The Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Op. 97, also known as the Rhenish, is the last symphony composed by Robert Schumann (1810–1856), although not the last published. It was composed from 2 November to 9 December 1850, and comprises five movements:
The Third Symphony is scored for two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets in B♭, two bassoons, four French horns in E♭, two trumpets in E♭, three trombones, timpani and strings. It premiered on 6 February 1851 in Düsseldorf, conducted by Schumann himself, and was received with mixed reviews, "ranging from praise without qualification to bewilderment". However, according to Peter A. Brown, members of the audience applauded between every movement, and especially at the end of the work when the orchestra joined them in congratulating Schumann by shouting "hurrah!".
Performances & Interviews
- Schumann: Symphony No. 3 'Rhenish'https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p01sshb4.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p01sshb4.jpg2014-05-20T13:13:00.000ZStephen Johnson explores one of Schumann's most joyous symphonies.https://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p01zfdzp
Schumann: Symphony No. 3 'Rhenish'Stephen Johnson explores one of Schumann's most joyous symphonies.