Bank shares rally on hopes of eurozone debt deal
European bank shares have risen as investors react to the latest attempts to stabilise the eurozone debt crisis.
A number of measures are being discussed according to reports from the weekend's international meeting in Washington.
They are expected to involve a 50% write-down of Greece's massive government debt, the BBC's business editor Robert Peston says.
French and German bank shares were up 10% at one stage in Monday trading.
European governments hope to have measures agreed in five to six weeks, in time for a meeting of the leaders of the G20 group in Cannes at the beginning of November.
But EU officials in Brussels stress that they should not be seen as "a single grand plan", the BBC's correspondent Chris Morris says.
The measures being discussed are:
- Institutions that have lent money to Athens writing off about 50% of the money they are owed
- The size of the eurozone bailout fund, the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF), increasing dramatically to 2 trillion euros (£1.7tn; $2.7tn)
- Strengthening big European banks that could be hit by any defaults on national debt obligations.
However, on Monday evening AFP reported that German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble had told television news channel NTV that there was no plan to boost the size of the EFSF.
"We are giving it the tools so it can work if necessary," Mr Schaeuble was reported as saying.
"Then we will use it effectively but we do not have the intention of boosting its volume."
Uncertainty over how to tackle Greece's problems has led to some European bank shares losing half their value in recent months due to concerns about their holdings of Greek debt.
But on Monday, French banks, which are particularly exposed to Greece, rallied, with BNP Paribas and Societe Generale up 4% and 5.4% respectively, and Credit Agricole up 3.7%.
Germany's big banks were also up sharply. Allianz was up 10%, Deutsche Bank 8% and Commerzbank 7.7%. In the UK, Barclays rose 6.8% and RBS 3.3%.
The Frankfurt was up about 3% at close, and in Paris by about 2%. The UK's main index, the FTSE 100, was virtually unchanged.
US shares closed higher, with the Dow ahead by 2.5%, the S&P 500 by 2.3%, and the Nasdaq by 1.4%.
However, commodity prices were lower on remaining concerns that the eurozone crisis could affect the global economy.
Philip Tyson of brokerage MF Global told the BBC that the proposed bailout fund had to be at least 2tn euros.
He said: "Markets need confidence that the fund has the firepower to deal with the likes of Italy and Spain should contagion risks spread.
"It does need to happen, but there are big question marks about the detail, and exactly how it will happen. Time is running out."
Ben Critchley, a sales trader at spread betting group IG Index, said: "For now at least, it looks as if markets are giving some credence to a firm plan on how to tackle the debt crisis beginning to emerge.
"But if recent experience is anything to go by, this patience is unlikely to last too long if details are not forthcoming."
The reports about the rescue proposals emerged from the annual meeting of the IMF in the US capital last week, attended by finance ministers from the G20 group of countries.
The package is expected to involve a quadrupling - from the current projected level of 440bn euros - in the firepower of the eurozone's main bailout fund, the EFSF.
It is not entirely clear how any expansion of the facility would be managed, but one suggestion is for the EFSF to guarantee the first part of any losses creditors sustain from a government defaulting on its debts, with the European Central Bank (ECB) providing an additional 1.5tn euros of loans.
The EFSF would take on the main risk of lending to governments struggling to borrow from normal commercial sources - governments like Italy.
It is also thought that private investors in Greek debt are likely to have to accept a 50% reduction in what they are owed, our editor says.
Eurozone leaders agreed a plan in July, which has yet to be ratified, that provided for a reduction in Greece's repayments to banks of about 20%.
European officials in Brussels stressed that their current focus was on getting measures, including changes to the EFSF, agreed back in July ratified by 17 national parliaments within the eurozone.
It was proving a difficult task, the BBC's Chris Morris says, to get these less far-reaching changes passed, with Germany one of three assemblies to vote this week.
The third element of the rescue plan envisages a strengthening of big eurozone banks, which are perceived to have too little capital to absorb losses.
Commodity prices remained under pressure, pulled between relief that a eurozone deal could be nearer and worries that the global economy faces a downturn.
Oil prices fell sharply in early trading, but recovered with Brent crude up 60 cents at $104.57 a barrel and US light, sweet crude up 55 cents to $80.40 a barrel.
The stronger dollar, which rose around 0.2% against a basket of currencies, also weighed on oil prices as it makes dollar-denominated assets more expensive.
Gold fell 3.2% to $1,603.95 an ounce, continuing recent declines from record highs. Copper, which has already fallen, was down another 4%.
Senior commodities analysts Edward Meir, at brokers MF Global, said: "These are very critical days and weeks ahead, reminiscent very much of the touch-and-go situation we were in back in 2008.
"The key difference this time around is that it is countries and not companies that are in danger of going bust."