The Requiem in D minor, K. 626, is a requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791). Mozart composed part of the Requiem in Vienna in late 1791, but it was unfinished at his death on 5 December the same year. A completed version dated 1792 by Franz Xaver Süssmayr was delivered to Count Franz von Walsegg, who commissioned the piece for a requiem service to commemorate the anniversary of his wife's death on 14 February.
The autograph manuscript shows the finished and orchestrated Introit in Mozart's hand, and detailed drafts of the Kyrie and the sequence Dies irae as far as the first eight bars of the Lacrymosa movement, and the Offertory. It cannot be shown to what extent Süssmayr may have depended on now lost "scraps of paper" for the remainder; he later claimed the Sanctus and Benedictus and the Agnus Dei as his own.
Walsegg probably intended to pass the Requiem off as his own composition, as he is known to have done with other works. This plan was frustrated by a public benefit performance for Mozart's widow Constanze. She was responsible for a number of stories surrounding the composition of the work, including the claims that Mozart received the commission from a mysterious messenger who did not reveal the commissioner's identity, and that Mozart came to believe that he was writing the requiem for his own funeral.
Performances & Interviews
- Mozart: Requiemhttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p01slpzj.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p01slpzj.jpg2013-09-26T19:22:00.000ZStephen Johnson considers Robert Levin's recompletion of Mozart's Requiem and its relationship to the version made by Mozart's pupil, Franz Sussmayr.https://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/b03bft7m
Mozart: RequiemStephen Johnson considers Robert Levin's recompletion of Mozart's Requiem and its relationship to the version made by Mozart's pupil, Franz Sussmayr.
- Mozart: Requiemhttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p01tdpmt.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p01tdpmt.jpg2011-08-21T17:02:00.000ZMatthew Rowe explores the works in Prom 50, including Mozart's Requiem, with recorded examples and illustrations from members of the City of London Sinfonia.https://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/b013lrrl
Mozart: RequiemMatthew Rowe explores the works in Prom 50, including Mozart's Requiem, with recorded examples and illustrations from members of the City of London Sinfonia.