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  1. Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari condemns the Brussels attacks
  2. Ivory Coast identifies suspect behind Grand Bassam attack
  3. Niger's president wins boycotted poll
  4. Liberia closes part of its border with Guinea over Ebola flare up
  5. Chadian civil society activist detained ahead of planned protest
  6. Nigeria's state oil company failed to hand over nearly $25bn it owed to the government
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive
  8. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 22 March 2016

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

That's it from us today.

We'll be back tomorrow. 

In the meantime, keep up-to-date with what is happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast and checking the BBC News website.

A reminder of Today's proverb:

Disease and disasters come and go like rain, but health is like the sun that illuminates the entire village."

A Luo proverb sent by Henry Onyango, Nairobi, Kenya

And we leave you with this picture of the light seeping through the streets of Cairo:

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Guinea Ebola death toll rises

The death toll from the current flare up in the Ebola outbreak in Guinea has risen to five, the AFP news agency reports quoting health officials.

More than 800 people who may have come into contact with people carrying the virus have been put into quarantine.

Earlier, Liberia closed part of its border with Guinea to try and prevent the virus spreading across the border again.

Former vice-president removed from Egypt's textbooks

Mohamed ElBaradei

The name and photo of Egypt's former Vice-President Mohamed ElBaradei has been removed from a list of Egyptian Nobel laureates in fifth-grade textbooks, Al-Tahrir newspaper has reported.

Mr ElBaradei, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005 as director of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Private daily Youm7 quoted an unnamed ministry official as saying that the removal of Mr ElBaradei's name was requested by parents and teachers due to his "hostile, anti-government comments" and also to "avoid any distraction or disputes among the students".  

Speaking to private ONTV on 21 March, Bashir Hassan, a spokesperson for the education ministry, refused to directly confirm the omission, only stressing that "nobody can tamper with history" and promising that the ministry would investigate the development.

Read more about the Nobel peace laureate and former head of the UN's nuclear watchdog in the BBC News profile of Mohamed ElBaradei.

Arsenal's Alex Iwobi back in training with Nigeria team

Earlier we reported that there was speculation that Arsenal striker Alex Iwobi may not play for Nigeria on Friday, meaning he would still be eligible to play for England.

Our Nigeria sports journalist has tweeted that he was back in training today after a bout of food poisoning:

BOOST: Arsenal's Alex Iwobi: Jollof rice + Salad = food poisoning. The 19y/o was at @NGSuperEagles training today. Set to play v Egypt. #AFC

Ivory Coast identifies Grand Bassam suspect

Ivory Coast's government has tweeted a picture of what it describes as the main suspect behind the attack on the 13 March Grand Bassam resort attack in which 19 people died.

It says the "security forces are searching for him".

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The government says that it has already made 15 arrests.

Congo's incumbent takes lead in partial presidential election results

Partial election results in Congo-Brazzaville show that the incumbent President Denis Sassou Nguesso has taken an early lead with 67% of the vote.

The electoral commission has said that votes from 72 out of 111 voting districts have been counted, the Reuters news agency is reporting.

Mr Sassou Nguesso is facing eight challengers and must win more than 50% of the vote to secure another term in office.

He has been president of the country for 32 years. 

The authorities cut off phone and internet connections ahead of Sunday's vote. The government said that it did not want the opposition announcing its own results.

President Sassou Nguesso voting
President Sassou Nguesso wants to govern for another five years

Food poisoning could delay Iwobi’s Nigeria competitive debut

Ian Hughes

BBC Africa sport

Alex Iwobi
Getty Images

Teenage Arsenal striker Alex Iwobi has been taken ill and admitted to hospital in Abuja while he was part of the Nigeria squad ahead of Friday’s Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Egypt.

Iwobi is also wanted by England and could still choose to play for them if he does not play in the match against Egypt. 

He is not committed to a country until he plays a senior competitive international.

Super Eagles coach Samson Siasia said: "He suffered from food poisoning and so was not part of the training. But his condition is stable."  

Benin's president-elect gets a celebratory wax cloth

Someone in Benin has tweeted a picture of a new wax cloth that's come out to celebrate the election of Patrice Talon in Sunday's run-off vote.

Talon is French for heel.

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BreakingNiger's Issoufou wins controversial presidential election

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Niamey, Niger

Niger's electoral commission has announced that President Mahamadou Issoufou has won the presidenital run-off vote taking 92.5% of the vote.

His opponent Hama Amadou got 7.5%. 

The opposition boycotted the poll complaining of unfair treatment of their candidate and have already said that they would not accept the result.

Senegal's president expresses solidarity with Belgium

Senegal's President Macky Sall has joined the presidents of Nigeria and Ivory Coast (see 15:25 post) in expressing solidarity with the people of Belgium following the attacks in the capital, Brussels.

At least 31 people have been killed.

President Sall tweeted: "I express my condolences and solidarity to the Belgian people in these difficult times."

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Niger's presidential run-off results to be announced amid opposition boycott

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Niger

The results from Niger's presidential run-off are due to be announced at 16:00 GMT.

It's highly unlikely that the opposition will be present at the announcement given the fact that they called for a boycott of the polls.

They have withdrawn their representatives from the electoral commission and vowed not to recognise the results. 

Considering the opposition boycott and that the current president secured nearly 50% of the votes in the first round, there is little doubt who will will emerge the winner. 

Niger electoral commission prepare for results announcement

What will stop corruption?

Some people taking part in today's recording of the BBC Africa Debate on corruption have been tweeting their ideas about what could stop it:

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To add your ideas, tweet with the hashtag #BBCAfricaDebate.

Listen to the full debate on the BBC World Service on Friday at 19:00 GMT.

Nigeria's president stands in solidarity with the people of Belgium

Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has joined the condemnation of the attacks in Belgium's capital, Brussels in which at least 31 people have died.

In a post on the Facebook page of the office of the president Mr Buhari says that the events "reinforce the need for greater international cooperation to effectively confront and destroy global terrorism".

The president also says that "Nigeria will continue to work with other countries of the world to ensure that terrorism never triumphs over free, peaceful and law-abiding nations".

Nigeria was ranked third in 2015 on the Global Terrorism Index for countries most affected by terror attacks.

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Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara has also expressed his condolences. 

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Ivory Coast was hit by a gun attack on 13 March in which at least 18 people were killed.

The North African branch of al-Qaeda said it carried out the attack.

Where will East Africa's pipeline go?

Disagreements over the route of an oil pipeline could be threatening harmonious relations in East Africa, the Financial Times newspaper reports.

Landlocked Uganda had already agreed last August to a route that took the pipeline to the coast through Kenya, the FT says.

But it then made a similar deal with Tanzania.

So where is the pipeline going to go?

A meeting on Monday in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, between President Uhuru Kenyatta and Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni failed to resolve the issue.

The two are due to meet again in Uganda in a fortnight's time.

President Museveni and President Kenyatta
State House Kenya
The two men will meet again in Uganda

'How I almost became a Boko Haram suicide bomber'

What makes a young woman want to become a suicide bomber?

The BBC's Anne Soy has been talking to one Nigerian who is still alive only because she backed out of blowing herself up at a camp for displaced people in the country's north-east.

Two other women on the mission did detonate their explosive vests on 9 February, killing 58 people.  

Hauwa - not her real name - explained to our reporter how she got involved with the Islamist militants.

"I had spiritual problems and so the Boko Haram told me they could help get rid of them," she said.

But she refused to carry out the attack because her family was staying in the camp.

Read more of her story here.

Hauwa thought that Boko Haram could help her

Burundi army officer 'shot at HQ'

Prime Ndikumagenge

BBC Africa, Bujumbura

A senior Burundian army officer is reported to have been shot dead inside the army headquarters in the capital, Bujumbura.

Colonel Darius Ikarurakure was heading a combat battalion based in Muzinda, 30km (19 miles) north of Bujumbura.

Military sources told the AFP news agency that he was killed by another soldier.

Col Ikarurakure was involved in operations to put down protests against President Pierre Nkurunziza standing for a third term as president.

Protester in Bujumbura
Getty Images
Months of protest and political tension followed last April's announcement that President Pierre Nkurunziza would run for a third term

Child militants captured in Somalia's Puntland region

Mohammud Ali Mohamed

BBC Africa, Nairobi

The authorities in Somalia's semi-autonomous region of Puntland say their security forces have killed more than 70 Islamist militants following a week of heavy fighting in different parts of the region.

The authorities have paraded more than 30 prisoners including dozens of children.

Pictures published by local websites showed children between the ages of 12 and 16 wearing what looked like camouflaged military uniform. 

Some of the children who spoke to the local media said they had been forced to join the militants. 

This is the clearest sign yet of militants recruiting children in Somalia into their ranks. 

The recent fighting has caused alarm in Puntland, as it has remained largely peaceful during the decades of turmoil in much of the rest of Somalia.

Chadian gang-rape victim demands justice for all women

Chadian teenager

A Chadian teenager who was gang-rape by young men with connections to top officials told AFP she wants justice for herself and for "all women".

In February the 16-year-old was assaulted on her way to school.

She told AFP that she was threatened by the police when she reported the crime.

When the alleged attackers discovered that she had reported them, they posted images of the assault on social networks.

But their action backfired: Hundreds of schoolchildren demonstrated in the capital, Ndjamena, and weeks of protest followed.

She returned to France, where she had been living for six years, and decided to speak publicly against sex criminals' impunity.

"There has never been justice before over the rape of a Chadian woman," she said.

Tunisia extends its state of emergency

Tunisia has extended a state of emergency by three months, reports the AFP news agency.

It was imposed after a suicide bombing killed 12 presidential guards in November.

The so-called Islamic State said it was behind the attack. 

President Beji Caid Essebsi's office said in a statement that the decision came two weeks after another attack near the border with Libya.

Investigation into painting Zambian shoplifters with yellow paint

Meluse Kapatamoyo

BBC Africa, Lusaka, Zambia

The Zambian Human Rights Commission are investigating claims that managers in a clothes shop painted shoplifters with yellow paint. 

The commission interviewed the store manager in the capital, Lusaka, who admitted that they were painted, saying they consented to it in place of being fined or taken to the police.  

The commission only became aware of the incident from 2015 after these photos were shared on social media at the beginning of the week:

Yellow paint
Women painted in yellow

We have been unable to verify if the photos are genuine.  

The Human Rights Commission's Mweelwa Muleya said: "There is no crime that justifies torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment."

Ghana's solidarity with the people of Ivory Coast

Ghana's President John Mahama is on a visit to neighbouring Ivory Coast and has expressed his solidarity in the wake of the 13 March attack at the Grand Bassam beach resort in which at least 18 people died.

The office of Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara has been tweeting comments from Mr Mahama.

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South Africa's Guptas welcome investigation into alleged influence

The Gupta family has welcomed the plans by South Africa's governing ANC to look into its alleged political influence over the government, a statement released by its Oakbay Investments company says.

The ANC's national executive committee said the alleged ties should be investigated after allegations that the Gupta family had power to appoint minister's in President Jacob Zuma's government - which has been dubbed "state capture".

"We welcome this process which should ultimately allow the truth to be recognised," the statement says.

"We reiterate our support for the country’s constitution and the rule of law and believe state capture from any quarter should be condemned."

ANC officials
The ANC national executive committee discussed the Gupta issue at the weekend

Liberia closes part of border with Guinea over Ebola

Jonathan Paye-Layleh

BBC Africa, Monrovia


Liberian authorities have closed part of the country's border with Guinea. This follows the re-emergence of Ebola in Guinea.   

Information Minister Eugene Nagbe told me he is contemplating closing the entire border with Guinea but for now it is only the border in the Lofa county area.

The closure “will remain indefinite until we review the situation in Guinea,” he added.

In view of the porous nature of the borders between countries in the region, many people are doubtful that the border restriction will prevent the moving in and out of people.

Ebola entered Liberia two years ago after the disease had hit Guinea and Sierra Leone.

Liberia, which lost more than 4,000 people to Ebola - the highest in any affected country -  has been declared Ebola-free three times.

Niger election monitoing groups call for calm ahead of poll result

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Niamey, Niger

International observers who monitored Niger's presidential run-off have called for restraint as the country awaits results of the controversial polls. 

The European Union called in a statement for an inclusive dialogue in order to strengthen the country's democracy.

This is after the opposition coalition boycotted the poll citing fraud and complaining that its candidate, Hama Amadou, was being unfairly treated.

He has been in detention on child-trafficking charges, which he denies.

The observer mission for the regional group Ecowas  has advised both sides of the political divide to ensure peace reigns. 

The final results are expected later today, with incumbent President Muhamdou Issoufou is expected to win a landslide, but the opposition has vowed not to recognise the results.

Woman voting
Turnout was reported to be low in Sunday's poll

South Africa's ANC plan meeting with Guptas over influence claims

Representatives from South Africa's governing ANC and the Gupta family have agreed to meet, according to an ANC spokesperson quoted by the News24 website.

The Guptas have been at the centre of a row about whether they exert undue political influence on the government.

ANC spokesperson Zizi Kodwa is quoted as saying that the party's national executive committee has "raised a number of concerns" and it was necessary to address those.

Jacob Zuma in parliament
President Jacob Zuma has been under pressure over the alleged influence of the Gupta family, which the family denies

Chadian civil society leader arrested ahead of protest

Abdourahmane Dia

BBC Afrique

Chadian security forces have arrested the spokesperson of the civil society organisation Ca Suffit -  or That’s Enough in English.

Mahamat Nour Ibedou was planning to hold a peaceful demonstration today against President Idriss Deby, who is running for a fifth term in next month's presidential election. 

Mr Ibdeou was one of the organisers of the protest earlier this month, when people were asked to whistle in the morning and the evening to register their dissatisfaction with the government. 

Security Minister Ahmat Mahamat Bachirhas declared that during the current election campaign, only gatherings organised by one of the 14 candidates are authorised. 

Idriss Deby
President Idriss Deby is running for a fifth term next month

Solar power helping medics in Malawi

One of the biggest challenges for health workers in maternity clinics in parts of Malawi is the lack of power.

If a delivery is going to happen at night time then the expectant mothers sometimes have to bring in their own light source to help the midwives.

But that's not the case at the Mphunzi health centre in the Dedza district, central Malawi.

Medical assistant George Phiri showed the BBC's Matt McGrath how solar power helps keep the lights on, and charges their phones.

Listen to George Phiri explain how his solar box works

SA Public Protector seeks funds to investigate Zuma ties with Guptas

Ajay and Atul Gupta, and Sahara director, Duduzane Zuma
Gallo Images
Ajay and Atul Gupta with the South African president's son Duduzane Zuma

South Africa's chief anti-corruption watchdog will approach the national treasury for funds to investigate President Jacob Zuma's relationship with the wealthy Gupta family, Beeld newspaper reports.

The newspaper quotes Public Protector Thuli Madonsela as saying her office was bound by law to look into a complaint lodged last week by the Democratic Alliance (DA), an opposition party. 

But, it goes on to say, her watchdog's budget has been cut ever since an investigation into how 250 million rand ($16.4m; £11.5m) of state money was used to upgrade the president's home. 

$25bn of Nigeria's oil money 'missing'

Nigeria's state oil company failed to hand over nearly $25bn (£17.5bn) it owed to the government in the five years from January 2011 to the end of 2015, a statutory revenue monitoring organisation says.

The announcement by the Revenue Mobilization Allocation and Fiscal Commission comes a week after Nigeria's auditor general said $16bn went missing in 2014 alone.

That figure was disputed by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.

The NNPC is obliged by law to hand over its revenue to the government, and the oil money makes up a significant chunk of government income.

The government is currently grappling with a growing budget deficit, partly triggered by the recent decline in the price of oil.

Buhari poster
President Muhammadu Buhari came to power last year partly on a pledge to tackle corruption.

Uganda opposition leader house arrest case taken to High Court

Patience Atuhaire

BBC Africa, Kampala

Ugandan police clashed with opposition supporters this morning after there was no ruling on the house arrest of opposition leader Kizza Besigye.

Mr Besigye's supporters had gathered outside the Magistrate's Court in Kasangati near the capital, Kampala, this morning.

Supporters of Kizza Besigye

They were expecting to hear the ruling in a case filed by his lawyers against Mr Besigye's continued house arrest.  

But they were told that the case had been recalled to the High Court following an application from the Director of Public Prosecutions.

Outside the court Mr Besigye's lawyer David Mpanga said the speed with which the case file was recalled is questionable:

David Mpanga

The supporters vowed to walk to Mr Besigye's home. And police were deployed:  

Protester and police

Al-Qaeda praise attack on Mali hotel

Al-Qaeda's north African branch, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), has praised the attack on a hotel in Mali's capital, Bamamko, that serves as the headquarters of the European Union training mission there.

The group left a brief message on a social media account but gave no further details.

At least two gunmen attacked the Nord-Sud Azalai hotel on Monday evening.

The attack was repelled and one of the assailants was killed; it remains unclear whether the second one escaped. 

The EU mission said that there were no casualties among its staff. 

Dozens of people were killed in an AQIM attack last November on the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako.

CORRECTION: This entry has been amended, earlier we reported that AQIM had claimed responsibility for the attack, but the translation of its full message stops short of a direct claim.

Mourning on Grand Bassam beach
the Ivorian president commemorated the people who died at Grand Bassam beach

'More than 800 people in Guinea in quarantine' over Ebola

The medical authorities in Guinea say they have traced hundreds of people who may have come into contact with the Ebola virus after a fresh outbreak left four people dead in the south east of the country. 

The Reuters news agency is quoting a spokesman for Guinea's Ebola co-ordination unit talking on state television saying that 816 people from 107 families since Saturday have been identified as possibly having had contact with the victims. 

He said they would be placed in quarantine for three weeks. 

More than 11,000 people died in the outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone which began in late 2013. 

 All three countries have experienced sporadic flare-ups since the disease was brought under control.  

Ebola sign

Wise words

Today’s African proverb: 

Disease and disasters come and go like rain, but health is like the sun that illuminates the entire village."

A Luo proverb sent by Henry Onyango, Nairobi, Kenya

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news developments on the continent.