The case against a 90-year-old World War II veteran accused of driving the wrong way on a dual carriageway has been dropped.
Chartres Baillie was charged with driving west on the eastbound carriageway of the Edinburgh city city bypass in March 2009.
The pensioner, from Dollar in Clackmannanshire, denied the offence but said he would never drive again.
The case was deserted after it was confirmed he no longer had a licence.
Mr Baillie had claimed that the case arose after he had been blinded by bright sunlight after leaving a filling station. He said a car had collided with the bonnet of his car, causing irreparable damage to it.
Edinburgh Sheriff Court was told that Mr Baillie had surrendered his licence to the DVLA and did not own a vehicle.
The pensioner had never sat a driving test, learning his driving when he was commissioned as a captain in the Royal Engineers in 1939.
Rising to the rank of major, he served in Burma with the Royal Bombay Sappers.
After demob in 1946 he worked in Nigeria, the Middle East and the Caribbean as a civil engineer, before retiring to Dollar.