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  1. Rwanda's President Kagame says African leaders should do better
  2. Nigeria's president presents $31bn budget to parliament
  3. Amnesty criticises US-rapper Nicki Minaj over Angola trip
  4. 'One million children' missing out on education because of Boko Haram, UN says
  5. Papa Diack denies bribery allegations in athletics
  6. Ten-day state of emergency imposed in Mali
  7. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 22 December 2015

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all for today from the BBC Africa Live page. Listen to the Africa Today podcast and keep up-to-date with developments across the continent on the BBC News website.

    Today’s African proverb: "Don’t shelter under a wild banana tree and then cut it down when it stops raining." A Kalenjin proverb sent by Cherotich Anne, Molo, Kenya, and Yohana Jamala, Kansas City, US.

    Click here and scroll to the bottom of the page to contribute your proverb.

    And we leave you with a picture of young Ghanaian actor Abraham Attah who has just been named as this year's rising star by the US-based Black Film Critics Circle.

    The critics said his "acting debut alongside Idris Elba in Beasts of No Nation is one of the strongest and most phenomenal we have ever seen".

    Abraham Attah
  2. Your views: #ManderaHeroes

    There's been an extraordinary reaction from our audience to yesterday's story about the group of Kenyan Muslims saving their fellow Christian passengers when al-Shabab attacked their bus.

    The original Facebook post has been shared by more than 10,000 people, with over 1,000 comments posted underneath.  

    Here is a very small sample of your reactions to the story:

    Daniel Olekima says:

    "I am a proud Kenyan, and I know fully what this really means for my country. As a staunch Christian who has lived among Muslims in the same place the bus attack took place, I can speak of the beauty of Muslim men and women, the purity of their hearts and their generosity."

    Awet Hafash says

    "The heroism of those Muslims' story should go viral all over the world. God/Allah bless them. Terrorism is not a religion thing. It is the act of evil people. Muslims and Christians should stand together against terrorists."

    Harris Ford says

    "That's why I love Kenyans we are brothers and sisters, not Muslims or Christians - we are Kenyans!"

    Ogut Awinyo Odagima says:

    "Now I can start believing that Islam is a religion of peace and terrorists are not Muslims but criminals"

    Ed Murphy (via email) says:

    "May such an action be another ray of hope against indiscriminate cruelty and savagery - We are all part of the Family of Man."  

    There have also been a lot of tweets:

  3. Somalia 'no longer a failed state'

    The top UN official for Somalia Nicholas Kay said that the country is no longer a failed state, the AP news agency reports.

    Nicholas Kay, who is coming to the end of his term as the UN Secretary General's special representative, told AP that over the three years he has been in that position the country has stabilised.

    But, he added, there is still a lot of work to do.

    Somalis on the beach
    Image caption: Somalis have been returning to the beach in the capital, Mogadishu, in growing numbers in recent years
  4. Sierra Leonean girls speak out against sexual abuse

    Penny Boreham

    There are reports that young girls in Sierra Leone are now more vulnerable to sexual assault since the Ebola crisis, according to children's charity Pikin to Pikin.

    Those who have lost relatives to Ebola are often forced into sex in order have their basic daily needs, including food covered.  

    Pikin to Pikin has been gathering the girls' stories for broadcast, and one contributor sent an urgent appeal to her contemporaries:

    Quote Message: When your mother tells you to sell in the street, stay in the street, don’t go inside a building or out of sight. If a man calls you to come inside, do not go! If you get abused or attacked please shout as loudly as you can. I very much hope someone will hear you and help you.”
    Women listening to the radio

    In another broadcast a young girl does not mince her words:

    Quote Message: Parents are contributing to the problem we experience of sexual abuse. When they see visitors coming to our homes, they ask us girl children to go and embrace the visitor and ask for money. To all of us children who embrace our ‘uncles’ and other visitors to the house and ask for money, please stop!"

    Hear more of what the girls had to say:

    Video content

    Video caption: Children affected by Ebola in Sierra Leone support each other through radio broadcasts.
  5. Ethiopia journalist arrested 'after Oromia protest report'

    An Ethiopian journalist has been arrested after reporting on the recent demonstrations in the Oromia region, the press freedom organisation the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) says.

    The CPJ says Fikadu Mirkana, a news anchor for the state-run Radio Oromia, was arrested on Saturday.

    Protesters clashed with police as they were demonstrating over a plan to expand the administrative boundaries of the capital, Addis Ababa, into the Oromia region.

    The government has accused Oromo protesters of links with separatist terror groups and trying to start a revolution.  

    Authorities say five people have died in protests so far, but opposition parties and human rights groups say the number is closer to 40.  

    Oromo protests
    Image caption: Protesters have put up barricades on the road in the town of Wolenkomi, some 60km west of Addis Ababa
  6. Djibouti foreign minister confirms deaths

    Djibouti's foreign minister has told the BBC Somali service that seven people, including a young girl were killed in yesterday's violent clashes.  

    The authorities say armed protesters attacked security forces injuring nine policemen. 

    But opposition coalition the Union for National Salvation (USN) has said 19 people were killed when police broke up a traditional religious ceremony. 

    It alleges security forces then attacked a meeting of opposition figures discussing the crisis, severely beating several of its members, including its president.   

    It has not been possible to independently verify either account. 

    The USN has called for Barack Obama to condemn the crackdown, following the speech he made in neighbouring Ethiopia in July, where he criticised African leaders for not ceding power when their terms ended. 

    View more on twitter

    President Ismail Omar Guelleh has been in power since 1999, and is due to run for a fourth term in April 2016, having amended the constitution to extend his time in office. 

    Djibouti has great strategic importance for the US, which has a huge military base in the small East African nation, used to carry out air strikes against militant Islamists in the region.

    View more on twitter

    Read more: Why are there so many military bases in Djibouti?

  7. UN peacekeepers set off on Kilimanjaro 'peace climb'

    We wrote earlier (14:24) about two Indian soldiers from the UN's peacekeeping mission in South Sudan (Unmiss) getting ready to climb Mount Kilimanjaro  - the highest mountain in Africa - on Christmas day.

    They're hoping to plant the UN flag there as a symbol of peace.

    Unmiss has tweeted this picture of the peacekeepers, and the rest of the team, before setting off:

    View more on twitter
  8. Kagame: 'African leaders should do better'

    Rwanda's President Paul Kagame has been holding a press conference at the end of the annual retreat for government officials.

    According to the Twitter account from the office of the presidency he has been musing on leadership on the continent:

    View more on twitter

    Last week, 98% Rwandans voted in favour of changing Rwanda's constitution to allow President Kagame to run for office again.

    The move has been criticised by some, but the president mocked that criticism:

    View more on twitter
  9. Adele cover version under fire in Kenya

    Adele's recent release "Hello" (780 million views on YouTube and counting) has now been covered and remixed in many languages, and it's a version by a Kenyan artist Jimmy Gait that seems to have got a lot of Kenyans hot under the collar.

    View more on youtube

    In Adele's version she takes on the role of a woman trying to get in touch with her ex-boyfriend, but Jimmy Gait, singing in Swahili, takes on the role of God.

    It goes like this:

    Hello, it’s your God. I see nowadays you are not with me

    Hello can you hear me; you were close to me, reading your Bible and daily prayer.

    Hello, why now?

    Hello why now are you with one night stands, why the alcohol?

    Hello from the other side, I am calling you, to tell you that I want you to be with me, why are you pretending to be busy?

    In response, one Twitter user apologises on behalf of Kenyans:

    View more on twitter

    Another wonders why Kenyans are being punished:

    View more on twitter

    Jimmy Gait is quoted on a Kenyan website as saying he's not bothered by the criticism.

    “I love my fans and critics as well, because they keep me focused. I actually wish all my fans and critics a Merry Christmas,” he said.

    A different Swahili version by Dela has got much more positive reviews:

    View more on youtube
  10. Ex-Ivory Coast international still missing

    Nick Cavell

    BBC Africa Sport

    There is still no news of the whereabouts of the former Ivory Coast international Steve Gohouri, who has now been missing for 11 days, according to his German club TSV Steinbach.

    A club spokesman told the BBC that they have not heard from the 34-year-old since he attended his German club's Christmas party on 11 December after which he was due to head to see his family in Paris. 

    The club said the Ivory Coast embassy in Germany has been in touch as well to ask for updates. 

    Steinbach are currently on their winter break and so Gohouri has not missed any training or matches with the squad due back on 6 January. 

    Steve Gohouri

    Read the full story

  11. Nigeria's opposition criticises Buhari budget

    Nigeria's opposition People's Democratic Party (PDP) has accused the president of mortgaging the country's future in his 2016 budget announced today.

    President Muhammadu Buhari said the government would spend $31bn next year, but would need to borrow $11bn to cover the budget deficit - the difference between spending and government income.

    The PDP has described this as the biggest amount that government has borrowed "in the history of the nation".

    "We have it on good authority that this is the first in the series of borrowings which would leave the future generation of Nigerians under the burden of huge debts after four years," the party said.  

    Image caption: President Muhammadu Buhari said the extra spending would go on developing infrastructure
  12. BreakingRwanda genocide suspects will not be extradited, UK court rules

    Angus Crawford

    BBC News correspondent, Westminster Magistrates Court

    A judge in London has ruled that five men accused of taking part in the Rwandan genocide should not be extradited to face trial. 

    The men were arrested in 2013 after an extradition request from the Rwandan government. 

    All were accused of taking an active part in the killings of Tutsis and Hutu moderates in 1994. 

    Today they were told by district judge Emma Arbuthnot that their extradition could not go ahead. 

    There was applause from friends and family of the men in the public gallery. 

    The Crown Prosecution Service has indicated it will appeal against the ruling. 

  13. Climbing Kilimanjaro for peace

    Ibrahim Haithar

    BBC Monitoring, Nairobi

    Two Indian peacekeepers from UN mission in South Sudan are part of a team that has embarked on an expedition to climb Tanzania's Mount Kilimanjaro to convey a message of peace and stability for Africa, Eye Radio in South Sudan's capital, Juba, is reporting.

    Colonel Dipinder Virk is leading the team comprising Major Vikash Kumar and Major Liviu Chende from Romania and hopes to reach the continent’s highest peak at a height of 5,895m (19,340 feet) on Christmas day. 

    In a message of peace, the three men plan to hoist the UN flag at the summit.

  14. SA MP returns to oppositon after sharing apartheid message

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    The expulsion of the South African MP Dianne Kohler Barnard's from the main opposition the Democratic Alliance (DA) has been lifted by the party's appeals panel but with conditions.

    The experienced MP was expelled from the DA in October this year after she shared a post on Facebook which suggested that public services in South Africa were better during apartheid and called for the return of former President PW Botha.

    Ms Kohler Barnard was told to pay 20,000 rand ($1320, £888) to a charity working with communities disadvantaged by apartheid.

    Facebook post
    Image caption: Ms Kohler Barnard said she did not read the whole post before sharing it
  15. Egyptian city introduces women-only buses

    BBC Monitoring

    Egypt has introduced women-only buses in the Nile Delta city of Damanhour, the first time the measure has been introduced anywhere in the country, state-owned Ahram Online reports

    Officials say the main reason for the move is to ease overcrowding, not to combat sexual harassment. 

    Six out of 66 government-owned buses in the city have been allocated for women only, one of which is reserved just for women with disabilities, a local official told Ahram Online. 

    Egyptian-American writer Mona Eltahawy posted her reaction the policy on Twitter: 

    Read more: Why is sexual harassment in Egypt so bad?

  16. Nigeria president notes problems from low oil price

    The full text of Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari's budget speech has been published on his spokesperson's Facebook page.

    The president has boosted spending to $31bn - but acknowledged that the declining price of oil is causing difficulties:

    Quote Message: This huge decline is having a painful effect on our economy... employers have struggled to meet their salary and other employee related obligations."

    Mr Buhari said he wanted to invest extra money in developing the infrastructure in Africa's largest economy, but he also wants there to be a focus on tackling youth unemployment:

    Quote Message: We believe that this budget... will as a matter of urgency, address the immediate problems of youth unemployment and the terrible living conditions of the extremely poor and vulnerable Nigerians."
  17. Muslim women ‘gave Christians hijabs’ to protect them in al-Shabab attack

    A teacher who was wounded in yesterday's al-Shabab attack on a bus in Kenya has told the BBC’s Bashkas Jugsooday more about how Muslims saved Christians from the gunmen:

    “They [the militants] told us 'if you are a Muslim you are safe'. There were some people who were not Muslim. They hid their heads. They hid themselves in the group.

    "Then some Muslim women on the bus gave their hijabs to the non-Muslim women. 

    "The women then looked like Muslims so they could not be identified.”

    Read more: Kenyan Muslims shield Christians in Mandera bus attack

    mandera map
  18. Papa Diack denies corruption in athletics doping case

    Papa Diack

    World athletics' ex-marketing consultant Papa Massata Diack "totally rejects" accusations he had any role in alleged extortion and bribery.

    Diack, son of Senegalese ex-IAAF president Lamine Diack, is accused by French prosecutors of being part of an alleged "system of corruption" involving the blackmail of athletes who had failed drug tests.

    He faces a possible life ban following an IAAF disciplinary hearing last week.

    The organisation charged Diack Jr and three other men with ethics violations.

    "There was no extortion of funds from any athlete," he told the BBC.

    Read more from BBC Sport.

  19. Borrowing to rise in Nigeria

    Theo Leggett

    BBC Business News Reporter

    Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has presented his first national budget to parliament since coming to power in May.

    It comes at a time when the price of oil - Nigeria's dominant export - is plummeting.  

    Mr Buhari said the government planned to spend almost $31bn (£21bn) in 2016, an increase of 20%.

    He said that spending would focus on improving infrastructure and competitiveness. 

    As a result the budget deficit, the gap between what the government earns and what it spends, is expected to double to $11bn, which will be funded by a significant rise in borrowing.

    Image caption: President Muhammadu Buhari became president in May after being sworn in