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Live Reporting

Kate Whannel, Justin Parkinson and Edited by Johanna Howitt

All times stated are UK

  1. That's all from us

    Boris Johnson leaving No 10
    Image caption: Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaving No 10 earlier for the House of Commons for the Brexit Deal Vote.

    We're going pause our coverage of today's proceeding for now.

    You can catch up with the final outcome of the bill's progress here.

    Today's live page was edited by Johanna Howitt and written by Kate Whannel and Justin Parkinson.

    Thanks for joining us.

  2. Watch: Laura Kuenssberg challenges Boris Johnson on his Brexit deal

    Prime Minister Boris Johnson has described his post-Brexit trade deal with the EU as a "cakiest treaty", in an interview with the BBC's political editor Laura Kuenssberg about barriers, exports, and the coronavirus tier system.

    MPs voted to approve the post-Brexit trade deal by 521 to 73 votes.

    The bill - which will bring the agreement with the EU into UK law - is expected to pass through all of its parliamentary stages by the end of the day.

    Boris Johnson was asked how he can justify his claim that people will now be able to do more business with the European Union:

    Video content

    Video caption: Laura Kuenssberg challenges Boris Johnson on Brexit and vaccines
  3. How the MPs' vote added up

    graph showing how MPs voted

    We've had the initial breakdown of how the MPs voted.

    As we mentioned earlier - 521 MPs voted to back the PM's Brexit deal, giving Boris Johnson a majority in the Commons of 448.

    Not a single Conservative MP voted against the government - but two Conservatives - Owen Paterson and John Redwood abstained.

    Of the 73 MPs who did vote against it, that includes one Labour MP - Bell Riberio-Addy.

    Thirty-six Labour MPs didn’t vote (or abstained) on the bill, including three of the party's front bench team. Shadow junior ministers Helen Hayes, Florence Eshalomi and ministerial aide Tonia Antoniazzi all subsequently resigned from their positions.

    Two ex-Labour MPs - Jeremy Corbyn and Claudia Webbe, both currently sitting as independents - also abstained on the bill.

  4. Peers debate begins

    Lords chamber

    Now that MPs have given their overwhelming approval to the PM's Brexit deal, the House of Lords now have their turn debating the legislation.

    But they may be some time - more than 120 members are expected to speak during second reading of the bill, which is the name given to the main debate on the principles and purpose of draft laws.

  5. Watch: The moment MPs back the PM's Brexit deal

    Video content

    Video caption: Brexit: MPs voted to back EU-UK trade deal
  6. BreakingUK having its cake and eating it - Johnson

    Boris Johnson

    Boris Johnson has claimed his post-Brexit trade deal with the EU allows the UK to have its cake and eat it.

    In an interview BBC Political Editor Laura Kuenssberg, the prime minister refused to acknowledge it will mean new barriers to trade.

    He conceded that there would be "changes" for business when the UK leaves EU trading rules on Thursday.

    But he insisted the deal would allow the UK to "go our own way but also have free trade" with the EU.

    Read more here.

  7. Bill completes hurdles in the Commons

    The SNP force another vote on the bill at third reading (one of the parliamentary stages) and MPs again vote to approve the deal.

    The bill has now competed its hurdles in the Commons and will head to the House of Lords, who also need to approve the legislation before it becomes law.

    Once that is done the Queen will need to sign the bill - a stage known as Royal Assent. Her Majesty may have to stay up quite late - depending on what time debate in the House of Lords finishes.

    You can watch the debate on BBC Parliament.

    After 15:00 GMT, Health Secretary Matt Hancock will make a statement on new Covid restrictions in England. You can follow his statement here.

  8. Analysis: No time for government to savour victory

    Jonathan Blake

    BBC political correspondent

    You can't ignore the strange circumstances in which the final few hours of the Brexit story are being played out.

    The legislation governing the UK's future relationship with the EU is being raced through parliament in record time, hours before it needs to take effect.

    The House of Commons chamber looks empty, but by today's socially distanced standards it's full.

    And the subject that dominated national life for so long is now overshadowed by issues which suddenly seem more urgent.

    The government has no time to savour the victory it claims to have won.

  9. BreakingCommons backs post-Brexit trade deal

    MPs back the government's post-Brexit trade deal with the EU by 521 votes to 73 - that's a majority of 448.

  10. The numbers that count in the Brexit vote

    Commons chamber
    Image caption: MPs waiting for the result

    As we wait for the result of the vote, remember that we're expecting MPs to give their approval to the PM's Brexit deal.

    The government has a majority of 78 in the Commons - in other words, the Conservatives have 78 more MPs than all the other parties combined.

    Added to that Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer has instructed his MPs to support the legislation, although a few of his MPs are expected to defy that and vote against it - some others have said they will abstain.

    SNP, Lib Dems, Plaid Cymru have all instructed their MPs to vote against the deal. Green MP Caroline Lucas said she will vote against it too, and the Northern Ireland parties - the DUP, the Alliance party and the SDLP have indicated that they will not support the plan.

    But that buffer of 80 MPs still gives Boris Johnson plenty of room to get his deal through.

    It won't be long now until we get the final result - do stay with us.

  11. MPs start to vote


    Commons Speaker Sir Lindsay Hoyle calls MPs to vote on the Brexit deal - also known as the European Union (Future Relationship) Bill at its second reading.

    The bill puts into law the EU-UK post-Brexit trade deal agreed last week.

    The result is expected at 14:40 GMT.

  12. Gove: Bill takes back control of laws, borders and waters


    Cabinet Office minister Michael Gove winds up the debate for the government, saying four and a half years after the referendum vote "we can say we have kept faith with the people."

    "This bill takes back control of our laws, borders and waters," he says.

    Gove says Keir Starmer's attitude to the EU is "like his attitude to Labour's former leader Jeremy Corbyn - he spent years trying to keep as close as possible and now he wants us to forget all about it."

    And he describes the SNP's stance as "inconsistent and incoherent".

    Concluding his speech he says "There is no longer any such thing as Remainers or Leavers. We are now all Britons dedicated to a future of sharing and solidarity."

  13. Labour MP resigns front bench postion

    As Rachel Reeves has just confirmed in her closing speech, Labour MPs have been instructed to vote for the government's Brexit deal today.

    But one MP who has decided to abstain from the vote, has announced she will stand down from her role as a ministerial aide.

    View more on twitter
  14. Labour: We have no choice but to back deal


    Winding up for Labour, shadow Cabinet Office minister Rachel Reeves says her party will back the government, rather than expose the UK to the "chaos of a no deal".

    Speaking via video link, she argues that the deal is not "good enough" but it is the only reasonable current option.

    The UK's trade surplus with the EU on services has not been protected by the government, Reeves says.

    And the "reality of poor preparations will bite hard" at the UK's ports at the start of next year, she warns.

    To abstain - as other opposition parties plan to do - "is to fail to choose" between a "limited deal and no deal at all", Reeves, says.

    Labour, when it returns to power, "will build on" what Boris Johnson's government has negotiated, she concludes.

  15. Deputy Speaker presses fast forward


    Kirsty Blackman was the 56th MP to speak in the debate, and there were 84 listed to speak in total.

    But the timings have slipped and with the vote due at 14:30 GMT, Deputy Speaker Nigel Evans has pressed fast forward and skipped over lots of the MPs who had wanted to speak.

    Labour's shadow minister Rachel Reeves is now summing up for the opposition.

  16. 'No way I am choosing to drink this excrement,' says SNP MP

    Conservative Greg Clark praises the "ambition" of the deal noting it encompasses energy, science and security. He says he hopes that post-Brexit the government will recommit to a "reinvigorated industrial strategy" which will capitalise on the country's strengths.

    On fishing, the SNP's Kirsty Blackman says the deal is "a bit like we have been drinking lovely glass of water, but the Brexiteers offered us a malt whiskey. Now they saying we will all die of thirst unless we drink this steaming mug of excrement." There is "no way I am choosing to drink this excrement," she adds.

  17. Owen Paterson to abstain in trade deal vote

    Speaking via video link, Eurosceptic Conservative John Baron says the UK "has secured its sovereignty" in the trade deal. This is a "defining moment in our history", he tells the Commons.

    Fellow Tory Owen Paterson speaks in Parliament for the first time since his wife's suicide in June, saying it is an "honour" to take part in the debate. He says he is "very pleased" with the trade deal, but it needs a "really determined government" to ensure it helps the UK economy, particularly on the fishing sector.

    He adds that he cannot vote for a measure that "divides" Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK in any way, and will abstain later.

    Deputy Speaker Nigel Evans sends his "love" to Mr Paterson - a former Northern Ireland secretary - and his family.

  18. Labour MP: I cannot be complicit in a wrecking ball

    Tracy Brabin and Meg Hiller
    Image caption: Tracy Brabin and Meg Hiller (seated)

    Labour's Meg Hillier raises concern about the lack of security measures in the deal but says she will not vote against it because she "recognises the referendum result". However she adds that she cannot be "complicit in what is a wrecking ball in the name of sovereignty" and will be abstaining.

    Conservative William Wragg says "the British people did not take back control only to be ruled by ministerial diktat" and says it will be up to MPs to "live up to the rediscovered responsibilities that come with sovereignty".

    Labour's Tracy Brabin says the lack of "creative passport" measures, allowing those in the creative sector to travel easily to the EU, is "a glaring emission" in the deal. She warns this will lead to British artists and musicians being overlooked.

  19. New Brexit trading rules mean 'clock is ticking' for business

    Lorries at sea port

    Businesses gave a relieved welcome when the EU-UK Brexit trade deal was announced, but warned there was more work to be done.

    Jonathan Geldart, director general of the Institute of Directors, said "the clock is still very much ticking" for firms and called for guidance.

    The CBI called for urgent confirmation of grace periods to give firms time to adapt to new rules from 1 January.

    "We need to ensure we keep goods moving across borders," said Tony Danker, CBI director-general.

    He said the deal "will come as a huge relief to British business at a time when resilience is at an all-time low".

    "But coming so late in the day, it is vital that both sides take instant steps to keep trade moving and services flowing while firms adjust."

    Read more on the business reaction here.

  20. PM's deal 'brings democracy home'


    Earlier, the former cabinet minister Theresa Villiers, a prominent Eurosceptic, said the bill "gets Brexit done". "This should be a moment of national renewal," she added.

    She reminded the House that she voted three times against former Prime Minister Theresa May's EU withdrawal agreement. Boris Johnson's deal is "bringing democracy home", she argued.

    Labour's Sharon Hodgson welcomed the decision not to impose immediate tariffs on cars sold between the EU and UK. She asked for more help for UK battery manufacturers to set up a "localised supply chain" for their own electrodes.

    Conservative Mel Stride, chairman of the Treasury Committee, promised the committee will scrutinise the trade deal's effect on businesses. The "critical issue" is access to EU markets for the UK's financial services sector, he said.