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  1. Thanks for joining us

    Thanks for joining us for all the news, views and analysis of Chancellor Rishi Sunak's Budget.

    Your writers today were Jennifer Scott, Sinead Wilson, Richard Morris, Dearbail Jordon and Victoria Lindrea.

    Your editors were Hamish Mackay, Claire Heald, Kevin Ponniah and Emma Harrison.

    You can find more of our in-depth coverage on the BBC News website, but here is a little round-up before we close the page for the night.

  2. In Pictures: Budget 2021

    Parliament's official photographer Jessica Taylor was in the Commons to capture the event

    Rishi Sunak
    Image caption: Rishi Sunak in the moments before his Budget speech sitting next to Prime Minister Boris Johnson (and looking a little nervous...)
    Commons for Budget
    Image caption: The Commons was packed with MPs to hear what Sunak had to say
    Rishi Sunak
    Image caption: In full flow, the chancellor even appeared to be enjoying himself...
    Tory backbenchers
    Image caption: And the (largely unmasked) Tory backbenchers enjoyed his performance...
    Rachel Reeves
    Image caption: But Labour's Rachel Reeves was ready with a list of criticisms
  3. Triple lock pension change to save £5.4bn

    Kevin Peachey

    Personal finance correspondent

    Pensioner looking out of window

    One of the biggest savings for the chancellor is the change in policy on the state pension triple lock.

    The temporary removal of the earnings link was announced in September. Now, the Office for Budget Responsibility says that will save the Treasury £5.4bn in the next financial year.

    There will be a rise of 3.1% in the state pension in April. That will add £4.25 more a week to £141.85 for those on the older state pension, and an increase of £5.55 to £185.15 a week for the newer flat-rate state pension.

    It does mean that pensioners will get a predicted real terms cut – as inflation is forecast to be 4% next year.

    Had the government stuck to the triple lock, the rise would have been 8.3% - which it describes as an anomaly caused by the pandemic.

  4. Price rises could hit highest rate in 30 years, says watchdog

    Inflation forecast graphic

    The cost of living could rise at its fastest rate for 30 years, the UK's fiscal watchdog has warned.

    The Office for Budget Responsibility's latest forecast says that inflation, which measures the change in the cost of living over time, is set to jump from 3.1% to an average of 4% next year.

    But it adds that figures released since its report was compiled suggests inflation could hit almost 5%.

    Read more here about the cost of living and where it is heading.

  5. Reality Check

    Will the changes make up for the lost £20 a week?

    The chancellor is spending more than £2bn a year reducing the taper rate on universal credit from 63% to 55% and increasing the amount some workers can earn before they lose benefits.

    The taper rate is the rate at which universal credit claimants lose benefits if they earn more money.

    For some workers, the cut to the taper rate will more than make up for the loss of the £20 a week uplift to universal credit.

    The chancellor gave the example of a single mother of two, renting her home and working full-time on the national living wage, who would indeed be better off by more than £20 a week.

    But not all claimants will recoup the losses. The changes will only benefit universal credit claimants who are in work, for example, so a household in which nobody was working would still be worse off.

    Also, a person without children working 20 hours a week at the national living wage would probably not benefit by as much as £20 a week.

    You can read more about it here.

  6. Analysis

    A tale of two economies

    Jonathan Josephs

    BBC business reporter

    German and UK flags

    The UK’s economic recovery appears to be stronger than that of Germany, the EU's so-called engine room.

    The Office for Budget Responsibility expects the UK economy to return to pre-pandemic levels “around the turn of the year” and lifted its gross domestic product (GDP) growth forecast for 2021 to 6.5%.

    Meanwhile in Germany, it has just announced it will now take three months longer - to the end of March - for its economy to reach pre-Covid levels.

    And Germany’s growth forecast for this year has been cut from 3.5% to 2.6%.

    Germany's economy minister Peter Altmaier says that’s because of supply chain problems, higher energy prices and a lack of computer chips which means less cars are being made.

    Vaccine rollout, inflation and global supply chain problems are all reasons that a huge amount of uncertainty remains for economies everywhere - and in this environment, the outlook for different nations can change pretty quickly.

  7. Sunak not calling time on hefty spending

    Laura Kuenssberg

    Political editor

    Rishi Sunak portrays himself as a light touch Tory who doesn't like heavy taxes and who doesn't like big government.

    But he's not using the fading of the pandemic emergency to call time on hefty spending.

    Nor is the chancellor seizing a moment to argue for a leaner state.

    Instead, his plans seem to increase spending everywhere, in a Budget that on first examination has something for everyone.

    Sunak even chose to emphasise how he's restoring spending in some areas to levels not seen since Labour was in charge - though he is less keen to remind you they were cut back by successive administrations made up of his Tory colleagues.

    Despite dangling the promise of tax cuts by 2024, the Budget seems to confirm the political conclusions of Sunak and Boris Johnson - vows to shrink the state are not going to win them the next election.

    But with the threat of inflation, higher taxes and puny, if better growth, the seeming largesse may not be toasted by the public in the months to come, even they could do so with cheaper cider or prosecco.

  8. What does the Budget mean for the devolved nations?

    In Scotland, many of the big decisions about tax and spending are made by the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh, but Rishi Sunak has given an extra £4.6bn per year to Holyrood to allocate to departments.

    In Wales, Welsh government budgets will increase by an average of £2.5bn a year, with a total of £120m also earmarked for ten Welsh levelling-up projects.

    And in Northern Ireland there will be an additional £1.6bn a year for public services with infrastructure spending increasing by an average of 2.5% a year up to 2025.

  9. Just joining us? Here's what you need to know

    If you missed Rishi Sunak's Budget statement earlier, here's a quick recap of some of the main points:

    • Inflation is set to rise to 4% over the next year but unemployment is expected to peak at 5.2% in 2022, lower than 11.9% previously predicted, and the UK economy is forecast to return to pre-Covid levels by 2022
    • Whitehall departments will receive a rise in overall spending, totalling £150bn over the course of this Parliament
    • The universal credit taper rate will be cut by 8%, no later than 1 December, bringing it down from 63% to 55%, meaning people earning and claiming universal credit will keep more of their benefit
    • The planned rise in fuel duty is to be cancelled amid the highest pump prices in eight years
    • A £5bn fund to remove unsafe cladding will be funded by a levy on property developers
    • Schools will get an extra £4.7bn by 2024-25 with funding to return to 2010 levels in real terms
    • An extra £2.2bn for courts, prisons and probation services, has been announced - including £500m to reduce courts backlogs
    • Ahead of the COP26 climate summit, a cut in air passenger duty for internal UK flights was revealed - but there will be a tax rise on "ultra long haul" flights

    You can read our main story on the Budget here.

    For those short on time, you can read the key points at-a-glance here.

    And for those of you even shorter on time you can watch this video with the main announcements in 126 seconds.

  10. Starmer 'gutted' to miss PMQs and Budget

    Sir Keir Starmer
    Image caption: Sir Keir Starmer released a video from home saying he was fine, but the Budget wasn't...

    Just minutes before PMQs - and less than an hour before the chancellor delivered his Budget speech - the Labour Party leader tested positive for Covid.

    Sir Keir Starmer had been due to respond to both the prime minister and Rishi Sunak in the Commons.

    But instead he had to isolate at home, passing on the job to his shadow business secretary (and former leader) Ed Miliband and shadow chancellor Rachel Reeves.

    He has now released a video, saying he is "absolutely gutted" to miss the political moments, but it is right to follow the rules.

    And Sir Keir says he is feeling "fine" - well enough at least to criticise the Budget that "does nothing for working people and nothing about the cost of living crisis".

  11. Brexit will have a bigger impact on UK than Covid, says watchdog

    The chairman of the Office for Budget Responsibility, the fiscal watchdog, tells the BBC that Brexit will have a bigger impact on the UK economy in the long run than the pandemic.

    Speaking after today’s Budget, Richard Hughes says “leaving the European Union is going to reduce our long run potential output by 4%”, whereas he believes “the pandemic is going to reduce that potential output by a further 2%".

    In the OBR’s overview of the UK's economic and fiscal outlook, it also states “supply bottlenecks have been exacerbated by changes in the migration and trading regimes following Brexit".

  12. Clarke: A fiscally responsible gamble of a Budget

    Ken Clarke

    A former Tory chancellor is welcoming the Budget as "fiscally responsible", but warns it is also a "gamble" amid rising inflation and costs.

    Ex-MP Ken Clarke - now Lord Clarke - told BBC News the chancellor's speech was "sound and sold very well".

    He says Rishi Sunak has "made the most of increases in spending he's got... he's keeping the level of debt under control and he hopes to reduce the level of annual deficit if - and it's a big if behind all this - the economy can maintain its recovery".

    But Clarke says the economy is in "a pretty sad state and faces a lot of dangers", adding: "I hope it comes off because everything really depends on inflation, costs, growth over the next year or two".

  13. Little action on rising inflation, say food and drink firms

    Paying food bill in restaurant
    Image caption: Rising inflation could result in rising prices for pubs, restaurants and consumers

    Now back to some more reaction to the Budget we've been hearing this afternoon.

    Ian Wright, chief executive of the Food and Drink Federation, says for many manufacturers and producers the 50% cut in business rates for hospitality announced in the Budget and the simplification of alcohol duty are “welcome news".

    However, he says the Budget does “little to address” labour shortages and adds it is also “worryingly short on action to tackle rising inflation”.

    “Given the pressures they are facing, many manufacturers will simply have no choice but continue to pass costs down the chain,” he says.

  14. Your questions answered

    What was the point of the speech when everything was pre-announced?

    Dennis asks our final question.

    Helen Catt

    Political Correspondent

    That is a very good point.

    The Speaker of the House of Commons is really quite cross about this becayse what the government is supposed to do, by convention, is announce policies in Parliament first.

    That's so that MPs can pick them apart and hold ministers to account.

    There were still some surprises today though - the Universal Credit changes and the reform of alcohol duty.

  15. Your questions answered

    What happened to social care reforms?

    Helen Catt

    Political Correspondent

    We found out about the new tax to raise money for social care earlier this year.

    In fact, there were not any nasty tax rises in this Budget. But that's because they had already done it with the upcoming rise in National Insurance, which will become the health and social care levy.

    That is a significant tax and it will raise raise £12bn for both the NHS and social care.

    We are still waiting for more detail on that, but it didn't come in the Budget.

  16. Your questions answered

    Do the business rate changes apply to all businesses?

    Dharshini David

    Economics Correspondent

    No. There are some changes that apply to all businesses, but there are some targeted ones too.

    Those ones - the 50% discount specifically - are aimed at those kind of sectors struggling to get back on their feet, such as hospitality and leisure.

    And no-one knows what is going to happen in the next few months, so there appears to be some caution from the Treasury in case those businesses get hit again.

  17. Your questions answered

    Is there anything for self-employed workers?

    Kamala asks...

    Dharshini David

    Economics Correspondent

    Not today, no.

    We have had some relief for businesses over the coming months but there wasn't very much in there for self-employed workers.

    We had that fiddling around last month with national insurance to finance the health and social care levy, but today, despite the length of the speech, nothing for the self-employed.

  18. Your questions answered

    Any news on the minimum wage?

    A question from Stephen...

    Dharshini David

    Economics Correspondent

    We do have some concrete details on that.

    As of next April, the National Living Wage - as it's now called - will go up by 6.6% if you're over 23.

    That takes it to £9.50 per hour. If you work full time, you might see an increase of around £1,000 per year.

    This announcement was actually made ahead of time, which we reported on here.

  19. Your questions answered

    Is the money just for England, or all of the UK?

    A question from Alan...

    Helen Catt

    Political Correspondent

    Some of the Budget is for the whole of the UK, some of it is just for England.

    There are some things that Westminster does for the whole of the UK, and some things the devolved administrations do for themselves.

    So, things like money for local councils will be England only - but then Scotland, Wales and NI will get a proportionate amount of money based on that announcement and they can decide what to do with it themselves.

    So the whole Budget is a bit of a mix and you have to look at polcies individually to see whether they are UK-wide or not.

  20. Your questions answered

    Where is all this money coming from?

    Dharshini David

    Economics Correspondent

    We've had a lot of questions on this theme.

    The answer is the bulk of it comes from us as taxpayers.

    We pay hundreds of billions of pounds in to the Treasury every year but they also need to top it up and they do.

    They can borrow from the financial markets and because they are the government they are much more reliable than the rest of us when it comes to paying back money so they can normally borrow at very low rates indeed.

    That's why they have been able to finance all that extra spending on pandemic help.