UK cities have been urged to follow Dundee's example of creating a booming hi-tech economy.
A report from the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (Nesta) has been looking at ways of creating economic growth.
It said a revival of traditional manufacturing was unlikely but cities could encourage hi-tech development.
It cited Dundee, with its computer games and life science clusters, as a good example of a successful economy.
Nesta has put forward various scenarios for the UK and Scottish economies.
It has predicted that if there was investment in innovation and an increase in the the number of hi-tech companies, then growth and employment rates would rise.
It has advised traditional manufacturing areas across the UK to follow the example of cities such as Dundee.
It plays host to two leading European clusters, in video games and life sciences.
There are more than a dozen video games companies based in the city.
Dundee University is rated among the best in the world for life sciences.
Jonathan Kestenbaum, Nesta's chief executive, said: "At a time when the UK needs to look for new sources of growth, providing the right conditions for hi-tech companies should be a priority."
He added: "We only need look at successful clusters across the UK such as the life sciences and video games cluster in Dundee to see what can be accomplished when policy works in the interest of enterprise and innovation."