Béla Bartók
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1881-03-25
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/fd14da1b-3c2d-4cc8-9ca6-fc8c62ce6988
Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók Biography (BBC)

Without doubt the greatest Hungarian composer of the 20th century, Bartók was also a formidably accomplished pianist and a renowned collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and beyond. And, of course, he taught.

Bartók learnt the piano and began composing at a very young age. He went on to study at the Budapest Academy of Music but was slow in developing his own musical language. His most accomplished pre-Academy works show the influence of Brahms and Schumann; those of his student years betray the marks of Richard Strauss. The subject matter of the early symphonic poem Kossuth was already unmistakably Hungarian, but it wasn’t until 1904 that Bartók heard his first genuine Hungarian folk song. The deep acquaintance with his native folk music resonated in his own work. He had found his real musical identity and proved as much in a sequence of hugely accomplished scores: the First and Second String Quartets (1909 and 1914–17), the one-act opera Duke Bluebeard’s Castle (1911), and the ballets The Wooden Prince (1914–17) and The Miraculous Mandarin (1918–19).

His fame as both composer and pianist spread fast. Between 1926 and 1931 he wrote the first two of his three piano concertos as vehicles for his own playing. Typically, though, he resisted adopting the life of a touring composer-virtuoso. He continued with his folk-music studies and with developing his own musical language, exploring the nature of variation, the viability of symmetrical forms and a whole array of novel sounds in pieces such as the Third, Fourth and Fifth Quartets (1927, 1928, 1934), the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) and the Sonata for two pianos and percussion (1937). His later music veers towards a more diatonic sound-world, though formal process and proportion always remained important issues.

Bartók fled to the USA in 1940. Although he found work lecturing and giving concerts, he failed to re-establish his reputation. Depression, financial worries and severe health problems followed. He died in New York on 26 September 1945 from leukaemia, leaving his Third Piano Concerto 17 bars short of completion and his Viola Concerto still in sketch form. Thanks to a far-sighted commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation, though, he had in 1943 completed his Concerto for Orchestra, a masterpiece that betrays no sign of the distress that this sensitive, reluctant émigré was suffering.

Profile by Stephen Pettitt © BBC

Béla Bartók Biography (Wikipedia)

Béla Viktor János Bartók (Hungarian: Bartók Béla,; 25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers (Gillies 2001). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Béla Bartók Performances & Interviews


Béla Bartók Tracks

Béla Bartók
Piano Quintet in C
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Piano Quintet in C

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Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.6
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String Quartet No.6
Béla Bartók
8 Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs
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8 Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.5
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String Quartet No.5
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.4
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String Quartet No.4
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.3
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String Quartet No.3
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.2
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String Quartet No.2
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.1
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String Quartet No.1
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No 4 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet No 4 (4th mvt)
Béla Bartók
Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs
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Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Performer
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Choir
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Conductor
Bela Podor
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Excerpts from 'Duo for Two Violins, Sz 98
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Excerpts from 'Duo for Two Violins, Sz 98
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No. 1, Sz. 36
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Violin Concerto No. 1, Sz. 36
Béla Bartók
Harvest Song (44 Violin Duos)
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Harvest Song (44 Violin Duos)
Béla Bartók
Dance Suite, BB 86, Sz. 77, No 3 (Allegro vivace)
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Dance Suite, BB 86, Sz. 77, No 3 (Allegro vivace)
Béla Bartók
Concerto for orchestra
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Concerto for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Romanian folk dances Sz.68
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Romanian folk dances Sz.68
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Peasant Songs (2nd mvt)
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Hungarian Peasant Songs (2nd mvt)
Béla Bartók
Suite from 'The Miraculous Mandarin, Sz. 73'
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Suite from 'The Miraculous Mandarin, Sz. 73'
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No. 2 in G, Sz. 95
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Piano Concerto No. 2 in G, Sz. 95
Béla Bartók
Play Song
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Play Song
Béla Bartók
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz. 106: III. Adagio
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Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz. 106: III. Adagio
Béla Bartók
Duos for 2 violins - No 14 'Pillow Dance'
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Duos for 2 violins - No 14 'Pillow Dance'
Béla Bartók
Bluebeard's Castle, opera in one act
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Bluebeard's Castle, opera in one act
Béla Bartók
Divertimento, Sz. 113
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Divertimento, Sz. 113
Béla Bartók
Transylvanian Dances for orchestra (3rd mvt)
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Transylvanian Dances for orchestra (3rd mvt)
Béla Bartók
Music for strings, percussion and celesta Sz.106
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Music for strings, percussion and celesta Sz.106
Béla Bartók
Out of doors - suite Sz.81 for piano
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Out of doors - suite Sz.81 for piano
Béla Bartók
6 pieces from Mikrokosmos arr. Bartok for 2 pianos
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6 pieces from Mikrokosmos arr. Bartok for 2 pianos
Béla Bartók
'Nézd, tündököl az én váram' (Bluebeard's Castle)
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'Nézd, tündököl az én váram' (Bluebeard's Castle)
Béla Bartók
'Ah!' (Bluebeard's Castle)
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'Ah!' (Bluebeard's Castle)
Béla Bartók
'Oh! Virágok!' (Bluebeard's Castle)
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'Oh! Virágok!' (Bluebeard's Castle)
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody No. 1 for Violin & Orchestra, Sz. 87: I. Lassú. Moderato
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Rhapsody No. 1 for Violin & Orchestra, Sz. 87: I. Lassú. Moderato
Béla Bartók
The Miraculous mandarin - suite Sz.73
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The Miraculous mandarin - suite Sz.73
Béla Bartók
Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings
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Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No. 4 Sz 91IV. Allegretto pizzicato
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String Quartet No. 4 Sz 91IV. Allegretto pizzicato
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody No 2 (2nd mvt)
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Rhapsody No 2 (2nd mvt)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Szekely for violin & piano
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Romanian Folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Szekely for violin & piano
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra, Sz116
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Concerto for Orchestra, Sz116
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No 4, Sz 91
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String Quartet No 4, Sz 91
Béla Bartók
Concerto for orchestra (Sz.116), 5th mvt; Finale (Pesante - presto)
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Concerto for orchestra (Sz.116), 5th mvt; Finale (Pesante - presto)
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody No. 1 for Violin & Orchestra, Sz. 87:
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Rhapsody No. 1 for Violin & Orchestra, Sz. 87:
Béla Bartók
Divertimento for Strings (1st mvt)
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Divertimento for Strings (1st mvt)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (Nos 2-6)
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Romanian Folk Dances (Nos 2-6)
Béla Bartók
Piano Quintet in C major, Sz. 23 iv) Poco a poco più vivace
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Piano Quintet in C major, Sz. 23 iv) Poco a poco più vivace
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Sketches
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Hungarian Sketches
Béla Bartók
Evening in Transylvania and Swineherd's Dance, from 'Hungarian Pictures, Sz. 97'
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Evening in Transylvania and Swineherd's Dance, from 'Hungarian Pictures, Sz. 97'
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Past BBC Events

Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/evv4mb
Royal Albert Hall
2018-08-17T08:31:28
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17
Aug
2018
Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables

Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables

Royal Albert Hall
Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ec95v2
Queen's Hall
1936-01-07T08:31:28
7
Jan
1936

Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08

Queen's Hall

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