Third of young unemployed 'rarely leave house'
Many young unemployed people feel marginalised, pessimistic and lacking in control over their lives, claims a survey by the UCU lecturers' union.
The survey of youngsters not in education, employment or training - so-called Neets - found a third had experienced depression and more than a third "rarely left the house".
The poll examined views of some 1,000 youngsters aged 16-24 across the UK.
The UCU's Simon Renton said it showed the "personal impact" of unemployment.
There are about 900,000 young people classified as being Neet and the lecturers' union survey provides an insight into how they see their circumstances.
It reveals that many feel isolated and are lacking in confidence - 40% feel they are not part of society, 36% believe they will never have a chance of getting a job.
One third have suffered depression, 37% rarely go outside the house and 39% suffer from stress.
There has been a long-term problem with youth unemployment, particularly for youngsters who have left school with poor qualifications.
A study earlier this year found there were now more jobs in the UK which required a degree than were available for those without any qualifications.
It is an international problem and the International Monetary Fund has warned that in some countries with very high levels of youth unemployment it represents a threat to social and political stability.
Jamie Rogers from Brighton told the BBC about the impact of long-term unemployment.
"I rarely go out and I feel so down about myself. I've tried so hard to find work but I feel no one wants me."
"I am 23 with a visual disability. I have been looking for part-time and full-time work since I was 16 and have completed training courses as well as volunteering in charity shops.
"People advised me that if I went through training courses and did volunteering that I would get a job, but I haven't."
Toni Pearce, president of the National Union of Students (NUS), said: "Long periods out of work or education not only have a devastating impact on individuals both in terms of their immediate health and well-being but have knock-on effects for the rest of their lives."
Mr Renton, the UCU's president, said: "It is truly heartbreaking to see so many people who want to contribute more to society but are left feeling their outlook is desperate and hopeless.
"The individual human tragedy is only part of the story as young people outside education or work cost the country millions of pounds every year. We need to give our young people a commitment of proper guidance and stable, properly rewarded jobs, or educational opportunities."
A government spokeswoman said: "Being out of work or education can be an enormous waste of a young person's potential.
"To tackle the problem the government is funding a place in education or training for every 16 and 17 year old who wants one, raising the participation age to 18, and investing in quality traineeships and apprenticeships."