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Live Reporting

By Craig Hutchison and Emma Gordon

All times stated are UK

  1. That's all from Holyrood Live

    The legislation was put forward to pave the way for a new independence referendum

    That's all from Holyrood Live on Wednesday 27 November 2019.

    MSPs agreed a compromise that would allow the 2014 independence referendum question to be used again in a future ballot.

    There had been calls for the Electoral Commission to be consulted about the wording of the question.

    However, Holyrood's constitution committee said the question would not need to be tested during the current term as long as MSPs back the move.

    The electoral watchdog would also have some input during the process.

  2. Violence against women and girls 'is never, ever acceptable'

    Equalities Minister Christina McKelvie
    Image caption: Equalities Minister Christina McKelvie

    Equalities Minister Christina McKelvie says government and indeed all parties at Holyrood are working 365 days to end gender-based violence.

    Ms McKelvie said violence against women and girls "is never, ever acceptable" and meaningful action must be taken to stop it.

    The minister cites the Equally Safe strategy as one approach the government is taking to tackle the issue.

    Ms McKelvie tells the chamber she will visit the Dogs Trust Freedom Project in Glasgow tomorrow to highlight The Freedom Project, a dog fostering service for people leaving domestic abuse and going into a refuge.

  3. Equally Safe: Scotland's strategy to eradicate violence against women

    Equally Safe
    Image caption: Equally Safe

    Equally Safe is the name of a Scottish government strategy for preventing and eradicating violence against women and girls

    Aims include early and effective intervention, and promoting positive gender roles.

    "Whatever form it takes, violence against women and girls can have both an immediate and long-lasting impact on the women, children and young people directly involved. It is quite simply unacceptable for modern day Scotland and does not reflect the country of equality we aspire to become."

  4. Education is key to combating gender based violence

    Lib Dem MSP Beatrice Wishart

    Lib Dem Beatrice Wishart told the chamber her constituency of Shetland is blighted by domestic abuse, just like anywhere.

    The MSP says education is key in leading to change, and highlights Scotland's new coercive control laws, which are world leading.

    "No one should be subjected to violence".

  5. Background: New domestic abuse laws: More than 400 crimes recorded

    Coercive behaviour

    More than 400 crimes have been recorded by Police Scotland in the first three months after a new domestic abuse law was introduced.

    The Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act criminalises the "coercive and controlling behaviours" of offenders.

    It created a single offence, carrying a maximum 14-year sentence, covering psychological, financial or sexual abuse.

    So far, 190 cases have been reported to the Crown Office with 13 convictions.

  6. Green MSP highlights role men should play to tackle this issue

    Green MSP John Finnie
    Image caption: Green MSP John Finnie

    John Finnie says he agrees that it is gender inequality that drives gender-based violence.

    The Green MSP highlights the role men should play in resolving these issues.

    He congratulates all the organisations that fight very hard to protect the women and girls in our community.

    The Green MSP cites powerful testimony he heard at a Rape Crisis Scotland meeting.

  7. Young women are being trafficked within Scotland every day

    Tory MSP Margaret Mitchell
    Image caption: Tory MSP Margaret Mitchell

    Tory MSP Margaret Mitchell begins with human trafficking, pointing to four individuals who trafficked four young women from Slovakia to Govanhill.

    The four people who trafficked women and forced their victims into prostitution and sham marriages were jailed earlier this year.

    The women were transported to flats in the Govanhill area between 2011 and 2017, then exploited by the gang. One was sold in the city's Argyle Street.

    However young women are also being trafficked within Scotland every day, says the justice committee convener.

    She calls on people to contact Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111 if they see something that does not feel right and reminds the chamber this can be done anonymously.

  8. Background: Domestic violence killings reach five-year high

    Criminologist Prof Sandra Walklate believes these women are all 'invisible victims of knife crime'
    Image caption: Criminologist Prof Sandra Walklate believes these women are all 'invisible victims of knife crime'

    In September the BBC reported the number of people killed as a result of domestic violence in the UK is at its highest level in five years.

    Last year, 173 people were killed in domestic violence-related homicides, according to data obtained by the BBC from 43 police forces across the UK - an increase of 32 deaths on 2017.

    One criminologist described them as "invisible victims of knife crime".

    Read more here.

  9. Rape prosecution rates are too low says Labour MSP

    Claudia Beamish
    Image caption: Claudia Beamish

    Labour MSP Claudia Beamish congratulates Emma Forbes for the GlassWalls project.

    95% of rapes had a woman victim in 2014-15, she says, adding that rape is about power.

    Ms Beamish says she is committed to holding offenders to account, saying prosecution rates are too low.

    She adds that a Dogs Trust campaign to give foster care to pets will encourage more women to leave violent partners.

  10. Background: 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence

    16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence
    Image caption: 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence

    The 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence against women is an international campaign originating from the first Women’s Global Leadership Institute. “16 Days,” as it has become known, was launched and continues to be coordinated by the Center for Women’s Global Leadership.

    #RatifyILO190 is a central demand of this year’s Global 16 Days Campaign that aims to mobilize women, across movements, to collectively take action in advancing the ratification and implementation of the newly adopted ILO instruments:

    The International Labour Organisation C190 is its violence and harassment convention.

    Violence and Harassment Convention, 2019 (C190) and Violence and Harassment Recommendation, 2019 (R206).

    Read more here at the campaign website

  11. Background: From the GlassWalls website

    GlassWalls
    Image caption: GlassWalls

    GlassWalls is a stained-glass art installation which raises awareness of domestic abuse through art.

    The installation will depict the sweep of progress made in Scotland to address domestic abuse through words and pictures, etched into vibrant, bright-coloured tall glass panels on light boxes.

    Calligraphy alongside the drawings will use women’s voices to highlight the challenges still faced by those who have experienced abuse.

    Switching on the light-boxes will create a bold, dancing palate of colour.

    The purpose is to create a challenging social commentary of a dark issue that is purposefully dynamic, beautiful and bright.

  12. 'I wish we didn't have to have this debate'

    Rona MacKay
    Image caption: Rona MacKay

    Rona MacKay starts by thanking MSPs for supporting the debate.

    She wishes she didn't have to have the debate, calling gender based violence a scourge of our society.

    There's been a debate on this issue every year since the Scottish parliament opened, she says, with levels of violence against women remaining '"alarmingly high".

    Men must join in the effort to combat all forms of discrimination, she adds.

    Ms MacKay welcomes members of the Daisy Project to the chamber, which is a domestic violence advocacy group and praises the GlassWalls project.

  13. Background: 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence

    Generation Equality Stands Against rape

    The 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence is an annual international campaign that kicks off on 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.

    It runs until 10 December, Human Rights Day.

    It is used as an organizing strategy by individuals and organizations around the world to call for the prevention and elimination of violence against women and girls.

    In support of this civil society initiative, under the leadership of the UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, the United Nations Secretary-General’s UNiTE by 2030 to End Violence against Women campaign (UNiTE campaign) calls for global actions to increase awareness, galvanize advocacy efforts, and share knowledge and innovations.

    In 2019, the UNiTE campaign will mark the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, from 25 November to 10 December, under the theme,“Orange the World: Generation Equality Stands against Rape!”

    Read more at the UN Women website.

  14. Here's the motion............

    Motion
  15. 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence debate

    MSPs will now mark 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence, which runs from 25 November to 10 December 2019.

    SNP MSP Rona Mackay, who is leading the debate, congratulates Emma Forbes, founder of GlassWalls, which is an inspiring art installation dedicated to women who have experienced domestic abuse.

    This exhibition will be in the Scottish Parliament to coincide with the campaign, and hopes that everyone can visit the stand.

  16. Lib Dem mental health motion, as amended by SNP and Labour, agreed to

    Here's the Lib Dem motion
    Image caption: Here's the Lib Dem motion

    Scottish Lib Dem leader Willie Rennie’s motion, as amended by the SNP and Labour, is agreed to with 66 MSPs backing it and with 38 against.