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Summary

  1. Explosion on a bus carrying presidential guard in Tunisia's capital, Tunis
  2. At least 11 people have died according to interior ministry
  3. A prestigious fashion show has been cancelled in Niger over terror fears
  4. Kenya athletes' protest called off in favour of dialogue
  5. Tanzania's new president cancels independence day celebrations
  6. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Tuesday 24 November 2015

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

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  1. That's all for today - back tomorrow

    Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Listen to the Africa Today podcast and keep up-to-date with stories from across the continent on our BBC News website.

    Today's African proverb: "What is death to a frog is fun to a child." Sent by Daniel T Williams, Maryland, Liberia, and Bill, in Minneapolis, US.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

    We leave you with these pictures of last-minute preparations in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, for the arrival of Pope Francis who is due to arrive on Wednesday on the first leg of his African tour.

    Men preparing road side
    Pope poster
    Sewing papal robes
  2. Tunisia bus explosion: Analysis

    Naveena Kottoor

    Tunisia

    Details of the deadly blast are still coming in, but already Tunisians are bewildered and shocked that the explosion happened in the very centre of the capital, Tunis.

    The tree-lined Mohamed V Avenue, where the blast occurred, is not only in walking distance to many well-guarded ministries, but also close to cafes, shops, and cinemas.

    At the time of the explosion, the area was busy with cars and pedestrians heading home during rush hour.

    Equally shocking to many here is that - if reports of an attack are confirmed - the attackers were able to get so close to members of the Tunisian Presidential Guard.

    Both the Prime Minister as well as the Interior Minister have arrived on the scene.

    The Tunisian government had tightened security following two Islamist militant attacks this year, with a high number of security forces visible and present very close to where the explosion happened.

  3. Tunis airport closed

    Local Mosaique FM radio is reporting that the Tunis' international airport has been closed, along with other "tourist zones" in the capital. 

    View more on twitter
  4. 'At least 35 ' on board Tunis bus

    Rana Jawad

    BBC News, Tunis

    The explosion targeted a bus which was carrying the presidential guards, and reports are saying that it had at least 35 people on board.

    The blast happened on the Mohamed V Avenue - one of the main roads in the city which saw many people gathering in 2011 to protest against then President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

    The site of the blast is 1km from the ministry of the interior and it's a highly secure area.

    This, I believe, is the first attack of its kind in Tunis - the attack on the Bardo Museum in March was carried out by gunmen.

  5. '14 deaths' in bus explosion

    The AFP news agency reports that the the number of deaths in the Tunis bus explosion has now risen to 14, quoting the Tunisian interior ministry.

  6. Tunis security level 'raised 10 days ago'

    The Associated Press news agency says that today's blast in Tunisia's capital comes 10 days after the security level was raised in Tunis.

    It says that security forces have recently been deployed in large numbers.

    There have been two militant Islamist attacks in Tunisia this year: one targeting a museum in March killing 22 people and an attack on a beach resort in Sousse in June killing 38.

  7. Two buses may have been affected in Tunis

    Rana Jawad

    BBC News, Tunis

    A witness talking on local radio said that two buses carrying presidential guards were caught up in the explosion, but one was damaged much more than the other.

  8. Photos of Tunis city centre after blast

    Independent journalist Safa Said has tweeted this photo from Mohamed V Avenue in Tunisia's capital, Tunis, the road on which the bus explosion took place: 

    View more on twitter
  9. Cause of Tunis explosion not clear

    The Reuters news agency is quoting security and presidential sources saying that it is not clear if the explosion on the bus carrying members of the presidential guard was caused by a bomb or something fired at the bus.

    The interior ministry is being quoted as saying that 11 people have died.

  10. '11 dead' in Tunis bus explosion

    Local Jawhara FM is reporting that 11 people have now been confirmed dead in the Tunis bus explosion, quoting the Tunisian interior ministry.

    It posted this picture on its website showing the burnt-out remains of a bus.

    screengrab from Jawhara FM
  11. Tunis explosion happened at rush hour

    Rana Jawad

    BBC News, Tunis

    The bus explosion took place during the rush hour in Tunisia's capital, Tunis.

    The roads were already clogged up because of heavy rain and flooding in places.

    The explosion happened when the bus was either outside or near the the former headquarters of the party of deposed president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

    The bus was carrying members of the presidential guard.

    Six people have died and there are several injuries according to a spokesperson at the interior ministry.

  12. 'At least six dead' in Tunis blast

    Reuters news agency is quoting a Tunisian interior ministry spokesman saying that at least six people have died in the bus explosion.

  13. Explosion on one of Tunis' main roads

    The explosion on a bus in Tunisia's capital, Tunis, is reported to have happened on the one of the city's main roads, Mohamed V Avenue.

    You can see the road's location here

  14. 'Deaths' reported in Tunisia bus explosion

    The AFP news agency is quoting Tunisia's interior ministry saying that there have been deaths on a bus in the capital, Tunis, which was hit by an explosion.

  15. Tunis blast reported on state TV

    Tunisian state TV is reporting that there has been an attack on a bus carrying presidential guards in the centre of the capital, Tunis.

  16. Kenya athletes' protest called off

    The protest by Kenyan athletes against the sport's governing body has been called off.

    The president of the Professional Athletes Association of Kenya Wilson Kipsang says dialogue is the way forward.

    A group of athletes had occupied the headquarters of Athletics Kenya (AK) on Monday complaining about the organisation's leadership and the way AK was run.

    Athletes' protest
  17. BreakingReports of blast in Tunisian capital Tunis

    There are multiple reports on social media of an explosion in the Tunisian capital, Tunis.

    Two people were killed in the explosion which targeted a bus carrying Tunisian security forces, pan-Arab news network Al Arabiya reports

    More details to follow.

  18. Malawi requests funds to battle climate change

    Malawi is one of the world's poorest countries, where the majority of people have no electricity.

    In spite of its lack of wealth, the African nation has promised to join the battle against climate change, but on the condition that richer countries provide the necessary funding.

    A major UN Climate Change Conference is due to begin in Paris next week.

    Watch Roger Harrabin's video report here

    people walking their bicycles in malawi
  19. Niger government wanted fashion festival cancelled

    The organiser of Niger's prestigious Fima fashion festival Alphadi has said its cancellation was not his choice (see 15:29 entry).

    He told journalists in Niger's capital Niamey that "it was the government's choice because of what is happening in the world, especially in Mali".

    Screen grab from website

    Fima is supposed to be a festival of peace, culture and development as the poster says.

  20. Pirates attack fishing trawlers off Somalia coast

    Somali pirate
    Image caption: Piracy in Somalia has declined since foreign navies started patrols

    Pirates have attacked two foreign fishing trawlers off Somalia's coast, seizing the crew of one of them, maritime experts and residents say.

    A Thai trawler managed to escape, following a failed attempt on Monday to hijack it in waters off central Somalia, residents told the BBC.

    Pirates had seized an Iranian-flagged vessel's 15 crew after an attack in northern Somalia, officials said.

    Ships and their crew are mostly held for ransom in Somalia.

    Piracy in the region was at its worst in 2011, when more than 700 people were taken hostage.

    There has been a sharp decline since then, though about 56 foreigners are still being held by pirates in Somalia, according to the AFP news agency.

    Read more in BBC News story here.

  21. South African Airways 'ludicrous' to block article publication

    South African Airways jet on the runway
    Image caption: South African Airways is "technically insolvent" and has been relying on government money to prop up its operations

    South African Airways (SAA) has been heavily criticised for serving a court order to prevent the publication of a negative article about the airline's financial troubles.

    The article in Business Day newspaper cited an internal memo, warning the company's CEO that the airline would need to secure extra government money to be able to pay its debts.

    The court order came too late to stop the print publication of the article, though the online version of the article has now been removed. 

    Business Day attacked the national air carrier in a separate article on it website, arguing that their story was very much in the public interest:

    "SAA is a public institution that continues to receive billions of rand in taxpayer bail-outs. It is ludicrous to suggest, as they do, that the public is not entitled to know the real state of the organisation." 

    Business Day's editor has been tweeting about the story:

    View more on twitter

    Mr Zibi also posted a photo of the court order which the newspaper received in the early on Tuesday morning: 

    View more on twitter
  22. Top fashion festival cancelled over terror fears

    One of Africa's foremost fashion shows, the biennial Fima festival in Niger, has been called off amid fears of miltancy.

    The couturier Alphadi, who organises the event, said it had been postponed because of recent attacks in Paris and Mali, where 22 people were killed in a raid on a luxury hotel last week.

    Around 1,000 designers, models and celebrities were due to gather for the event starting on Wednesday.

    The last show in 2013 was held under tight security over fears of an attack from Al-Qaeda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb - Aqim.

    Model at Fima
    Image caption: Fima has attracted designers from across Africa
  23. Keeping up appearances

    Chris Ewokor

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    If you own a broken down car there is a way to show your neighbours that you could once afford to run a vehicle.

    Battered old car

    For the past eight months I've been seeing this car in the Dutse Alhaji suburb of Nigeria's capital, Abuja.

    One theory is that the owner removed the tyres to stop it being stolen, and may now be waiting for his circumstances to improve so that he can get it back on the road again.

    Though there's quite a lot of dust to get rid of first.

  24. Egypt hotel attack: Four killed in Sinai

    Debris from attack site, el-Arish, 24 Nov
    Image caption: The attack was a sophisticated three-pronged assault

    Two suicide bombers and a gunman have killed four people in an attack on a hotel in North Sinai, Egyptian officials say.

    The attackers, who targeted the Swiss Inn hotel in provincial capital el-Arish, were all killed, they said.

    Guards fired on a car laden with explosives, which blew up, but two attackers entered the hotel, killing a judge.

    The so-called Islamic State's local affiliate, Sinai Province, said it carried out the attack.

    Twelve people were also wounded in the incident, a military statement said.

  25. Burundi suspends civil society groups

    Burundi has suspended 10 civil society groups, accusing them of inciting violence.

    The non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have already had their bank accounts frozen.

    The groups include the Association for the Protection of Human Right and Detained Persons, whose leader Pierre Claver Mbonimpa survived an assassination attempt in August.

    On Monday, the US said it would impose sanctions on four current and former Burundian government officials.

    Burundi protester
    Image caption: Political tension in Burundi followed April's announcement by President Nkurunziza that he would run for a third term

    More than 200 people have been killed in violence since April, when President Pierre Nkurunziza announced he would seek a third term in office.

  26. SA government challenges text book ruling

    Pumza Fihlani

    BBC News, Johannesburg

    South Africa's Department of Basic Education is appealing a High Court ruling on what is known here as the "Limpopo textbook case" in the Supreme Court of Appeal.

    A public law charity, Section 27, took the government to court for failing to deliver textbooks to students in Limpopo province in 2012.

    Last year, the court ruled the department violated pupils' rights to education by failing to deliver textbooks in the province.

    The story made national headlines with many highlighting the impact this would have on learners.

    But the government argued that the teachers would be able to teach without text books.

    It said ensuring that books were promptly delivered to all schools was tantamount to "an impossible standard of perfection" and that the court should rather ask whether the government has taken "all reasonable measures" to fulfil the right.

  27. Google marks Lucy anniversary

    Google is marking the 41st anniversary of the discovery of the skeleton of a female human ancestor in north-east Ethiopia with an animated doodle.

    Google doodle

    The woman of the-then unknown species Australopithecus afarensis is commonly known as Lucy and lived more than three million years ago.

    At the time of the discovery, she was the most ancient early human - or hominin - who had ever been found.

    She was called Lucy because the team which discovered her in Ethiopia's Afar region were listening to the Beatles' song Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds the night after the discovery and someone suggested it as a good name.

    Lucy skeleton
    Image caption: The skeleton has been on display in museums around the world

    Read more about Lucy here.

  28. Nigeria cuts interest rates

    The Nigerian Central Bank has cut its key interest rates from 13% to 11%, a Bloomberg news agency correspondent in Lagos reports.

    The graph below posted by one Twitter user shows interest rates over recent years:

    View more on twitter
  29. Africans among those stuck at Macedonia crossing

    About 1,000 migrants are stuck on Greece's border with Macedonia because they are being told that only those that can prove they are escaping war in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan can pass.  

    The BBC's Ed Thomas is at the scene, where some people are now starting to protest about their path being blocked: 

    View more on twitter
  30. Egypt plane crash: Airlines cancel more Sharm el-Sheikh flights

    ba aeroplane

    British Airways has joined low-cost British air carrier Easyjet in cancelling flights to the Egyptian holiday resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

    British Airways has cancelled flights up to and including 14 January while Easyjet has suspended flights until at least 6 January.

    A Russian passenger plane travelling from there was brought down by a bomb in Egypt's Sinai peninsula on 31 October, killing all 224 people on board.

    Read the full BBC news story

  31. Algerian media reports on refugee camp blaze

    More details are emerging about the fire at a refugee camp in southern Algeria, which killed 18 African migrants.

    About 40 others were injured in the blaze in Ourgla province, according to the state-run Algerian Press Service.

    The region has become a route for migrants and refugees fleeing poverty and violence in neighbouring Mali and Niger, and trying to get into Europe.

    algeria press service grab of fire
    Image caption: APS has been running the story prominently on its website
  32. Tanzanians 'should clean and not party on independence day'

    Sammy Awami

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    Tanzania's new President John Magufuli pulled a surprise with the cancellation of independence day celebrations.

    For the first time in 50 years, Tanzanians won't gather for speeches, traditional dances, military parades and flypasts.

    Instead, President Magufuli wants citizens to gather and clean markets, schools and and public spaces.

    Magufuli
    Image caption: President John Magufuli was sworn in on 5 November

    The president's spokesperson says the money will now be spent on combatting cholera, a chronic problem in many poor suburbs lacking proper sanitation.

    This cancellation is the latest cost-saving measure to be announced by the head of state since taking office nearly three weeks ago.

  33. Kenya declares public holiday for Pope visit

    Memorabilia for the Pope's visit is already popping up around Nairobi

    The Kenyan government has announced a public holiday on Thursday to coincide with Pope Francis' visit.

    He arrives in Kenya tomorrow on the first leg of his African tour, where he will also travel to Uganda and the Central African Republic.

    pope t-shirt worn by a Kenyan ahead of his visit

    Workers have been painting, cleaning and generally sprucing up all the places the Pope is due to visit during his three days in Kenya.

    picture of
    Image caption: "Welcome to Kenya" reads one banner in Swahili at the University of Nairobi
  34. Al-Shabab wants IS to back off in East Africa

    Tomi Oladipo

    BBC Monitoring Africa security correspondent

    members of Somalia"s al-Shabab jihadist movement seen during exercises at their military training camp outside Mogadishu in 2008
    Image caption: Al-Shabab has so far avoided large-scale defections of its members to IS

    Somalia's militant Islamist movement al-Shabab is battling to keep the loyalty of its fighters, as the Islamic State (IS) group tries to gain a foothold in East Africa.

    IS achieved a major boost in March this year when it won the loyalty of the main jihadi group in West Africa - Boko Haram - which is based in Nigeria, Africa's most populous state.

    But East Africa - which has a longer history of militant Islamist activity - has so far remained out of its grasp, mainly because of the al-Shabab leadership's loyalty to al-Qaeda.

    However, some cracks may be starting to appear in that unified position.

    Read Tomi's full analysis here

  35. Boy dies of Ebola in Liberia

    Jonathan Paye-Layleh

    BBC Africa, Monrovia

    A 15-year-old boy who tested positive for Ebola last week in Liberia has died, becoming the first victim since the country was declared free of the virus in September, health officials have told the BBC.

    The boy died on Monday afternoon at a treatment centre near the capital, Monrovia, where his father and brother, the only two other confirmed Ebola cases in the country, are also being treated.

    Liberia has seen more than 10,000 Ebola cases and more than 4,000 deaths.

    Sierra Leone was officially declared free of Ebola by the World Health Organization (WHO) earlier this month.

    ebola datapic
  36. Kenyan protesting athletes wait for solutions

    The headquarters of Athletics Kenya in Nairobi are deserted as an athletes' protest against the organisation's leadership enters its second day.

    Athletes have been occupying the office compound and not allowing officials inside.

    Empty offices

    The BBC's John Nene has been snapping pictures of some of those who have turned out to support the protest, including former international athlete Stephen Ole Marai.

    Stephen Ole Marai

    John says that the protesting athletes are now waiting for their leaders who have met the country's sports minister in a bid to resolve the issues.

    Athletes' placard
  37. South Africa avoids recession

    Matthew Davies

    Africa Business Report editor, Johannesburg

    South Africa has narrowly avoided recession.

    The latest GDP figures show that in the third quarter the economy grew by 0.7% as compared to the previous three months - in the second quarter that figure was -1.3%.

    Had today's figure been negative as well, that would have put South Africa into a technical recession.

    But the GDP number for the quarter was considerably below the 1.1% growth that economists were broadly expecting.

    Worries are growing over South Africa's economic plight.

    It has a number of problems, ranging from growing deficits, to a weakness in the rand, to falling commodity prices, a lingering power crisis and a drought which, despite some recent rainfall, in some areas still threatens much of the country's agricultural output.

    SA coins
    Image caption: There have been concerns about the weakness of the rand
  38. Ghana opposition in outcry over raid

    Sammy Darko

    BBC Africa, Accra

    NPP HQs ransacked

    The front pages of many of Ghanaian newspapers are dominated this morning by a row over a raid on the offices of Ghana's main opposition New Patriotic Party (NPP) in the capital, Accra.

    The NPP, which says armed men and a gang of youths broke into their offices at dawn on Monday, has accused the government of involvement in the raid.

    It also reports several computer hard drives were removed.

    If confirmed, it would constitute a "grievous attack on Ghana's democracy", according to NPP communications director Nana Akomea.

    Neither the military nor the ruling NDC have commented on the allegations.

    Newspaper headline
  39. Easyjet airline cancels flights to Sharm el-Sheikh

    Easyjet has now cancelled all flights between the Egyptian resort of Sharm el-Sheikh and the UK until 6 January.

    The airline, along with other carriers, had cancelled all outbound flights to Sharm el-Sheikh up to this week.

    Easyjet said the latest move was to provide some certainty to passengers travelling over the Christmas period.

    British tourists at Sharm el-Sheikh airport

    Flights were halted after the UK government said the Sinai plane crash, which killed 224 people on 31 October, may have been caused by a bomb. That theory has been backed up by preliminary investigations from US and Russian intelligence agencies.

  40. Tanzania's Magufuli scraps independence day celebration

    Tanzania's newly elected President John Magufuli has cancelled independence day celebrations, due in a fortnight, and has ordered a clean-up campaign instead.

    "It is so shameful that we are spending huge amounts of money to celebrate 54 years of independence when our people are dying of cholera," he was quoted on state television as saying.

    Magufuli
    Image caption: President John Magufuli was sworn in on 5 November

    Cholera has killed about 60 people in Tanzania in the last three months.

    Correspondents say many people have welcomed Mr Magufuli's announcement, as it shows his commitment to ending lavish spending and tackling the cholera outbreak which has caused widespread concern.

    Read more in the BBC News story

  41. Fire in migrant camp in Algeria 'kills 18'

    A fire in a camp for migrants in Algeria has killed 18 people, the AFP news agency is reporting.

    The camp is in Ouargla, about 800km (500 miles) south-east of the capital Algiers.

    It began at 02:00 GMT according to an emergency services official quoted by AFP.

    It's suspected that the fire was started as a result of the migrants trying to keep warm.

    The nationalities of those who died is not yet known.

  42. Modified mosquitoes 'resist malaria'

    US scientists say they have bred a genetically modified (GM) mosquito that can resist malaria infection.

    If the lab technique works in the field, it could offer a new way of stopping the biting insects from spreading malaria to humans, they say.

    The scientists put a new "resistance" gene into the mosquito's own DNA, using a gene editing method called Crispr.

    And when the GM mosquitoes mated - their offspring inherited the same resistance.

    mosquito

    In theory, if these mosquitoes bite people, they should not be able to pass on the parasite that causes malaria.

    More than 90% of malaria deaths are in sub-Saharan Africa, the World Health Organization says.

    Read more in this BBC News story.

  43. Athletics Kenya says runners' protest is 'illegal'

    John Nene

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    Athletics Kenya (AK) boss Isaiah Kiplagat has described as "illegal" the action of some athletes to occupy the sport's headquarters in the capital, Nairobi.

    Protesters from the Professional Athletes Association of Kenya (PAAK) occupied the compound yesterday and refused to allow officials in. Some have spent the night there.

    They are complaining about alleged corruption in AK.

    Mr Kiplagat said if the PAAK had any documentary evidence they should go to court.

    "What they've done is unacceptable," he added. "I'm speaking to the authorities now, We should be able to sort it out today."

    Kenya protesters
  44. Egypt bomb attack kills three

    Officials in Egypt say a suicide car-bomber has killed at least three people outside a hotel in northern Sinai - 15 others were wounded.

    Those killed include a police officer and a judge who had been overseeing Monday's second round of parliamentary elections.

    One report says the attacker detonated the bomb when he was stopped at a checkpoint in front of the hotel.

    It is not clear who planned the attack.

  45. Wise words

    Today's African proverb: "What is death to a frog is fun to a child." Sent by Daniel T Williams, Maryland, Liberia, and Bill, in Minneapolis, US.

    Frog

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

  46. Good morning

    Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news stories on the continent.