria's women's team are continuing to refuse to leave a hotel in Abuja until they are paid allowances and bonuses for winning the Women's Africa Cup of Nations.

The Super Falcons' protest began on Tuesday.  

The team, who clinched their eighth African title on Saturday with a 1-0 win over hosts Cameroon, are protesting over the Nigeria Football Federation's (NFF) failure to pay them $17,150 (£13,607) per player for their success.

One of the players told BBC Sport that their sit-in at the Agura hotel in the capital would not end until they received all bonuses.

However, the NFF has said it can't afford to pay.

"The NFF is not happy owing players and coaches, but present severe economic challenges inform that it can only continue to seek the understanding of these persons, as well as hoteliers, travel agents, management and staff until the situation improves," general secretary Mohammed Sanusi said in a statement. 

Read more on the BBC Sport website.

Mahama votes and says Ghana democracy 'maturing'

Here's Ghana President John Mahama voting in the presidential election today:

John Mahama

Voting in his northern home region of Bole, where he was mobbed by a cheering crowd, President Mahama said Ghana's democracy had "matured" and this election would further consolidate it.

Asked about corruption, he told AFP news agency:

There is a general perception of corruption in all African countries. I think it is a stage of our development. As we continue to strengthen the institutions of state, I think that people will come to see the integrity in these institutions."

Mr Mahama also said he had no regrets over his first term in office and felt "very good" about his prospects for re-election.

He's running against six other candidates, including veteran opposition leader Nana Akufo Addo.

See earlier post: Two Nanas vote

Making the Cardiopad 'took six years'

The inventor of the "Cardiopad" medical equipment has told the Focus on Africa's Hassan Arouni that it took six years for the invention to be made.

Arthur Zang started work in 2010 and only got medical certification in October in Cameroon, he said in a Facebook live interview earlier today.

The Cardiopad is a tablet computer that takes a reading and sends it to a heart specialist.

It allows health workers to give heart examinations and send the results to heart specialists far away.

Cameroon tablet helps monitor heart diseases

In May the invention won the Royal Society's African Engineering Award.

Read more on the BBC News website.

Kenya police accused of extra-judicial killings

Abdinoor Aden

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Hundreds of Kenyan lawyers march down a street in Nairobi on July 6, 2016 to protest against the extrajudicial killings of three men including a rights lawyer by Kenyan police.
Kenya's security forces have repeatedly been accused of taking the law into their own hands

A Kenyan human rights group, Haki Africa, says at least 80 people have been killed by police in mysterious circumstances in the coastal region in the last four years, as part of the authorities' campaign against Islamist extremists. 

Haki Africa's executive director Hussein Khalid said the number could be higher, but some families were too scared to talk. 

In a report entitled "What do we tell the families?", the organisation says some of the victims were executed during crackdowns on protests and gatherings where it was suspected that young Muslims were being radicalised.

Kenya's Independent Policing Oversight Authority said 300 officers were being investigated for alleged human rights body. 

Read: Kenyans in fear of police 'death squads'

Gambia's army chief in 'loyalty pledge' to new leader

Yahya Jammeh looks on in Banjul on November 29, 2016, during the closing rally of the electoral campaign of the Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC).
Mr Jammeh relied heavily on the security forces to crush dissent

The head of The Gambia's army, General Ousman Badjie, has pledged allegiance to President-elect Adama Barrow, in a key sign of support for him, Reuters news agency reports. 

The general  gave his pledge in a phone call to Mr Barrow on Sunday, the agency quotes Mr Barrow's spokeswoman as saying. 

Mr Barrow caused a major upset in last week's presidential election by ending Yahya Jammeh's 22-year rule. 

See earlier post for more details

Kenya's Kenyatta calls for end to strike

A patient sits alone on his bed in a ward in Kenyatta National Hospital
Many patients are not being treated

Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta has urged doctors and nurses to end their strike. 

Mr Kenyatta lamented the deaths of 20 patients since the strike for better pay and working conditions started on Monday, his office said. 

Mr Kenyatta, along with Deputy President William Ruto, also visited a hospital, giving the impression that it was business as usual:    

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Voting scene in Ghana's Tema city

BBC Focus on Africa radio presenter Akwasi Sarpong:

Ghana voters get angry over position of polling booths

In Ghana's Tema city, I found queues of men and women waiting for voting to start. 

The first in one of the queues, Alfred Aggrey, told me he arrived five hours earlier. Many wanted to get on with their day's business.

Loud noises of disapproval rung out when polling officers positioned the voting booths away from the crowd. 

People demanded that the booths be made to face them so they could see people going in to thumbprint only the assigned ballot papers and no other papers that they suspected could be smuggled in.

After a few minutes of shouting at the officers, their request was carried out to cheers of approval.

You can follow Akwasi on Twitter @akwasisarpong and scroll down to read more about all the election drama  

Voters in Tamale
Voters in Tamale shouted at polling officers about the position of voting booths

The two Nanas vote in Ghanaian election

Two of the candidates competing in Ghana's presidential election today are named Nana.

One is a man, the other a woman.

And they have just voted in the tightly contested election.

Nana Akufo-Addo, leader of the New Patriotic Party, cast his ballot at a polling station in the Eastern Region:

Presidential candidate Nana Akufo-Addo (R), leader of the oppostion party New Patriotic Party (NPP) casts his ballot in the presidential elections at a polling station in Accra, Ghana, 07 December 2016.

While presidential candidate for the National Democratic Party, Nana Konadu Agyeman-Rawlings, voted in the capital, Accra:

View more on twitter

She was Ghana's first lady when her husband Jerry John Rawlings was president. 

Yahya Jammeh will be 'prosecuted'

Supporters of the new political coalition trash a poster of out-going president Yahya Jammeh
Mr Jammeh took power in a coup 22 years ago

The Gambia's outgoing President Yahya Jammeh will be prosecuted for alleged crimes committed during his rule, a leading member of the coalition which defeated him in last week's election has told the UK-based Guardian newspaper

Fatoumata Jallow-Tambajang said there was no question of immunity for Mr Jammeh: 

“He will be prosecuted. I’m saying [within] a year but it could be less than that. This is my personal opinion – it might have taken three months because we really want to really work fast."

In the interview, Ms Jallow-Tambajang said Mr Jammeh had the "bunkers and treasure" to start a rebellion from his farm in KInali, near the border with Senegal.

We don’t trust him. The longer we leave him, the more possibilities he has to leave the country, to escape from the country and to even do an insurgency. He is capable. The man is capable.

She told the newspaper that Mr Jammeh was barred from going abroad:  

“He can’t leave. If he leaves, he’s going to escape us. We are stopping him from leaving. We are negotiating. He said he wants to go to Kanilai. Any day he tells us he wants to go abroad, then we say no. It’s the presidential prerogative.”

After his shock defeat at the hands of property developer Adama Barrow in last week's election, Mr Jammeh said he intended to retire in Kanilai.

He seized power in a coup in 1994 and is accused of leading one of the most repressive states in Africa where his opponents were jailed, exiled and allegedly killed.

He strongly denies the allegations and says he improved the living conditions of Gambians.  

Read: Jammeh in profile

Foreign journalist 'expelled from South Sudan'

A foreign correspondent who was working in South Sudan, Justin Lynch, says he has been arrested and expelled from the country. 

View more on twitter

Mr Lynch, who works for the Associated Press news agency, has written a number of hard-hitting pieces about human rights abuses allegedly committed by government troops during the three-year-old civil war. 

A spokesman for the South Sudanese president said he was not aware of the matter and could not comment.

Prisoners get a say in choosing Ghana's president

Adelaide Arthur

BBC News

A prisoner voting in Ghana
Seth Kwame Boateng

Prisoners in Ghana are voting in the country's presidential and parliamentary elections taking place today.

This is the second time prisoners are voting in the national elections - some were able to vote in 2012. 

Some 2,276 inmates across the country have registered to vote, according to local news website Citi FM Online.

In 2010, Ghana's Supreme Court ruled that prisoners had the right to vote. 

Joy News' Seth Kwame Boateng, who is monitoring the process at the Nsawam Medium prison in eastern Ghana, said 426 inmates had registered to vote.

A prison spokesman told Mr Boateng that the usual routine at the Nsawam prison will be suspended today to allow voters to witness the counting of the ballot and declaration of results before going back into their cells. 

Mr Boateng added that, although inmates are excited to be able to participate in the elections, they seemed disappointed that the candidates failed to come to the prison to convince them.  

But the prisons official said they had the opportunity to monitor the campaign on TV and radio to enable them make informed decisions.

Prisoners waiting to vote
Seth Kwame Boateng

Why I am voting for the first time in Ghana

Twitter users have been asking BBC Focus on Africa radio presenter Akwasi Sarpong why this is the first time he has voted in presidential and parliamentary in Ghana, his home country (see our earlier post).

He has replied by saying the first election he registered for was four years ago and then he was too busy working to queue up to cast his ballot:

View more on twitter

What if Ghana has a new president?

People queue before voting at a polling station in Bole district, northern Ghana, on December 7, 2016.

If Ghana's opposition candidate Nana Akufo-Addo wins today's presidential election, he will be the first person without the name John to be at the helm of government since the advent of multi-party democracy in 1992. 

And if the National Democratic Congress retains its parliamentary majority, it will be the first time since 1992 that a governing party will win three elections in a row.

Read: What is President John Mahama's nickname? 

Read: Will Nana Akufo-Addo be third time lucky? 

Cameroon PM dismisses English speakers' call for federal state

BBC Afrique

Protesters burned tires in the street as they vented anger against marginalisation
Protesters in Bamenda, northern Cameroon, vented anger against marginalisation

Cameroon is a unitary state which must never be divided, Prime Minister Philemon Yang has said, dismissing calls from Anglophone regions for a federal state. 

Since 21 November, life has been disrupted at universities and schools in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon where English speakers say they are discriminated against.

Lawyers also protested against the requirement that they use French in court proceedings.

But Mr Yang, himself an English speaker, says autonomy for the Anglophone regions would go against the constitution.

There has been a lull in the protest movement as the government has pledged to look into the demands which have articulated by the protesters.

It remains to be seen how Mr Yang's statement will be taken by the English speaking youth who have been venting their anger at the central government.

Philemon Yang, Prime Minister of Cameroon
Getty Images
Philemon Yang is an English speaker but he believes Cameroon should remain a unitary state

Tight security during Ghana vote

A BBC reporter in Ghana tweets that soldiers  have been sent out to polling stations to ensure there is no trouble during today's presidential and parliamentary election:

View more on twitter

UK finance minister in South Africa to allay Brexit fears

Karen Allen

BBC southern Africa correspondent, Johannesburg

British Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond wants to maintain strong ties with South Africa

The UK's Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond, is in South Africa to try to cement deeper trade ties. 

South Africa is the UK's biggest trading partner in Africa, with bilateral trade last year totalling £8bn ($10bn). 

Mr Hammond wants to give reassurance that despite the UK's departure from the European Union (EU) over the next two years, it wants to forge stronger links with its non-European trading partners, especially in the finance sector. 

There are fears that existing EU agreements which give British exporters privileged access to South African markets could be under threat. 

However supporters of Brexit maintain that these can be re-negotiated, although some commentators suggest the ease with which that can be done may have been exaggerated.  

Stones and marbles in elections

One tweeter has observed:

View more on twitter

The BBC's Thomas Naadi took this picture in the early hours of this morning which shows people had placed stones to mark their place in the queue to vote in Tamale, Northern Ghana:


Read: Why Gambians vote with marbles

BBC presenter votes in Ghana

BBC Focus on Africa presenter Akwasi Sarpong, a Ghanaian, has voted for the first time in his country's presidential and parliamentary election, as you can see in this video he has tweeted:   

View more on twitter

Long queues for Ghana elections

Residents in the capital, Accra, cast their votes

Long queues have formed at polling stations across Ghana as people vote in what analysts say is a tight race between President John Mahama and veteran opposition leader Nana Akufo-Addo.

All seven candidates have pledged to keep the process peaceful but an opposition supporter died when a rally tuned violent on Monday.

The campaign has been dominated by the faltering state of Ghana's economy and the issue of corruption.

Results are expected within three days.

A run-off will be held later in the month if neither of the two main candidates secures more than 50% of the votes.

Parliamentary elections are also being held, with Mr Mahama's the National Democratic Congress (NDC) hoping to hold on to its majority in the face of a challenge from Mr Akufo-Addo's New Patriotic Party. 

Read more on Ghana polls

Gambia frees political prisoners

Gambian opposition leader Ousainou Darboe (C) speaks on the phone at his home on December 6, 2016 in Banjul after being released from jail.
Ousainou Darboe was a fierce critic of the president

A High Court in the The Gambia yesterday released 12 political prisoners on bail, raising hopes that repression is ending following authoritarian ruler Yahya Jammeh's stunning defeat in presidential elections last week at the hands of property developer Adama Barrow. 

The 12 had been arrested for taking part in an "unlawful assembly" in May. 

Opposition leader Ousainou Darboe and 18 other activists were freed on bail on Monday after being held on similar charges. 

Defence lawyer Antouman Gaye is quoted by Reuters news agency as saying:   

The writing is on the wall for all these cases. Either the government concedes they are highly politically motivated cases with no legal basis or the incoming government drops them."

Boko Haram giving up 'en masse'

A screengrab taken on July 13, 2014 from a video released by the Nigerian Islamist extremist group Boko Haram and obtained by AFP shows the leader of the Nigerian Islamist extremist group Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau
Boko Haram is affiliated to the Islamic State group

Fighters from militant Islamist group Boko Haram are surrendering "en masse" in Chad, Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has said. 

Boko Haram launched its insurgency in north-eastern Nigeria in 2009, but has stepped up operations in Chad and other neighbouring states in recent years. 

Speaking at a regional peace and security meeting in Senegal's capital, Dakar, Mr Buhari said that both Nigerian and Chadian members of Boko Haram were surrendering in Chad following an offensive launched by a multinational force. 

Mr Buhari said the end of Boko Haram was "in sight", with the militants holding no territory in any of Nigeria's 774 local government areas.

He added:   

We are now operating in the Sambisa Forest and as far as Boko Haram is concerned in the Lake Chad Basin area, I think they are done for."