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Summary

  1. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR FULL TEXT COVERAGE
  2. Scotland’s new Chief Constable, Phil Gormely appeared before the Public Audit Committee
  3. Finance, constitution and economy ministers took the hot seat for portfolio questions
  4. Labour led a debate calling on education spending to be protected in real terms over the next five years
  5. Labour MSP Margaret McCulloch led a member’s debate marking International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation.

Live Reporting

By Craig Hutchison and Colin Bell

All times stated are UK

  1. That concludes Holyrood Live's coverage of the Scottish Parliament

    That concludes Holyrood Live's coverage of the Scottish Parliament on 10 February 2016.

    Scottish Parliament at night

    Have a peaceful evening.

  2. Importance of partnership and sensitivity in tackling FGM stressed

    Mr Biagi says what is terrifying in some places FGM is not even recognised as a practice.

    It seems to be just a natural part of the growing up process, which presents a very deep challenge to overcome he says.

    FGM stats

    The minister stresses the importance of partnership and sensitivity in tackling FGM. 

    The government is looking at the provision in relation to FGM in England and Wales and has engaged a community organisation to consult on this.

    This is a child protection issue and the government must support the agencies, charities and champions who are trying to end FGM, he says.

  3. 'This is a from of structural gender violence'

    Community Empowerment Minister Marco Biagi says there was a need to produce an action plan on FGM.

    This debate is a testimony to all who work here and abroad to highlight the need to end FGM, he says.

    Community Empowerment Minister Marco Biagi

    The minister says "This is a from of structural gender violence."

    It is not tied to religion, although there are those who wrongly try to make out that is so. 

  4. SNP MSP says use 'female genital mutilation' rather than FGM

    SNP MSP Christian Allard says people should use female genital mutilation in full, rather than FGM, as it does what it says.

    SNP MSP Christian Allard

    Mr Allard adds that men must not be excluded from this issue but seen as part of the solution to end this practice.

  5. This is about 'power and abuse' - Independent MSP

    Independent MSP John Finnie says he looks forward to the day when society reflects on this abhorrent practice in disgust. 

    Mr Finnie says this significant breach of trust must be dealt with and support must be given throughout the country.

    Independent MSP John Finnie

    This is about power and an abusive relationship, he says.

    The Independent MSP says it was very humbling to meet the survivors and closes by saying all should unite to tackle FGM. 

  6. Witnesses told MSPs cutting was going on in Edinburgh and Glasgow

    SNP MSP John Mason says some witnesses told the Equal Opportunities Committee that cutting was going on in Edinburgh and Glasgow.

    SNP MSP John Mason

    Far more common, he says, was the girl being taken back to the country of their roots.

  7. Background: Scotland's National Action Plan to Prevent and Eradicate FGM

    The action plan sets out the objectives, actions and responsibilities required to drive and deliver change. 

    These have been informed by research, experience of other countries, engagement with partners in all sectors and the experiences of communities, service providers and those who have been or are at risk.

    Scotland's National Action Plan to Prevent and Eradicate FGM
    Image caption: Scotland's National Action Plan to Prevent and Eradicate FGM

    The plan sets out an agreed range of actions and associated activities to be taken forward by Scottish Government and its partners to prevent and ultimately eradicate FGM.

    It also identifies any gaps in our knowledge and makes recommendations on how we can close them by working collaboratively across a wide range of interests and policy areas to develop best possible outcomes.

  8. One woman is cut every 96 minutes in the UK - Tory MSP

    Conservative MSP Annabelle Goldie says women and young girls are sometimes too ashamed to speak out about their ordeals.

    Ms Goldie says female circumcision is carried out using various instruments and victims are often too young to defend themselves.

    Conservative MSP Annabelle Goldie

    One woman is cut every 96 minutes in the UK she says.

    The Conservative MSP says the individuals carrying out FGM are often trusted to the victim and not someone they would expect to inflict harm.

    Ms Goldie says women are devalued by it and lose a sense of identity.

    She concludes saying lets act to end this barbaric practice for women in the future.  

  9. Background: UN Key Facts on FGM

    Key Facts:

    • Globally, it is estimated that at least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of FGM.
    • If current trends continue, 15 million additional girls between ages 15 and 19 be subjected to it by 2030.
    • Girls 14 and younger represent 44 million of those who have been cut, with the highest prevalence of FGM among this age in Gambia at 56 per cent, Mauritania 54 per cent and Indonesia where around half of girls aged 11 and younger have undergone the practice.
    Poster against FGM
    • Countries with the highest prevalence among girls and women aged 15 to 49 are Somalia 98 per cent, Guinea 97 per cent and Djibouti 93 per cent.
    • FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 15.
    • FGM cause severe bleeding and health issues including cysts, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth increased risk of newborn deaths.
    • FGM is a violation of the human rights of girls and women.

    Source: United Nations

  10. Background: International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation, 6 February

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons and is recognised internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women.  

    International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation website homepage
  11. 'FGM impinges on the basic human rights and health off women and girls around the world.'

    Labour MSP Malcolm Chisholm says: "FGM impinges on the basic human rights and health off women and girls around the world."

    Labour MSP Malcolm Chisholm

    Mr Chisholm says any Scottish action plan must take a consultative approach, engaging with knowledgeable charities.

  12. SNP MSP 'shocked and horrified' FGM carried out around the globe

    SNP MSP Kenneth Gibson says he is "shocked and horrified" FGM is still carried out around the globe. 

    SNP MSP Kenneth Gibson
    Image caption: SNP MSP Kenneth Gibson

    Mr Gibson lists the impact of FGM including causing death.

    He says FGM is a sign of deep rooted inequality.

  13. This generation can and must end FGM

    Ms McCulloch says this generation can and must end FGM. 

  14. FGM only serves to harm

    Ms McCulloch says none of the forms of FGM have health benefits, they only serve to harm.

    Margaret McCulloch

    3m women and girls are cut every year, it must stop, she says.

    She refers to the Scottish government's action plan on FGM.

  15. 'No medical justification for FGM nor does it have any place in religion'

    Ms McCulloch says: "There is no medical justification for FGM nor does it have any place in religion."

    It is cultural, rooted in a patriarchy, she says.

  16. Background: Funding to tackle female genital mutilation in Scotland

    The first minister has announced nearly £220,000 of funding to prevent female genital mutilation (FGM) in Scotland.

    First Minister Nicola Sturgeon (pictured second left) meeting members of the Darf and Roshni charities
    Image caption: First Minister Nicola Sturgeon (pictured second left) meeting members of the Darf and Roshni charities

    The money, which will go to charities who work in this area, will be used to raise awareness and help those affected. 

    There are 3,000 girls in Scotland born of mothers who come from FGM-practicing countries. 

  17. FGM is an extreme form of gender based discrimination

    Scottish Labour MSP Margaret McCulloch says there has been a renewed focus and welcome progress on the elimination of FGM, an appalling discrimination.

    Ms McCulloch says the International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM was a day for reflection and most importantly a day for action, to say "No More".

    FGM is an extreme form of gender based discrimination.

  18. National FGM action plan in Scotland

    Ms McCulloch welcomes a growing determination around the world to eliminate FGM and support victims of this form of gender-based violence. 

    Margaret McCulloch

    She notes the development of a national FGM action plan in Scotland. 

    The Labour MSP says this extreme form of discrimination against women and girls should be eradicated once and for all.

  19. FGM a violation of the human rights of women and girls

    Ms McCulloch uses her motion to highlight the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation. 

    The Labour MSP says female genital mutilation (FGM) is recognised internationally as a violation of the human rights of women and girls, in which their genitals are injured or altered for non-medical reasons. 

    She says an estimated 140million women and girls alive today have undergone some form of FGM.