That's all from Holyrood Live for the 28 September 2016.
We'll be back tomorrow. Have a good night.
That's all from Holyrood Live for the 28 September 2016.
We'll be back tomorrow. Have a good night.
Transport Minister Humza Yousaf says lowering speed is very much part of the approach to making the roads safer.
Mr Yousaf says the correlation between speed and casualties is irrefutable.
He says: "One person killed on our roads is one person too many".
Mr Yousaf says the crux of this is that local authorities have been encouraged to introduce 20's plenty zones and the uptake has been good.
He says the feedback from local authorities is that they want to take the decision about where best to have these zones.
Green MSP Mark Ruskell urged Scottish Ministers to consider default 20 mph zones in residential areas to protect children on their walk to school.
Mr Ruskell raised the issue of default 20 mph zones with the First Minister earlier this month, highlighting the benefits to air quality, public health and climate change emissions as well as safety.
He said existing 20 mph zones simply aren't enough when it comes to the safety of children.
Many schools are in residential areas and may well have their own 20 mph zone, but these school zones typically only extend a few hundred metres beyond the gates ignoring the fact that on average children travel nearly 2km to school, he says.
Mr Ruskell says a growing number of bodies from Twenty’s Plenty to the British Heart Foundation are calling for us to move into the 21st Century by dropping to twenty for residential areas.
Scottish Green MSP Alison Johnstone says the important thing is who are the streets and city for.
Ms Johnstone says there is a real opportunity to make the streets more accessible to more people.
Streets with 30MPH speed limits discourage children playing, she says.
The Scottish Green MSP says the progress in Edinburgh is very welcome and she highlights the Play Out initiative where streets are temporarily closed so children can play.
She calls for on road cycle training for all.
Labour MSP Jenny Marra calls for clarity from the government on its guidance on road safety.
Ms Marra says Johnston Street in Dundee is a residential street with access to two high schools and a primary school.
Lennon Toland, from Glasgow's Tollcross area, was struck by a white Ford Transit van in Dalness Street, Shettleston, at about 15:15 on 12 September.
The St Paul's Primary School pupil was taken to hospital with serious injuries and died a short time later. The 62-year-old van driver was not injured.
Police said the white Ford Transit van had gone in to Dalness Street from Tollcross Road. It was turning into a car park on Dalness Street at the time.
Sgt Jackie Dunbar, of Police Scotland, said: "It was picking-up time at the school and there were a number of people in the area at the time of the incident.
SNP MSP Clare Adamson says there are a lot of tools that can be drawn upon to improve road safety such as parking and targeting drivers to improve driving techniques.
Ms Adamson says she lost her niece crossing the road as a teenager eight years ago and also highlights the recent death of five-year-old Lennon Toland in Glasgow's Tollcross area.
"The safety of pedestrians, particularly our children, has to be paramount", she says.
Scottish Conservative Alex Johnstone says he is not in direct opposition to Mark Ruskell's proposals but says the negatives must be looked at.
Mr Johnstone says a speed limit ignored is arguably more dangerous than no speed limit.
He says appropriate enforcement of speed limits is vital and must only take place in areas of danger, not in areas where people are likely to speed.
Mr Ruskell says there needs to be a step change and he welcomes the 20MPH zones.
The Green MSP says the impact of even a slight shift to walking from driving would help us as we stumble towards our climate change targets.
He says the roll out of 20MPH mandatory zones has been welcome.
The Green MSP says the piecemeal roll out has come with challenges.
Scottish Green MSP Mark Ruskell pays tribute to a number of road safety initiatives and says we've come a long way since the Tufty Club.
SNP MSP Clare Adamson intervenes to say that perhaps the minister is too young to remember the "Tufty Club".
Transport Minister Humza Yousaf smiles from a sedentary position.
In July motorists were warned that they would be given £100 fines and three penalty points if they were caught over the 20mph limit in force in Edinburgh city centre.
It is phase 1 of the rollout of a 20mph speed limit on all residential, shopping and city centre streets.
If cyclists are going too fast and unable to stop properly they would be charged with dangerous or careless cycling.
The Traffic Regulation Order comes into force at 00:01 on Sunday.
Rural west Edinburgh is also included in phase 1 with signs and lines for the new 20mph speed limit having been installed.
Large 20mph signs will mark the entrance and exit of a 20mph area.
These will be supplemented by smaller signs or road markings with speed limit roundels.
The 20mph network will be introduced over six phases.
Scottish Greens MSP Mark Ruskell leads this evening's members debate on residential road safety.
Here is his motion:
Scottish Labour MSP Anas Sarwar attempts to raise a point of order asking if the health secretary will call in the changes to health services.
Presiding Officer Ken Macintosh says that is for the government to respond to.
The Scottish Labour motion is agreed to with 64 MSPs backing it and with 62 abstentions.
Opposition MSPs applaud rather loudly.
The Scottish government amendment is defeated, with 62 MSPs backing it, but with 64 against.
Mr Smyth says there is a "ticking time bomb of GPs waiting to retire".
The Labour MSP concludes saying there is a GP crisis and highlights staffing issues across the NHS.
He says the SNP amendment treats communities with contempt.
Labour MSP Colin Smyth says the concerns raised in the chamber today unite members across the chamber as Anas Sarwar has called for.
Mr Smyth says he met campaigners who are fighting for their local services today.
The Labour MSP says the SNP amendment pretends the concerns of constituents do not exist.
Mr Smyth says the communities are concerned and the decision to delineate services as major service changes lies with the cabinet secretary.
He says the reason for these plans are down to funding challenges facing health boards today.
Public Health Minister Aileen Campbell again says Anas Sarwar was grandstanding in this debate.
Ms Campbell says the SNP will increase the funding for the NHS by more than £500m.
Minister for Public Health Aileen Campbell says everyone must be prepared for transformational change.
Ms Campbell says all stakeholders need to put vested interests to one side and work together.
She says Anas Sarwar's narrative was "irresponsible" and amounted to "grandstanding".
Labour MSP Anas Sarwar intervenes to say he is representing his constituents, not "grandstanding".
Scottish Conservative MSP Miles Briggs is closing the debate for his party.
He says there is a highly centralising NHS emerging.
Mr Briggs says he backs MSPs who spoke to retain cleft palate surgery in Edinburgh and says he wishes the government would ensure this.
He says the health service belongs to the people MSPs serve.
The Tory MSP says the NHS must be as close to people as possible but the reality is the centralisation of the health service.
Scottish Lib Dem MSP Alex Cole-Hamilton says his party will back the Labour motion.
He says he finds it astonishing that the only time the closures have been debated in the chamber is during Mile Briggs's members debate and today.
Scottish Labour MSP Elaine Smith says the attack on the services of Monklands is unacceptable.
Ms Smith says the removal of trauma orthopaedics at Monklands Hospital in Airdrie is based on alleged safety risks, but echoes proposals the SNP opposed ten years ago.
She says this is like a "the death by a thousand cuts to me".
The Labour MSP says: "I have no doubt people power will win."
SNP MSP Ivan McKee says Lighburn Hospital is a key part of his constituency.
The Glasgow Provan MSP says this is not the first time the hospital has been threatened, it also came under threat in 2010.
Mr McKee says the data presented by the health board for closure of the hospital is incomplete and does not provide enough of a case to go through with it.
Labour MSP Jackie Baillie asks if he is shifting responsibility off of Scottish government onto the IJB.
He responds saying "if Ms Baillie had listened to the first three minutes of his speech, he is defending Lightburn Hospital".
Scottish Greens MSP Ross Greer says there has been a "lack of robust and meaningful consultation" on the service changes.
Mr Greer says there needs to be "far more discussion" over the proposals.
The Scottish Green MSP says the main reasons for service changes in Greater Glasgow and Clyde is staffing shortages and surely more staff should be provided rather than closing services.
Conservative MSP Jeremey Balfour says if GP services could be addressed it would help hospital services.
Mr Balfour says clearly the relationship between health boards and government is vital.
The Tory MSP says many vulnerable people are left concerned and scared that they won't get the help they require.
He says choices must be informed by what is best for the patient and the most vulnerable in society.
SNP MSP Emma Harper, who is a registered nurse, says the fact that the service changes are considered by boards does not mean they will be implemented.
She says boards make representations that are sometimes rejected by the government.
"The government can't interfere until the process is complete", she says.
Scottish Labour MSP Neil Bibby says he has lost count of the amount of times he has talked about the closure of the children's ward at the RAH in the chamber.
Mr Bibby says the health secretary has continually refused invitations to attend consultations about the ward closure.
The West of Scotland MSP says MS Robison has received thousands of petitions concerning the closure and she's about to receive thousands more.
"It'll be good to know when the health secretary will take a decision on when she will take a decision on proposals", he says.
SNP MSP Fulton MacGregor says almost 10 years to the day since Labour downgraded Monklands Hospital, they are now accusing the government of closing necessary services.
Mr MacGregor says it was the SNP that reversed Labour plans at that time.
The Coatbridge and Chryston MSP says the orthopedic services at Monklands are being moved due to "significant risks" having been identified.
He says if you live in Coatbridge or Airdrie and need to go to A&E it will be Monklands you will continue to go to.
Mr Macgregor was earlier called apon by Anas Sarwar to support the Labour Motion on protecting Monklands orthopaedics.
Scottish Labour MSP Jackie Baillie says maternity services are "the beating heart of any hospital."
Ms Baillie says she will take on any government that threatens the Vale of Leven hospital and the cabinet secretary knows that.
The Labour MSP says the health board has not been serious about marketing the central maternity unit and this is why the numbers have dropped.
"They are closing the unit by stealth", she says.
Ms Baillie calls for a full community consultation so everyone's voice can be heard.
Pharmacist and SNP MSP Maree Todd says no decisions have been made about the surveys in Anas Sarwar's motion.
Scottish Conservative MSP Donald Cameron says his party will be supporting the Labour motion.
Mr Cameron says the NHS can never be static and tough decisions have to be taken even if unpopular.
The Tory MSP says the Scottish government are doing "nothing".
He urges the Scottish government to take action or "at the very least, take a view".
Ms Robison says if politicians are going to argue against any change in the NHS, then the shift in the balance of care and the increase in primary care funding are at risk.
The heatlh secretary says the government is committed to high quality sustainable health services, local when they can be.
A petition opposing proposals to close cleft lip and palate surgery services in Edinburgh was presented to the Scottish Parliament earlier this month.
Supporters of the 6,200-signature petition staged a protest outside Holyrood ahead of a parliamentary debate on the issue.
They claim a consultation on plans to centralise cleft palate and lip surgery in Glasgow was a sham.
The Scottish government said it had not yet made a decision on the matter.
Almost 100 babies are born every year in Scotland with a cleft lip or palate.
Surgery can help them talk and eat.
Ms Robison says the proposals are out to local public consultation and she encourages people to get involved.
The health secretary says longer term plans in the NHS are major changes and they will come before her.
She says the government has been given an assurance that only cleft surgery from the cleft palate services in Edinburgh are proposed for a move to Glasgow.
The health secretary stresses these are only proposals.
Labour MSP Daniel Johnson intervenes and says the stats are better for Edinburgh cleft surgery than that in Glasgow.
The health secretary says she will take into account all of the information before she makes a decision.
Health Secretary Shona Robison says no final decisions have been made about service changes.
Ms Robison says Greater Glasgow Health Board are rightly carrying out consultations and the proposals may change.
She says if any of the final decisions are deemed to be major then they must be subject to ministerial approval.
Mr Sarwar says the minister can call in the decisions and deem them to be major.
The health secretary insists there is an "established robust process".
Here is Health Secretary Shona Robison's amendment: