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  1. South Sudan accuses rebel leader of wanting to bring heavy weapons to Juba
  2. Second day of riots in Zambian capital
  3. Naked protest by Ugandan academic causes social media uproar
  4. Record-breaking bridge opens in Tanzania
  5. Ethiopia declares two days of mourning over Gambella killings
  6. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  7. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 19 April 2016

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.  

A reminder of today's wise words:

The monkey does not forget how to jump around."

A Kalenjin proverb sent by Chepkirui Irine Sangutet, Kenya

Click here to send us your proverb

We leave you with these photos of the view from Morogoro in central Tanzania in the morning and the evening sent in by our reader Michael Mwambanga:

Michael Mwambanga
Michael Mwambanga

Michael captured a rainbow in the sky this evening.

Share your pictures of sunrise or sunset where you on WhatsApp: +447341070844

What should be made of Stella Nyanzi's naked protest?

In Uganda, and much of East Africa, there's a debate raging about the form of protest chosen by the Ugandan university academic, Stella Nyanzi. 

She stripped to her underwear in protest at being evicted from her office at Makerere University. 

It's prompted a debate, not just on the merits of her protest, but on wider issues of feminism and patriarchy.

Focus on Africa's Patience Atuhaire discussed these matters with Acaye Elizabeth Pamela and Godiva Akullo.

Thousands march against violence in Mayotte

Thousands of people have been marching in the Indian Ocean island of Mayotte, according to the French newspaper Le Monde.

People take part in a march on April 19, 2016 in Mamoutzou to denounce violence and insecurity in the island, as part of a citizen mobilization called 'Ile Morte' (Dead Island). The march was called in response to the April 15 killing of a man by unknown attackers while on his way to collect his children.
They have been dubbed the 'dead island' protests
People take part in a march on April 19, 2016 in Mamoutzou to denounce violence and insecurity in the island, as part of a citizen mobilization called 'Ile Morte' (Dead Island). The march was called in response to the April 15 killing of a man by unknown attackers while on his way to collect his children.

The paper added that local government offices closed during the demonstration in the French territory.

France said it would send police to the island after several nights of protest last week, according to France 24.

A general strike began on 30 March with the goal of bringing benefit payments and civil service salaries in line with those of mainland France, the news service added.

Riots and looting in Zambia's capital

More pictures have come through of the looting in Zambia's capital, Lusaka.

Looting in Lusaka
Zambia police arresting a man for looting

Rwandan-owned shops have been targeted after accusations that Rwandans living in Zambia were responsible for a spate of murders.

Sixty shops have been looted. 

And the police have arrested more than 250 people. 

Hip hop and politics in Burkina Faso with Smockey

Burkinabe hip hop star Smockey was honoured by the Index on Censorship magazine.

He became its first music-in-exile fellow, an award which recognises musicians who perform despite enormous threats to their freedom. 

Smockey co-founded Le Balai Citoyen ("The Citizen's Broom"), a grassroots political movement, which took part in the 2014 protests that forced Burkina Faso's President Blaise Compaore to resign and flee the country.

Focus on Africa's Akwasi Sarpong caught up with him in London and talked music and politics.

Three Red Cross workers go missing in northern Mali

The International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) has lost touch with three African aid workers in northern Mali.

In a statement, the ICRC says the three were working in Abeibara, 140km north of Kidal.

The AP news agency reports that the three were distributing water in an area where Islamic militants are operating.

Christoph Luedi, head of the ICRC's delegation in Mali, said: "We are worried about our colleagues and we're doing everything we can to bring them back as quickly as possible." 

The ICRC said it was "in contact with all the parties in northern Mali to get its staff members back".

Flooding hits Angola's capital

The news site Rede Angola is reporting that flooding hit Angola's capital, Luanda, for a second time in a week last night:

screen shot
Rede Angola

The site says that among those affected are schools and shows a classroom with a lesson taking place, with at least five centimeters of water on the ground.

It goes on to say that the flood could exacerbate problems with mosquitoes.

Here's the view this morning from one driver in the suburb Viana:

View more on instagram

Mozambique PM's emergency meeting with IMF

Mozambique's Prime Minister Carlos Agostinho Rosario has made an emergency trip to Washington DC to hold talks with International Monetary Fund (IMF) officials, the AFP news agency is reporting.

It comes after the IMF suspended aid to the country after discovering that Mozambique had undisclosed additional debts of $1bn.

AFP quotes the head of the IMF's African Department Antoinette Sayeh saying that "the undisclosed borrowing... significantly changes our assessment of Mozambique's macroeconomic outlook".

She is now looking for an explanation from the prime minster.

Aubameyang out with toe injury

There's bad news for Borussia Dortmund and Gabon striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, who is out of Wednesday's German Cup semi-final with a painful-sounding injury.

The German club have confirmed that Aubameyang has suffered "bone splintering" in his right toe. 

No recovery date has yet been set for the player.

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang
Getty Images

Somali PM tells young people to stop migrating

Somalia's Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Sharmarke has insisted that his government is "doing its best" to create opportunities in the country so urged people to "stop this dangerous journey of death" to Europe.

He added: 

There are numerous opportunities existing and emerging in the country hence the youth should deviate from pursuing this unwarranted journey. Ironically the Somali diaspora are coming back to their country to be part of its rebuilding and revitalising, thus contradicting the notion of fleeing."

He was reacting to the news that Somalis were among those who died when a boat capsized in the Mediterranean (see our 09:09 post).

Some survivors were rescued by a cargo ship
Some survivors were rescued by a cargo ship

Rwandans can't believe what's happening to them in Zambia

Rwandan Jean Serge has told the BBC's Meluse Kapatamoyo in the Zambian capital, Lusaka, that he can't believe what he's seen when it comes to the rioting and looting over the past two days.

Zambians are blaming Rwandans in the country for a spate of murders and this has sparked the looting of Rwandan-owned businesses (see 14:10 entry).

Man carrying away loot
Cynthia Nkhata

Mr Serge, who has lived in Zambia for 20 years, said he was "upset and disappointed at the same time [as] we have always been brothers and sisters".

He added that though there are no physical injuries, Rwandans are mentally scarred.

"There is no plan except seeking solace in God," he said.

Sixty shops have been looted and more than 250 people have been arrested.

Italy's ideas for stopping people migrating from Africa

Border control

At the moment, most migrants choosing to use people-smugglers to get to Europe via Italy come from sub-Saharan Africa.

Sandro Gozi, Italy's Secretary for European Affairs, told the BBC's Europe editor Katya Adler that in the long term there had to be less incentive for people to risk everything to come to Italy.

But in the shorter term, a cash deal had to be drawn up with North African countries to make it easier to send economic migrants and failed asylum seekers back home. 

The Italian government says the total of €1.8bn ($2.1bn; £1.4bn) so far put forward by the EU for the whole of Africa is laughable.

Read more on what Italians told Katya Adler about African immigration.

No witness protection for those testifying in Dasuki trial

Abdullahi Kaura Abubakar

BBC Africa, Abuja

The Nigerian Government’s bid to have the witnesses protected in the trial of the country’s former national security adviser Sambo Dasuki has been rejected. 

A Federal High Court in the capital, Abuja, today said the government failed to prove that the lives of its witnesses were under any threat. 

The government wanted the witnesses to wear special masks and use fake names and addresses.

But in denying the request, the judge said the case is not associated with terrorism and there is no reason that the witnesses will be under threat. 

The former national security adviser has been standing trial for stealing $2.1bn from the arms budget as well as the illegal possession of arms. 

Col Dasuki denies the charges.

Dasuki in court

Like a bridge over calm waters

As we mentioned in ourearlierposts a new bridge has opened in Tanzania's commercial capital Dar es Salaam today.

This is a boon for commuters, but - as one photographer shows - the bridge is also rather beautiful:

View more on instagram
View more on instagram
View more on instagram

Comedian Kiwewe shows the bridge off in an altogether different way:

View more on instagram

Kenyan rugby players given heroes' welcome

In our 12:38 post we said the red carpet was out for Kenya's victorious rugby sevens team who won their first World Series title at the weekend in Singapore.

They have now landed in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, and were given a heroes' welcome, as this Kenyan sports journalist tweets:

View more on twitter

Then they did get to step on that red carpet:

Rugby sevens team

Violence in Cairo after row over price of cup of tea

There have been angry protests by hundreds of people in Cairo after a policeman shot dead a street vendor over what witnesses say was the price of a cup of tea. 

At least one other person was also shot and wounded in the incident in an eastern suburb of the Egyptian capital. 

 A senior police officer also said that the argument was over how much the tea cost. 

Video clips have been posted online, showing crowds smashing a police vehicle and chanting "the police are thugs". 

There has been a series of allegations of police brutality in recent months that have sparked angry protests.

So will Riek Machar arrive in Juba?

The question of whether South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar will make his much-heralded return to the capital, Juba, has got very confusing.

The government have just said in a statement that Mr Machar has "indefinitely called off" the trip (see post below).

But Mr Machar's spokesman had earlier issued a statement that he was coming tomorrow.

The sticking point seems to be over whether his chief of staff General Simon Gatwech Dual will be given a permit to land - and Mr Machar's spokesman is now saying that the trip will be postponed until the general is allowed to come.

For its part, the government are not keen on him coming if it means arriving with lots of extra soldiers - more than the peace agreement allows - and a cache of heavy weapons.

Riek Machar
It's not clear when Riek Machar will arrive

South Sudan government says rebel leader wanted to bring in heavy weapons

South Sudan's government has just released a statement on the failure of rebel leader Riek Machar to arrive in the capital, Juba, to take up his post as first vice-president in a new unity government - a move that's supposed to be a big step on the way to bringing an end to the civil war.

It says that Mr Machar has "indefinitely called off his coming to Juba".

The statement says the government was told today that "he wanted to come with an arsenal of arms... anti-tanks, laser guided missiles and heavy machine guns".

He also wanted to come with more soldiers, it says.

But the government argues that he "does not need any additional armed forces or arms in Juba".

It says that he should only come with 40 more rebels.

Here's part of the statement:

South Sudan government statement
South Sudan press release

A woman's game

Football is considered a man's game, according to Mary Kinuthia.

This is a problem for her because she is the captain of Kenya's national women's football team.  

The team reached the finals of the 2016 Africa Women Cup of Nations which take place in November.

But this triumph has involved a fight off the pitch:

At times we have had to come out and go against our parents or guardians to be able to do what we like the most, to play football."

Kinuthia told BBC Sport.

It's the first appearance for Kenyan women at an international tournament.

Read more from BBC Sport's interview with Kinuthia.

Mary Kinuthia
Maria Kinuthia (L) has had to fight for recognition

Did Ugandan protester have to get naked?

Stella Nyanzi
Stella Nyanzi
Stella Nyanzi has been campaigning for some time

A lot of people have been commenting on our Facebook post about Ugandan academic Stella Nyanzi stripping naked as a protest against the way she had been treated by Makerere University management.  

Beatrice Wanjiku from Thika in Kenya is among many commenters who think what she did was wrong:    

She represents an institution highly regarded in Africa. I believe she would have found a better avenue to sound her problems."

But Victor Ayeni Salvador thinks people shouldn't get so agitated about nakedness and suggests the action was necessary:  

When a lamb is pushed to a wall, it will fight back. Most of the men lambasting her have never been in her shoes."

Nana Damalie from Uganda's capital, Kampala, echoes this sentiment, saying the action was called for:  

Courts of law work only in favour of government... in favour of keeping Museveni in power till he dies! The weak will call it insane because culture doesn't allow it as if culture allows oppression of fellow human beings."

White doves back in their box in South Sudan

For a second day in a row, the celebrations have been put on hold in South Sudan's capital, Juba.

Rebel leader Riek Machar once again failed to arrive at the airport. He was supposed to return to Juba to take up his post as first vice-president in a major step towards ending the civil war.

The BBC's Charlotte Attwood met these two women who had to keep the doves of peace in their box for another day.

Two women with a box full of doves

Mr Machar's spokesman says his arrival was delayed today because his chief of staff General Simon Gatwech Dual could not get a landing permit. 

But the doves may get a chance to fly on Wednesday - as the spokesman said that's when Mr Machar will come.

Looting of Rwandan shops in Zambian capital for second day

Looting has continued for a second day in parts of Zambia's capital, Lusaka, as Rwandan-owned shops are targeted following accusations that they are carrying out ritual killings, the BBC's Meluse Kapatamoyo reports.

Looter in Zambia
Cynthia Nkhata

The police say 62 shops have now been broken into 256 suspects have been arrested.  

People fighintg over looted goods
Cynthia Nkhata
Looter in Lusaka
Cynthia Nkhata

The waiting game in Juba

A journalist waiting for South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar to turn up to the capital, Juba – who seems to be a fan of the TV series Games of Thrones – has been parodying the "will he, won't he" mood over the last couple of days:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

And after it was announced that Mr Machar would not be arriving today either:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Mr Machar was supposed to arrive in the capital on Monday to take up his post as first vice-president, which is seen as a step towards ending the country's civil war.

There has also been much speculation among Game of Thrones fans about whether the character Jon Snow will return to the sixth series of the TV drama which airs this weekend.

Red carpet out for Kenyan rugby players

South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar is not the only person journalists are waiting for at an airport in East Africa.

In Kenya's capital, Nairobi, the red carpet is out for the victorious rugby sevens team who won their first World Series title at the weekend in Singapore.

Red carpet out for players

President Uhuru Kenyatta tweeted praise for the victory and may turn up for the homecoming.

Dancers at airport

Whatever happened to Tanzania's city of the future?

We reported earlier that a bridge has opened to go over a sea creek on the edge of Tanzania's commercial capital, Dar es Salaam. 

It links to an area which was earmarked for an ambitious plan to build a satellite city in 2010. 

This film by the ministry of land from 2011 talks about the Kigamboni New City development plan for an industrial city housing 500,000 people:  

View more on youtube

The bridge is the first stage of that plan and opens a year later than planned. 

And there's a lot left to do. 

The masterplan explained in 2010 that sewage, power supply and waste management won't be ready until 2030.

No show for Machar in Juba for second day running

South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar will not be coming to the capital, Juba, today, a rebel spokesman says.

A BBC reporter has tweeted the news:

View more on twitter

Mr Machar was supposed to arrive in Monday to take up his post as first vice-president in the new unity government - a major step to ending the civil war.

Yesterday's trip was cancelled for "logistical reasons", spokesman William Ezekiel had said on Monday.

Today, he said there were also logistical problems plus South Sudan's government has insisted plane carrying Mr Machar's Chief of Staff General Simon Gatwech must obtain clearance to fly in South Sudan airspace.

Mourning declared in Ethiopia in wake of mass killing

An Ethiopian TV channel is reporting that parliament has announced two days of mourning for the victims of an attack by unidentified armed groups in Ethiopia's western region of Gambella, starting tomorrow, reports BBC Monitoring's Janet Onyango.

Flags will fly at half mast across the nation, at Ethiopian embassies and on Ethiopian ships, according to the privately-owned Fana Broadcasting.

Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said that an estimated 208 people were killed and 108 women and children abducted on Friday.

The government has blamed people from the Merle ethnic group from across the border in South Sudan.

Ethiopian soldiers
Getty Images
The army is at the forefront of efforts to rescue the abducted women and children, the government says

The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza in the capital, Addis Ababa, has spoken to some of the survivors:

I was in the village when it begun, we heard gunshots and we started running. My older daughter was shot and I ran with her to the river bank and then the attackers came and took two of my children. The third was with my husband who was shot and they took him."

I feel really sad and I don’t expect to see my children ever again. I don’t know if they were killed during the crossfire. The fighting was intense and if they survived, they will be probably be killed by the Murle."

Kenyan hospital to pay for Ugandans' cancer treatment

A Kenyan hospital has promised to pay for the radiotherapy treatment of 400 Ugandan cancer patients after the country's main radiotherapy machine broke down.

The Aga Khan University hospital said in the statement that they can only treat "a small fraction of those requiring care" but "encourage others to follow our lead".

Uganda's government had already announced that it would transport the patients to Kenya for the treatment.

Radiotherapy machine
Uganda's only radiotherapy machine was donated in 1995

You can read more on BBC News Online about the impact that the failure of the machine is having

President Magufuli suggests name for record-breaking bridge

We reported in our 10:27 post that a 680m-long cable-stayed bridge is opening in Tanzania's commercial capital, Dar es Salaam, today.

The Tanzanian President John Magufuli has officially opened the bridge by cutting the ceremonial ribbon:

cutting ribbon

Hundreds of people turned up to try the bridge out:  


Our correspondent tweets that the President has suggested a name:  

View more on twitter

Julius Nyerere was the first president of Tanzania, nicknamed Mwalimu, which means teacher in Swahili.

Naked protester trending in Uganda

Screen grab showing trends in Uganda

Comments about academic Stella Nyanzi and her naked protest on Monday are trending on Twitter in Uganda according to Trendsmap.

People are still discussing whether she was right to strip naked after finding that she was locked out of her university office following a row with the management.

The BBC's Patience Atuhaire in the cpaital, Kampala, says Ms Nyanzi is very popular on Facebook for her posts about sex and sexuality.

In her post discussing her protest she said:

The weapons of the powerless never make sense to the powerful. You can laugh at and mock me for using my nudity against the illegal eviction from my office, but it was the only weapon I had."

In the period running up to and after the presidential election she wrote about her support for opposition candidate Kizza Besigye.

Stella Nyanzi outside her locked office
Stella Nyanzi

IMF suspends funding to Mozambique

The International Monetary Fund has suspended funding to Mozambique after it discovered the government had hidden $1bn (£700m) of debt, the Financial Times is reporting.

It quotes an IMF official as saying "it is probably one of the largest cases of the provision of inaccurate data by a government the IMF has seen in an African country in recent times".

The FT adds that it could affect other donors' willingness to provide money which could heap pressure on Maputo, which is dependent on donors to finance about a quarter of its budget". 

Maputo skyline
Mozambique's economy has been booming recently but this IMF move could land it in trouble

Record-breaking bridge opens in Tanzania

A bridge opens today which connects Tanzania's central business district to Kigamboni, where there had been plans to develop a satellite city.

Kigamboni bridge

The cable-stayed bridge has a similar appearance to a suspension bridge.

It's 680m long, and cost more than $140m (£98m).

And it enters the world of superlatives.

The Tanzanian state newspaper the Daily News says it is the longest cable-stayed bridge in East Africa.

And our correspondent believes it is Tanzania's first toll bridge.

toll bridge

The authorities hope it will end a traffic bottle neck around the car ferry

Massive interest in Machar's planned arrival in South Sudan

The BBC's Charlotte Attwood is among those journalists waiting in South Sudan's capital, Juba, for the arrival of the rebel leader Riek Machar.

The unattended cameras are a sign of the level of interest in this story:

Line of tripods

Charlotte says she had two arrival times for Mr Machar on Monday which he missed.

And today, she was told that he would land at 10am local time (07:00 GMT), which has come and gone. 

US envoy's convoy kills boy in Cameroon

The US ambassador to the UN has expressed her "great sorrow" after her motorcade accidentally hit and killed a seven-year-old boy in Cameroon.

Samantha Power was in Cameroon to show US support for the campaign against militant Islamist group Boko Haram when the accident happened on Monday.

She said she met the boy's family to offer "profound condolences".

An armoured jeep knocked the boy as he tried to cross a road when the convoy was heading towards a refugee camp.

"Although the boy received immediate medical care from an ambulance in our convoy, he died shortly thereafter," Ms Power said.

Read more on BBC News Online

Samantha Power coming out of a car
Samantha Power visited a camp after the crash for those made homeless by Boko Haram

Waiting all over again in South Sudan

It's deja vu in South Sudan's capital, Juba, as people there wait for the arrival of rebel leader Riek Machar.

He's due to take up his post as first vice-president in a new government of national unity - a big step in ending the country's civil war.

Mr Machar was supposed to come around this time yesterday, but he was delayed for "logisitcal reasons" according to a spokesman - though those reasons were never spelt out.

The BBC's Ferdinand Omondi is among those at the Juba's airport and sent this picture of the security waiting for the rebel leader:

South Sudanese soldier

Survivors recount how boat capsized

There has been some confusion about what happened to a boat which capsized in the Mediterranean on Sunday. 

That's partly because the authorities have not said anything about it.

But some East African survivors in the southern Greek port of Kalamata have told the BBC's Will Ross that they saw hundreds of people drown.

One Ethiopian man told our correspondent that he saw his own wife and baby drown. 

They say that the boat left Libya and in the middle of the next night the captain ordered them all to move on to a wooden vessel but it was already absolutely packed with people and then capsized.

So, according to the survivors, the group of 40 who survived, from almost 600 people, were those who had not been transferred to the new boat and a few others who managed to swim.

Hear Will Ross's account:

Ugandan academic strips naked in protest to being locked out of office

Patience Atuhaire

BBC Africa, Kampala

Picture of Stella Nyanza protest
Stella Nyanza started off the protest with clothes on

A naked protest by a well-known university academic Stella Nyanzi has sparked a massive debate in Uganda.

She has as many fans as critics for her Facebook posts about sex and sexuality.

On Monday, fed up that she was locked out of her office after a row with the management at Makerere University she stripped naked in protest.

In the end she got access to her office.

Many of her supporters say she was driven to the edge by the way she was treated.

But many of her critics are playing the moral card. They say a woman should not show her nakedness to the public. 

The New Vision reports that the minister of integrity and ethics has waded in calling for her arrest under the anti-pornographic act.

Uganda station NTV has reported on the protest.

View more on youtube

Wise words

Today’s African proverb:

The monkey does not forget how to jump around."

A Kalenjin proverb sent by Chepkirui Irine Sangutet, Kenya

Click here to send us your proverb

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news developments on the continent.