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Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

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  1. Scroll down for Thursday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all for today from the BBC Africa Live page. For coverage of the release of the long-awaited report into the Marikana massacre in South Africa visit the BBC News website.

    A reminder of today's African proverb is: Unexpected rainfall allows goats and sheep to seek shelter under the same roof. Sent by Henson King, Monrovia, Liberia.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this photo of university students scaling the fence of the US embassy in Burundi's capital, Bujumbura, as tensions continue ahead of Monday's parliamentary election:

    Burundian students jump over the fence of the US embassy compound in Bujumbura on 25 June 2015
  2. US view of Rwanda case

    As Rwandan spy chief Karenzi Karake awaits a full extradition hearing on 29 and 30 October, here's a reminder of what we know about how the US views the Spanish war crimes charges he's facing.

    A leaked cable from the U.S. Embassy in Kigali to the U.S. State Department in 2008 entitled, The Spanish indictments: Outrageous and Inaccurate, gives this summary:

    "The Spanish indictment of 40 Rwandan military officers offers an unrecognizable version of some of the most painful and violent episodes in Rwanda's history, distorting the established record, inventing mass killings, placing the blame for any misfortune Rwandans have suffered (including the 1994 genocide) on the Kagame government.

    "It is a bloated political tract, sloppily organized and endlessly repetitive, and, ultimately, a disservice to those Rwandans who suffered real losses from revenge killings by the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), the armed forces of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)."

    Rwandan Justice Minister Johnson Businge after Thursday's court hearing in London
    Image caption: Rwandan Justice Minister Johnson Businge after Thursday's court hearing in London
  3. Karake bail joy

    There was a joyful reaction outside a court in London after Rwandan spy chief Karenzi Karake was granted bail:

    supporters of gen karake outside the London court

    Focus On Africa TV's Zoe Curtis was down at the court, where a small crowd danced in celebration at the ruling:

    View more on twitter
  4. Congo airport upgraded

    The international airport in the Democratic Republic of Congo's capital, Kinshasa, has been upgraded for the first time in about 60 years with the opening of a new terminal and control tower, Minister of Transport and Communications Justin Kalumba Mwana Ngongo has said, the AFP news agency reports.

    He said that about $159m (£101m) was invested to upgrade the Kinshasa airport, and the three other major ones in the cities of Lubumbashi, Kisangani and Goma.

    kinshasa airport
    Image caption: A series of explosions blamed on a nearby ammunitions store caused chaos at the airport in 2000
  5. Burundi speaker flees

    Anne Soy

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    Burundi's National Assembly Speaker Pie Ntavyohanyuma is reported to have fled to Belgium, adding to a growing list of critics of President Pierre Nkurunziza who have gone into exile.

    He holds Belgian citizenship, as does second Vice-President Gervais Rufyikiri who fled to Belgium on Wednesday, saying he feared for his life.

    Both have been critical of Mr Nkurunziza's decision to run for a third term in presidential elections due next month.

    A member of the military watches as cyclists race down a Bujumbura street during a government organized "transport bicycle race" in the capital city on 20 June 2015 in Bujumbura, Burundi
    Image caption: Mr Nkurunziza survived an attempt to topple him last month

    Meanwhile, anonymous pamphlets are circulating in Burundi's capital, Bujumbura, warning people against voting in Monday's parliamentary poll.

  6. Burundi defection analysis

    Venuste Nshimiyimana

    BBC Africa

    The fleeing of another high-profile Burundian may look like a further blow to President Pierre Nkurunziza, but it is not clear how much impact it will have as vice-president Gervais Rufyikiri had already been sidelined by the governing CNDD-FDD party.

    Gervais Rufyikiri
    Image caption: Mr Rufyikiri said he feared for his life

    His open opposition to the president's third-term bid and an alleged link to May's failed coup attempt led to him being pushed out of the party's influential circles.

    If Mr Rufyikiri had made the move earlier then it would have been a more powerful gesture, but just days before parliamentary elections and a fortnight before the presidential poll it seems too late to change things in Burundi.

  7. Video of Kigali protests

    Freelance journalist Jesko Johannsen has been posting videos on twitter of the protest by hundreds of Rwandans at the British High Commission in the capital Kigali over the arrest of spy chief Karenzi Karake:

    View more on twitter
  8. Rwanda bail welcomed

    Rwanda's high commissioner to the UK, Williams Nkurunziza, has welcomed a London court's decision to free intelligence chief Karenzi Karake on $1.6m bail.

    "I'm very happy but I would have been happier if he would have been allowed to return. This is the best it gets with this legal system," Mr Nkurunziza told the AFP news agency.

  9. Rwanda bail offer rejected

    Rwanda's government offered about $315,000 as bail for spy chief Karenzi Karake during his court appearance in London, but the judge set the amount at $1.6m.

    Mr Karake was arrested in London on Saturday under a Spanish indictment for war crimes.

  10. BreakingBreaking News

    Rwandan spy chief Karenzi Karake has been granted bail at a court hearing in London, following his arrest under a Spanish indictment for war crimes.

  11. Rwanda spy chief in court hearing

    Rwandan spy chief Karenzi Karake has appeared in court in London following his arrest by UK authorities under a Spanish indictment for war crimes.

    In an unexpected development Cherie Booth, wife of former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, was seen arriving at court (centre below), and was later confirmed as one of Gen Karake's defence lawyers. 

    View more on twitter

    Guardian journalist Peter Walker has been live tweeting from the hearing:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  12. Rwanda spy chief in court

    Rwanda's intelligence chief Karenzi Karake has appeared in court in London following his arrest on Saturday on war crimes charges.

    Mr Karake said he did not consent to extradition to Spain, which wants to try him for atrocities he allegedly committed after the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.

    Protesters outside court
    Image caption: The spy chief's supporters protested outside court
  13. Nigeria chamber adjourns

    Nasidi Adamu Yahya

    BBC Hausa

    Nigeria's House of Representatives has adjourned after a chaotic session which saw lawmakers pushing and shoving as they became involved in a dispute over who will lead the chamber.

  14. Nigeria MPs brawl

    Nasidi Adamu Yahya

    BBC Hausa

    Some Nigerian lawmakers have been assaulting each other in the newly elected House of Representatives, Premium Times newspaper reports.

    The brawl has been caused by a dispute over who will lead the chamber.

    House of Representatives

    Television shows chaotic scenes with no-one in charge.

  15. Argentinian seized in Nigeria

    An Argentinian farm manager has been abducted in central Nigeria by unknown gunmen, police say.

    Santiago Lopez Menendez was seized in the town of Machagu in Niger state.

    At least 10 patrol vans and a special anti-kidnapping team have been deployed to rescue him, the AFP news agency reports.

    The South American, an agronomist, worked for Nigerian Flour Mills Plc, managing two farms, it adds.

  16. Rwanda protest photos

    Fred Mwasa, editor of Kigali Today, has been tweeting pictures of protests taking place across Rwanda at the arrest of the country's intelligence chief in the UK. He says the one below is from the southern Huye district:


    He is also tweeting photos which he says show a separate protest in Nyanza district:

    Nyanza district, south Rwanda
  17. Spy chief 'treated like illegal immigrant'

    Here are some more comments from Rwanda's President Paul Kagame on the arrest of his spy chief Karenzi Karake in London on war crimes charges:

    "They must have mistaken him for an illegal immigrant. The way they treat illegal immigrants is the way they treat all of us.

    "Black people have become targets for shooting practice.

    "It is history repeating itself in a different form. It is a continuation of slavery, of colonialism, of violence and bigotry.

    "We cannot accept that people treat us this way just because they can."

    A photo taken on 18 June 2012 shows General Karenzi Karake during a security meeting in Kinshasa
    Image caption: General Karake was arrested after he flew in from Rwanda
  18. Kagame reacts to arrest

    Rwanda's President Paul Kagame has condemned the arrest of his spy chief in the UK on war crimes charges.

    Karenzi Karake's arrest showed contempt and disdain for Rwanda, and would not be accepted, he said on state television.

    Rwanda's President Paul Kagame addresses a news conference after meeting Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, 16 April 2015

    "What right does this country have to arrest him in this manner? None of them have any basis other than absolute arrogance," he added.

    Mr Kagame accused European countries of racism and trying to humiliate Rwanda to hide their complicity in the 1994 genocide.

    "They want to mask their responsibility by saying it's not us, it is savages of Africa who killed each other," he said.

    He also said Rwandans in the diaspora influenced the decision by UK authorities to arrest Mr Karake.

    Spain wants to try him for alleged atrocities committed after Mr Kagame took power at the end of the 1994 genocide.

  19. Rwanda protest over spy chief arrest

    Thousands of people have protested outside the UK embassy in Rwanda's capital, Kigali, against the arrest in London of Rwanda's intelligence chief Karenzi Karake, the AFP news agency reports.

    "Africa say No to Western neo-colonialism justice," read one placard held up by protesters.

    "Stop confusing the world on genocide," said another, AFP reports.

    Kigali protests
    Image caption: Similar protests were held on Wednesday in the capital Kigali

    Mr Karake is due to appear in a London court following his arrest on Saturday on war crimes charges brought by Spain.

    Spain is demanding his extradition so that he can stand trial.

  20. Keshi 'did not apply for job'

    Oluwashina Okeleji

    BBC Sport, Nigeria

    Nigeria's football coach Stephen Keshi, who met with the Nigeria Football Federation's disciplinary committee on Tuesday to answer questions on why his name appeared on a list of candidates to manage Ivory Coast, has denied he applied for the job.

    Keshi, who signed a new two-year deal with the NFF in April, was on a list of 59 applicants published recently by the Ivorian football federation to succeed Frenchman Herve Renard.

    Ahmed Musa of Nigeria celebrates scoring his team's second goal and his second of the game with head coach Stephen Keshi during the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil Group F match between Nigeria and Argentina at Estadio Beira-Rio on 25 June 2014 in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    But Keshi told officials an agent based in Europe submitted his credentials and application with the Ivorian Football Federation.

    Top NFF official Chris Green has been quoted in the local media as saying they may travel to Abidjan to enable them to "reach a reasonable conclusion" on the matter.

    The NFF executive board will have the final say on Keshi's fate.

  21. UK money 'wasted' in Ethiopia

    UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond has ordered a review into the Foreign Office's aid spending to make sure projects provide value for money. It follows article in The Sun newspaper in the UK highlighting a series of projects it claims are a waste of taxpayers' money.

    Almost $22,000 (£14,000) was spent producing a game show for Ethiopian television which aims to teach young people there about British values.

    In this 7 January 2015 file photo, two quads and a motorbike race during the fourth stage of the Dakar Rally 2015, between Chilecito, Argentina and Copiapo, Chile.
    Image caption: The Dakar rally now takes place in South America

    A project to measure the carbon footprint of the Dakar rally cost about $21,000. They are amongst the examples of aid spending published by the Foreign Office.

    In a statement, a spokesman said although the "vast majority of aid spending promotes UK prosperity and broader stability" there will be a "crackdown on projects that cannot show tax-payers' cash is being spent wisely".

  22. Commuting in Tanzania

    The BBC's Sammy Awami (the one in the fetching pink shirt) has sent us this photo of him commuting to work in Tanzania's commercial capital, Dar es Salaam.

    "In this boiling-hot city, the buses, also known as Daladalas, are never full!" he says.

    tanzania bus very full
  23. Finally, an African superhero

    As a child Roye Okupe was obsessed with superheroes: Batman, Superman, Spiderman, all the classics. 

     But there was one character always missing from his comics: an African superhero. 

    So he decided to create one. E.X.O: The Legend of Wale Williams. The graphic novel is set in a futuristic version of Nigeria, in "Lagoon city" (based on Lagos).

    Okupe spoke to the BBC's Newsday programme about his grand plans for his new creation:

    View more on youtube
  24. Burundians flee

    BBC reporter in Uganda tweets on the refugee crisis that the instability in Burundi is causing:

  25. Mandela grandson and Zuma nephew 'liable' in mining case

    Nelson Mandela's grandson Zondwa Mandela and South African President Jacob Zuma's nephew Khulubuse Zuma have been found liable for asset stripping in a long-running civil case involving a failing gold mine.

    The two, who held senior positions at Aurora Empowerment Systems, will now be liable for a share of the $140m (£90m) damages being sought by the Pamodzi Gold mine's financial administrators.

    Miners protest in Johannesburg
    Image caption: Miners protested in 2011 over unpaid wages

    The damages will include unpaid salaries, pensions and leave payments for workers, who have been campaigning for years to receive a payout.

    Zondwa Mandela (r) pictured with the Williams sisters at an awards ceremony in LA in 2009
    Image caption: Zondwa Mandela (r) pictured with the Williams sisters at an awards ceremony in LA in 2009
  26. South Africa to propose ICC changes

    South Africa would propose amendments to the way the International Criminal Court (ICC) operates, government minister Jeff Radebe has said.

    It may consider withdrawing from the ICC once "all remedies have been exhausted", he added at a post-cabinet media briefing.

    South Africa last week refused to hand Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir to the ICC, despite being a signatory to the Rome Statute which established the court.

  27. South Africa would have 'defied AU'

    South Africa would have breached its agreement with the African Union if it arrested Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, government minister Jeff Radebe has said.

    He was explaining the government's decision to allow Mr Bashir to leave South Africa last week, in defiance of a court ruling.

  28. South Africa explains Bashir case

    South Africa had to balance its obligations to the International Criminal Court (ICC) with its obligations to the African Union (AU), government minister Jeff Radebe has said.

    He was explaining at a media briefing South Africa's refusal to transfer Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir to the ICC to stand trial for alleged genocide and war crimes.

    The AU argues that Mr Bashir enjoys presidential immunity, and the ICC cannot try him.

    Hundreds of supporters welcome Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, centre left, on his arrival from South Africa as he walks through the crowd at the airport in Khartoum, Sudan, Monday, 15 June 2015
    Image caption: Mr Bashir, in white, sees the ICC as a tool of Western powers

    South Africa's High Court said on Wednesday that the government may have committed a crime by allowing Mr Bashir to leave Johannesburg last week in defiance of a judge's ruling that he should remain in the country until a decision was taken on whether to transfer him to the ICC.

    Mr Bashir was in South Africa for an AU summit.

  29. BreakingBreaking News

    South Africa will review its continued backing for the International Criminal Court, government minister Jeff Radebe has said.

    His comments come after South Africa's High Court criticised the government for letting Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir leave the country despite an ICC arrest warrant.

  30. Niger 'kills' Boko Haram militants

    Habiba Adamu

    BBC News, Abuja

    Niger's army killed 15 Boko Haram fighters in land and air operations against the militant Islamist group, the defence ministry has said.

    It did not say whether the operations took place in Niger or Nigeria.

    Boko Haram fighters

    Boko Haram has waged an insurgency in north-eastern Nigeria since 2009 and has been stepping up attacks into Niger and other neighbouring states.

  31. Rwanda spy chief due in court

    Rwanda's spy chief Karenzi Karake is due to appear in court in London following his arrest on Saturday on war crimes charges.

    The court is due to set a date for a hearing on whether he should be extradited to Spain to stand trial.

    General Karenzi Karake (17 December 2010)

    The AFP news agency reports that Spain sent a formal demand to the UK on Wednesday, asking for Gen Karake's extradition.

    He was indicted by a Spanish judge in 2008 for alleged atrocities committed after the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.

  32. Burundi's vice-president goes into exile

    Burundi's second Vice-President Gervais Rufyikiri has gone into exile, saying that he could no longer support "the attitude of the president", who is running for a controversial third term in office.

    Gervais Rufyikiri

    Speaking from Brussels, Mr Rufyikiri told France24 that a third term for the president was unconstitutional, and that Mr Nkurunziza should withdraw his candidacy immediately to enable the country to recover from the current insecurity.

    A government spokesman said Mr Rufyikiri is on a foreign mission.

    Burundi is due to hold parliamentary elections next week and presidential elections on 15 July.

    Rights groups say at least 70 people have been killed in protests in Burundi since Mr Nkurunziza announced in April that he is running for a third term.

  33. Wise words

    Today's African proverb is: Unexpected rainfall allows goats and sheep to seek shelter under the same roof. Sent by Henson King, Monrovia, Liberia.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

  34. Good morning

    Hello and welcome to Wednesday's BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with the news developments on the continent.