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  1. John Bercow is re-elected Speaker of the House of Commons
  2. MPs gathered in Parliament for the first time since the general election

Live Reporting

By Aiden James and Esther Webber

All times stated are UK

What happens next?

House of Commons


Parliament has adjourned for the day and the date of the State Opening and Queen's Speech has not been confirmed.

In the meantime, MPs will assemble on Wednesday and Thursday to take the oath of allegiance.

Members of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords are required to take an oath of allegiance to the Crown before they take their seats in Parliament after a general election or by-election and after the death of the monarch.

Any MP or Member of the House of Lords who objects to swearing an oath can make a solemn affirmation instead. This process is known as swearing in.

You can find out more from the UK Parliament website.

So until then, goodbye.

About the Whigs, the Liberals and the Lib Dems

Anne McElvoy on the ideas of the Scottish philosopher Adam Smith and the Whigs.

After Tim Farron's comedy stylings, anyone who would like to know more about the Whigs can listen to this broadcast from BBC Radio 4.

The Whig Party and others reformed as the Liberal Party in 1859. The Liberal Party merged with the Social Democratic Party to form the Liberal Democrats in 1988.

More from the Liberal Democrat History Group here.

However, that's not quite the end of the matter, as a party calling itself the Whig Party was launched in 2014.

Commons adjourns

House of Commons


And that's it from the Commons, which adjourns until Wednesday, when MPs will be sworn in.

How are Deputy Speakers elected?

All three of the Deputy Speakers are elected by secret ballot using the single transferable vote system, then votes are allocated to ensure that two of the Deputy Speakers are from a different party to the Speaker’s former party.

The candidate with the most votes from a different party to the Speaker will become the chairman of ways and means. The candidate with the most votes from the same party as the Speaker will become the first deputy chairman of ways and means.

The next successful candidate from a different party to the Speaker will become the second deputy chairman of ways and means.

The votes must be allocated to ensure that, across the four posts of Speaker and their three Deputies, there is at least one man and at least one woman.

Once elected, Deputy Speakers remain in office until the next general election, unless they resign or otherwise cease to be an MP.

DUP Westminster leader: Interesting times ahead

House of Commons



The DUP's leader at Westminster Nigel Dodds says he's glad "things may have changed but you remain in place".

He pays tribute to those who lost their seats, adding: "We look forward to this Parliament" and "carrying out our responsibilities" including restoring devolved government at Stormont.

He predicts "interesting times ahead" in which he'll play a "full role".

Plaid and Green Party congratulations for Speaker

House of Commons


Plaid Cymru Westminster leader Hywel Williams and Green Party co-leader Caroline Lucas also congratulate the Speaker.

Ms Lucas calls John Bercow "a champion of the smaller parties in this House".

Farron welcomes '50% increase' in Lib Dem MPs

House of Commons


Tim Farron

Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron opens with tributes to those who lost their lives in recent terrorist attacks, as did the previous party leaders who spoke.

Recalling Cheryl Gillan's speech, he says she made one mistake by saying "we've got rid of nearly all the wigs. Can I say there's 12 of us now and that is a 50% increase".

Wigs. Whigs. Geddit? No?

"I'm here all week," he adds.

Hung parliaments of the past
Hung parliaments of the past: Does collaboration always lead to chaos?

Re-elected Bercow dragged to Speaker's chair

Re-elected Bercow dragged to Speaker's chair
MPs cheered as they voted John Bercow back to the office of Speaker of the House of Commons.

Conservatives Helen Grant and Peter Bottomley and Labour MP Alison McGovern took part in the traditional "dragging" of the Speaker from the benches to the chair.

There had been speculation there would be moves to oppose the Buckingham MP, but he was re-elected unopposed on Tuesday afternoon.

Hosie wishes Speaker luck in 'interesting times'

House of Commons


Stewart Hosie

Acting Westminster leader of the SNP, Stewart Hosie, is up next.

The party has lost its previous Westminster leader, Angus Robertson, who lost his seat in the election to a Conservative.

MPs Ian Blackford, Joanna Cherry, Drew Hendry and Tommy Sheppard are all vying to succeed Mr Robertson.

Mr Hosie congratulates the Speaker, and comments that with "no absolute majority in the House, we're in for interesting times".

Jokes keep coming...

Deputy political editor, the Sun, tweets

Labour leader addressing MPs

Assistant political editor, The Telegraph, tweets

Corbyn: Democracy can 'throw up some unexpected results'

House of Commons


Jeremy Corbyn

Leader of the opposition Jeremy Corbyn takes his turn, congratulating Ken Clarke, who "seemed to be a very well-established MP when I was first elected to the House 34 years ago".

He recalls Mr Clarke in a tearoom many years ago, drinking lager and smoking a cigar "while taking a break from a debate on healthy living".

Mr Corbyn then congratulates the prime minister and invites her to reflect that "democracy is a wondrous thing and can throw up some unexpected results".

He looks forward to a Queen's Speech "just as soon as the coalition of chaos" is put together.

Otherwise, he adds, Labour is ready "to provide strong and stable leadership in the national interest".

Dozens of new MPs head to Westminster

Election 2017: Newly-elected MPs prepare for the Commons
Some 93 newly-elected MPs are polishing their shoes, dusting down their best suits and getting ready for their first day in the House of Commons.

Daily Politics reporter Ellie Price spoke to a few of them ahead of Parliament sitting on Tuesday, the first time after Thursday's election.

May welcomes 'Mother of the House'

House of Commons


Harriet Harman
Harriet Harman welcomed as "Mother of the House"

Theresa May not only welcomes Father of the House Ken Clarke but breaks with tradition to welcome "the returning mother of the House" - Labour MP Harriet Harman.

Ms Harman has been the MP for Peckham - later Camberwell and Peckham - since 1982.

Mrs May says this is "the most diverse and most representative Parliament in our history".

Bercow is dragged to the chair

'At least someone got a landslide'

House of Commons


Prime Minister Theresa May speaks next, congratulating John Bercow on his election as Speaker.

"At least someone got a landslide," she jokes.

View more on twitter

Looking out for new faces...

The Times's sketchwriter tweets

Speaker welcomes new MPs

House of Commons


"There is no greater honour than that which you have just attained as an elected member of Parliament," John Bercow tells new MPs.

"Rest assured that the Speaker will look out for you."

No voice raised

BBC parliamentary correspondent tweets

Dragging to the chair

Michael Martin dragged to the chair in 2000
Michael Martin dragged to the chair in 2000

The Speaker-elect is physically “dragged” to the chair by the two MPs who proposed and seconded their nomination, a custom which symbolises an unwillingness to take up the chair.

Historically, previous Speakers required some gentle persuasion to assume the chair as the life expectancy of the Speaker could be rather short.

Until the 17th Century, the Speaker was often an agent of the monarch and would relay the decisions of the Commons. If the monarch didn’t like what they heard, the Speaker was often blamed, and they could meet a swift and sudden end.

This relationship with the monarch made the role of Speaker quite perilous - seven Speakers were executed by beheading between 1399 and 1535.

Newly elected speakers in the Parliaments of Canada, Australia and New Zealand are also dragged to the chair in exactly the same way.

Unanimous backing for Bercow

House of Commons


MPs roar their approval and John Bercow is elected Speaker without dissent.

He is dragged to the Speaker's chair by Labour MP Alison McGovern and Conservatives Helen Grant and Peter Bottomley.

Motion to appoint the Speaker

House of Commons


Conservative MP Cheryl Gillan makes a speech in support of the motion to appoint John Bercow as Speaker.

She pays tribute to Ken Clarke and remembers the previous Father of the House, "the very well-respected Sir Gerald Kaufman" who died in February.

She looks back over the 640-year history of the role of Speaker, including times when they "suffered the monarch's wrath".

She tells MPs: "No less that seven Speakers were beheaded between 1394 and 1595."

"More!" shout some MPs.

Jokes as MPs listen to Cheryl Gillan's speech

The Times's sketchwriter tweets

Bercow: I am a tested Speaker in testing times

House of Commons


Ken Clarke

Tory MP Ken Clarke chairs proceedings, asking whether John Bercow is "willing" to be chosen as Speaker.

He very much is, rising from the Conservative benches to say he would be "honoured".

He praises Mr Clarke's "47 years' continuous service" and jokes that he has "no pretentions to seek to serve for anything like so long".

But in "in testing times", he adds: "I offer myself to the House as a tested Speaker."

John Bercow
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Royal Commission doffs their hats

Dressed down?

Red Box editor tweets

Back to the Commons

The initial ceremony in the Lords concludes and MPs return to the Commons to elect their Speaker.

MPs in the Lords - and some 'unsynchronised' doffing

House of Lords


MPs in the Lords

MPs arrive at the bar of the House of Lords.


Over on BBC Parliament, Today in Parliament's Sean Curran delivers harsh judgement on the traditional hat doffing by the male members of the Royal Commission.

He says they've had plenty of time to practice since Parliament dissolved ahead of the election...

Introducing the new Father of the House

Ken Clarke
Ken Clarke, the veteran Conservative MP, is now Father of the House.

May and Corbyn exchange a few words

May and Corbyn
As they walk to the House of Lords, the PM and the leader of the Opposition chat.

Who's in the Royal Commission?

Royal Commission
  • Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, leader of the House of Lords and the Lord Privy Seal since July 2016
  • Lord Fowler, Lord Speaker since September 2016 and former Conservative MP
  • Baroness Smith of Basildon, leader of the opposition in the Lords since May 2015
  • Lord Newby, leader of the Liberal Democrat peers since September 2016
  • Lord Hope of Craighead, convenor of the crossbench peers since September 2015.

Royal Commission assembles

House of Lords


Royal Commission

The members of the Royal Commission take their seats in the House of Lords.

They are the leaders of the three largest parties in the Lords, the convener of the crossbench peers and the Lord Speaker.

Black Rod is despatched to summon MPs.

Standing ovation for Jeremy Corbyn

House of Commons


Standing ovation for Jeremy Corbyn

Labour MPs stand and applaud leader Jeremy Corbyn after the party increased its share of the vote and the number of MPs.

Mr Corbyn has struggled to command the loyalty of the Parliamentary Labour Party following his election as Labour leader in 2015 - and faced a leadership challenge in 2016.

Watch: A standing ovation for Jeremy Corbyn

BBC journalist tweets...

New Parliament assembles

The new line-up of MPs are assembled for the first time in the Commons chamber.
The new line-up of MPs are assembled for the first time in the Commons chamber.

What is the White Book?

Conservative Scottish MPs
Here are just a few of the new MPs...

At the beginning of each new Parliament, the Clerk of the Crown in Chancery delivers the “White Book” to the Clerk Assistant - formally called the Parliamentary Election Return Book.

The White Book contains the names of all members returned to serve in the Parliament alongside their full constituency name. It is compiled by the Crown Office and constitutes the House’s authority for accepting that a Member has the right to represent that constituency in Parliament.

The first reference in the Journal (later Hansard) to a document listing the composition of the Commons dates back to 1654. This was issued for the First Protectorate Parliament during the Commonwealth, where the franchise and the constituencies in England were radically revised.

The colour of these early Return Books is unknown. The reason for it becoming specifically a “white” book is also unknown. Though historically, it would have become a white book when bound in vellum.

Former deputy Speaker thinks Bercow is safe

BBC Parliament

Freeview channel 131

BBC Parliament's Daniel Brittain tells viewers to expect "a veritable doff-fest" from the Royal Commissioners in the Lords, who traditionally doff their hats in greeting.

Joining him is former Deputy Speaker Natascha Engel, who lost her seat as Labour MP for North East Derbyshire in the election.

She is of the view that John Bercow will have no problems returning to the Speaker's chair.

"There been absolutely no indication that anyone wants to challenge him," she says, adding that no-one wants "any more upset" amid the political uncertainty.

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