Entertainment & Arts

What was the best year for music?

The Beatles, Madonna, Ed Sheeran and Taylor Swift Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption The Beatles, Madonna, Ed Sheeran and Taylor Swift have all racked up impressive streaming numbers

From the swinging 60s to punk, acid house to Britpop, everyone has a favourite era in music.

But is there a single year where rock and pop peaked?

Maybe it came with The Beatles' mould-breaking sonic experiments of 1968, or the mid-80s purple patch where Prince, Madonna and Michael Jackson pushed each other to ever-greater heights.

If you ask most people to choose a defining year in music, they'll almost certainly name one of their teenage years.

In adolescence, our brains are more active, we have more time to listen to music and we're experiencing a lot of things for the first time - all of which makes songs from that period more memorable.

When economist Seth Stephens-Davidowitz analysed Spotify data on people's listening habits, he found that if you were a teenager when a hit song was first released, it remained popular in your age group 10 years later.

Radiohead's Creep, for example, is a favourite amongst 40-year-old men. For people in their 20s, it doesn't even reach the top 300. For millennials, Carly Rae Jepsen's Call Me Maybe has a similar resonance.

But psychologists believe there's a deeper reason why we cling to those pieces of music.

"It is during these formative years that we make many crucial life-changing decisions, initiate significant long-term relationships and establish the cultural and political beliefs which form our identity," cognitive neuropsychologist Dr Catherine Loveday told BBC Radio 3.

"Music has an intrinsic capacity to regulate emotions [so] these songs naturally become embedded in our important memories, both positive and negative."

All of which is fascinating - but it still won't help us decide empirically which year produced the best music. Luckily, new research from music industry body the BPI helps narrow down the field.

By analysing all the music we streamed in the UK last year, they've drawn up a list of the most popular musical year for every decade of the rock and roll era.

So now we know that people have greater affinity for 1984 (Purple Rain, Wake Me Up Before You Go Go) than 1989 (Like A Prayer, Ride On Time). We also prefer the hits of 1977 (We Will Rock You, Stayin' Alive) to those of 1971 (Brown Sugar, Get It On).

2019 was the most popular year overall - but only because current chart hits account for a fifth (21.1%) of all streaming activity.

Here are the top 10 songs from each of those eras, revealed exclusively on the BBC before they appear in the BPI's yearbook: All About The Music 2020, which is released later this month.

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The most-streamed songs of 1969

TitleArtistStreams (m)
1) Here Comes The SunThe Beatles25.3
2) I Want You BackJackson 521.1
3) Sweet CarolineNeil Diamond17.8
4) Come TogetherThe Beatles12.5
5) Suspicious MindsElvis Presley11.2
6) Fortunate SonCredence Clearwater Revival10.7
7) Gimme ShelterRolling Stones10.5
8) Space OddityDavid Bowie9.9
9) The BoxerSimon & Garfunkel7.2
10) Bad Moon RisingCredence Clearwater Revival7.1
Source: BPI Yearbook
Image copyright Getty Images

The most-streamed songs of 1977

TitleArtistStreams (m)
1) Mr Blue SkyELO31.0
2) The ChainFleetwood Mac27.4
3) DreamsFleetwood Mac24.2
4) We Will Rock YouQueen23.1
5) We Are The ChampionsQueen18.1
6) Three Little BirdsBob Marley13.9
7) Lovely DayBill Withers12.6
8) Stayin' AliveBee Gees12.4
9) She's Always A WomanBilly Joel10.9
10) EasyThe Commodores10.8
Source: BPI Yearbook
Image copyright Getty Images

The most-streamed songs of 1984

TitleArtistStreams (m)
1) Last ChristmasWham!42
2) Do They Know It's ChristmasBand Aid30.2
3) Take On MeA-ha25.3
4) Summer Of '69Bryan Adams25.2
5) I Want To Break FreeQueen20.9
6) Radio GagaQueen20.3
7) Wake Me Up Before You Go GoWham!19.5
8) FootlooseKenny Loggins18
9) Dancing In The DarkBruce Springsteen14.8
10) Purple RainPrince & The Revolution13.5
Source: BPI Yearbook
Image copyright Getty Images

The most-streamed songs of 1999

TitleArtistStreams (m)
1) Dancing In The MoonlightToploader27.3
2) No ScrubsTLC24.7
3) I Want It That WayBackstreet Boys22.4
4) Say My NameDestiny's Child19.4
5) All StarSmash Mouth16.0
6) CalifornicationRed Hot Chili Peppers15.6
7) Still D.R.E.Dr Dre ft Snoop Dogg15.5
8) All The Small ThingsBlink-18214.7
9) Forgot About DreDr Dre ft Eminem14.2
10) Keep On MovingFive10.9
Source: BPI Yearbook
Image copyright Getty Images

The most-streamed songs of 2006

TitleArtistStreams (m)
1) NaïveThe Kooks27.4
2) Chasing CarsSnow Patrol26.6
3) She Moves In Her Own WayThe Kooks21.8
4) Hips Don't LieShakira ft Wyclef Jean18.2
5) Mardy BumArctic Monkeys18.2
6) How To Save A LifeThe Fray18
7) When The Sun Goes DownArctic Monkeys17.7
8) Last RequestPaolo Nutini17.5
9) I Write Sins Not TragediesPanic! At The Disco15.5
10) Chelsea DaggerFratellis15.2
Source: BPI Yearbook
Image copyright Getty Images

The most-streamed songs of 2017

TitleArtistStreams (m)
1) BruisesLewis Capaldi85.2
2) PerfectEd Sheeran60.2
3) This Is MeKeala Settle55.5
4) BodyLoud Luxury ft Brando53.3
5) Leave A Light OnTom Walker52.5
6) Baby SharkPinkfong50.8
7) Lost Without YouFreya Ridings50.7
8) Shape Of YouEd Sheeran49.1
9) Truth HurtsLizzo43.6
10) The Greatest ShowHugh Jackman41.9
Source: BPI Yearbook

Interestingly, the most-streamed songs from those years don't always correlate to the hits of the era.

Wings' Mull Of Kintyre, which was the biggest-selling single of 1977, is nowhere to be found in that year's streaming data.

Meanwhile, Smash Mouth's All Star, which only reached number 24 in 1999, leaps into that year's most-streamed chart, having become a karaoke standard after being featured in the first Shrek film.

The most-played song of 1999, however, was Toploader's cover of Dancing In The Moonlight.

"It's one of the go-to happy songs, I think," said singer Joe Washbourn, explaining the track's enduring success.

"It still out there on the radio and getting streamed all over the world.

"People know the song more than the band, to be honest."

Queen are well-represented in the charts, thanks to the success of their Bohemian Rhapsody soundtrack, while the back catalogues of The Beatles, Wham! and Fleetwood Mac also remain popular.

Songs released in 2019 were discounted to stop recent hits flooding the data set, but the late-blooming success of 2017 recordings by Lewis Capaldi, Tom Walker and Lizzo (all of which hit the charts in the last 12 months) made that year the dominant player of the 2010s.

A separate chart of last year's most popular songs sees Ed Sheeran and Justin Bieber's I Don't Care take first place.

All of the top 10 were streamed more than 100 million times.

The most-streamed songs of 2019

TitleArtistStreams (m)
1) I Don't CareEd Sheeran & Justin Bieber138.8
2) Bad GuyBillie Eilish137.1
3) Vossi BopStormzy121.3
4) LocationDave Ft Burna Boy120.4
5) GiantCalvin Harris & Rag 'N' Bone Man115.7
6) Piece Of Your HeartMeduza Ft Goodboys110.5
7) Don’t Call Me UpMabel107.4
8) Ladbroke GroveAJ Tracey106.7
9) SenoritaShawn Mendes & Camila Cabello106.5
10) Dance MonkeyTones And I105.8
Source: BPI Yearbook

The popularity of streaming has been a lifeline for the music industry, after years of piracy and falling CD sales.

According to the Entertainment Retailers Association, people in the UK spent £1bn on music subscriptions last year, a rise of 23.5%, and played a total of 114bn songs.

By contrast, physical sales of CDs fell 17% to £318m - two-thirds smaller than the £873m market of 2010.

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