Among the new measures is a 22:00 closing time for the hospitality industry, with similar announcements in Scotland and Wales, and a 15-person limit on weddings
Labour has supported the new restrictions but criticised the government, with shadow health secretary Jonathan Ashworth saying the new measures could have been avoided had ministers "fixed testing and tracing". Lib Dem leader Sir Ed Davey said the prime minister "must take responsibility for what has gone wrong"
In Northern Ireland, new rules came into force at 18:00 today with First Minister Arlene Foster describing them as a "wake-up call".
Latest coronavirus news from around the world
Thank you for following our coverage
of the coronavirus pandemic. Here’s a quick reminder of the major stories from around
The US has recorded more than 200,000
deaths and more than 6.8 million cases of the virus, according to Johns Hopkins
University, which is tracking the pandemic.
US President Trump used his speech to
the UN General Assembly to blast China for unleashing “this plague on to the
An EU leaders’ summit was postponed for
a week after European Council President Charles Michel was forced to go into
Cases in Mexico surpassed 700,000, although
the deputy health minister warned that the true number could be much higher.
Early closing 'hurts already fragile pubs'
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Among today's announcements is the introduction of a 10pm closing time for the hospitality industry, as well as a table service-only rule.
The news has been greeted with concern by businesses in the sector.
Tom Stainer, chief executive of the Campaign for Real Ale, said pub customers and publicans wanted to stop the spread of the virus but said the government hadn't shown the evidence that pubs were disproportionately contributing to increased infections.
"It is additional pressure on already fragile pubs which are at real risk of closure," he said, pointing out there was currently no support on offer from the government.
Mr Stainer added the curfew would cut into several hours of "high trading times" at a time when the industry needed to pay off debts after the lockdown.
Andy Lennox, founder of Zim Braai restaurants, said his business had lost 30% of its revenue "overnight" with the 10pm closing time and it was going to be "very difficult".
"The big thing now is what the support going to be, we need some kind of more flexi-furlough brought in that will allow us to add new employees to that, the VAT needs to stay - that 5% is massive," he said.
Mr Lennox added that Eat Out To Help Out had helped in August - but had only made back losses the industry had already suffered.
Pentagon accused of diverting virus funds to military
The US Congress approved a whopping $3tn emergency funding to fight the coronavirus pandemic back in March. But could it be that some of the money did not go to where it was intended?
That is the claim in a Washington Post report, which says $1bn earmarked for the US Defence Department to boost a shortage of medical supplies instead went on patching up gaps in military equipment procurement for items such as jet engines, body armour and uniforms.
Some defence contractors, the Washington Post goes on to say, had already tapped into other bail-out measures, such as the job-protection scheme.
Analysts say officials are struggling to account for some of the Congress-approved funds.
There has been no response yet from the Pentagon.
You can read the story in the Washington Post here.
This is a wake-up call - Arlene Foster
Northern Ireland's First Minister Arlene Foster has described new restrictions in the nation as a "wake-up call".
She said the "tough" new measures, which include banning different households from mixing indoors, were not a second lockdown, while Deputy First Minister Michelle O'Neil called for a big push to curb the rise in cases during a joint televised address.
Mrs Foster said the actions being taken were "designed to prevent the need for a return to lockdown".
"We have risen to the challenge many times before," she said.
Ms O'Neill said: "The choices you make could be the difference between life and death for those closest to you."
The new measures came into effect at 18:00.
What has changed in England?
The government has published its updated guidance for coronavirus measure in England, following Boris Johnson's televised address.
Here are some the changes:
Face coverings - customers in private hire vehicles and taxis must wear face coverings from Wednesday, staff in the hospitality industry will also be required to wear face coverings as will their customers except when seated to eat or drink
Working from home - where it is possible for workers to work from home they should
Businesses - Hospitality businesses must close between 22:00 and 05:00 and food and drink must be table service only
Meeting people - Support groups must now be limited to a maximum of 15 people (beginning on Thursday), as will weddings and civil partnership ceremonies from Monday. Indoor organised sport for over 18s will no longer be exempt from the rule of six
Liberal Democrat leader Sir Ed Davey says the PM "must
take responsibility for what has gone wrong" with "his 'world-beating' test-and-trace system".
He calls it "inexcusable" that this has been "overwhelmed" in recent weeks.
West Ham manager Moyes and two players test positive for Covid-19
West Ham United manager David Moyes and two of his players have tested positive for coronavirus, the club has said.
Moyes, 57, defender Issa Diop, 23, and 24-year-old midfielder Josh Cullen will now be required to self-isolate.
"The manager and both players immediately left the stadium and have returned home," said a club statement.
The club was told of the results ahead of its Carabao Cup tie against Hull City on Tuesday.
Wales and Scotland confirm new measures
Pubs, bars and restaurants in Wales must only provide a table service and will have to close at 22:00 from Thursday, the Welsh First Minister has confirmed.
In a televised address Mark Drakeford warned: "In the weeks and months ahead of us, there is a very real possibility we could see coronavirus regain a foothold in our local communities, towns and cities. None of us wants to see that happen again."
He said some parts of south Wales had seen the sharpest rise in cases and were already under strict local measures but said "we now need to make that difference across Wales".
Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said she recognised the latest restrictions may feel like a "step backwards", but urged Scots to stick with them, insisting they "will make a difference".
She said through collective efforts the virus had been beaten back but warned that over winter "the challenge is once again getting harder".
"But please know that thanks to all your efforts over the last six months, we are in a much stronger position than in the spring," she added. "Cases are rising but less rapidly than back then."
Criticism centres on Test and Trace and business impact
While Labour broadly supports the stricter
measures the party’s criticism centres on two points; the party says the Test
and Trace system isn’t working and it’s repeatedly called for more financial
support for sectors that have been adversely affected by restrictions. That
pressure’s growing; including from some on the Tory benches concerned about the
impact of a restricted economy on businesses.
Labour: Testing warnings were ignored
For Labour, shadow health secretary Jonathan Ashworth says the PM should not be "phasing out" the furlough scheme, which is due to finish at the end of next month.
He tells the BBC preserving public health and the economy does not represent an "either/or" choice for the government.
Mr Ashworth accuses ministers of ignoring "all the warnings" on the coronavirus testing system.
What are the new measures?
Prime Minister Boris Johnson
- in a televised message to the country – reiterated the government’s new “tougher
package of measures” designed to curb the rise in coronavirus infection.
New restrictions for
England are expected to last for the next six months.
These include pubs and
restaurants closing from 10pm, the compulsory wearing of face masks and
coverings for shop workers, people advised to work from home “wherever
possible” and tougher enforcement of rule-breaking.
PM offers a sprinkling of optimism after stark warning earlier
Johnson adopted a similar line to the one he used in Parliament earlier - that of acting now to prevent more onerous restrictions later
Both politically and economically, the government is
desperate to avoid another wholesale lockdown and hopes these measures will
When he addressed MPs earlier, the PM’s assertion that these new measures might be in
place for six months was stark.
Now he’s offering a sprinkling of optimism by
saying things will be better by the spring, but that doesn’t mean the country
isn’t in for a few tough and uncertain months.
PM calls for unity over impact of new restrictions
Some have suggested the government should
allow people to take more personal risk.
Yesterday, the Chief Medical Officer for England, Chris Whitty, said increasing the risk for individuals increased the risk for everyone.
Now, Boris Johnson is echoing that refrain, saying "these risks are not our own" - with Downing Street pushing a sense of national unity and resolve.
Togetherness will get us through - Johnson
The PM tells the UK population: "Never in our history has our collective destiny and our
collective health depended so completely on our individual behaviour."
There will be "great days ahead", he predicts, calling for "discipline", "resolve" and a "spirit of togetherness that will carry us through". That ends Boris Johnson's address.
Tory tensions over extent of today's measures
The prime minister says this approach carries the support of the main parliamentary
parties, but it’s not without question.
There’s still tension in the Conservative party
about whether today's measures go far enough, or indeed too far, and what role Parliament
should have in scrutinising them and signing them off.
And Labour is among the opposition voices
calling for more financial support for affected sectors and improvements to the
Medics 'unanimous things better by spring'
Boris Johnson says bringing in extra restrictions now will keep shops and schools open. Meanwhile, the NHS is "better prepared" than it was when the pandemic first hit the UK, with personal protective equipment, extra beds and Nightingale hospitals in place, he adds.
Doctors and medical advisers are "rightly worried" at the moment, the prime minister says, but they are "unanimous that things will be far better
by the spring", with the "hope" of a vaccine by then and more efficient mass testing.
That is the "hope" and the "dream", he adds.
I don't like doing this, says PM
Boris Johnson says he's "deeply, spiritually reluctant" to curb civil liberties, but the virus can't be allowed to get out of control or NHS patients with "non-Covid needs" will suffer.
Another lockdown would threaten jobs and "the loving human contact" on which we all depend", he adds. Education would suffer and loneliness would grow, the PM argues.
TV statement sign of extraordinary and difficult year
It goes without saying the prime minister only addresses the
nation when No 10 thinks it’s needed.
It is a sign of the extraordinary and
difficult year it's been that this may feel familiar now to some people at home.