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Summary

  1. Russia and Pakistan to supply Nigeria warplanes and helicopters
  2. Popular South African gospel singer Sfiso Ncwane dies
  3. Top Gambian opposition leader released on bail
  4. Malawi angered by Tanzania's new map
  5. Kenyan mentally ill patients 'run away' amid strike by doctors
  6. West African states to stop importing 'dirty fuels' from Europe
  7. South Africa race row as Mandela's death commemorated
  8. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  9. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Monday 5 December 2016

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe, Farouk Chothia and Lamine Konkobo

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Monday's stories

That's it from us today

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

The person who has a skin can't lack a place to sleep."

A Kuria proverb sent by Andrew Marwa, Migori, Kenya

Click here to send your African proverbs.

And we leave you with picture from Instagram of a girl walking past a butchery in Kechene slum in Ethiopia's capital Adds Ababa. 

View more on instagram

How did fake US embassy operate in Ghana for a decade?

News has travelled the world that an organised gang based in Ghana ran a fake embassy selling real US visas for $6,000 (£4,700) for "about a decade". How did they get away with it for so long?

The US State Department says Ghanaian and Turkish organised crime rings were running the fake embassy complete with a US flag and a portrait of President Barack Obama "unhindered... for about a decade".

The faded building couldn't have looked more different to the real embassy.

Read full story

FAKE EMBASSY AND REAL EMBASSY
US STATE DEPARTMENT

Fighting continues in Sirte

Military operations against the Islamic State (IS) group in Libya's Site city are ongoing, Ahmed Hadia, a spokesman for troops battling the militants, has told the BBC. 

 Earlier, another spokesman was quoted by AFP news as saying that troops loyal to Libya's UN-backed government had taken full control of Sirte. 

Mr Hadia denied this, saying: "The millitary operations are still ongoing.”

Malawi protests Tanzania's new map over lake

map
tzaffairs.org

A new map by Tanzania, which shows it owns half of the disputed Lake Malawi/Lake Nyasa, has stirred a fresh row with Malawi which says that the map is "wrong".

Tanzania’s map shows the north-eastern part of the lake being part its territory but Malawi claims full ownership.

Malawi has since asked for intervention from the United Nations, African Union and other international organizations, Malawi's The Nation newspaper reports.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokeswoman Rejoice Shumba said Malawi's has written to key institutions, asking them to disregard Tanzania’s map.

The paper quotes her as saying:

“Government indeed wrote a letter to protest the new map. We did not want some countries and organizations to start recognising and using the wrong map as advanced by Tanzania”.

For decades, the two countries have failed to resolve the boundary dispute over the lake which is the third largest in Africa and potentially rich in oil and gas.

This is not the first time Malawi has objected to Tanzania’s map.

Tensions escalated from 2011 when Malawi began oil exploration activities on the lake.

Tanzania's government is yet to respond on the new development.

fishermen paddle on canoes on the shore of Lake Malawi
AFP
Tensions escalated from 2011 when Malawi began oil exploration activities on the lake.

Migrant in Algeria: "They robbed us of everything."

Some of the 1,400 sub-Saharan migrants rounded up in Algeria and taken to a detention centre, where they are awaiting their deportation, have been telling their experiences to the news site Le Monde Afrique

On Malian migrant, Mahamadou, told the news site: 

The riot police came... They shouted at us: 'Get on board the bus; we are taking you to the station and then we will set you free'. But ever since, we are still waiting to be released."

A father of a family among the detained migrants said: 

Last Thursday in the evening, the security forces came to collect our belongings. They then took us away and robbed us of everything: our luggage, our mattresses. So far, they gave us no explanation."

Senegal's leader: Jihadists not 'choir boys'

Senegal's President Macy Sall has  called for African armies to be  better equipped and trained to deal with the threat posed by militant Islamists. 

 "The terrorists are not choir boys," Mr Sall said at a peace and security forum in the capital, Dakar. 

He added that the conflict in Mali turned it into "the bloodiest theatre in the history of [UN] peacekeeping missions".

 "The truth is that in most of our countries, the armies are not up to the mark. Today, we have to make internal efforts to raise their levels," Mr Sall said.

A picture taken on May 2, 2016 in Timbuktu shows UN mission in Mali (MINUSMA) peacekeping forces vehicle during a patrol.
AFP
The UN has suffered heavy casualties in Mali

Teachers protect schoolgirls from FGM

A journalist tells the BBC's Outside Source programme how she met a Kenyan headteacher who is guarding pupils in school during holidays to help them avoid undergoing female genital mutilation:

The Kenyan teacher protecting pupils from female genital mutilation

Bail for Gambian opposition leader welcomed

Leader of the Unity and Democracy Party (UDP) Ousainou Darboe speaks at an election meeting 19 September 2006
AFP
Ousainou Darboe is a staunch opponent of outgoing President Yahya Jammeh

Leading rights group Amnesty International has welcomed a Gambian court's decision to free on bail opposition leader Ousainou Darboe and 18 others who were arrested in April for demanding the release of their colleague Solo Sandeng.

In a statement, Amnesty said: 

"The release of Ousainou Darboe and the 18 other peaceful protesters on bail is a big moment for them and their families, and we hope that this positive step indicates that they will be fully acquitted in due course.

“We must also not forget others prisoners of conscience who still languish in jail simply for having expressed their opinion or participated in peaceful protests.

These include three Imams arrested by the security forces over a year ago and not seen since. Their only ‘crime’ - presenting a petition to the government."

In an interview with The Gambia's Point newspaper, President-elect Adama Barrow said he would free all political prisoners, if Yahya Jammeh failed to release them before he stepped down in January. 

Mr Barrow,a property developer, scored a stunning victory over the authoritarian ruler in elections last week. 

Read: The man in charge for 22 years 

Gambians celebrate the victory of opposition coalition candidate Adama Barrow in the streets of Serrekunda, Gambia, on 2 December 2016Image copyrightAP Image caption There were scenes of jubilation in The Gambia after the result was announced
AP
Gambians celebratde the victory of Mr Barrow

Ghana's Nana Akufo-Addo: 'The ruling party has run out of credit'

Ghana's presidential contender, Nana Akufo Addo
Af
Nana Akufo Addo says the economy has been badly managed

Ghana's main opposition candidate Nana Akufo-Addo has told the BBC he is confident of winning Wednesday presidential election. 

Mr Addo, a third-time candidate, is up against President John Dramani Mahama and five other candidates. 

In an interview with the BBC's Akwasi Sarpong, he said voters will give him a chance this time around because he represents the best option: 

The circumstances of the country are such that I think the ruling party has run out of credit. The performance has been poor. The management of the economy has been poor. And it has meant a lot of difficulties for the Ghanaian people. Lot of people don't have work. Income level is very fragile. The cost of living is very high. There is a great deal of despondency across the country."

Mr Akufo-Addo, the flagbrearer of the New Patriotic Party,  praised the electoral commission's preparations for the poll:

If [the arrangements] are carried out and respected, they should give us a credible election. [I mean] the legal arrangements that are in place and the administrative formalities that we have to go through are sound."

Mr Akufo-Addo called on his supporters to come out in large numbers to vote: 

They have to all come out and vote, be part of the process - not just of the voting but the observing of the process. That's what I am expecting our supporters to do."

International schools ordered to teach Kenyan history

Kenya's Education Minister Fred Matinag'i has said that all international schools must start teaching the country's history and Kiswahili, one of the official languages, from April, Capital News reports

There are British, American and other international schools in Kenya with their own curricula. 

They are especially popular with middle-class families. 

Mr Matinag'i also said that teachers recruited by these schools, usually directly, will have to be vetted and approved by Kenya's Teachers Service Commission, the report says.  

View more on twitter

Crowds cheer release of Gambia opposition leader

The regional head of Amnesty international in West Africa is sharing more details about the release of Gambia's opposition leader Ousainou Darboe and 18 other members of his UDP party after the appeals court ruled they should be released on bail. 

He says that's there's been a carnival atmosphere outside the court:

View more on twitter

Another member of the rights organisation has also a shared a picture from outside the court:

View more on twitter

Nigeria shows its 'independence from US'

Aliyu Tanko

BBC News

By turning to Russia and Pakistan to buy war planes and helicopters, Nigeria has shown that it is not dependent on the US. 

Many thought that after the election of President Muhammadu Buhari in 2015, the US would relax the arms embargo imposed on Nigeria because of its alleged poor human rights record. 

But the chances of the embargo being lifted are slim, especially after the military was accused by rights groups of committing widespread atrocities against the minority Shia population in the north and the secessionists campaigning for the creation of Biafra state in the south-east. 

Only recently a report in Nigeria's Punch newspaper said the US blocked Brazil from selling US-manufactured light attack aircraft to Nigeria when the deal was almost done. 

Nigeria has shown it has other options and says the warplanes and helicopters it has ordered from Russia and Pakistan are needed to ensure that the gains it has made against militant Islamist group Boko Haram are not reversed. 

* See earlier post for more details

This photo taken on June 30, 2016 shows bullet impacts onto an abandoned building, following attacks by Boko Haram islamist group highters in Bama town, in the outskirts of Maiduguri capital of Borno State, northeastern Nigeria.
AFP
Boko Haram has caused widespread destruction in Nigeria

Mannequin challenge: Somalia version

A rights organisation in Somalia has taken advantage of the mannequin challenge, where people maintain a chosen pose without moving, to highlight the ongoing conflict in Somalia and the forced recruitment of child soldiers by Islamist militant group al-Shabab. 

#DropTheGunPickUPThePen aims to rescue the children and put them in school.

Watch the video below: 

View more on twitter

Gambia opposition leader released

Umaru Fofana

BBC Africa, Freetown

pposition candidate Ousainou Darboe salutes supporters during a campaign rally on November 22, 2011 in Banjul.
AFP
Mr Darboe's arrest meant he could not contest last week's presidential poll

Gambia's appeals court has ruled that longtime opposition leader Ousainou Darboe and 18 other members of his UDP party should be released on bail.

They were arrested in April for taking part in an "unauthorised demonstration" which called for electoral reforms. 

They were later sentenced to three years ahead of the 1 December polls. 

Mr Darboe's imprisonment led to the rise of president-elect Adama Barrow who beat the incumbent and long-serving ruler Yahya Jammeh.

Read: A Trump-like shock

SA musician died of 'kidney failure'

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Kidney failure caused the death of South Africa's gospel music star Sfiso Ncwane, family spokesman Mhlo Gumede has said.

See previous post for more details

South African music legend dies

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Popular South African gospel singer Sfiso Ncwane has died at the age of 37.

The cause of his death is unclear, but unconfirmed reports say he died at a hospital in the main city, Johannesburg, this morning.

He was reported to have been admitted after coughing blood late on Sunday.

One of Ncwane’s hit songs Kulungile Baba, a Zulu phrase for "it is well father", is playing on some local radio stations as news of his passing spreads.

The singer made headlines in 2015 when he bought his pastor a Mercedes Benz worth about $137,300 (£108,000), saying it was to thank him because his prayers had saved his life when he suffered a heart attack. 

Many South Africans have taken to social media to share their shock at the news.

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

West Africa bans 'dirty fuels' from Europe

Five countries in West Africa have decided to stop importing "dirty fuels" from Europe, the UN Environment Programme says.

A report by campaign group Public Eye in September alleged that European companies were exploiting weak regulations in West Africa to export fuels with high levels of sulphur.

Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast have agreed on the ban, the UN agency said.

The move will help more than 250 million people breath safer and cleaner air, it added. 

Nigeria’s Environment Minister Amina Mohamed is quoted in the agency's statement as saying: 

“For 20 years Nigeria has not been able to address the vehicle pollution crisis due to the poor fuels we have been importing. Today we are taking a huge leap forward – limiting sulfur in fuels from 3000 parts per million to 50 parts per million, this will result in major air quality benefits in our cities and will allow us to set modern vehicle standards.”

Vehicles are stuck in a traffi jam in Lagos, on August 20, 2015.
AFP

UN Environment head Erik Solheim said:  

West Africa is sending a strong message that it is no longer accepting dirty fuels from Europe. Their decision to set strict new standards for cleaner, safer fuels and advanced vehicle emission standards shows they are placing the health of their people first.

Their move is an example for countries around the world to follow. Air pollution is killing millions of people every year and we need to ensure that all countries urgently introduce cleaner fuels and vehicles to help reduce the shocking statistics.

EU delays Gabon presidential poll report

Anti-government protesters in Gabon
A
The opposition says Mr Bongo's victory was rigged

The European Union has delayed the publication of a report on the August controversial presidential election in Gabon which was narrowly won by President Ali Bongo, the AFP news agency reports. 

This followed a request by Gabon's  government, which said the report could not be released while Mr Bongo was abroad, in China, AFP adds. 

Opposition candidate, Jean Ping - who lost by 6,000 votes, according to official results - insists he won the election. 

The EU now expects to release the report on 12 December. 

Mr Bongo's victory prompted deadly protests, leading the International Criminal Court to launch a preliminary investigation into the violence.   

IS 'defeated' in Sirte

Smoke rises from a destroyed neighbourhood as fighting continues between pro-Libyan government fighters and the Islamic State (IS) in Sirte on September 22, 2016.
AFP
Killed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was born in Site

Libyan forces, backed by US air strikes, have taken full control of Sirte, the former headquarters of the Islamic State (IS) group, a spokesman has said. 

The final cluster of buildings in the Ghiza Bahriya neighbourhood, where the militants were holding out, had fallen to troops led by brigades from Misrata, spokesman Rida Issa said. 

Read: What next for IS in Libya?

Nigeria and Morocco in gas pipeline deal

Russell Padmore

Business correspondent, BBC News

Nigeria and Morocco have agreed to construct a gas pipeline that will connect the two nations and some other African countries to Europe. 

The agreement was reached during a visit by the Morocco's King Mohammed to the Nigerian capital Abuja at the weekend. Nigeria and Morocco have also agreed to develop other businesses such as production of fertilisers for farming. 

Africa's richest man, the Nigerian entrepreneur Aliko Dangote, said the deal would be very good for both economies.

Video: People cheer on mentally ill patients as they escape

A video purportedly showing mentally ill patients at Mathari Hospital in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, climbing over the institution's walls and escaping has been shared online. 

Members of the public are heard laughing with some advising the patients to remove their uniforms to avoid being identified by the authorities. 

Patients are also advised to walk away calmly to avoid detection. 

The Standard newspaper in Kenya reported that at least 100 patients had escaped and that the authorities were trying to track them down amd bring them them back to the hospital. 

The escape coincides with a nationwide doctor's strike. 

View more on twitter

SA race row as Mandela's death commemorated

Hout bay from a distance on December 3, 2009.
AFP
Hout Bay is popular with holidaymakers during the festive season

South Africa's governing African National Congress (ANC) has called for "punitive and corrective" action to be taken against a woman who purportedly made racist remarks about black people on Facebook.

In a statement, the party's Western Cape region said: 

Vanessa Hartley, a resident of Hout Bay, has written an offensive Facebook post which says ‘They are like stupid animals. We should tie them to a rope. Too many Africans flocking to Hout Bay. Draw up a petition. Soon there will be nothing left of Hout Bay’.

We reject Vanessa Hartley’s racist rants as both a distorted view of what this country is about and certainly not representing the majority of our people in this province.

We request that the South African Human Rights Commission apply maximum punitive and corrective measures within their domain to ensure that this kind of behaviour is rejected and abandoned."

Ms Hartley has not yet commented on the ANC's statement, but she's under heavy fire on Twitter:  

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

It was exactly three years ago that Mr Mandela, South Africa's first black president and anti-apartheid icon, died at the age of 95. 

The foundation which he set up has tweeted: 

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

100 Women 2016: Somalia's fight to save childbirth mums

Childbirth is the leading cause of death for women in the war-torn nation of Somalia.

There has been little improvement in the maternal mortality rate over the past few decades and according to Unicef, 732 mothers die for every 100,000 live births.

In one hospital in the capital, Mogadishu, a group of young female surgeons are fighting to save one mother at a time.

The hospital lacks basic resources and staff have not received salaries since April but they are still determined to do what they can to save Somalia's mothers.  

Watch the report:

100 Women 2016: Somalia's fight to save childbirth mums

Could ex-child soldier Deng Adut be Australian of the year?

On Australia Day, in late January, the nation will celebrate the achievements of the selfless, the brave and the inspired.

The nominees for the coveted Australian of the Year award include a scientist treating spinal cord injuries, a retired rugby league player and a billionaire mining tycoon.

Also in the running for Australia's most prestigious civic honour is a former Sudanese child soldier, who arrived in Australia a 14-year-old illiterate refugee.

Named after the god of rain, Deng Adut is now a successful criminal lawyer in Sydney and the 2017 New South Wales (NSW) Australian of the Year for his work with African migrants.

Read full story

Deng Adut
AUSTRALIAN OF THE YEAR
Deng Adut is now a successful criminal lawyer in Sydney

Photo of mentally ill patient 'escaping' in Kenya

A local media in Kenya has shared a picture of one of the patients allegedly escaping from a hospital in the capital, Nairobi, amidst an ongoing nationwide strike. 

Thousands of doctors are on strike to protest against the governments delay in implementing an agreed pay package. 

View more on twitter

Ghana arrests over fake US embassy

Sammy Darko

BBC Africa, Accra

The building which was used by the con-men
State Department
The building used by the gang is a far cry from the real US embassy in Accra

Authorities in Ghana have arrested at least three people in connection with the bizarre case of a bogus US embassy, which was being operated by fraudsters for the last 10 years in the capital, Accra. 

The fraudsters, whose total number has not been disclosed, were busted in a joint operation by Ghanaian police and the US embassy. 

They are reportedly cooperating with officials who are investigating the extent of their scam.

The gang sought clients from Ghana and neighbouring West African countries, and brought them to a building in Accra where the American flag was flown. 

For a fee of $6,000 (£4,700), the unsuspecting applicants were issued visas which were not all fake, suggesting the involvement of insiders at the American consulate. 

The people reportedly arrested by the police are of Ghanaian and Turkish nationalities. 

The scam has gone on for this long because the victims have never been to an embassy - they are mostly from rural areas and they seemed to be reassured by the presence of what appeared to them to be white people at the fake embassy. 

One more reason why the gang operated successfully for this long was the fact that some of the visas were genuine - and those who travelled to the US unwittingly advertised the fake embassy through word of mouth. 

Read the full BBC story here

Police fire tear gas at striking doctors

Kenya's The Nation newspaper  is reporting that police have used tear gas to disperse striking doctors who were marching on the streets of the capital, Nairobi. 

View more on twitter

Health workers are taking part in a nationwide strike to protest against the government's delay in implementing a pay package. 

The BBC's David Wafula shared this photo of the marching doctors:

Doctors protest
BBC

Kenyan doctors use corruption themes in strike

Striking doctors in Kenya are using symbols and slogans from recent corruption scandals in the government to push their case for better pay and working conditions. 

A video shared online shows a group of doctors breaking into a Kiswahili song: 

Sasa nimeamua nilipwe kama tender (I have decided that I should be paid like a contractor) 

The song is inspired by a hashtag #LipaKamaTender ( Pay like a tender) which highlights an alleged corruption scandal where the government settled its bill with a contractor in record time. 

The doctors are therefore urging the government to honour a pay deal it agreed in 2013 with its union with the same urgency.

View more on twitter

The BBC's David Wafula in the capital, Nairobi, has snapped pictures of the striking doctors. 

One of the placards being used is Daktari si punda ( A doctor is not a donkey) in a protest against the apparently heavy workload and unmatched pay. 

Doctors on strike
BBC

In another placard, the doctors use sacks, referring to another corruption scandal where a businesswoman who allegedly got a government tender fraudulently withdrew about $100,000 (£78,000) from a bank and put it in a sack. 

Doctors strike
BBC

UN in record aid appeal

The United Nations has launched an appeal for a record $22.2bn (£17.5bn) to give humanitarian aid to 93 million people in 33 countries next year. 

"This is a reflection of a state of humanitarian need in the world not witnessed since the Second World War," UN humanitarian chief Stephen O'Brien has said. 

He added that add that 80%  of the needs arose from man-made conflicts, such as those in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Nigeria and South Sudan. 

Women carry their belongings inside the Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Malakal, on June 14, 2016.
AFP
South Sudan has been hit by instability since independence in 2011

Algeria to 'expel thousands of migrants'

Alex Duval Smith

BBC News, Abidjan

Illegal migrants from Niger in the Algerian town of Boufarik
Getty Images

Algeria has begun the process of deporting thousands of migrants from other African states who have allegedly been living on its territory illegally, a human right organisation says.

About 1,400 sub-Saharan Africans, mainly West Africans, have been taken from their homes in Algiers by riot police since Thursday, according to the Algerian League for the Defence of Human Rights (ALDHR) .

Pregnant women and children are among the migrants. 

The ALDHR says some have been injured and others have been taken to a holding centre just outside Algiers.  

The Algerian authorities warned in late September that they intended to expel tens of thousands of sub-Saharan migrants.

There have recently been clashes between migrants and locals in southern Algeria - the result of what seemed to be pressure for jobs.

Mentally ill patients 'escape' from Kenyan hospital

Kenyan authorities have launched an operation to return 100 mentally ill patients to the Mathari hospital in the capital, Nairobi, after they escaped during the strike by doctors and nurses, the Standard newspaper reports

The paper has shared a picture of one of the patients climbing over the wall of the hospital. 

Doctors and nurses are boycotting work in a nationwide protests against unpaid salaries and terms of work. 

Health officials are reportedly in a crisis meeting to resolve the dispute.

Kenyan doctors on strike

Doctors and nurses in Kenya have made good their threat to boycott work, paralysing operations in public hospitals as they demand an improved pay package in line with an agreement signed by the unions and the government in 2013. 

Privately owned The Nation newspaper is reporting that patients are stranded at various hospitals in the country. 

View more on twitter

The hashtag #Doctors Strike is trending in Kenya with most people supporting the strike. 

Another hashtag  #LipaKamaTender ( pay like a tender), in reference to a scandal at the health ministry where the government allegedly paid a contractor in record time, was used over the weekend to urge the government to honour the agreement just like it did in the scandal.

The government denied the tender was issued illegally. 

Russian and Pakistani warplanes for Nigeria

Nigeria has bought warplanes and helicopters from Russia and Pakistan following the refusal of the US to sell arms to the West African state, the Chief of Air Staff, Sadique Abubakar, has said. 

The purchase was aimed at boosting the military in its efforts to end the insurgency by militant Islamists in the north and oil militants in the south.

The  warplanes and helicopters had been ordered, and were expected to arriive, Air Marshall Abubakar said.   

Despite appeals from President Muhammadu Buhari's government government, the US has refused to lift its ban on the sale of weapons to Nigeria because of the military's alleged poor human rights record. 

More than 700 Nigerian troops were receiving training in the US, UK, Russia, Pakistan, South Africa and Egypt,  Air Marshall Abubakar said. 

igeria's former military ruler President Mohammadu Buhari (3rd L) poses for a group picture with Nigeria's Senior military officer (from L) : Chief of Naval Staff Ibok Ekwe Ibas, Chief of Defence Staff General Abayomi Olonisakin, Minister of Defence Mansur Dan Ali, Chief of Army Staff Lt-General Tukur Buratai, and Chief of Air Staff Air Marshall Sadique Abubakar, during the Army Day celebration in Dansadau, northwest Nigerian Zamfara State, on July 13, 2016.
AFP
Nigeria military often carries out air strikes to tackle insurgents

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day: 

The person who has a skin can't lack a place to sleep."

A Kuria proverb sent by Andrew Marwa, Migori, Kenya

Click here to send us your African proverb.

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news from around the continent.