Child heart surgery reform suspended

Surgeons in Leeds
Image caption Where should surgery take place?

Controversial plans to reform children's heart surgery in England have been suspended as the decision was based on a "flawed analysis", Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt has announced.

The NHS had planned to concentrate care in fewer, bigger centres.

There was opposition to ending surgery at Leeds General Infirmary, Glenfield Hospital in Leicester and the Royal Brompton in London.

Mr Hunt ordered an independent review of the decision.

Repairing the hearts of children born with congenital defects is one of the most complex procedures in the NHS. About 3,700 such operations take place each year.

Ten hospitals currently perform the delicate surgery required, but last year the "Safe & Sustainable review" performed by the Joint Committee of Primary Care Trusts ruled expertise was spread too thinly.

It said surgery should be concentrated in seven specialist centres by 2014 in order to improve safety. They were:

  • Great Ormond Street, London
  • Evelina Children's Hospital, London
  • Newcastle's Freeman Hospital
  • Birmingham Children's Hospital
  • Alder Hey, Liverpool
  • The Royal Children's Hospital, Bristol
  • Southampton General

Campaigners were concerned at a loss of local services and a High Court judge quashed the decision to stop surgery in Leeds saying the consultation was flawed and "ill judged".

Amid the tension, Mr Hunt asked the Independent Reconfiguration Panel (IRP), an advisory body, to assess the decision.

Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media captionWatch Jeremy Hunt's statement on child heart surgery in full

'Serious criticism'

He told the Commons: "The IRP report also concludes that the outcome of the Safe & Sustainable review was based on a flawed analysis of the impact of incomplete proposals, and leaves too many questions about sustainability and implementation.

"This is clearly a serious criticism of the Safe & Sustainable process. I therefore accept their recommendation that the proposals cannot go ahead in their current form and am suspending the review today."

He said the consultation, which has already cost more than £6m, did not have the confidence of the public with some feeling the decision was predetermined.

He said choosing which hospitals provided surgery was one of the most flawed areas of the review, but added "we need to get on with this" as the original argument for improving care was unchanged.

The IRP's report said: "The Panel's advice addresses the weaknesses in the original proposals, but it is not a mandate for either the status quo or going back over all the ground in the last five years."

Lord Ribeiro, the chairman of the IRP, said access to services was one of the panel's main concerns.

"Many of the relatives said to us, 'Of course, we would travel to the Moon to have our daughter or son treated,'" he said.

"But, for them, it is also about the quality of care that can be provided for the whole family, and many of them do have to travel long distances, with great cost, and, therefore, if they could see the changes that were being provided for them would provide a service which, for them - and this is what we were told - for them, appeared to be no better than what they had locally, then they had concerns about that."

Mr Hunt set NHS England, which has taken over the responsibilities of the Joint Committee of Primary Care Trusts, a deadline of the end of July to come up with the next step in the process.

The fate of children's heart surgery will also be considered alongside changes to adult heart surgery.

Prof Sir Bruce Keogh, the medical director for NHS England, said: "We welcome the review, and NHS England will now study its recommendations in full to learn from them.

"We will institute a new process that recognises the very strong case for redesigning services to meet the demands of the future whilst addressing the legitimate concerns in our local communities."


Prime Minister David Cameron said: "We have to be frank with people that we can't expect really technical surgery, like children's heart operations, to be carried out at every hospital in the country."

He said it was clear the original review had not been conducted properly, "so we need to make a re-start".

Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media captionLord Ribeiro: 'Our recommendations are not a panacea for doing nothing - it is not a mandate for rolling the clock back'

Sharon Cheng, of the group Save Our Surgery, which has campaigned in Leeds, said: "[Mr Hunt's] comments about the Safe & Sustainable process and outcome completely vindicate the action that we took to challenge this, and demonstrate that exposing the flaws in the review was the right and necessary thing to do."

She called for the new review to be "fully open and accountable".

Meanwhile the chief executive of Newcastle Hospitals Sir Leonard Fenwick, who had been told the hospital would keep its unit, said the decision was "a little surprising".

The Shadow Health Secretary Andy Burnham said: "When it was published, while I fully support the reduction in sites, I expressed concerns about the distribution of the seven sites, skewed towards the western half of England and leaving a large swathe of the east, from Newcastle to London, without a surgical centre.

"For a family in Hull or Lincoln, already at their wits' end with worry, the wrench of leaving home to travel hundreds of miles with the cost of accommodation and time off work would add to high levels of stress and anxiety."

More on this story

Related Internet links

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites