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  1. Nicola Sturgeon says independence referendum is on the table but not the starting point, after the Brexit vote
  2. The European and External Affairs Committee met

Live Reporting

By Craig Hutchison and Colin Bell

All times stated are UK

That's all from Holyrood Live for now, have a lovely summer

Holyrood reflected in a pond
Scottish Parliament/ Andrew Cowan
Time for reflection on an turbulent time in politics

That's all from the Holyrood Live team until after the summer... unless of course the Scottish Parliament is recalled.

Catch up with all Scotland's political news here.

Have a lovely and peaceful summer.

That end's first minister's questions

That end's first minister's questions and indeed the business of the Scottish Parliament before the Summer recess.

Of course the MSPs and the Queen will be back on Saturday for the opening ceremony. 

First minister calls for meaningful discussions between RMT and ScotRail

Labour MSP Neil Bibby asks what the Scottish government's position is on the industrial dispute between the RMT and ScotRail.

The first minister says she is extremely disappointed with the disupte and calls for meaningful discussion.

Background: BMA warning over family doctor shortage


The lack of GPs in Scotland has been described as "extremely concerning" by the British Medical Association (BMA).

A survey found 28.5% of Scottish practices had at least one GP vacancy as of 1 June, up 2.5% in three months.

The BMA said vacancies were putting more strain on remaining GPs who have to cover staffing gaps as well as facing increased service demands.

Health Secretary Shona Robison said the Scottish government was already taking steps to improve GP recruitment.

'Investment and reform are the key watchwords' for the NHS, says Ms Sturgeon

Conservative MSP Donald Cameron asks what long-term plans the Scottish government has to address concerns about the sustainability of the NHS in Scotland that were raised recently by the BMA.

The first minister says over the parliamentary session the SNP will increase the health budget by more than £500m.

Ms Sturgeon says investment and reform are the key watchwords. 

Mr Cameron says as a former health secretary she bears some responsibility for BMA's concerns.

The first minister says she takes some responsibility for the record levels of staffing in the NHS.

Colleges and university places

SNP MSP Jenny Gilruth asks what steps the Scottish government is taking to ensure that school leavers gain a place at college or university or gain employment, training or an apprenticeship place.

Ms Sturgeon says there will be an expansion of academic bridging programmes and says accelerating access to university is a priority.

Farmers and fisheries raised at FMQs

SNP MSP Colin Beattie raises concerns about farming payments, saying he wants to see the "seamless continuation of this".

Laughter from the Conservative benches is criticised by the first minister, presumably emanating from Scotland's IT difficulties with CAP payments.

Ms Sturgeon says there were no plans from the Conservatives on this.

She recognises that many in the fishing community voted Leave

The first minister says she has to understand the reasons for all the one million people who voted to leave the EU. 

'This is your home' message to immigrants

Labour MSP Anas Sarwar says neo-Nazi stickers have appeared in Glasgow and raises other hate crimes.

He calls for a unified message to immigrants to Scotland that this is your home.

The first minister says: "Absolutely, I could not agree more with Anas Sarwar."

"This is your home and we're proud to have you hear."

Sturgeon says legislative consent to take Scotland out of the EU will be required

Ms Sturgeon says she thinks it is inconceivable that the Scottish Parliament will not have to give legislative consent to the many issues that arise. 

The first minister says she cannot perceive giving legislative consent to taking Scotland out of the EU against its will.

Tory MSP Adam Tomkins says Scotland does not have the power for this, but the first minister again says legislative consent to take Scotland out of the EU will be required.

Background: How could Scotland stay in the EU?

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has pledged to do all she can to ensure Scotland remains in the EU despite the UK as a whole voting for Brexit in last week's referendum.

Ms Sturgeon is to ask Holyrood to give the Scottish government a mandate to negotiate with the UK government, the EU institutions and individual member states to try and secure Scotland's relationship with the EU and its place in the single market.

UK, Saltire and EU flags

She has also raised the possibility of a second independence referendum, which could see Scotland potentially split with the rest of the UK in a bid to continue its membership of the EU.

Here Dr Cormac Mac Amhlaigh, a lecturer in public law at Edinburgh University and an expert in EU constitutional law, looks at how events could in theory unfold.  

Rennie calls on government to use income tax powers

Mr Rennie calls for the Scottish government to use the income tax powers it has.

The first minister says time will be taken to look at all elements of the budgetary process, nothing is on or off the table.

Criticism of Ruth Davidson and the Tories

Willie Rennie

Scottish Lib Dem leader Willie Rennie says he opposes independence but supports the Scottish government's efforts on the EU.

Mr Rennie asks about programmes like Erasmus and the EU arrest warrant and could this be a basis for negotiation.

Ms Sturgeon agrees with Mr Rennie's criticism of Ruth Davidson and the Conservatives saying they should show humility.

The first minister agrees the programmes he has cited are important and being looked at.

A bit of concern on Twitter over MSPs not learning their lines.

View more on twitter

Analysis: Brian Taylor

Brian Taylor

BBC Scotland Political Editor

Nicola Sturgeon in Brussels

Is Nicola Sturgeon's initiative entirely thwarted before it begins? By no means.

Yes, the Spanish statement is a challenge - and it is possible to argue that President Juncker may have to pay heed to a member state which intends to stay in the EU rather than a part of a member state which is on the verge of leaving.

But Ms Sturgeon's declared objective in these early talks was simply to highlight Scotland's case. To put Scotland's position on the table, to borrow a phrase she has used at home.

Read Brian's blog in full

Sturgeon says independence is very much on the table but not her starting point

Mr Harvie asks what other options exist to protect Scotland's EU status or is the only option remaining in the EU or remaining in the UK.

The first minister says it is too early to be definitive in answering that question.

She says she was in Brussels to raise awareness of Scotland's case.

Ms Sturgeon repeats all of the options are on the table.

She says independence is very much on the table but says it is not her starting point.

Scottish Green co-leader Patrick Harvie on EU citizens living in Scotland

Patrick Harvie

Mr Harvie wants the UK government to introduce urgent emergency legislation to give indefinite leave to remain to all EU citizens already living in this country.

The first minister says she abhors the way the referendum has made people, who have come to Scotland to make it their home, feel.

Ms Sturgeon says the UK government should make clear to all EU citizens here that Brexit will not affect their ability to live here.

The first minister insists "Scotland is open inclusive and welcoming".

Some praise for the cooperation on show this afternoon.

View more on twitter

Scottish Child Abuse inquiry a matter of the utmost importance to the government

Scottish Labour leader Iain Gray says the Scottish Child Abuse inquiry is hanging by a thread and asks what the first minister is doing to fix this.

Ms Sturgeon says: "This is a matter of the utmost importance to the government."

Baby ashes scandal recommendations will be enacted

Conservative MSP Ross Thompson raises the baby ashes scandal.

The first minister pays tribute to the courage and dignity of the families involved with the inestigations.

Ms Sturgeon details the actions taken since the baby ashes scandal reports and says all the recent recommendations will be enacted. 

The EU is still bringing some division in the chamber and from #FMQs watchers on twitter

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Background: Two boys remain in serious condition following M&D's rollercoaster crash

Demi Campbell

Three boys remain in hospital - two of them in a serious condition - following a rollercoaster crash at a theme park in North Lanarkshire at the weekend.

Seven children and two 19-year-olds were injured when the Tsunami ride derailed at M&D's in Strathclyde Park, near Motherwell, at 15:37 on Sunday.

Most have since been discharged with only three boys being treated at the Royal Hospital for Children in Glasgow.

M&D's remains closed while an investigation into the crash continues.

First minister says M and D accident 'must be investigated'

SNP MSP Richard Lyle raises the roller coaster accident at M and Ds.

Ms Sturgeon says: "My heart goes out to all those affected by this terrible incident."

The first minister thanks the emergency services for their usual courage and heroism.

She says the incident must be fully investigated.

First minister determined to be as 'open and as frank' as possible

Ms Dugdale calls on the first minister to publish any legal advice she seeks on Brexit.

The first minister says there was no planning for Brexit by the Conservatives.

Ms Sturgeon says she is determined to be as open and as frank as possible.

She stops short of saying she will publish all legal advice. 

Background: Two European leaders reject Scotland negotiations

Mariano Rajoy and Francois Hollande
Mariano Rajoy and Francois Hollande appeared to rule out a separate deal for Scotland

Two EU leaders appeared to pour cold water on the prospect of Scotland negotiating any special arrangements after the Brexit vote.

Acting Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy said: "Spain opposes any negotiation by anyone other than the government of United Kingdom.

"I am extremely against it, the treaties are extremely against it and I believe everyone is extremely against it. If the United Kingdom leaves... Scotland leaves."

French president Francois Hollande took a similar position. "The negotiations will be conducted with the United Kingdom, not with a part of the United Kingdom," he said.

How will the economy be protected?

Ms Dugdale asks about the actions the first minister is taking to protect the economy of Scotland.

The first minister says there is ongoing work on this.

Ms Sturgeon says assurances must be given to those who are worried about their jobs and livelihoods.

She calls for the right of any EU citizen living in Scotland to be protected and be enforced by the UK government.

Ms Dugdale says her party shares the Scottish government's objectives

Kezia Dugdale

The Scottish Labour leader points out that the elected leaders of France and Spain have spoken against Scotland remaining in the EU.

The first minister says it is her job to make sure all options for Scotland are on the table.

Ms Sturgeon says that is why she is seeking to ensure Scotland is fully involved in the UK process.

She also has to ensure minds are kept open about Scotland's options in the EU and she says her trip was successful. 

Now it's Labour's turn..........

Scottish Labour leader Kezia Dugdale asks the first minister when she will next meet the Prime Minister.

'Why have civil servants been asked to draw up IndyRef2 legislation?' asks Ms Davdison

Ruth Davidson

The Scottish Conservative leader says Scotland's exports to the UK are four times more important than exports to the EU.

Ms Davidson asks why civil servants have been asked to draw up IndyRef2 legislation.

The first minister asks why the Conservatives proposed a referendum that has brought not just Scotland but the UK to the brink of an economic disaster.

She insists her starting point is not independence, to a little laughter from the chamber.

However the people of Scotland must have all of the options available to them, she says.

'Conservatives have recklessly brought this country to the brink of disaster'

The first minister asks what has changed since Ruth Davidson spiritidly defended the EU at Wembley Stadium and accuses her of being timid now.

She insists she will not be timid.

Ms Davidson says the UK single market is more important.

The first minister says trade with the rest of the UK is important but says it is the Tories who have "recklessly brought this country to the brink of disaster".

First minister says 'all options are on the table'

Ms Davidson asks what preparations the Scottish government is making to be involved in talks with the UK government over Brexit plans

The first minister says exhaustive and very detailed preparations are being made and "all options are on the table".

Ms Sturgeon says she must give effect to how Scotland voted which was to remain in the EU. 

Nicola Sturgeon

First minister's questions is now under way

Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson gets us under way by asking what engagements the first minister has planned for the rest of the day. 

Question on the Trade Union Act 2016

Scottish Labour MSP Richard Leonard asks what consideration the government has given to the implications of the Trade Union Act 2016 on workers in Scotland.  

That's your five minute call for first minister's questions

Nicola Sturgeon

We will shortly bring you extensive coverage of the final first minister's questions before the Summer holidays.

Background: Marine tourism 'worth £3.7bn to Scottish economy'

Marine recreation and tourism is worth £3.7bn a year to the Scottish economy, a report published in March estimated.

The Scottish Marine Recreation and Tourism Survey found £1.3bn is spent on activities such as wildlife watching, sailing, kayaking, surfing and angling.

Family on beach
Visit Scotland
Beach activities were found to be among the most popular in the survey

A further £2.4bn is spent on general recreation and tourism such as coastal cycling, beach combing and short walks.

The survey covered 23 activities undertaken at sea or around the Scottish coastline.

General marine and coastal recreation, including beach activities, was found to be the most popular.

Question on marine tourism in Inverclyde

SNP MSP Stuart McMillan asks what measures the government is taking to facilitate the growth of marine tourism in Inverclyde.  

Question on the forestry and timber processing industry

Scottish Conservative MSP John Scott asks what recent discussions the government has had with the forestry and timber processing industry regarding new charging levels being phased in over the next five years for pollution prevention and control permits.  

Question on dairy production

SNP MSP Stewart Stevenson asks what action the government is taking to ensure the sustainable future of dairy production in North East Scotland.