So you want a career in computer games tournaments?

By Sooraj Shah
Technology of Business reporter

Image source, Alex Bowditch
Image caption,
Danielle Morgan is confident about her career in e-sports

"The world is my oyster at this point," says Danielle Morgan, a third year e-sports student at Staffordshire University.

Ms Morgan will be one of the first students in the world to graduate with such a degree, as her university was the first to offer this course in the UK.

It is not just about playing computer games, it is also designed to provide skills that are needed across an industry which organises tournaments all over the world.

"It's very business-oriented, with a focus on everything from marketing, legislation and finances, to events management, strategy and content creation," she says.

Ms Morgan is also gaining work experience with an e-sports production firm, Status Effect, and has been helping to organise a competition involving the Rainbow Six Siege game. As she has been busy juggling her coursework and jobs, she hasn't looked for a particular role she would want to apply for after graduating.

However, the signs are promising as e-sports is surfing a boom in computer games. The computer games industry accounts for about 52% of spending in entertainment - meaning it is bigger than film, TV and music combined.

E-sports is estimated to have a global audience of more than 200 million, along with another 200 million casual watchers.

"In terms of its commercial growth, e-sports is arguably where the Premier League was when it was created in 1992, and we believe there is an opportunity for 20 to 30 global e-sports brands in the world to each become multi-billion dollar businesses," says Karan Mehta, an early stage investor at Octopus Ventures.

With that kind of growth in brands and in the sector as a whole, there has also been a big rise in jobs in the last few years; jobs website Hitmarker saw the total number of e-sports jobs posted on its site grow by 87% between 2018 and 2019.

In each of their three years at Staffordshire University, the students have to run an event.

Image source, Staffordshire University
Image caption,
Staffordshire students learning how to run an e-sports event

In their first year they run a single-player event, in year two they run a multiplayer event and in year three they're tasked with running a large-scale event. This provides them with a lot of the production and event management skills required in the industry.

Other universities have taken other approaches: the University of Roehampton began offering e-sports scholarships last year, and in August introduced the first women in e-sports scholarships.

Students study "a variety of degrees such as digital marketing, computer science, zoology - combining it with an e-sports scholarship on the side", says Jonas Kontautas, Roehampton's e-sports coordinator.

"This was because many within the industry said that it would be better for someone to have a degree in marketing in addition to an interest or scholarship in e-sports [rather] than a specific e-sports degree."

In its first year, the scholarship focused on competitive players - those who are in the top 1% of players in the game they play. The goal was to take these players to a semi-professional level, enabling them to join a team.

Image source, Jonas Kontautas
Image caption,
Jonas Kontautas believes e-sports courses should be part of other degrees

This year, the focus is on the media side of the industry - with the development of skills in live streaming, content creation, writing scripts and presenting in front of camera, among others.

But Sam Mathews, founder and CEO of Fnatic, one of the most well-known professional e-sports organisations, says an e-sports degree is not necessarily going to help students secure a job at his firm.

"It depends what they do with the knowledge they have. If they do some volunteering, show they're proactive, then like anyone that degree is good. However, the reality is we don't hire people who are e-sports graduates at the moment, we hire people who are designers, copywriters or have specific skill sets - so I don't think it's as useful for e-sports teams as it is for a corporate company that wants to get up to speed on e-sports."

Mr Mathews suggests that someone with an e-sports degree has a good chance of working under a marketing manager at a big corporate organisation or for one of the league operators where their production skills would come to the fore.

For e-sports teams themselves, Mr Mathews suggests the hardest skill set to hire is on the sporting side.

"The scouts and experienced e-sports operators are the hardest to hire, compared to a video editor or graphic designer which are relatively easy to recruit. We wouldn't trust a graduate to come in and take our League of Legends roster or manage talent, and that's one of the areas which we're trying to train internally," he says.

Fnatic has also set up a new academy for students hoping to become the next top-earning gamer.

So has the industry been overblown?

Analytics company Newzoo forecast the industry was set to surpass $1bn in revenue in 2019. Yet while it is growing, it is still in its infancy and many investors and entrepreneurs are finding out it is not an area of guaranteed success.

Image source, Kevin Cheung
Image caption,
Kevin Cheung says the money is in e-sports events and entertainment

Kevin Cheung, who is one of Staffordshire University's e-sports course leaders and has experience of working in the industry, suggests that five to six years ago, a lot of investment was targeted towards team organisations.

"I believe that wasn't the best area to focus their investment - the returns are very difficult because teams themselves aren't the biggest generators of cash flow, a lot of it comes from the entertainment side," he says.

"It's because when you think of e-sports, you tend to see professional players in a big stadium and the team organisation behind it, but there's a whole other area behind it - the broadcasting and the infrastructure, for example," he adds.

Dr Bobbie Fletcher, the co-creator of the Staffordshire University e-sports degree, suggests that the sector is going through the same challenges as the gaming industry went through 20 years ago.

"The gaming industry hadn't figured out how it was going to make money and it made a lot of mistakes and I can see a bit of history recurring," she says.

However, Mr Mathews believes that the majority of investors will stand to make a return on their investments in the long haul.

Image source, Fnatic
Image caption,
Founder of Fnatic Sam Mathews is lukewarm on e-sports degrees

"I don't think any investors came in thinking they were going to triple their money in a year. There will be some people that get burned as in any industry, but the bulk of investors are here for the long term and e-sports is here to stay," he says.

In February, Hitmarker estimated there might be more than 20,000 e-sports jobs advertised in 2020. But Hitmarker managing director Richard Huggan now says vacancies have been significantly hit by Covid-19 because the industry is so heavily reliant on live events.

"The total number of new e-sports jobs dropped to a monthly low of 396 in June and this has not really recovered since," he says.

Mr Huggan is hopeful of increases over time and a "mini-boom" when lockdown restrictions are eased and live events return.

But the pandemic hasn't deterred those wanting to be a part of the industry. Parth Kaul Punjabi applied for the Staffordshire course in June - in the midst of the pandemic - and despite fears over how the course itself would be possible with restrictions in place, he was determined to enrol.

Although he does not know what job he wants when he graduates, Mr Punjabi does know that he wants to remain in the e-sports industry.

"I think after graduating it will be a smooth ride overall as the industry is growing and the networking opportunities on our campus are great," he says.