Got a TV Licence?

You need one to watch live TV on any channel or device, and BBC programmes on iPlayer. It’s the law.

Find out more
I don’t have a TV Licence.


  1. Ethiopia's PM says 49% of population not represented in parliament
  2. Official Somali weapons 'find their way onto the black market'
  3. Nigeria Muslim clerics oppose gender bill
  4. Malawi's president to return on Sunday after month-long absence
  5. South Africa prosecutors summon Finance Minister Gordhan
  6. Ethiopian troops pull out of a base in Somalia, reports say
  7. South African protesters 'brutalised' on campus, student group says
  8. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  9. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 11 October 2016

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer, Damian Zane and Lamine Konkobo

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

The crocodile may be shy to bite but when it does bite it is shy to let go."

Sent by Emenyi Abang, Lagos, Nigeria

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.    

And we leave you with this restful picture from Tanga in Tanzania:  

View more on instagram

South Africa university set to reopen tomorrow despite protests

South Africa's University of Pretoria is to reopen tomorrow after being shut as a result of student protests against an increase in tuition fees.

But, in a statement, the university authorities say that it will be arranging "alternative to on-campus lectures... All lecture and study material will be made available by the faculties either online or by other means."

In other words, students will not be allowed on campus en masse.

It adds that the campus will only be open for those who have to be there for studies.

Wits University in Johannesburg has been hit by two days of clashes between police and students after it reopened its campus on Monday.

A BBC reporter has been tweeting from Wits today:

View more on twitter

Burna Boy brings Afrobeats to London

Nigerian singer-songwriter Damini Ogulu - better known as Burna Boy - has performed in the UK for the first time.  

He was meant to be perform in the UK in 2013 but he told Focus on Africa's Paul Bakibinga that it didn't happen because he didn't get a visa.

But that wait means that his fans in London get to hear him perform his new album Redemption:

Nigerian singer-songwriter Damini Ogulu has performed in the UK for the first time

Behind SA's #FeesMustFall protests

A new wave of protests by university students demanding free education has spread across South Africa leading to clashes with the police.

BBC Africa looks at why the demonstrations have escalated.

Video journalist: Christian Parkinson

What is behind South Africa's #FeesMustFall protests?

Weapons imported by Somali government 'end up on black market'

Western diplomats say weapons imported by the Somali government are being sold on illegally, in violation of a UN arms embargo. 

The government was exempted from the embargo three years ago in order to arm soldiers fighting the Islamist group al-Shabab. 

The diplomats told the Reuters news agency that up to 40% of light weapons sold on the black market in the capital, Mogadishu, are government imports. 

They are sold from private villas or the backs of vehicles. 

A new rifle sells for around $1,500 (£1,200), about a year's salary for a Somali government soldier.

Al-Shabab militants
The weapons could end up in the hands of al-Shabab militants

SA finance minister's lawyers respond to fraud charge

We have been reporting through the day that South Africa's Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has been summoned to court on fraud charges.

Now, it looks like his lawyers have issued a statement about the summons. 

A South African legal journalists has tweeted the statement:

View more on twitter

 It says that originally the lawyers were advised that the finance minister was not charged with fraud but this changed.

A BBC reporter in South Africa gives his interpretation:

View more on twitter

Madagascar's lucrative cock-fights

Cock-fighting is banned in many countries, but its popularity endures in Madagascar where it is still legal.

It can be lucrative sport and spectators can win substantial amounts betting on the outcome of fights.

Madagascar's lucrative cock-fights

Boat full of hashish stopped on its way to Libya

A composite photo released on 11 October 2016 by Spanish Civil guard of four pictures of the police operation in Mediterranean Sea

A boat carrying nearly 20 tonnes of hashish heading to Libya from Turkey has been stopped by Spanish police, AFP news agency reports.

Investigators believe the drugs would have been used to buy weapons, AFP adds. 

The police sting was part of a multi-national operation which has so far stopped two boats carrying guns and five boats full of hashish, the news agency says. 

In total, the confiscated boats have been found with 11,400 guns, more than a million cartridges and 10 tonnes of ammonium nitrate, which can be used to make explosives, AFP adds.    

The news agency reports that the intended recipients are unclear but Misrata is home to powerful militias who were among the forces that seized the capital Tripoli in 2014.

Four presidential candidates for Ghana's election

Ghana's electoral commission has approved just four candidates out of a list of 17 for December's presidential election.

These include the flag-bearers of the two main parties:

  • Incumbert President John Mahama for the NDC
  • Nana Akufo-Addo for the NPP

The other two are Ivor Greenstreet of the CPP and independent candidate Jacob Osei Yeboah.

The 13 who failed to get on the ballot paper did not meet "the requirements of the electoral laws", according to the electoral commission.

Nana Akufo-Addo
Nana Akufo-Addo (right) has run for president twice before

Sierra Leone FA keen to restart league

FC Johansen won the first domestic competition in Sierra Leone since the ebola epidemic

The Sierra Leone Football Association is hoping to revive the domestic league for the first time since the ebola epidemic forced its postponement.

The last edition of the Premier League was stopped midway through the season in 2014 because of the threat from the virus.

Sierra Leone was declared ebola free by the World Health Organization in March.

And the first domestic football competition - the FA Cup - was completed on Saturday, encouraging the SLFA to restart the league.

Read more on the BBC Sport website

Analysis: What does finance minister's fraud charge mean for South Africa?

Farouk Chothia

BBC News

Pravin Gordhan
Getty Images

We reported earlier that South African Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has received a summons to appear in court on charges of fraud.

The country's finance ministry once had a reputation for being immune from corruption and the political shenanigans in the governing African National Congress (ANC).

But that changed last year when South Africa had three finance ministers in a week.

Analysts saw President Jacob's Zuma attempt to install David van Rooyen - a political lightweight - as finance minister in December as a power grab by an elite perceived to be corrupt. They were defeated, with Mr Zuma forced to appoint Pravin Gordhan.

The new minister warned of South Africa turning into a kleptocracy, and pointedly distanced himself from Mr Zuma's business allies.

But now Mr Gordhan faces a charge of fraud - and the courts will decide whether he was masquerading as a champion of good governance or, as he claims, is the victim of political mischief.

He will probably become the first government minister in South Africa to be tried while in office - unless Mr Zuma fires him before then.

Either way, it sets the scene for more political and financial turmoil in a country which was a beacon of hope for all of Africa when Nelson Mandela became its first black president in 1994, ending white-minority rule.

Human rights group condemns Mozambique opposition politician's killing

Human Rights Watch has condemned the killing of an opposition politician in Mozambique, saying it threatened peace talks.

Renamo politician Jeremias Pondeca was shot dead on Saturday during his morning jog along a beach in the country's capital, Maputo, police reported.   

He was a member of a team preparing a meeting between the president and opposition to end the current military and political hostilities.  

The human rights group says that a wave of killings have gone unpunished. 

It lists at least nine other people who have died across Mozambique since March 2015 in what it says seem to be politically motivated killings.

Street vendors are seen through a bus windscren bullet hole alongside the Mozambican Main North South road (NH1) on May 27, 2016 at Nhamapaza in the Gorongosa area, Mozambique.
Getty Images
Mozambique's main north-south road has also been hit bit attacks by Renamo

Ethiopia PM: Number of protest deaths 'could be beyond 500'

Journalists in Ethiopia have been using the opportunity of the joint press conference in Addis Ababa of Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn and German Chancellor Angela Merkel to probe the country's human rights record.

Mr Hailemariam was asked about the death toll over the last 11 months of protest, as anti-government protesters have clashed with security forces.

Rights groups put the figure at more than 500.

The prime minister said there were at least 170 deaths in the Oromo region and more than 120 in Amhara but admitted that "when you add it up it could be more than 500".

But, he went on to say, the death toll is not the issue:

The point is not the number, the point is [that] we should engage with extremist violent groups in a proportionate manner.

In other words, a robust response was acceptable as long as it didn't cross a line.

He added:

This government will do everything in its disposal to investigate any unproportional and excessive use of force by our security operators."

Angela Merkel and Hailemariam Desalegn

Analysis: Merkel in Africa, a tale of investment and security

Alex Duval Smith

BBC News, Abidjan

Angela Merkel opening a building in Addis Ababa
Angela Merkel arrived in Ethiopia on Tuesday

At best, the visit of German Chancellor Angela Merkel to Mali, Niger and Ethiopia shows that the most influential politician in Europe has understood that equitable economic development would be a game-changer for countries that are losing their youth to emigration.

After opening a new African Union building in the Ethiopian, capital, Addis Ababa, today Mrs Merkel said she would use Germany's presidency of the G20 in 2017 to encourage the private sector to invest in transport and energy networks and better vocational training in sub-Saharan Africa.

Her $88m (£72m) pledge over several years to improve training and infrastructure in the Agadez region of Niger could encourage investment from the private sector.

On the other hand, Germany's ambitions could be narrower. 

The focus on security - including $11m she pledged for communications equipment and vehicles for Niger's army - could be intended as a strong-arm tactic to close off the desert to migrants.

Angela Merkel in Niger
On Monday, the German chancellor met Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou

The man with banking ambitions in Africa

Bob Diamond
Getty Images

If you look at it in a certain way, banking in Africa is ripe for investment.

According to a World Bank report from 2014 only about a third of African adults had bank accounts.

One person who is grabbing this opportunity is one-time Barclays CEO Bob Diamond.

He is buying up banks across Africa. 

The company he founded, Atlas Mara, most recently acquired the Finance Bank of Zambia.

And John Vitalo, Atlas Mara’s CEO, told Bloomberg that the company is looking to expand in Nigeria, enter Kenya, and eventually have operations in 12 to 15 African markets.

But it isn't going too well, according to Bloomberg's profile of Mr Diamond.

The article calls his recent investments a "misadventure in Africa".  

Here's a few low points they pick out:

  •  Atlas Mara's share price has tumbled 68% since it went public in December 2013
  • Atlas Mara’s market value has "dwindled" to $244m (£199m) as of late September, down from almost $800 million in 2014

It says this comes from "a number of missteps or miscalculations" including buying a bank with operations in "economically dysfunctional" Zimbabwe as bad loans mounted.

Read the whole profile in Bloomberg

WHO backs sugar tax

The World Health Organization (WHO) has added its support to countries which place a "sugar tax" on soft drinks.

South Africa is due to introduce one next year.

A new report from the WHO found that raising prices by 20% or more results in lower consumption and "improved nutrition".

The global health group has previously advised a lower sugar intake, but stopped short of backing tax measures.

The WHO said it wants to see lower consumption of "free sugars", which it said will lower incidences of obesity, diabetes and tooth decay.

"Free sugars" are all the different types of sugar in the diet, except for the sugars that are found naturally in fruit and milk.

Read more from BBC News Online.

Bottles of sugary drinks

Nigerian Muslim clerics against gender equality bill

A Muslim woman is praying at the entrance of the Central Mosque in Lagos on July 5, 2016
Getty Images
In Islam, women receive half of men's share of inheritance

Muslim clerics in Nigeria have called on members of parliament not to pass a gender equality bill. 

They say the clause which gives men and women equal inheritance rights is totally against their religion. 

In Islam, women receive half of men's share of inheritance. 

Muslim scholars explain that this is so because, in Islam, men are expected to take care of women. That goes as far as that even if a woman earns an income, her husband, or brother, or father is responsible for taking care of her. And since his responsibility is greater, he gets more of the inheritance than she does.

The senate rejected an earlier version of the bill in March, saying it was incompatible with Nigerian culture and religious beliefs, though some progress has now been achieved on a watered down version of the bill.   

France angry at Burundi's ban of UN investigators

France's foreign ministry has said that Burundi is losing credibility over promises to respect human rights and has taken the wrong decision in banning UN investigators from its territory.

The investigators are linked to a report which identified Burundian officials suspected of ordering the torture and killing of political opponents.

The Reuters news agency quotes France's foreign ministry spokesman Romain Nadal:

France deplores the decision by the Burundi authorities to declare personae non gratae the three members of the independent experts mission on the human rights situation in Burundi.

This decision harms the credibility of Burundi's commitment to respect human rights."

The President of Burundi, Pierre Nkurunziza
Burundi has been gripped by political strife since President Pierre Nkurunziza sought and won a controversial third term last year

Morocco's Chamakh to play for Cardiff

Cardiff City in the English Championship have signed former Morocco and Arsenal forward Marouane Chamakh soon after signing former Ivory Coast defender Sol Bamba. 

Both were free agents after being released by Crystal Palace and Leeds United respectively.

View more on twitter

Gordhan 'gets standing ovation' at South Africa business meeting

South Africa's Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan received a standing ovation at a business seminar he was attending when news broke of the decisionto prosecute him, South Africa's TimeLive news site reports.

He revealed to the audience that his family had called him‚ saying that a police officer had been to his home to deliver a summons but he was not present.

Mr Gordhan said the officer then went to the Treasury but he did not know what happened there.

"Given the fiscal austerity‚ they might not have been given tea‚" he said to the crowd's amusement, TimesLive reports.

Pravin Gordhan
Pravin Gordhan will appear in court next month

Ethiopia's PM admits that '49%' have been left without a voice

Hailemariam Desalegn
Mr Hailemariam's ruling coalition has been in power since 1991

Ethiopia's Prime Minster Hailemariam Desalegn has admitted that the voices of nearly half the population have not been heard in the country's parliament, the AFP news agency reports.

The statement comes after an unprecedented wave of anti-government protests culminating in Sunday's declaration of a six-month state of emergency.

He was speaking after meeting Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel.

Ethiopia's President Mulatu Teshome spoke on Monday about changing the voting system.

Currently, Ethiopia has a first-past-the-post constituency system and in last year's election the governing coalition and its allies won every single seat.

 AFP quotes Mr Hailemariam as saying:  

"We have 49% of voices who are not represented in the parliament even though they have voted for the opposition, because of the electoral system."

The protests in the Oromo and Amhara regions of the country have in part been about alleged political and economic marginalisation.

New UN envoy for central Africa

The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has chosen Guinean diplomat Francois Lounceny Fall as his new representative for Central Africa, the Jeune Afrique newspaper reports.

The new envoy will take over from Abdoulaye Bathily in early November. 

Mr Bathily, a Senegalese academic turned politician and then diplomat, handed in his resignation to Mr Ban, saying he wants to focus on his bid for the chair of the African Union Commission. 

The UN representative for Central Africa is based in Libreville, Gabon, and is the secretary general's spokesperson on issues relevant to the region. 

The new envoy, Mr Fall, is a former Guinean prime minister.

Lounceny Fall, new UN envoy for Central Africa
Francois Lounceny is a career diplomat who is likely to feel comfortable in his new role as UN envoy

Nigerian president gives away two choppers

Group shot in front of helicopter
Nigeria Government

Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari handed over two aircraft from the presidential fleet to the air force last night.

The president's spokesman posted the pictures of the handover on Facebook

Last week spokesman Garba Shehu said they would put an advert in the newspaper to find buyers for another two of the presidential jets. 

This latest giveaway brings the number of presidential aircraft down to six from 10.

It is part of a campaign to cut down on "waste".

President Muhammadu Buhari coming out of a plane
Getty Images
Mr Buhari had 10 aircraft in his presidential fleet

Malawi's president to return home on Sunday

Malawians on Twitter have been using the hashtag #BringBackMutharika to discuss where their head of state has gone.

President Peter Mutharika left for the UN General Assembly meeting in New York on 15 September and hasn't been heard from since making his speech there on 21 September.

On Monday, the government dismissed rumours about his health following his extended stay in the US, and said that spreading false rumours was a criminal offence. 

It has now issued a statement saying that he will be back on Sunday - a month after he left - after seeing to "various government businesses".

View more on twitter

Burundi suspends co-operation with UN human rights office

Prime Ndikumagenge

BBC Africa, Bujumbura

The government of Burundi has announced that it's suspending every form of co-operation with the UN's office for human rights.

The announcement was made by the government spokesperson Philipe Nzobonariba on the state broadcaster.

Mr Nzobonariba said the UN office will now need to discuss with the government any activities before it deploys any staff.

On Monday, the ministry of foreign affairs banned three UN investigators from entering the country after they accused the government of gross human rights violations.

There has been concern over the state of human rights in the country during the recent political crisis that was sparked by President Pierre Nkurunziza's declaration that he would run for a third term in office.

Pierre Nkurunziza
President Pierre Nkurunziza, seen here cycling to a polling station, got a third term in office following the July 2015 election

Portraits depict life in a Senegalese safe-house

French Senegalese artist Delphine Diallo has created these portraits of girls in Dakar, Senegal who live in a safe-house:

Delphine Diallo
Delphine Diallo
Delphine Diallo
Delphine Diallo

The women and girls have gone to the safe house because they were victims of domestic and sexual abuse, exploitation, trafficking or have been living on the streets. 

Ms Diallo created the portraits for the charity Save the Children to mark the International Day of the Girl.

Mali closes Randgold operations over outstanding tax bill

The government in Mali has closed down the operations of mining company Randgold Resources over an outstanding tax bill of more than $75m (£61m), BBC Afrique reports. 

The BBC's Alou Diawarra in Bamako says last-minute talks have been initiated by Randgold, with little hope of reaching a deal. 

The mining company proposes to pay a little less than half of the overdue bill, but the Malian government wants at least half of the money it is owed. 

Miners at work on a Randgold West-African site
Randgold operates three mining sites in Mali, where it extracts an average of 21 tonnes of gold annually

AU gets new peace building thanks to Germany

Germany's Chancellor Angel Merkel has now moved on to the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, as she continues her visit to Ethiopia.

She's there to open a new building - named after Tanzania's first President Juilus Nyerere - for the AU's peace and security council which Germany helped to fund.

Picture of Julius Nyerere building sign

The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza is there and says Mrs Merkel has spoken at length about several conflicts on the continent including Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia and Libya.

The AU has a series of photos on its Flickr page showing the building under construction:

Crane with AU and German flags

Armed police patrolling at South Africa university

A BBC reporter at South Africa's Wits University in the main city Johannesburg has shared this short film of what she's seen on campus this morning:

View more on twitter

This comes a day after police and private security clashed with protesting students.

The protesters are demanding free university education, and Wits, along with other universities, has been shut in recent weeks.

The government has said that the universities can raise the fees by a maximum of 8%, and the Wits University authorities wanted classes to continue saying that most students want to get back to learning.

View more on twitter

The BBC's Victoria Phenethi, who is also on campus, has told us that the situation is not as tense as yesterday and classes are continuing.

She adds that a helicopter is flying over head and the police are moving protesters away.

The hardest place to be a girl

girl in a veil behind a wall
Getty Images

Chad, Niger, Central African Republic, Mali and Somalia have been ranked at the top of an index of countries listing the hardest place to be a girl.

The report, called Every Last Girl, ranks countries based on schooling, child marriage, teen pregnancy, maternal deaths and the number of women in parliament.  

The study by Save the Children says girls in Somalia as young as 10-years-old are forced to marry men much older than them.

The report says girls also suffer during humanitarian crises such as the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone where the shutting down of schools led to an estimated 14,000 teen pregnancies.  

Read more on the BBC News website

'No political motive' behind summons for South Africa's finance minister

A BBC reporter in South Africa has been tweeting comments by the head of South Africa's National Prosecuting Authority Shaun Abrahams regarding the court summons for Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

The charges relate to when Mr Gordhan was head of South Africa's revenue service (Sars).

Mr Abrahams responded to accusations that the charges were politically motivated:

View more on twitter

Malaria death rate 'down 57%' since 2000


The malaria death rate in sub-Saharan Africa has declined by an estimated 57% since 2000, according to new data published in the New England Journal of Medicine.  

That's from 12.5 deaths per 10,000 population per year in 2000 to 5.4 in 2015.

The four countries with the highest rates of malaria deaths in 2000 - Burkina Faso, Mali, Sierra Leone and Mozambique - all saw large declines by 2015.

Microsoft founder and philanthropist Bill Gates writes in his own blog that encouraging children to sleep under bed nets, spraying insecticide inside homes and on stagnant water and a new drug artemisinin which gets rid of parasites in the bloodstream, could all have contributed.

The researchers also used a new way of mapping malaria, which Mr Gates said can help countries work out where to send health workers. 

ICC to hear DR Congo reparation case

Convicted war criminal Thomas Lubanga
Thomas Lubanga's victims may become the first to receive compensation from the ICC for pain suffered

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is holding its first public hearings into compensation, focusing on child soldiers recruited in the Democratic Republic of Congo by former warlord Thomas Lubanga. 

Lubanga was the first war criminal to be convicted by the court in The Hague. He was sentenced in July 2012 for his role as a military commander of a rebellion who waged a deadly war in the DR Congo's Ituri province from 2002 and 2004. 

The reparation hearing for Lubanga's victims is seen as another milestone for the ICC.

The sum of $1.12m has been allocated to the case by the Trust Fund for Victims, an independent body set up under the treaty that established the court.

'Bit of excitement' in South Africa

Matthew Davies

Editor, BBC Africa Business Report

South Africa's Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan says he’s been ordered to appear in court on 2 November in relation to the establishment of a tax service surveillance unit set up a decade ago when he ran South Africa's revenue service. 

Meanwhile, the country's top state prosecutor has denied that there was any "political mischief" behind the investigation into Mr Gordhan. 

That was the way Mr Gordhan described it in an interview a week ago.

This morning, the finance minister has been at a business seminar and said: "It looks like we are in a bit of excitement going forward."

On the markets, the rand has fallen in value by about 3.5% this morning.

Pravin Gordhan
Pravin Gordhan was appointed finance minister in December last year. It is the second time he has served in that position.

Ivory Coast ex-First Lady Gbagbo 'distributed weapons', trial witness says

Ivory Coast ex-First Lady, Simone Gbagbo
Simone Gbagbo was an influential figure in Ivorian politics under her husband President Laurent Gbagbo's regime

A witness at the trial of Ivory Coast ex-First Lady Simone Gbagbo, who is facing charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity, told a judge the defendant distributed arms that were used in the war which followed her husband's 2010 defeat in the polls, the AFP news agency reports. 

Mrs Gbabgo has been on trial since May 2014 and the proceedings in her case resumed on Monday after being postponed for several weeks.

The witness, in his sixties, alluding to a massacre which took place in an Abidjan suburb during the conflict told the court: 

Madame Gbagbo distributed arms to Abobo, [where] an atmosphere of fear and trauma [reigned]."

The witness however admitted he did not see it happening personally, prompting Simone Gbagbo to counter as quoted by AFP: 

This gentleman was a witness to nothing and the victim of nothing. We are up to the 27th witness and so far none of them have provided any overwhelming evidence against my client."

The trial in Abidjan, Ivory Coast's main city continues.   

Merkel calls for protests to be allowed in Ethiopia

The Reuters news agency is reporting comments that the German Chancellor Angela Merkel is making as she starts her trip to Ethiopia.

Her trip comes two days after a state of emergency was declared following months of anti-government protests.

Mrs Merkel has said that protests must be allowed and the police response should be proportionate, Reuters reports.

It adds that she said that opposition groups need to be included in the political process.

On Monday, Ethiopia's President Mulatu Teshome told parliament, where no opposition party is represented, that the electoral system needs to be altered so that non-government MPs are elected.

View more on twitter

Burundi bars three UN investigators

UN independent experts on Burundi (L-R) Pablo de Greiff, Christof Heyns and Maya Sahli-Fadel during presentation of final report in Geneva. 27 September 2016
Pablo de Greiff, Christof Heyns and Maya Sahli-Fadel delivered their final report on Burundi in September

Burundi has banned three UN investigators from entering the country after they accused the government of gross human rights violations.

The investigators said in a report last month that thousands of people had been tortured, suffered sexual abuse or disappeared during political violence.

A letter signed by Foreign Affairs Minister Alain Aime Nyamitwe said Pablo de Greiff of Colombia, Christof Heyns of South Africa, and Maya Sahli-Fadel of Algeria were no longer welcome in Burundi.

Speaking in New York on Monday, UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric urged Burundi to continue to co-operate with the investigators.

"It's critical that Burundi and every other country co-operate fully with UN human rights mechanism and that is including working with those representing it," he said.

Read more on the BBC News website.

SA students campus 'has been made a warzone'

A student is arrested by a riot police officer at Wits University 11 October
The statement complained of police "hunting down" students

South African police barricaded students into Wits University buildings, used pepper spray and tear gas inside these buildings yesterday, according to a statement released by the Student Representative Council. 

The statement adds that this is "illegal according to policing standards".  

"Yesterday our campus once again resembled a war zone," adds the statement.

It goes on to complain that the student representatives' council's request to suspend classes, and have a meeting between students and management instead, were ignored:  

We know that the university has now taken the side of the government and has chosen to be a gatekeeper of the unjust status quo."

The statement insists that students will continue to demand free education.

Wits spokesperson Shirona Patel says the next 10 days are crucial in saving the academic year.

The suspension of 2016 academic year would jeopardise at least 30,000 students, she says.

So far things are looking normal at the university this morning and students have been seen attending classes, a BBC reporter says.

BreakingSouth Africa's finance minister 'summoned on fraud charges'

South Africa's Eyewitness news is reporting that Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has summoned by police over fraud allegations.

View more on twitter

It reports that it is in connection with an alleged payout made to an employee of South Africa's revenue service (Sars) when Mr Gordhan was in charge.

He has been under investigation in connection with other issues at Sars.

Merkel 'to address human rights' on Ethiopia trip

German Chancellor Angela Merkel will bring up human rights on her trip to Ethiopia today, the AP news agency is reporting.

She is on the third leg of her African tour which has seen her visit Mali and Niger.

AP quotes a German government spokesperson saying that she will "of course clearly address human rights" issues.

Mrs Merkel's visit comes two days after a six-month state of emergency was declared in the country.

This was in reaction to months of anti-government protests in which rights groups estimate that more than 500 people have died.

Protesters are complaining about political and economic marginalisation. Ethiopia is frequently criticised for its poor human rights record.

The German leader is also set to address migration issues.

German chancellor Angela Merkel is greeted by Nigerian President Mahamadou Issoufou upon her arrival in Niamey, Niger
Chancellor Angela Merkel met Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou on Monday