Got a TV Licence?

You need one to watch live TV on any channel or device, and BBC programmes on iPlayer. It’s the law.

Find out more
I don’t have a TV Licence.

Summary

  1. Next: Scottish government's programme for government 2014-15 debate
  2. Next: Members' Business: Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality, Oxfam's New Report and Campaign

Live Reporting

By Craig Hutchison and Rachael Connors

All times stated are UK

  1. That's all folks

    First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon, holds up drum sticks during a visit to The Kabin community learning centre
    Image caption: Nicola Sturgeon drums up support for her government programme for 2014-15.

    That's all from us on the day when First Minister Nicola Sturgeon outlined her government programme at Holyrood.

  2. Welfare Minister responds

    Housing and Welfare minister Margaret Burgess responded to the debate by saying it reflected the Scottish government's programme for the coming year, with tackling inequality at its heart.

    Margaret Burgess

    She says there have been some improvements in Scotland and there has been a "real earnings rise", compared to a "real terms reduction" across the UK.

    She says the Scottish government fully supports the living wage and agrees work should be a route out of poverty.

    Ms Burgess recalls the first minister's announcement to appoint an independent advisor on inequality to hold the government to account on its performance.

  3. Joseph Stiglitz

    Oxfam quotes Professor Joseph Stiglitz from Columbia University, winner of Nobel Prize for Economics on their website.

    Economist Joseph Stiglitz
    Image caption: Economist Joseph Stiglitz

    "The extreme inequalities in incomes and assets we see in much of the world today harms our economies, our societies, and undermines our politics. Whilst we should all worry about this it is of course the poorest who suffer most, experiencing not just vastly unequal outcomes in their lives, but vastly unequal opportunities too. Oxfam's report is a timely reminder that any real effort to end poverty has to confront the public policy choices that create and sustain inequality."

  4. 'Inequality crisis'

    In Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality Oxfam presents new evidence that the gap between rich and poor is growing ever wider and is undermining poverty eradication.

    The charity says if India stopped inequality from rising, 90 million more men and women could be lifted out of extreme poverty by 2019.

    Oxfam says: "This report delves into the causes of the inequality crisis and looks at the concrete solutions that can overcome it.

    Malawian family on a bicycle
    Image caption: Many Malawians depend on subsistence agriculture but the land is under pressure from population growth

    "Drawing on case studies from around the world the report demonstrates the impact that rising inequality is having on rich and poor countries alike and explores the different ways that people and governments are responding to it.

    "The world has woken up to the gap between the rich and rest and are already demanding a world that is fairer. This report supports a new campaign to join this growing movement to end extreme inequality and Even it up."

  5. Conservative

    Conservative MSP Alex Johnstone says if we are determined to maintain our high standards of living then someone else will have to carry the can.

    Alex Johnstone

    Mr Johnstone says the government at Westminster has committed to exceed the 0.7% of national income target for international aid.

    He says he still sees the government attacked despite this.

  6. Jackie Baillie

    Scottish Labour MSP Jackie Baillie says "in childcare, in health and in education", the Scottish government has powers to change things in Scotland now.

    She says it will be judged on its actions not its words.

    She says there are now fewer beds in Scottish hospitals, fewer college places and an underfunded council tax freeze.

    Jackie Baillie

    She says committing to the living wage, expanding childcare, and tackling in work poverty is all in the government's powers

    Talk is cheap, she says.

  7. Oxfam

    Oxfam says from Ghana to Germany, Italy to Indonesia, the gap between rich and poor is widening. In 2013, seven out of 10 people lived in countries where economic inequality was worse than 30 years ago, and in 2014 Oxfam calculated that just 85 people owned as much wealth as the poorest half of humanity.

    Oxfam sign

    It says extreme inequality corrupts politics and hinders economic growth.

    It exacerbates gender inequality, and causes a range of health and social problems. It stifles social mobility, keeping some families poor for generations, while others enjoy year after year of privilege. It fuels crime and even violent conflict. These corrosive consequences affect us all, but the impact is worst for the poorest people.

  8. The motion in full

    A child beggar receives food in Kano, Nigeria (Archive shot)
    Image caption: Absolute poverty is measured by those who can afford only the bare essentials

    Ken Macintosh: Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality, Oxfam's New Report and Campaign-That the Parliament welcomes Oxfam's latest report, Even it up: Time to end extreme inequality; notes that the report highlights that, in 2013, seven out of 10 people lived in countries where economic inequality is worse than 30 years ago; further notes that the report states that extreme inequality is a barrier to poverty reduction, that economic inequality hurts everyone, including people in East Renfrewshire, and drives inequalities in health, education and life chances while compounding inequality between women and men; recognises that poverty and inequality are not inevitable but the result of policy choices; understands that a diverse range of people and organisations, from Pope Francis to the International Monetary Fund, are speaking out on the issue of inequality; welcomes the call from Oxfam that, with the right political and economic choices that redistribute money and power, people can help reduce economic inequality; notes the recommendations in the report, which include calls to close tax loopholes, introduce progressive taxes, pay workers a living wage, establish pay ratios, achieve universal free public services for all by 2020, implement a universal social protection floor and promote women's economic equality and women's rights, and wishes Oxfam continued success with its campaign.

  9. End extreme inequality

    Its about balance and reasonableness and taking action to reduce inequality, says Mr Macintosh.

    If we want to truly become a progressive beacon it needs more than warm words, he says.

    Oxfam has highlighted a programme we can all sign up to, says the Labour MSP.

    "Now is the time to end extreme inequality."

  10. Foodbanks

    Mr Macintosh says the Oxfam report "fascinates and horrifies but hopefully will inspire us into action too."

    Oxfam highlights the number of billionaires in the world has doubled since the financial crisis, the Labour MSP says.

    He says the Trussell Trust has highlighted the number of Scots going to foodbanks has almost doubled since last year.

    Food bank
    Image caption: Food banks provide support for families on the breadline

    "Such inequality is offensive and morally repugnant and damaging to us all."

  11. 'Haves and have nots'

    Mr Macintosh says the gap between rich and poor, "the haves and the have nots", has increased.

    MSP Ken Macintosh

    The Labour MSP says the difference in life expectancy between affluent women and those worst off has reached seven and a half years.

  12. 'End extreme poverty debate' begins:

    Labour MSP Ken Macintosh is on his feet to lead his member's debate entitled 'Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality, Oxfam's New Report and Campaign'.

    "This report from Oxfam is a stark and timely portrait of the growing inequality which characterises much of Africa and the world today... It contains many examples of success to give us inspiration. I hope that many people from government officials, business and civil society leaders, and bilateral and multilateral institutions will examine this report, reflect on its recommendations and take sustained actions which will tackle the inequality explosion."

    Graça Machel, Founder of the Graça Machel Trust

    Oxfam says from Ghana to Germany, Italy to Indonesia, the gap between rich and poor is widening. In 2013, seven out of 10 people lived in countries where economic inequality was worse than 30 years ago, and in 2014 Oxfam calculated that just 85 people owned as much wealth as the poorest half of humanity.

    It says extreme inequality corrupts politics and hinders economic growth.

  13. Coming up

    That concludes the first part of the debate on the Scottish government's programme for government.

    Labour MSP Ken Macintosh will shortly lead a debate on 'Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality, Oxfam's New Report and Campaign'

  14. Education Secretary

    Education and Lifelong Learning Secretary Angela Constance says the debate has been a "colourful" one.

    She recounts the unanimity from across the chamber agreeing over the Human Trafficking Bill and Clare's law.

    Angela Constance

    Rightly so, she says, the debate has focussed on childcare.

    She says it is "a foundation stone for our economy."

  15. Those 12 bills agan

    Land Reform Bill banning business rates exemptions for shooting and deerstalking estates'

    Community Charge Debt Bill end collection of debts from non-payment of the poll tax

    An Education Bill to give new rights to children who may have additional support needs

    Higher Education Governance Bill to ensure that the governing bodies of universities are transparent, democratic and accountable

    Public Health Bill strengthen ability to reduce the attractiveness and availability of tobacco products and e-cigarettes and duty of candour where people have suffered from ill treatment or neglect

    Carers Bill, to give carers support and a say in the planning and delivery of services

    Community Justice Bill to transfer responsibility to 32 community planning partnerships, will consult on domestic abuse offence and on revenge porn

    Budget Bill

    Fatal Accidents Inquiries Bill

    Succession Bill

    Harbours Bill

    Human Trafficking and Exploitation Bill to strengthen ability to help victims and bring offenders to Justice

  16. Christine Grahame MSP

    SNP MSP Christine Grahame talks about "older people" and says concessionary bus passes are a huge asset.

    Seventy thousand pensioners receive care because of this parliament, she says.

    Christine Grahame

    Ms Grahame continues by saying she welcomes the pensioners fund and says pensioners are "a major economic force", not a problem.

    Community engagement is important to the individual, she says.

  17. Sarah Boyack MSP

    Scottish Labour MSP sarah Boyack says she welcomes a review of council tax.

    Sarah Boyack

    She says it is a "critical issue."

    A challenge, she says, is the council tax freeze doesn't benefit disadvantaged and vulnerable, who find support services are cut back.

    Ms Boyack says she hopes the new cross-party commission doesn't look at council tax in isolation but local government funding in general.

  18. George Adam MSP

    SNP MSP George Adam says he agrees that investment in childcare is one of the best investments to make for Scotland's future.

    George Adam

    He says further devolution of tax and benefits would contribute to bringing "transformational change."

    He's accuses Westminster of going back to "business as usual."

  19. Murdo Fraser MSP

    Scottish Conservative MSP Murdo Fraser
    Image caption: Scottish Conservative MSP Murdo Fraser debates govenment programme 14/15

    Scottish Conservative MSP Murdo Fraser says he struggles to find any measures in the programme to boost the economy.

    Mr Fraser also criticises the lack of anything new in the childcare measures.

  20. SUMMARY

    The land reform legislation was part of a series of 12 bills Ms Sturgeon announced to parliament, including;

    A Community Charge Debt Bill to end collection of debts from non-payment of the poll tax

    An Education Bill to give new rights to children who may have additional support needs.

    A Higher Education Governance Bill to ensure the governing bodies of universities are transparent, democratic and accountable

    A Public Health Bill to strengthen the ability to reduce the attractiveness and availability of tobacco products and e-cigarettes and a "duty of candour", where people have suffered from ill treatment or neglect

    A Carers Bill to give carers support and a say in the planning and delivery of services

  21. SUMMARY

    First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced plans to take action against landowners who pose a "barrier" to development.

    She also said business rate exemptions for shooting and deerstalking estates would be scrapped as part of a series of "radical" land reforms.

    Nicola Sturgeon
    Image caption: Nicola Sturgeon announced her programme for government in the Scottish Parliament

    Ms Sturgeon's comments came as she outlined her government's latest plans.

    She also set out plans to look again at alternatives to the council tax, which has been frozen in Scotland since 2007.

    The government will next week begin consulting on proposals for a new Land Reform Bill.

  22. Scottish Greens

    Green MSP Alison Johnstone says there is much to welcome in the government programme, including extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds, trying to end in work poverty, writing of poll tax debts, tackling domestic abuse and the human trafficking legislation.

    Alison Johnstone
    Image caption: Green MSP Alison Johnstone responds to the government programme 2014/15

    She says what is missing is a way to introduce a step change in energy efficiency and address fuel poverty

  23. Lib Dems

    Mr Rennie says there is one important omission in the programme and that is mental health services.

    There are "indefensible" waiting times for people with mental health, he says.

  24. Lib Dems

    Liberal democrat leader Willie Rennie says "the right foundations have been set" to secure a sustainable set of powers when the Smith Commission reports tomorrow.

    He says the victors from the independence referendum were 16 and 17 year olds and the islands.

    Lib Dem Willie Rennie

    Mr Rennie says he supports plans for the voting age to be lowered.

    He wants a Scotland that strives for a fairer society with a strong economy, with real local power and protection of the environment.

  25. Health and Economy

    Ms Davidson says Barnet Consequentials on health have not always been passed to the health service, but she welcomes Ms Sturgeon's increase in funding of the NHS.

    She says the government programme economically is "underwhelming".

  26. Support

    Ms Davidson says she supports votes for 16 year olds, increasing increasing apprenticeships, introducing Clare's law and the human trafficking bill.

  27. Conservative

    Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson says it was simply wrong to tackle the scrapping of corroboration and she has a great opportunity to revisit the "fudge" of the parliamentary fix.

    Ruth Davidson
    Image caption: Ruth Davidson responds to government programme 2014-15

    "We need the wholesale review of the law of evidence."

    Ms Davidson calls for the ending of automatic early release.

  28. NHS

    Hospital beds are dissapearing faster in Scotland than anywhere in the Western world, says Ms Baillie.

    She says six thousand beds were withdrawn from Scottish hospitals in the last 10 years.

    She continues as our NHS "teeters on the brink" this government's response is not good enough.

    And she says it is time for a Beveridge report for the 20th century.

  29. Fuel poverty

    The Labour MSP says as winter approaches for 900,000 Scots living in fuel poverty it means challenges and large bills.

    She says the government's target to eradicate fuel poverty by 2016 will not be met.

    The first minister, she says, in the spirit of the new consensus should support Labour's proposal to freeze energy prices.

  30. Childcare

    Jackie Baillie says the current childcare policy isn't working.

    Childcare

    The government's ambition for 16 hours of childcare for 27% of 2 year olds is positive, but it means lagging behind England, says Ms Baillie.

    This programme doesn't have the bill to match the childcare ambitions, which would have had her "full support", she says.

  31. Poverty

    Jackie Baillie says the Scottish government has a shameful record on housing.

    Social housing is at a level now not seen since the second world war, says the Labour MSP.

    She says 23 thousand homes lie empty, and Scottish government figures show a 22% drop in social housing completions in the last year.

    Ms Baillie says the government must tackle this in order to tackle poverty.

  32. Labour

    Scottish Labour MSP Jackie Baillie says Scotland has changed and "changed utterly."

    She says she wants cutting inequality to be at the heart of everything we do

    Jackie Baillie
    Image caption: Jackie Baillie responds to government programme

    "Social justice should not be an empty slogan." she says.

    Ms Baillie continues: "The first minister is a woman and that is cause for celebration."

    But she says Ms Sturgeon has the power to change things on gender balance now, to have 50 50 on public bodies now, and not wait for the 2020 target she outlined.

  33. Human trafficking

    The first minister concludes by introducing the Human Trafficking and Exploitation Bill, which will be introduced shortly, which will clarify the rights of victims of traffickng and bring perpetrators to justice.

    Many victims of human trafficking suffer from Stockholm Syndrome
    Image caption: Many victims of human trafficking suffer from Stockholm Syndrome
  34. Social care

    Gordon Aiken meets Nicola Sturgeon
    Image caption: Mr Aikman received a special judges' award at the Scottish Politician of the Year Awards

    Ms Sturgeon says she has met campaigner Gordon Aikman to talk about social care charging and she wants to make very clear today her expectation no terminally ill person in the last six months of their live charged for care.

    She has agreed to examine the provision of Motor Neurone Disease (MND) care following a meeting with a dying campaigner.

    Gordon Aikman has launched a five-point fightback plan after being diagnosed with the terminal condition.

    He wants research funding to be doubled, benefits to be fast tracked and a cancellation of care charges.

    Ms Sturgeon said she had been moved by Mr Aikman's campaign.

  35. Vale of Leven

    Vale of Leven hospital
    Image caption: C. diff played a role in the deaths of 28 people at Vale of Leven Hospital

    Ms Sturgeon says in light of the publication of the findings into an inquiry investigating the C.diff outbreak at the Vale of Leven hospital, the government will legislate in the coming year to give the Healthcare Environment Inspectorate the power to order the closure of hospital wards on the grounds of patient safety.

  36. 12 new bills

    Land Reform Bill banning business rates exemptions for shooting and deerstalking estates'

    Community Charge Debt Bill end collection of debts from non-payment of the poll tax

    An Education Bill to give new rights to children who may have additional support needs

    Higher Education Governance Bill to ensure that the governing bodies of universities are transparent, democratic and accountable

    Public Health Bill strengthen ability to reduce the attractiveness and availability of tobacco products and e-cigarettes and duty of candour where people have suffered from ill treatment or neglect

    Carers Bill, to give carers support and a say in the planning and delivery of services

    Community Justice Bill to transfer responsibility to 32 community planning partnerships, will consult on domestic abuse offence and on revenge porn

    Budget Bill

    Fatal Accidents Inquiries Bill

    Succession Bill

    Harbours Bill

    Human Trafficking and Exploitation Bill to strengthen ability to help victims and bring offenders to Justice

  37. NHS budget

    Ms Sturgeon says she will increase the revenue budget of NHS by more than inflation for the remainder of this parliament .

    NHS hospital
    Image caption: The number of hospital patients being treated within 18 weeks of being referred by their GP has fallen below 90 per cent for the first time

    The first minister says: "If we are returned to government we will ensure real term rises for every year after."

    She challenged all parties to match that commitment.

  38. Higher education

    Ms Sturgeon says she will double the funding to help the disadvantaged to go to university.

    The first minister sets a "challenging long term target" to eradicate the inequality of access to higher education.

    Students
    Image caption: Students

    She says she will establish a commission on widening access to advise on the practical steps to meet that ambition.

  39. Childcare

    Ms Sturgeon outlines a pledge for a major expansion of childcare

    Childcare sign

    She says from august next year 27% of 2year olds will receive 16 hours as well as 3 and 4 year olds.

    Next year we are planning to commit to almost double that by the end of next parliament from 16 to 30 hours, she says.

    Ms Sturgeon says a great level of affordable childcare is one of "the best investments in Scotland's future."

    "It ensures we provide ALL of Scotland's children with the best start in life. "

  40. Gender balance

    Ms Sturgeon says her government doesn't have the power to legislate for gender quotas.

    But she outlines a partnership for change pledge called 50-50, which challenges businesses and boards to have gender balance.

    The first minister says his will lead to stronger leadership.

  41. Poverty

    Ms Sturgeon says £100 million is being made available to mitigate the consequences of welfare cuts.

    She says, in addition, an independent advisor on poverty and inequality will be appointed.

    Poverty

    She says a key priority is to tackle 'in work' poverty.

    An increase of the funding of the poverty alliance, is announced.

  42. Poll tax

    Ms Sturgeon announces a Community Charge Debt Bill to prevent the chasing of the non payment of the poll tax.

  43. Land reform

    Ms Sturgeon says there will be a radical programme on land reform.

    She says Scotland's land must be an "an asset for the many not the few."

    Scottish landscape

    The bill will include, she says, powers for ministers to intervene if actions of landlords go against sustainable development, a land reform commission, making information on land and its value more readily available.

    She says the target is to have one million acres of land in community ownership by 2020.

  44. Empowering Communities Fund

    Ms Sturgeon announces the creation of an Empowering Communities Fund with £10m allocated to next year.

    To address the replacement of council tax, the first minister announces the establishment of a commission in partnership with local authorities through Cosla and she invites all political parties to be in it.

    The commission will report in the Autumn of 2015.

    Council services
    Image caption: Council services

    She says the council tax freeze will remain in place for the duration of this parliament.

  45. Nicola Sturgeon

    First Minister Nicola Sturgeon says she said last week she would be a first minister for all of Scotland and this is "a programme for all of Scotland".

    Ms Sturgeon says we will shortly find out, from the Smith Commission, whether we will get the powers required to make Holyrood a powerhouse parliament.

    First Minister Nicola Sturgeon
    Image caption: First Minister Nicola Sturgeon outlines the programme for government 2014-15

    The clear focus of this programme for government is how we use the powers we already have, says Ms Sturgeon.

    It proposes 12 new bills and builds on the strong foundations of this government to create a wealthier and more equal society, she says.

  46. Coming up: Programme for government

    First Minister Nicola Sturgeon will make a statement shortly outlining her programme for government, beginning at 2.40pm.

    Ms Sturgeon told the BBC: "This is a programme that will be very much about my new government getting down to business.

    Nicola Sturgeon in chamber

    "It will be a programme for government that is radical and ambitious and it will be focused on the key challenges that the country faces and focus very much on protecting our public services, growing our economy, tackling inequality and empowering communities."

    The first minister added: "These are the objectives that I think are the important ones for the country and this programme for government, which will build on the very strong foundations that the SNP government has got, will not only look at what we will do through legislative action and policy action over the next year, but it will also start to signal the objectives that we will set for the longer term to meet and address those challenges that we face."

  47. Veterans housing

    SNP MSP George Adam asks the Scottish government what help and support is available to help veterans access housing.

    Royal Regiment of Scotland soldiers
    Image caption: There are an estimated 400,000 ex-servicemen and women living in Scotland
  48. Temporary accommodation

    Labour MSP Hanzala Malik asks what actions the government is taking to reduce the number of households in temporary accommodation.

    The number of children living in temporary accommodation in Britain is at a three-year high, a charity's analysis of official figures suggests.

    Silhouette parent and children

    More than 90,000 children in England, Scotland and Wales are without a permanent home, it says .

    The charity's chief executive Campbell Robb said the "heart-breaking" figures suggest the equivalent of three children in every school are homeless.

    Ministers said they had increased spending to prevent homelessness.

    Housing Minister Margaret Burgess says the most recent figures show a reduction of temporary accommodation households of 2% and more importantly by 10% where children are involved.

  49. Transport and Islands Minister

    Transport and Islands Minister Derek Mackay says the provision of transport services should not place a disproportionate burden on any council.

    Transport and Islands Minister Derek Mackay
    Image caption: Transport and Islands Minister Derek Mackay

    He is currently working with the local authorities on this and he agrees to meet Mr McArthur to discuss the issue.

  50. Orkney ferry fleet

    Lib Dem MSP Liam McArthur asks when the Scottish government expects to reach agreement with Orkney Islands Council on the replacement of the islands' internal ferry fleet.

    An independent ferry company in Orkney is seeking public opinion on operating a new route to the islands.

    Pentland Ferry
    Image caption: Pentland Ferries is seeking to cut journey times

    Pentland Ferries wants to take over the council-owned Burwick terminal, to run its service to Caithness.

    It claims the move would significantly cut journey times.

    Orkney Islands Council has previously declined approaches from the company to take over the harbour.

  51. Living wage

    Labour MSP Margaret McCulloch asks the Scottish government how it is promoting the living wage as part of its anti-poverty strategy.

    Margaret Burgess
    Image caption: Margaret Burgess is quizzed during portfolio questions

    Welfare Minister Margeret Burgess says the government fully supports the living wage campaign and has funded a pilot by Poverty Alliance to encourage the paying of the living wage, trebling the number of employers.

    Ms Burgess says she agrees with the member that paying the living wage can improve a companies productivity.

  52. Coming up: Infrastructure, Investment and Cities questions

    Here is a list of the Infrastructure, Investment and Cities questions:

    Forth Road Bridge
    Image caption: Forth Road Bridge

    1. Margaret McCulloch: To ask the Scottish Government how it is promoting the living wage as part of its anti-poverty strategy.

    2. Drew Smith: To ask the Scottish Government what action it is taking to tackle high rents in the private sector.

    3. Liam McArthur: To ask the Scottish Government when it expects to reach agreement with Orkney Islands Council on the replacement of the islands' internal ferry fleet.

    4. Jamie Hepburn: Withdrawn.

    5. Bob Doris: To ask the Scottish Government how it seeks to promote affordable public transport for vulnerable groups.

    6. Hanzala Malik: To ask the Scottish Government what actions it is taking to reduce the number of households in temporary accommodation.

    7. Annabelle Ewing: Withdrawn

    8. George Adam: To ask the Scottish Government what help and support are available to help veterans access housing.

    9. Jenny Marra: To ask the Scottish Government what progress is being made on the Dundee Port Railhead as recommended in the Tactran strategy.

    10. Colin Keir: To ask the Scottish Government whether there have been discussions regarding bringing forward work on the rollout of superfast broadband for Kirkliston and South Queensferry scheduled for late 2015.

  53. Ministerial meeting

    International Development Minister Humza Yousaf says he recognises the value fair trade footballs have to highlight needs for workers in development countries to be paid a fair price for materials and labour,

    Humsa Yousaf

    Mr Yousaf says he'll meet with Mr Campbell to discuss the issue.

  54. Fair Trade Footballs

    Fair trade footballs

    Labour MSP Neil Bibby asks what action it is taking to promote the use of fair trade footballs.

  55. G20

    SNP MSP Roderick Campbell asks the Scottish government what discussions it has had with the UK government following the recent G20 meeting.

    US President Barack Obama, centre, and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, right, walk off stage with other world leaders after the G20 Summit family photo in Brisbane, Australia, on 15 November 2014
    Image caption: The G20 groups leaders from rich and emerging economies

    G20 leaders agreed to boost their economies by at least 2.1% by 2018, adding $2 trillion to global economies, at the recent meeting in Brisbane

    Much of the summit focused on Russian President Vladimir Putin's position on the crisis in Ukraine.

    Mr Putin faced fierce criticism and left the meeting before it ended, but said the summit was "constructive".

    Australia, as host of the meeting, had sought to keep the focus on economic issues, but the issues of climate change and the conflict in Ukraine attracted significant attention.

  56. Work ongoing

    Ms Hyslop tells MSPs work is ongoing to bring a permanent studio for Scotland.

    She says we are focussing on production, development and promotion of our fantastic scenery.

    She says she is aware we need to promote all of Scotland.

  57. Film studio

    Labour MSP Elaine Murray asks the Scottish government what progress is being made on establishing a film studio complex.

    Creative Scotland has set out its priorities for the film sector over the next three years.

    film making

    The Film Strategy details how the body will work with film makers and public partners as part of its "Unlocking Potential, Embracing Ambition" plan.

    Its creative priorities include the establishment of a sustainable film studio.

  58. Culture Secretary

    Culture and External Affairs Secretary Fiona Hyslop says Creative Scotland had difficult decisions to make as it received £212m worth of applications for an available budget of £100m.

    Fiona Hyslop
    Image caption: Culture Secretary Fiona Hyslop is quizzed at portfolio questions

    Mr Johnstone says there appears to be a Central Belt bias in the funding allocations, at the expense of the North East.

    Ms Hyslop denies that and lists a number of musical events in the North East.

  59. Creative Scotland

    Leaving planet earth
    Image caption: The Edinburgh International Festival was among the successful bids

    Portfolio questions is underway with Conservative MSP Alex Johnstone asking the Scottish government what its position is on the regional allocation of funding by Creative Scotland to support cultural events.

  60. Portfolio questions: Culture and External Affairs

    Before the programme for government, MSPs will question ministers on culture and external affairs and infrastructure, investment and cities.

    Here is a list of the Culture and External Affairs questions:

    The James Plays: James I
    Image caption: The James Plays were cultural sensation at the Edinburgh festivals

    1. Alex Johnstone: To ask the Scottish Government what its position is on the regional allocation of funding by Creative Scotland to support cultural events.

    2. Stuart McMillan: To ask the Scottish Government what arts and culture events it has planned for the West Scotland parliamentary region.

    3. Jackie Baillie: To ask the Scottish Government what support it can provide to assist the development of the project, Helensburgh Heroes.

    4. Elaine Murray: To ask the Scottish Government what progress is being made on establishing a film studio complex.

    5. Roderick Campbell: To ask the Scottish Government what discussions it has had with the UK Government following the recent G20 meeting.

    6. Jim Eadie: Withdrawn.

    7. Neil Bibby: To ask the Scottish Government what action it is taking to promote the use of fair trade footballs.

    8. Alex Rowley: To ask the Scottish Government what percentage of goods sold in Scotland can be considered fair trade and what it is doing to increase the sale of fair trade goods.

    9. Ken Macintosh: Not lodged.

    10. David Torrance: To ask the Scottish Government how it protects and supports sites of historic importance.

  61. Welcome back

    Welcome back to BBC Scotland's Democracy Live.

    This afternoon's chambers proceedings will be dominated by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon's programme for government 2014-15.

    Cabinet
    Image caption: Nicola Sturgeon will outline her programme for government 2014-15.

    Plans for an alternative to council tax are expected to be at the core of plans for the coming year.

    A ban on under-18s buying electronic cigarettes is also expected.

    Opposition politicians said the independence referendum had left Scotland "on pause", and action was needed on several fronts.

  62. That's lunch

    BBC Scotland's Democracy Live website will be back with live coverage of portfolio questions.

    MSPs will begin by questioning culture and external affairs ministers during portfolio question time.

    They will then question infrastructure, investment and cities ministers.

    Nicola Sturgeon with Joe Fitzpatrick and Humza Yousaf

    The main item of business today will be First Minister Nicola Sturgeon's programme for government, beginning at 2.40pm

  63. Private session

    Mr Swinney denies local government is getting a "Flat Cash" settlement as in 2014-15 it received £10.6bn whereas in 2015-16 it recieved £10.8bn and there is "nothing flat about that".

    Scottish purse tipping out money

    With that the committee goes into private session.

  64. Business rates

    Mr Swinney is asked about the six months delay before a council can attempt to recover monies in regards non domestic rates.

    The finance secretary says his team have, to an extent, explored this in the 2013 consultation on business rates, when the recovery timetable was raised by Cosla.

    Mr Swinney is quizzed about business rates
    Image caption: Mr Swinney is quizzed about business rates

    He says he is open to explore these issues and acknowledges that it is important that local authorities receive the money they are entitled to and timeously.

    However Mr Swinney says there would need to be "discretion in the system".

  65. Pupil teacher ratio

    Mr Swinney tells MSPs the agreement with local authorities has been the same since 2011 and that is to maintain pupil teacher ratio at around 13.5.

    He says broadly there has been consistency over that period.

    Teacher with pupils
    Image caption: The pupil teacher ratio has remained consistent since 2011, says Mr Swinney.

    The deputy first minister says this settlement explores whether this is the most "appropriate" way to manage resources.

    He says that report is due to complete before the end of the financial year.

  66. Health and social care integration

    Health and social care integration is a key reform to ensure vulnerable individuals get the support they are entitled to and will make the public finances more sustainable as a consequence, says Mr Swinney

    Elderly person with carer

    The deputy first minister says it becomes quite frustrating where there is a bit of a debate between public authorities, costing valuable resources, ending up with a "game of ping pong" about who should pay for care.

    Health and social care integration must "lance that ferociously".

  67. Distribution formula

    Mr Swinney says population indicators underpin the constitution of the distribution formula.

    John Swinney
    Image caption: John Swinney appears before the Local Government Committee

    He says that complex picture is what drives the £10.8bn of funding in 2015-16.

  68. John Swinney

    Committee convener congratulates Finance Secretary John Swinney on becoming deputy first minister as the second evidence session gets underway.

    Mr Swinney says some very difficult decisions have had to be taken but says local government has been treated fairly.

  69. Committee suspends

    The panel is asked what consultation there is with service-users on reductions in council budgets.

    Councillor Keenen says he doubts anyone will want to lose services but there is work to be done in this area.

    Mr Freeman says South Lanarkshire has advice points and citizens panels and views are taken in to account.

    Panel Local government committee

    Roddy Burns says the council holds roadshows and offers information to the public.

    Hugh Dunn says Edinburgh City council is aware there is a gender balance in the people giving feedback with more males giving feedback.

    The committee suspends with Finance Secretary John Swinney about to give evidence.

  70. BACKGROUND:

    The Scottish government states:

    Despite current budgetary constraints we have secured an agreement with local authorities that they will maintain teacher numbers in line with pupil numbers.

    schoolchildren

    Both the 2012 and 2013 pupil and teacher censuses indicated that the overall (primary and secondary) pupil/teacher ratio had been maintained at the 2011 level, thus demonstrating successful delivery of the commitment.

    The Scottish government is committed to reducing class sizes, particularly in the early years of primary school.

    The class size limit for P1 was reduced from 30 to 25 with effect from autumn 2011.

    The number of P1 pupils in classes of more than 25 was reduced by 97% between 2006 and 2013.

  71. Teacher pupil ratio

    Labour MSP Alex Rowley raises the issue of the teacher pupil ratio.

    Councillor Keenen says COSLA are looking to negotiate a change to more outcomes rather than teacher numbers.

    Alex Rowley
    Image caption: Labour MSP Alex Rowley

    "Clearly there is a wish to move to something different, a different model, that can allow for more flexibility." Says Mr Keenen.

    Mr Rowley says out there in local authorities there is a real concern about maintaining the teacher patient ratio.

  72. Ring fencing

    Hugh Dunn from the City of Edinburgh Council says ring fencing of funding has reduced over the years, which local government has welcomed .

    Hugh Dunn, Head of Finance, City of Edinburgh Council

    Mr Freeland says local authorities welcome the reduction in ring fencing and the resultant flexibility, which Mr Keenen agrees with and he says he would like to see councils focus more on outcomes.

  73. School funding

    The panel discusses the distribution formula in the Local Finance Settlement.

    The total revenue funding is distributed between Scotland's 32 local authorities using a "needs-based" grant distribution system.

    School

    Chief Executive of South Lanarkshire council, Lindsay Freeman says he believes the council has "lost out" on the opportunity to bid for additional school funding because it took the decision to protect schools and invest in the schools estate.

    Mr Freeman says he believes the council was "disadvantaged."

  74. Local government funding

    The total allocation to local government for 2014-15 is £10.531 billion.

    Local government's share of the overall Scottish budget remains largely static from 2013/14 to 2015/16.

    From 2013/14 to 2014/15 there is a small real terms increase in the overall allocation to local government, and from 2014/15 to 2015/16 there is a real terms reduction of 1.1%;

    piggy bank and coins

    The Scottish government is providing an additional £70 million of funding in 2014-15 to freeze the council tax at the previous year's level.

    However, since the freeze is based on 2007-08 levels of council tax, the actual cost (and amount of money provided by the Government) of the council tax freeze for 2014-15 is £490 million.

  75. Edinburgh City Council Submission:

    The continuing freeze in Council Tax also reduces substantially councils' ability to supplement their overall level of expenditure to invest in service priorities, where these are not able to be funded through revenue savings and/or additional income.

    Expressed in gross terms, in total the Council therefore needs to identify savings of at least £37m (around 4% of its net budget) in 2015/16.

    While this likely loss of income was anticipated following publication of the census results, it serves to highlight the inherent volatility of some aspects of the grant distribution system.

  76. Moray Council Submission:

    Reductions in government funding over the past 5 years have resulted in the council reducing its annual costs by around £25M.

    This has been delivered through a variety of measures, some of which have reduced service provision, but the vast majority has come from efficiency savings.

    Coins and notes

    Whilst we continue to work actively to use technology and simplify and standardise systems to generate further efficiencies, it is apparent in a number of areas that some of the staff reductions we have made have resulted in service provision being reliant on the goodwill of staff, which is not sustainable in the longer term.

    Some of the savings we have categorised as efficiencies will therefore need to be reviewed.

  77. South Lanarkshire Council submission:

    "This reduction in grant has led to an increasing requirement to make savings. Due to the increasing pressures facing the Council, both in terms of inflation, pay awards, committed increasing expenditure and increasing demand for services, there is a continued need to make savings.

    Even if the level of grant received was to remain static, the Council still has to make significant level of savings just to stand still. In 2015/16, taking into account a reducing revenue grant, the level of savings that are required total £20m.

    It has always been the Councils aim to try to minimise the impact on front line services when making savings. At the time of writing, a package of savings for 2015/16 totalling £19.9m is being considered by our elected members.

    Whilst the Council has worked hard to minimise the impact for service users, the package of savings still affects nearly 290 posts. It is a fact that continued levels of grant cuts, or even flat cash settlements will result in more tough choices in the years to come.

    Current estimations for 2016/17 show that approximately £23m of savings will be required, and that is assuming the level of grant we receive does not reduce further.

    This continued level of savings can only impact negatively on services, especially when taken in context of the savings made over recent years."

  78. Council funding

    Councillor Kevin Keenen from COSLA says: "Perhaps the council tax freeze cannot last forever" and it may be necessary to look at how councils will raise money in the future.

    Lindsay Freeland

    Lindsay Freeland from South Lanarkshire Council suggests councils could be able to set their own council tax rates again, which would be helpful to local economies.

  79. Council Tax Freeze

    A commission established by local government body COSLA on strengthening local democracy recently argued councils should be responsible for raising a far greater proportion of their budgets.

    bin man generic

    Research for the commission also suggested many people would be prepared to pay more council tax as long as they could see the benefits.

    Some of the government's critics claimed the council tax freeze increasingly amounts to a "middle class benefit" as it helps better off people who might pay more in council tax but make relatively little use of council services - while, critics argue, those who rely most on the services are saving relatively small amounts but being affected by the cuts.

    The Scottish government argues the freeze is a real benefit to people on lower incomes whose incomes have been hit.

  80. Biggest Scottish Councils face huge savings

    Some of Scotland's biggest councils will have to save at least £150m between them next year, according to figures collated by BBC Scotland.

    But many have warned this is a drop in the ocean compared to how much they will need to save in the future.

    Council services

    Councils are currently working out what cuts in spending to make next year to balance their books.

    The total amount being given to Scottish councils by the government is actually due to rise next year from £10.6bn to £10.8bn.

    But councils - which are under a legal duty to balance their budgets - need to factor in inflation and the rising demand for some services before they can work out how much they have to spend in practice.

  81. Moray Council

    Roddy Burns

    Roddy Burns from Moray Council says: "There is a real intensity about the work in order to mitigate the welfare reform issue."

  82. Welfare reform

    Vicki Bibby from COSLA says the UK government's welfare reform is a significant pressure on local government.

    Vicky Bibby, Cosla

    Lindsay Freeland from South Lanarkshire Council says councils have done well to mitigate the impact of welfare reform, but at a high cost.

  83. Draft budget 2015-16

    The draft budget, which will require the approval of MSPs, set out:

    - £256m in health resource spending, rising to £288m with additional capital spending, resulting in a total health budget of £12.16bn

    - £390m for affordable housing with an extra £125m support for the housing sector

    - £330m for further projects under Scotland's Schools for the Future programme

    - £79 for domestic energy efficiency programmes

    - free school meals for all P1 to P3 children

    - £81m to "mitigate the most harmful impacts" of UK government welfare changes

    - £56m more for capital resource budgets for Scotland's roads

    - a continuation of free prescriptions, concessionary travel and free personal care

    - a continuation of the council tax freeze

    Cash

    However, some areas face budget cuts to enable increased spending elsewhere, including:

    - the justice resource budget will be cut by £46m to £2.5bn

    - the new ScotRail franchise, from April 2015, will see a £46m cut in support for rail services to £331m

    - Scottish Enterprise and Highlands and Islands Enterprise face a £40m cut, which will be redistributed to housing

    - public sector pay restraint will be continued for a second year

    - Mr Swinney also announced the rates of the first taxes to be levied by Scotland for more than 300 years.

  84. COSLA

    Councillor Kevin Keenen from COSLA tells the committee there are still a number of councils who have given notice they want to leave the organisation.

    Councillor Kevin Keenen

    Mr Keenen says COSLA is a membership organisation and it would want to get them back on board.la.

  85. Kevin Stewart

    Committee Convener Kevin Stewart gets proceedings underway.

  86. Witnesses

    MSPs will begin by quizzing Councillor Kevin Keenen and Vicki Bibby from COSLA; Lindsay Freeland from South Lanarkshire Council and Roddy Burns from Moray Council.

    The committee will then hear from Finance Secretary John Swinney.

  87. INFORMATION

    Stamp duty datapix

    Homebuyers in Scotland will pay no tax on properties costing less than £135,000.

    And a 12% marginal rate for houses costing more than £1m will come into force next April, when stamp duty is replaced north of the border.

    Under the government's new Land and Building Transactions Tax, a marginal tax of 2% would apply to the proportion of a transaction between £135,000 and £250,000, while a 10% rate will apply to those between £250,000 and £1m.

  88. BACKGROUND

    The draft budget for 2015-16 was the first budget in which the Scottish Finance Secretary was able to decide tax rates.

    Finance Secretary John Swinney announced the rates of two new devolved taxes, the Land and Buildings Transaction Tax, which will replace Stamp Duty, and the Scottish Landfill Tax.

    John Swinney
  89. Welcome

    Good morning and welcome to BBC Scotland's Democracy Live website of the Scottish Parliament on 26 November 2014.

    It is another important day for First Minister Nicola Sturgeon as she outlines the Scottish government's programme, from 2.40pm.

    Nicola Sturgeon
    Image caption: Nicola Sturgeon is announcing her programme for government in the Scottish Parliament

    First up today the we will cover the Local Government and Regeneration Committee is taking evidence on the Draft Budget Scrutiny 2015-16.