Béla Bartók
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1881-03-25
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Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók Biography (BBC)

Without doubt the greatest Hungarian composer of the 20th century, Bartók was also a formidably accomplished pianist and a renowned collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and beyond. And, of course, he taught.

Bartók learnt the piano and began composing at a very young age. He went on to study at the Budapest Academy of Music but was slow in developing his own musical language. His most accomplished pre-Academy works show the influence of Brahms and Schumann; those of his student years betray the marks of Richard Strauss. The subject matter of the early symphonic poem Kossuth was already unmistakably Hungarian, but it wasn’t until 1904 that Bartók heard his first genuine Hungarian folk song. The deep acquaintance with his native folk music resonated in his own work. He had found his real musical identity and proved as much in a sequence of hugely accomplished scores: the First and Second String Quartets (1909 and 1914–17), the one-act opera Duke Bluebeard’s Castle (1911), and the ballets The Wooden Prince (1914–17) and The Miraculous Mandarin (1918–19).

His fame as both composer and pianist spread fast. Between 1926 and 1931 he wrote the first two of his three piano concertos as vehicles for his own playing. Typically, though, he resisted adopting the life of a touring composer-virtuoso. He continued with his folk-music studies and with developing his own musical language, exploring the nature of variation, the viability of symmetrical forms and a whole array of novel sounds in pieces such as the Third, Fourth and Fifth Quartets (1927, 1928, 1934), the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) and the Sonata for two pianos and percussion (1937). His later music veers towards a more diatonic sound-world, though formal process and proportion always remained important issues.

Bartók fled to the USA in 1940. Although he found work lecturing and giving concerts, he failed to re-establish his reputation. Depression, financial worries and severe health problems followed. He died in New York on 26 September 1945 from leukaemia, leaving his Third Piano Concerto 17 bars short of completion and his Viola Concerto still in sketch form. Thanks to a far-sighted commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation, though, he had in 1943 completed his Concerto for Orchestra, a masterpiece that betrays no sign of the distress that this sensitive, reluctant émigré was suffering.

Profile by Stephen Pettitt © BBC

Béla Bartók Biography (Wikipedia)

Béla Viktor János Bartók (Hungarian: Bartók Béla,; 25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers (Gillies 2001). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Béla Bartók Performances & Interviews


Béla Bartók Tracks

Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra
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Concerto for Orchestra

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Béla Bartók
the Miraculous Mandarin, Suite Op 19, Sz. 73
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the Miraculous Mandarin, Suite Op 19, Sz. 73
Béla Bartók
Quartet for strings no. 1 (Sz.40)
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Quartet for strings no. 1 (Sz.40)
Béla Bartók
Dance Suite
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Dance Suite
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
AC Wk28 Fri 3of5 Bartok Miraculous Mandarin
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AC Wk28 Fri 3of5 Bartok Miraculous Mandarin
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No. 2
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Piano Concerto No. 2
Béla Bartók
Preludio-All'ungherese
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Preludio-All'ungherese
Béla Bartók
Sonata For Two Pianos And Percussion, Assai Lento - Allegro Molto
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Sonata For Two Pianos And Percussion, Assai Lento - Allegro Molto
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No. 2
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String Quartet No. 2
Béla Bartók
The Wooden Prince (conclusion)
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The Wooden Prince (conclusion)
Béla Bartók
Scherzo (Concerto for Orchestra)
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Scherzo (Concerto for Orchestra)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
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Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Sketches for orchestra
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Hungarian Sketches for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
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Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Divertimento for string orchestra
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Divertimento for string orchestra
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra (Scherzo)
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Concerto for Orchestra (Scherzo)
Béla Bartók
Music for strings, percussion and celesta Sz.106
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Music for strings, percussion and celesta Sz.106
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances arr Szekely (Romanian Polka)
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Romanian Folk Dances arr Szekely (Romanian Polka)
Béla Bartók
Divertimento Sz.113
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Divertimento Sz.113

Divertimento Sz.113

Orchestra
Israel Camerata Jerusalem
Conductor
Avner Biron
Béla Bartók
Divertimento for string orchestra (Sz 113)
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Divertimento for string orchestra (Sz 113)
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No 2 in G major
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Piano Concerto No 2 in G major
Béla Bartók
Concerto Sz.116 for orchestra
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Concerto Sz.116 for orchestra
Béla Bartók
The Wooden Prince, Op. 13: The Happy End
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The Wooden Prince, Op. 13: The Happy End
Béla Bartók
From 44 Duos for 2 violins, Sz.98/4: Vol.4
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From 44 Duos for 2 violins, Sz.98/4: Vol.4
Béla Bartók
Concerto for piano and orchestra No 3 (Sz.119)
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Concerto for piano and orchestra No 3 (Sz.119)
Béla Bartók
Dance suite Sz 77
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Dance suite Sz 77
Béla Bartók
Melodia - Adagio from 'Sonata for solo violin'
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Melodia - Adagio from 'Sonata for solo violin'
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.1 in A minor, Op 7
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String Quartet No.1 in A minor, Op 7
Béla Bartók
Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14)
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Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14)
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra (Intermezzo interrotto)
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Concerto for Orchestra (Intermezzo interrotto)
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.1, Op.7
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String Quartet No.1, Op.7
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra
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Concerto for Orchestra
Béla Bartók
44 Duos for 2 violins (35 & 36)
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44 Duos for 2 violins (35 & 36)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (Nos 2-6)
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Romanian Folk Dances (Nos 2-6)
Béla Bartók
Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs
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Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Performer
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Choir
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Conductor
Bela Podor
Béla Bartók
Violin Sonata, Sz 117 (2nd mvt)
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Violin Sonata, Sz 117 (2nd mvt)
Béla Bartók
10 Easy pieces, Sz 39 (no 5, Evening in Transylvania)
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10 Easy pieces, Sz 39 (no 5, Evening in Transylvania)
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No 3, Sz 119
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Piano Concerto No 3, Sz 119
Béla Bartók
4 Old Hungarian folk songs
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4 Old Hungarian folk songs

4 Old Hungarian folk songs

Choir
Male Chorus of the Hungarian People's Army
Last played on
Béla Bartók
Six Romanian Folk Dances, Sz 56
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Six Romanian Folk Dances, Sz 56
Béla Bartók
For Children - Book 1 (nos.1-6)
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For Children - Book 1 (nos.1-6)
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.3 Sz 85 - Seconda parte - Allegro
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String Quartet No.3 Sz 85 - Seconda parte - Allegro
Béla Bartók
4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus, Sz 93, 1930
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4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus, Sz 93, 1930
Béla Bartók
44 Duos for Two Violins, BB 104, Sz. 98: Bagpipes and Variants
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44 Duos for Two Violins, BB 104, Sz. 98: Bagpipes and Variants
Béla Bartók
The Miraculous Mandarin (Introduction)
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The Miraculous Mandarin (Introduction)
Béla Bartók
Transylvanian Dances for orchestra
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Transylvanian Dances for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Sketches for orchestra
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Hungarian Sketches for orchestra
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Past BBC Events

Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/evv4mb
Royal Albert Hall
2018-08-17T09:17:11
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17
Aug
2018
Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables

Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables

Royal Albert Hall
Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ec95v2
Queen's Hall
1936-01-07T09:17:11
7
Jan
1936

Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08

Queen's Hall

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