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Summary

  1. Panama Papers name 18 prominent Africans
  2. South Africa 's defence minister warns against anti-Zuma "incitement"
  3. Ninja rebels strike in Congo-Brazzaville
  4. Tanzania's leader scraps celebrations to save money
  5. Senegal to accept Guantanamo Bay detainees
  6. Lion washed away in Kenya
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  8. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Monday 4 April 2016

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for today's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.  

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: Do not leave the fruit which is on the ground and choose the one up on the tree." from A Kalenjin proverb sent by Jonathan Kipng'eno in Bomet, Kenya
    A Kalenjin proverb sent by Jonathan Kipng'eno in Bomet, Kenya

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this photo of workers carrying ivory tusks in Kenya, ahead of their planned burning later this month:

    Workers carry ivory tusks
  2. Sudan's leader tours Darfur

    The BBC's Thomas Fessy has gained rare access to Sudan's Darfur region, where 300,000 people are estimated to have died since the start of a conflict between the government and rebel groups in 2003. 

    Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court on war crimes charges related to the conflict. He denies the charges.

    The president is on a five-day tour of the region ahead of a referendum on whether Darfur should maintain its current five-state system or unify as a single region. 

    Thomas took these photos at a rally in the northern Darfuri capital of El-Fasher,  where more than 2,000 government supporters attended a rally from the president.

    Crowds gather ahead of the rally

    Mr al-Bashir could be seen waving at the crowds with his signature "swagger stick", which he has long used as a prop for public appearances:

    Supporters cheer on Mr al-Bashir as he travels through the crowd in a car

    These women paraded a specially decorated camel through town to welcome the president   

    Women dressed in bright red outfits parade lead a camel by the reins

    Some supporters were so keen to witness the president's speech that they were climbing trees to get a better view:

    Supporters climb trees next to a banner of the president in order to see him speak

    Darfur: Sudan's bloody stalemate

  3. Panama Papers: 18 Africans named

    Rob Wilson

    BBC Focus on Africa radio

    At least 18 high-profile Africans have been named in a massive data leak exposing the financial activities of some of the world's rich and famous and their use of tax havens. 

    More than 11 million documents, known as the Panama Papers, were leaked by an unknown source at one world's most secretive companies, Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca. 

    They were passed to German newspaper Sueddeutsche Zeitung, which then shared them with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists.  

    The documents reveal that Mossack Fonseca assisted companies and individuals to utilise tax havens in numerous ways. 

    For some - such as Sudan's former President Ahmad Ali al-Mirghani, Kenya's Deputy Chief Justice Kalpana Rawal or ex-UN chief Kofi Annan's son Kojo Annan - offshore companies were used to buy and sell expensive real estate in London.  

    Law firm Mossack Fonseca is based in Panama City
    Image caption: Mossack Fonseca says it has operated beyond reproach for 40 years and has never been charged with criminal wrong-doing.

    Mounir Majidi, the king of Morocco's personal secretary, used an offshore company to buy a luxury yacht in 2006 - a transaction that Mr Majidi's lawyers maintain is above board.

    Other revelations are more murky. South Africa's President Jacob Zuma's nephew, Khulubuse Zuma, is named as a representative of two offshore companies that acquired oil fields in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2010. 

    Mossack Fonseca later opted to end its relationship with Mr Zuma's companies after questions were raised about the transaction. 

    Khulubuse Zuma's spokesman said that he has never held an offshore bank account, but declined to comment on his role in offshore companies.

    Some of those named have previously been found guilty of money laundering activities and are serving time. 

    Former governor of Nigeria's Delta State, James Ibori, was convicted of such activities in 2012. Four offshore companies connected to Ibori are named in the Panama Papers - one of which was used to buy a $20m (£14m) private jet.

  4. 'Ex-Ninjas' blamed for Brazzaville violence

    Residents of the southern districts of Brazzaville flee clashes between Congolese security forces and unknown assailants on April 4, 2016
    Image caption: Residents fled their homes after gunfire erupted

    Former Ninja militiamen were behind today's unrest in Congo-Brazzaville, attacking an army position and four police stations, a government spokesman has said in a televised statement, AFP news agency reports. 

    The Ninjas were a major anti-government force in the 1997-99 civil war in Congo-Brazzaville, but disbanded after a peace deal was signed in 2003.

    They were loyal to former Prime Minister Bernard Kolelas, the father of Guy-Brice Parfait Kolelas, who stood in the presidential election in March and got 15% of the vote.

    Government spokesman Thierry Moungalla said there was no evidence to suggest that opposition candidates were involved in the attacks, but investigations were under way.

    An aide of Mr Kolelas said he was not involved in the attacks, Reuters news agency reports. 

    The fighting forced thousands of people in opposition strongholds in the capital, Brazzaville, to flee their homes, AFP reports. 

    The Ninjas took their name from the cloaked Japanese warriors. Other rebel groups which previously existed in Congo-Brazzaville included the Cobras, the Mambas and the Zulus.  

  5. Will bloodshed end in Libya?

    Security force member protecting Libyan unity government
    Image caption: Special security forces are protecting the new leaders

    Last week, Libya's UN-backed Presidency Council sailed to the capital Tripoli and set up shop in the navy base.

    They travelled by boat from Tunisia because their rivals in the capital closed the airspace when they tried to fly in. The doomsday scenario of rival militia clashes in Tripoli did not happen.

    So is this just a honeymoon period, or is Libya turning a new page?

    Read BBC North Africa correspondent Rana Jawad's analysis here

  6. SA musician sings about coming out as gay

    Nakhane Mahlakahlaka, popularly known to many as Nakhane Toure, is an award-winning South African singer-songwriter influenced by Mali's Ali Farka Toure.

    His 2014 debut album Brave Confusion saw him being crowned newcomer of the year at the South African Music Awards, and he is now working on a new project with popular South African DJ Black Coffee.

    He has also come out as gay, something which he has addressed in his music.

    The BBC caught up with him in Johannesburg:

    Video content

    Video caption: South Africa musician Nakhane Toure tackles gay themes
  7. Magufuli scraps Union Day celebrations

    Sammy Awami

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    John Magufuli
    Image caption: Mr Magufuli spent Independence Day picking up rubbish in Dar es Salaam

    Tanzania's President John Magufuli has cancelled celebrations to mark Union Day as part of his cost-cutting efforts. 

    "People should celebrate this day at home or continue with their personal business", said a statement by his office.    

    He said the money government had set aside for the celebrations should be spent on improving roads in Mwanza in north-western Tanzania. 

    Union Day is marked on 26 April to commemorate the formation of Tanzania in 1964 through the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. 

    Last year, Mr Magufuli scrapped celebrations to mark 54 years of independence from the UK, and led a clean-up campaign instead. 

    Read more: Magufuli 'The Bulldozer'  

  8. BBC team expelled from Djibouti

    A picture taken on March 27, 2016 in Djibouti shows an advertising poster for a book of Djiboutian president Ismaïl Omar Guelleh. Incumbent President Ismail Guelleh will be seeking a fourth term in the presidential election to be held on April 8
    Image caption: The president is seeking a fourth term in office

    The BBC has written to the government of Djibouti to demand why a reporting team was detained for 16 hours and then expelled without explanation. 

    The team, including the BBC’s Africa Security Correspondent Tomi Oladipo, was in Djibouti to prepare reports about next Friday’s election in which President Ismail Omar Guelleh is running for office again. 

    They had been granted media accreditation and advised by the Director of Communications that they had the necessary authorisation to proceed with their work, a BBC Africa statement said. 

    The team had interviewed both the Foreign Minister Mahamoud Ali Youssouf and leading opposition candidate Omar Elmi Khaireh when they were detained by plain-clothed security officials and questioned for eight hours, the statement added. 

    Having been held overnight, without means of communication, they were put on a plane out of the country on Saturday morning without any reason being given, it said. 

    Read: Djibouti profile

  9. Senegal to take Guantanamo Bay prisoners

    Guantanamo Bay
    Image caption: Most people detained at Guantanamo Bay facility have been held without charge

    Senegal has agreed to grant asylum to two Libyans detained in Guantanamo Bay on “humanitarian grounds” and in line with “Senegalese hospitality and Islamic solidarity”, the foreign ministry has said in a statement. 

    The two had been detained without charge for 14 years.  

    The decision follows the “historic decision” by the US government to close down the controversial detention centre, the statement added. 

    US President Barck Obama first promised to close the facility seven years ago. 

    Map

    Dozens of countries have received former Guantanamo Bay detainees, including other African states such as Uganda, Ghana and Cape Verde, following appeals from the US government.

    Read: Life after Guantanamo Bay

  10. SA defence minister warns against anti-Zuma incitment

    A member of the South African National Defense Force (SANDF) stands guard during a raid by members of the South African Police Services (SAPS) backed by soldiers to conduct searches and identity checks in central Durban, an area mostly inhabited by foreign nationals, on May 06, 2015
    Image caption: South Africa's military has so far stayed out of the dispute over the president's future

    South Africa's Defence Minister has warned a union official representing soldiers that he risks being charged after he called for the removal of President Jacob Zuma from office.

    "If he is mobilising men and women in unform, what it actually amounts to is a coup d'etat. He should be charged," said Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula. 

    On Friday, the South African National Defence Force Union (SANDFU) general-secretary Pikkie Greeff said soldiers should participate in their private capacity in any "lawful mass action campaigns" aimed at forcing Mr Zuma to step down.

    Ms Mapisa-Nqakula said Mr Greeff's statement amounted to incitement, and could not be tolerated. 

    Whatever political crisis South Africa may be facing needed to be resolved politically, she added.

    Mr Zuma has been under intense pressure from the opposition, as well as some prominent members of the governing ANC, to resign after South Africa's highest court ruled last week that he breached the constitution by failing to repay government money used to upgrade his private residence in the rural area of Nkandla.

    The SANDFU is a small union with influence over soldiers who joined the army before minority rule ended in South Africa in 1994, correspondents say.  

    See our 11:11 post for more details  

  11. Gabon's Aubameyang takes African Bundesliga record

    Borussia Dortmund striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang passed a special milestone with his strike against Werder Bremen in the Bundeliga on Saturday, as spotted by BBC Africa Sport's Piers Edwards: 

    View more on twitter

    But will he be in Germany for another season? BBC Sport's Monday transfer gossip column says there are whispers he may be on his way to Liverpool. 

    View more on twitter
  12. This is what a traditional healer's office looks like

    BBC World Service presenter Nkem Ifejika has been posting pictures on Instagram from the town of Abba in the southern Nigerian state of Anambra. 

    He says that the picture below shows a "Uno ogwu (consulting room for a traditional doctor) on the right, obu (reception room) on the left."

    View more on instagram

    He's also been taking snaps of the local cuisine. With this photo, he adds the enigmatic caption "The kola nut doesn't speak English."

    It sounds like one of our African proverbs. We'll check what it means with Nkem and get back to you! 

    View more on instagram
  13. Congo-Brazzaville implicates opposition in unrest

    The government in Congo-Brazzaville says it is investigating a possible link between opposition presidential candidates and this morning's fighting in the capital, Reuters news agency reports. 

    Gunmen attacked a military post, three police headquarters and a local government building in southern Brazzaville, Communication Minister Thierry Mounga (pictured below) said in a statement on national TV, Reuters adds.

    The opposition has not yet commented.

    The protesters called for President Denis Sassou Nguesso to step down.

    The veteran leader was re-elected last month following a referendum which scrapped presidential term and age limits.  

  14. Zuma: 'I'm nation's shepherd'

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    Jacob Zuma
    Image caption: Mr Zuma was elected president in 2009

    A top leadership body of South Africa's governing African National Congress (ANC) is meeting in Cape Town. 

    The meeting of the National Working Comittee (NWC) comes a day before parliament discusses an opposition motion demanding the impeachment of President Jacob Zuma. 

    The 73-year-old has rejected pressure to step down, despite last week's damning ruling against him by South Africa's Constitutional Court.

    "As your shepherd, let me lead you," he said at a rally yesterday in his political heartland of KwaZulu-Natal, the local News24 site reports. 

    Mr Zuma, whose second and final term is due to end in 2019, added that "I am not going to be in power for long because the years have gone by - don't be fooled by my good looks. 

    "I want peace in the country. There is no president that does not want peace in his country. I also want there to be respect for all. This is not only my wish as the president, it is everyone's wish," he is quoted as saying. 

    Read: Can Zuma survive?

  15. Malema urged to lay complaint against police

    Julius Malema
    Image caption: Mr Malema says he dies not recognise Jacob Zuma as president

    South Africa's Police Minister Nathi Nhleko has urged left-wing opposition leader Julius Malema to lay a formal complaint against police rather than simply alleging on social media that they forced his car off the road and pointed guns at him in the main city, Johannesburg, last night. 

    If Mr Malema laid a complaint, an investigation would take place and action taken against any officer who breached the police code of ethics, Mr Nhleko said.  

    "It serves no purpose, but to delegitimise the police, to cast aspersions like this without the necessary details and action to enable us to get to the bottom of such complaints," he added in a statement.

    Mr Malema is at the forefront of a campaign to oust President Jacob Zuma, and has vowed to "physically stop" him from addressing parliament. 

    This followed a ruling by South Africa's highest court last week that Mr Zuma breached the constitution by using government money to renovate his private home.  

    See our 09:10 post for more details

  16. Liberia child given experimental drug

    Jonathan Paye-Layleh

    BBC Africa, Monrovia

    A five-year-old child who contracted the Ebola virus after his 30-year-old mother died from the disease last Thursday is receiving treatment with the experimental ZMapp drug. 

    Deputy Health Minister Tolbert Nyenswah told the BBC the boy was now in  “good spirit, moving around”.  

    The two are the only confirmed cases of Ebola in the latest flare-up.

    Ebola awareness campaigns have again been stepped with people urged to wash hands and to submit all bodies for swabbing before burial. 

    Liberians wash their hands next to an Ebola information and sanitation station raising awareness about the virus in Monrovia on September 30, 2014
  17. Nigeria fuel shortage apology

    Martin Patience

    BBC News, Nigeria correspondent

    Public transport motorcyclists queue for fuel at the government filling station in Abuja 10 June, 2004
    Image caption: Africa's biggest oil producer is often affected by fuel shortages

    Nigeria's oil minister has apologised to the country's motorists after fuel shortages left travellers stranded on highways during the Easter holidays. 

    Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu said the government is "pained'" by the crisis and promised to end fuel shortages by next week. 

    For weeks now it's been a depressing familiar scene - car after car, queueing at petrol stations across the country, often for hours. 

    Nigeria is Africa's largest producer of crude oil. How come, many then ask, can there possibly be fuel shortages in the country? 

    The short answer is that Nigeria lacks refining facilities and needs to import most of its fuel.

    And importers say they're struggling to get their hands on US dollars to make the purchases. 

    But many drivers suspect companies of creating the shortages in order to drive up prices. In desperation some drivers turn to the black market, but often the fuel is adulterated and damages their vehicles. 

  18. Funeral held for Uganda goalkeeper

    View more on twitter

    The funeral has been held for Uganda national team goalkeeper Abel Dhaira, who died from cancer last month, aged 28. 

    The team's official Twitter account has been posting photos from the service in the capital Kampala: 

    View more on twitter

    His body has now been taken to the national stadium: 

    View more on twitter

    The Ugandan president was among those who joined in mourning when the news of his death was announced last month:

    View more on twitter
  19. Panama papers: Zuma's nephew reacts

    A nephew of South Africa's President Jacob Zuma, Khulubuse Zuma, has dismissed media reports that he is hiding his wealth offshore, the local IOL news site reports.

    “He does not hold an offshore account and never held one,” his spokesman Vuyo Mkhize is quoted as saying. 

    Khulubuse Zuma's name appears in documents leaked from one of the world's most secretive companies, Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, South African media reports. 

    It also denies any wrongdoing.  

    Image

    Read more about the Panama papers

  20. Conflicting reports over Congo-Brazzaville unrest

    A pro-government media outlet is reporting that calm is returning to the capital of Congo-Brazzaville, following heavy exchanges of fire between police and unidentified gunmen earlier:

    View more on twitter

    The BBC has not independently verified the reports. 

    Other online local media are reporting that people are fleeing the southern part of the city, where the unrest broke out.

    Some news agency photos have been coming through showing barricades blocking a road in the capital and fire damage to a government building:

    Anti-government protesters set up barricades on a road in Brazzaville
    Smoke rises near the compound of the local government office of Makelekele

    The unrest comes weeks after Denis Sassou Nguesso won a third term as president in disputed elections.