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  1. Police break up Zimbabwean protest over bond notes
  2. South African airport staff find 'lifeless stowaway' on Nigerian plane
  3. Ugandan Catholic Archbishop 'tells women to stop beating men'
  4. Morocco accuses AU chief of blocking its readmission
  5. Sudan's leader says Trump will be easier to deal with
  6. Chimpanzee trafficked to Iraq given home in Kenya
  7. South Africa starts clinical trials for HIV vaccine
  8. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  9. Email stories and comments to - Wednesday 30 November 2016

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe, Lamine Konkobo and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

That's it from us today

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

No matter how high you throw a stone, it must come down. "

A Hausa proverb sent by Muhammad Makintami, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Click here to send your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this photo of sporadic rain in a residential area in Ivory Coast's capital, Abidjan. 

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Zimbabwe protesters clash with police over 'bond notes'

Protesters oppose introduction of bond notes

Police in Zimbabwe have clashed with protesters opposed to the new bond notes, issued on Monday by the central bank, to ease cash shortages, the AFP news agency reports.

The bond notes are equivalent to the US dollar. 

About 100 activists from the opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), and the pressure group Tajamuka were chanting anti-government songs when police moved in to disperse them with tear gas and water cannon, AFP reports. 

Anti-riot police officers sit in the back of a police vehicle as they patrol during a demonstration by opposition parties against the introduction of bond notes as a currency in Harare, on November 30, 2016
People run away from Zimbabwe police officers using a water canon during a demonstration by opposition parties against the introduction of bond notes as a currency in Harare, on November 30, 2016

Protesters carried placards which said, "Bond notes Toilet tissue", while others denounced President Robert Mugabe, 92, as a "limping donkey". 

"We are not going to embrace bond notes," Hardlife Mudzingwa, a spokesman for Tajamuka, told AFP.  

Many cash machines now dispense half US dollars and half bond notes, the report adds.

Watch: Zimbabwe bond notes: Could new currency spell disaster?

Zimbabwe bond notes: Could new currency spell disaster?

Morroco says AU head blocking its memebership

Morocco's King Mohammed VI
Getty Images

Morocco's foreign ministry has accused African Union (AU) commission head Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma of frustrating its attempt to rejoin the organisation, 32 years after it left, Reuters news agency reports. 

Morocco revoked its membership in 1984 when the AU recognised Western Sahara as an independent state, and admitted it as a member. 

Morocco says Western Sahara is part of its territory.   

"The kingdom of Morocco denounces vigorously the manoeuvres of African Union commission head, who is trying to thwart Morocco's decision to regain its natural and legitimate place in the pan-African institutional family," the foreign ministry said in a statement. 

"At least 36 of the 54 AU member countries do not acknowledge the territory as a separate state and it is time to withdraw its recognition," it added.   

Ship owner fined for illegally fishing in Somalia

The vessel is currently moored at the port in Kenya's coastal city of Mombasa
US mission in Somalia
The vessel is moored at a port in Kenya

Somalia has received $65,000 (£52,185) from the owners of a shipping vessel that was detained for illegally fishing in its waters, the US mission to Somalia has said in a statement.   

The Belize-registered, Panamanian-vessel was detained in October in the port-capital of Mogadishu with an estimated 30 tons of frozen fish. 

It was fined for possession of forged authorizations and licenses to operate in Somali waters and not providing catch report, the statement added. 

It was also found to be using banned fishing gear, specifically trawling gear, prohibited under the Somali Fisheries Law. 

The vessel illegally left Somali waters and attempted to enter neighbouring Kenya waters before being intercepted. 

It is currently moored in Kenya's Mombasa city. 

The US mission in Somalia said its aid arm will work with Somalia and vessel owners to agree on fishing routes so that Somalia does not lose fishing revenue. 

Sudanese journalist wins award

Yousra Elbagir
Foreign Press Association

Sudanese journalist Yousra Elbagir has won 2016 Thomson Foundation Young Journalist Award.  

She emerged the winner out of 100 entries from 42 countries. 

Ms Yousra managed the Sudan Voices Twitter account where she moderated a debate using the hashtag #SudanUnderSanction, asking Sudanese people on Twitter to discuss what it was like living for 19 years under US sanctions and a trade embargo.

The debate shed light on the marginalisation and isolation felt by the Sudanese community. 

An article Ms Yousra wrote about it was published in the UK-based Guardian newspaper


Inheritance victory for gay couples in South Africa

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

In a groundbreaking ruling, South Africa's highest court has ruled that unmarried gay couples in a permanent relationship have a right to inherit from one other. 

The case was brought by Rasmus Laubscher, the brother of Daniel Laubscher who died in 2015. 

He argued against his brother's estate going to his live-in partner Eric Duplan. 

The Constitutional Court said the Civil Union Act created a new category of beneficiaries, namely same-sex partners who had entered into registered civil unions. 

 "As a result, the court’s earlier inclusion of permanent same-sex partners within the definition of spouse was still operative,” Judge Boissie Mbha said in a majority judgement. 

The Commission for Gender Equality, a statutory body formed after apartheid ended in South Africa in 1994, supported Mr Duplan in his inheritance battle.

This file picture dated 20 September 2006 shows a member of the public reading a document at a debate on the civil union bill conducted in English, Zulu and Sotho, in Soweto
South Africa has one of the most liberal constitutions in the world

Zambia's HIV 'warrior' MP taking on taboos

Kennedy Gondwe

BBC World Service, Lusaka

Princess Kasune
Princess Kasune was ex-communicated by her church for going public about her HIV status

Princess Kasune is one of Zambia's most outspoken Aids activists and was recently elected to become its first publicly known HIV-positive MP.

She tested positive for HIV in 1997 and the next year went public about her status, defying her husband - and traditional taboos - in doing so.

Driven by a passion to see a generation free of HIV, her own decision to go public divided opinion - not at least with her late husband whom she suspects infected her as his first two wives had died.

Ms Kasune's church excommunicated her for being defiant, and going against her spouse's wishes about keeping her HIV status a secret.

Her own family was also against her status being known.

"I have not taken any moment in my life lightly but I have realised that to each one of us, there is a challenge and in this generation, HIV is one of those challenges," she says.

Quote: It's important for parliamentarians in particular to go for HIV tests in public

During her maiden speech, she reminded her fellow lawmakers about the importance of testing for the virus.

The 40-year-old MP later told the BBC: "I think we need to summon the courage and test publicly or share our results with the public."

Read more about Princess Kasune

Gambia's opposition candidate: 'I'm genuine and going to win'

Gambia's opposition candidate Adama Barrow
Mr Barrow hopes to end Mr Jammeh's 22-year-rule

Gambians have been suffering for 22 years under the rule of President Yahya Jammeh and now is the time for change, leading opposition candidate Adama Barrow has told the BBC ahead of tomorrow's presidential election.  

Mr Barrow,a former estate agent, has been picked by a coalition of opposition parties to challenge Mr Jammeh, who is running for a fifth consecutive term. 

In an interview with the BBC's Umaru Fofana, Mr Barrow said he was confident of victory: 

"Voters know that [I am] genuine and ready for change and that's why they should trust me."

In response to Mr Jammeh's claim that he took "Gambia from stone age to modernity" by building schools and roads, the opposition standard-bearer said:

Quality and quantity are completely two different things. We got those schools, but no teachers, no chairs, no good educational material; we got hospitals, but absolutely no drugs, no qualified doctors."

Read: The crack in Gambia's smile

Kenyan sanctuary for chimpanzee in Iraq

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A young chimpanzee, snatched from its natural habitat in Central Africa and sold three years ago to a zoo in northern Iraq, has been given sanctuary in Kenya, the AFP news agency reports. 

The four-year-old chimpanzee, named Manno, was sold by traffickers to Dohuk zoo in Iraqi Kurdistan for about $15,000 (£12,000), according to Animals Lebanon, which arranged for its transfer to Kenya.  

The animal welfare charity's Jason Mier was quoted by AFP as saying: 

These people had no idea how to properly take care of a chimpanzee."

Manno lived in isolation in the zoo. It is now on its way to a primate sanctuary in Kenya, AFP reports. 

Dead stowaway found in plane in South Africa

The "lifeless" body of a stowaway has been found in the wheel well of a plane which flew from Nigeria's commercial hub, Lagos, to South Africa's main city, Johannesburg, Arik Air has said in a statement. 

 South African engineers at OR Tambo International Airport discovered the body during an inspection of Arik Air's A330-200 passenger aircraft, the firm added. 

"Investigations are ongoing to determine how the stowaway found his way into the aircraft's main wheel well," it said.

Arik Air is one of Nigeria's biggest airlines.    

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Pictures of Sudan lawyers' protest

We reported earlier that a group of Sudanese lawyers had gathered outside the high court in the capital, Khartoum, to take part in a protest denouncing price rises, corruption and alleged human rights abuses by the government. 

Reports say that at least one lawyer has been arrested. 

We have received pictures from the protest:  

Sudan lawyers protest
Sudan lawyers protest
Sudan lawyers protest

Namibia's 'unique' saxophonist Suzy Eises

Suzy Eises is a saxophonist from Namibia who has shared the stage with South Africa’s Jimmy Dludlu and other African artists.

She's been telling the BBC about working on her debut album and teaching jazz and the sax to young kids in the Namibian capital Windhoek.

Watch the interview here:

Namibia's 'unique' saxophonist Suzy Essies

Niger student's bid to turn plant into electricity

Water hyacinth has a hasard for biodiversity
Student Mamane sees more in the water hyacinth than its reputation as hasard for biodiversity

An engineering student from Niger, Mariama Mamane, has set herself the challenge of generating electricity out of a highly invasive plant commonly known as the water hyacinth, Le Monde Afrique news site reports

The 26-year-old, who studies at a university in Burkina Faso, says she noticed that the water hyacinth was a naughty plant which can dry up water reserves and kill other plants in its neighbourhood. 

To fight the environmental hazard posed by the plant, the water hyacinth is often uprooted and buried on landfill sites. 

But Ms Mamane figured out that the wasted plant could be recycled into something useful, telling Le Monde Afrique: 

From the plants pulled up from their roots, we can produce manure naturally. But when that turns into methane, we have bio-gas which is a source for electricity."

Nigeria drops plan to raise internet data prices

Esther Mustapha (L) and her friend Oyinbecks Olajide (R) use the Pokemon Go application on their mobile on the campus grounds of the University of Lagos on July 14, 2016.
Nigeria is the biggest market in Africa for mobile phones

Nigeria's telecom regulator has withdrawn a directive to mobile phone operators to increase prices of internet data.

In a statement, the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) said the decision had been taken following complaints from consumers across the country and consultaions with mobile phone firms. 

See earlier post for more details

Mali's ex-junta leader goes on trial

The former junta leader of Mali, Amadou Haya Sanogo

Mali's former junta leader, Amadou Sanogo, has gone on trial for murder in a concert hall which has been turned into a courtroom. 

The US-trained officer allegedly ordered the execution of 21 soldiers from an elite corps of the army for an attempt at staging a counter-coup against him a month after his March 2012 putsch. 

"I'm in fine spirits. I was waiting for this day," Mr Sanogo told AFP news agency at the opening of the trial, held in a packed concert hall in Sikasso, 370 kilometres (230 miles) south-east of the capital, Bamako. 

  He was arrested in 2013 after civilian rule was restored.  

Shots fired at US embassy in Chad

James Copnall

Africa editor, BBC World Service

A suspected jihadist on a motorbike has opened fire on the American embassy in the Chadian capital Ndjamena. 

Nobody was hurt, and the man was arrested by police guarding the building. 

He is reported to have been carrying a document in which he swore allegiance to the Islamic State group. 

Chad's armed forces are fighting jihadists in the Sahara, as well as Boko Haram, the Islamist group which started in Nigeria but now also operates in Chad and other neighbouring countries. 

Crowds throng stadium for women's nations cup

Hosts Cameroon beat Ghana with a solitary goal in the semi-finals of the Women's Africa Cup of Nations tournament. Raissa Feudijo scored the only goal.

Cameroon will now face Nigeria in the finals after they beat South Africa by the same score. 

The BBC's Nick Cavell in Yaounde has shared pictures from the game: 

Cameroon fan
Fans at the stadium for Cameroon vs Ghana match

Nigerian arrested in Mauritius over 'heroin in cosmetic containers'

Yasine Mohabuth

Port Louis, Mauritius

Drugs display
Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation.

A Nigerian student has been arrested in Mauritius following the seizure of alleged heroin hidden in small pots of a cosmetic brand. 

Uchenna Philips Okafor, 23, was nabbed by police on Tuesday in the sea side town of Flic-en-Flac during a sting operation.

Mr Okafor, who lives in Mauritius, has not yet commented on the allegation that he was dealing in drugs. 

About 250 grams of heroin worth 3.7 million Mauritian rupees ( $103,000, £82,397) was concealed in 26 small containers of a cosmetic brand, and intercepted at the island's main airport on Sunday by customs officers and bloodhounds of the Anti-Drug and Smuggling Unit, police say. 

The consignment, allegedly addressed to Mr Okafor, had been sent from Charles de Gaulle airport in France.

Police allege that South African rands, US dollars, Mauritian rupees and Bangladesh takas were seized from Mr Okafor's home, along with a fake Mauritian identity card.

He is expected to appear in court today, and will answer to a provisional charge of attempting to take a delivery of drugs. 

Tear gas fired at protesters in Sudan

BBC World Service

Security forces in Sudan's Omdurman city have fired tear gas to break up the latest in a series of protests against the government's decision to cut subsidies on fuel and medicine.   

In a separate demonstration, dozens of lawyers gathered outside the high court the capital, Khartoum to denounce the price rises, corruption, and alleged human rights abuses by the government. 

Political tensions are high in the country. The authorities have arrested several opposition politicians and seized the entire print runs of newspapers which criticised the austerity measures. 

Sudanese journalists pose with chains as they gather outside the Tayar newspaper to announce their intention to begin a hunger strike on March 1, 2016, in protest of the decision to withhold the publication of the newspaper
Journalists have waged a long campaign for press freedom in Sudan

Zuma 'defies gravity'

South Africa's President Jacob Zuma has survived several attempts to bring him down over following allegations of corruption against him. 

In the latest attempt, several members of his cabinet pushed for his removal at a meeting of the top leadership of the governing African National Congress (ANC), but they failed.

A local TV station has now published a cartoon of the Mr Zuma, 74, continuing to defy gravity, this time with a little help of  a trampoline held by party loyalists:

View more on twitter

Read: The controversial and colourful Zuma

Cost of internet data to rise in Nigeria

Naziru Mikailu

BBC Abuja editor

Man with mobile phone in NIgeriia

Nigeria's government has directed mobile phone operators to increase prices of internet data. 

The reason for the proposed increase in unclear, but it has fuelled speculation that the government will take the extra money to deal with its cash crisis. 

The extent of the proposed increase is also unclear, though customers are already receiving text messages telling them that the new prices will come into effect tomorrow. 

A leading trade union has described the move as "worrying" and "insensitive". 

We are waiting for a briefing from the head of Nigeria’s Communication Commission, and we will give you more details as soon as we get them. 

King's guards 'killed 16' Ugandan policemen

Patience Atuhaire

BBC Africa, Kampala

King Charles Mumbere (pictured)
King Charles Mumbere is accused of wanting to create a breakaway state

The bodies of Ugandan policemen who died in clashes with the guards of the king of Rwenzururu in the western Kasese region have been transported to the main police station in the area.

Police spokesman Andrew Felix Kaweesi told reporters that 62 people died in the clashes at the weekend. 

Other reports says 82 people were killed including 16 police officers and the king's guards.

Police officers transporting bodies of their colleagues who died in the clashes
Police officers transporting bodies of their colleagues who died in the clashes

King Charles Mumbere was detained after government forces raided his palace on Sunday. 

He has been charged with murder related to the killing of a police officer in March, not the unrest over the weekend.

King Charles has denied any involvement in the violence.

The authorities accuse him of launching a secessionist movement to create a new state, to be called Yiira. 


Nigerian novelist mastered her 'banned' mother tongue

In our series of letters from African journalists, Nigerian novelist and writer Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani recalls how she was banned from speaking her mother tongue.

"My parents forbade my local language, Igbo, from being spoken in our home when I was a child," she writes. 

Adaobi with her three siblings and father
Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani
Adaobi with her three siblings and father

Unlike the majority of  households in her hometown of Umuahia in south-east Nigeria, Adobi's parents chose to speak only English with their children.

Guests who visited their home had to conform to the language rule of the family.

And even live-in domestic staff who had never uttered a single foreign word were compelled to speak English.  

"Over the years, I endured people teasing my parents, usually behind their backs, for this decision. 'They are trying to be like white people,' they said," she recounts.  

She was also teased for mispronouncing Igbo words during local language lessons in school. 

But how did Adaobi untie her tongue? Read her letter from Africa here.

Catholic Archbishop 'tells women to stop beating men'

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The Catholic Archbishop of Kampala, Cyprian Kizito Lwanga, has warned women against beating their husbands, saying they "should love and respect them", Uganda's privately owned Daily Monitor reports. 

He was reacting to a police report about Mpingi district in the Uganda's central region, which showed that five out 10 reported cases of domestic assault involved women beating their husbands. 

The newspaper quotes the Archbishop of Kampala, which is Uganda's capital, as saying women should accept men as the head of families:

Do you want to take over power from men in your families? I think you want to challenge God who tells us that men are the heads of the family.

Stop torturing the innocent servants of God. There is no need for you [women] to behave like some people we are seeing nowadays in the country who are merciless."

Also in the same paper, in an unrelated event, the paramount chief of the Acholi ethnic group, Rwot David Onene Acana II, has told men to stop mistreating women:

Since we let women perform most domestic chores, why do we treat them harshly, why don't we empower them."

Coincidentally Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni has launched a new campaign to tackle gender-based violence. 

A statement from his office said he "strongly castigated the act of husbands beating their wives".

Pope Francis (C) arrives with Uganda president Yoweri Museveni and his wife Janet at the presidential palace in Kampala Uganda, November 27, 2015.
Mr Museveni and his wife Janet welcomed Pope Francis to their home in Kampala last year

Clinical trials in SA for HIV vaccine

BBC World Service

A nurse takes a blood sample on March 8, 2011 in a mobile clinic set up to test students for HIV at Madwaleni high school near Mtubatuba in Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
South Africa is battling to curb the spread of HIV/Aids

 A new vaccine against HIV, the virus that causes Aids, will be tested in a clinical trial that starts in South Africa today. 

Scientists say it is the largest and most advanced study to take place in the country. 

About seven million people in South Africa are living with the virus. 

Experts from the United States, which is funding the trial, say they are hoping for a safe and effective vaccine that will be "the final nail in the coffin" for HIV. 

The study is based on a trial in Thailand in 2009, which had a protection rate of about 30%. Results from South Africa are expected in four years.

Nigeria beat South Africa


In women's football, Nigeria striker Desire Oparanozie scored the only goal against a disciplined South Africa to earn her side a place in the final of the African Women's Cup of Nations against Cameroon.

South Africa started brightly but the Desiree Ellis-led side failed to capitalise on their early dominance.

Oparanozie and Ngozi Okobi both had chances to put seven-time champions Nigeria ahead in the 25th minute, but goalkeeper Andile Dlamini thwarted their shots.

Seven minutes later, South Africa had the ball in the net but it was ruled out for offside.

However, Oparanozie put Nigeria ahead with a powerful free-kick eight minutes after the restart.

Read the full BBC story here

Mugabe pays tribute to Castro

Fidel Castro gives a speech in front of the U.S. Interest Section May 14, 2004 in Havana.
Mr Castro helped many African states achieve lindependence

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe is in Cuba for former leader Fidel Castro's funeral, following his death at the age of 90, the state-owned Herald newspaper reports

Addressing Cubans after after his arrival in Havana, Mr Mugabe paid tribute to the former revolutionary:

Fidel was not just your leader. He was our leader and the leader of all revolutionaries. We followed him, listened to him and tried to emulate him."

However, Zimbabwe's opposition Zapu party accused Mr Mugabe, 92, of failing to follow Mr Castro's example by stepping down, the independent NewsDay newspaper reports

Its spokesman Iphithule Maphosa is quoted as saying:    

We urge Mugabe to pluck a leaf from Castro and do the right thing and resign over old age and reports of ill health."

Mr Mugabe, in power since 1980, is due to run for office again in the 2018 presidential election.

Mr Castro stepped down in 2006 after ruling Cuba for 47 years. 

Read: How Castro changed southern Africa 

Sudan's leader praises 'straightforward' Trump

Omar al-Bashir (archive)
Mr Bashir has ruled Sudan since 1989

Sudan's leader Omar al-Bashir has praised US President-elect Donald Trump, saying it will be "much easier" to deal with him, the Emirati al-Khaleej newspaper reports. 

Mr Trump "focuses on the interests of the American citizen, as opposed to those who talk about democracy, human rights and transparency'', Mr Bashir said in an interview published by the newspaper. 

He added that "we can deal with double-faced people but here we have a person with a clear line". 

"I am convinced that it will be much easier to deal with Trump than with others because he is a straightforward person and a businessman who considers the interests of those who deal with him,'' Mr Bashir said. 

The Sudanese leader seized power in a coup in 1989, and has been accused of leading a repressive regime ever since.   

He is wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on charges of genocide in Darfur. He denies the charges. 

Read: Bashir in profile

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

No matter how high you throw a stone, it must come down. "

A Hausa proverb sent by Muhammad Makintami, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

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Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news from around the continent.