Béla Bartók

Born 25 March 1881. Died 26 September 1945
Béla Bartók
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1881-03-25
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/fd14da1b-3c2d-4cc8-9ca6-fc8c62ce6988
Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók Biography (BBC)

Without doubt the greatest Hungarian composer of the 20th century, Bartók was also a formidably accomplished pianist and a renowned collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and beyond. And, of course, he taught.

Bartók learnt the piano and began composing at a very young age. He went on to study at the Budapest Academy of Music but was slow in developing his own musical language. His most accomplished pre-Academy works show the influence of Brahms and Schumann; those of his student years betray the marks of Richard Strauss. The subject matter of the early symphonic poem Kossuth was already unmistakably Hungarian, but it wasn’t until 1904 that Bartók heard his first genuine Hungarian folk song. The deep acquaintance with his native folk music resonated in his own work. He had found his real musical identity and proved as much in a sequence of hugely accomplished scores: the First and Second String Quartets (1909 and 1914–17), the one-act opera Duke Bluebeard’s Castle (1911), and the ballets The Wooden Prince (1914–17) and The Miraculous Mandarin (1918–19).

His fame as both composer and pianist spread fast. Between 1926 and 1931 he wrote the first two of his three piano concertos as vehicles for his own playing. Typically, though, he resisted adopting the life of a touring composer-virtuoso. He continued with his folk-music studies and with developing his own musical language, exploring the nature of variation, the viability of symmetrical forms and a whole array of novel sounds in pieces such as the Third, Fourth and Fifth Quartets (1927, 1928, 1934), the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) and the Sonata for two pianos and percussion (1937). His later music veers towards a more diatonic sound-world, though formal process and proportion always remained important issues.

Bartók fled to the USA in 1940. Although he found work lecturing and giving concerts, he failed to re-establish his reputation. Depression, financial worries and severe health problems followed. He died in New York on 26 September 1945 from leukaemia, leaving his Third Piano Concerto 17 bars short of completion and his Viola Concerto still in sketch form. Thanks to a far-sighted commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation, though, he had in 1943 completed his Concerto for Orchestra, a masterpiece that betrays no sign of the distress that this sensitive, reluctant émigré was suffering.

Profile by Stephen Pettitt © BBC

Béla Bartók Biography (Wikipedia)

Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers (Gillies 2001). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.

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Béla Bartók Performances & Interviews


Béla Bartók Tracks

Béla Bartók
Contrasts
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Contrasts

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Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No.2 Second Movement
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Violin Concerto No.2 Second Movement
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody No. 1 for Violin and Piano, Sz. 87 BB 94
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Rhapsody No. 1 for Violin and Piano, Sz. 87 BB 94
Béla Bartók
Concerto for orchestra (Sz.116), 5th mvt; Finale (Pesante - presto)
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Concerto for orchestra (Sz.116), 5th mvt; Finale (Pesante - presto)
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No.1
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Violin Concerto No.1
Béla Bartók
Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet, and Piano
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Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet, and Piano
Zoltán Kodály
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.2 Op.17 - Allegro molto capriccioso
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String Quartet No.2 Op.17 - Allegro molto capriccioso
Béla Bartók
Allegro Barbaro
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Allegro Barbaro
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Sketches
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Hungarian Sketches
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No. 6, Sz. 114
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String Quartet No. 6, Sz. 114
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra (Scherzo)
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Concerto for Orchestra (Scherzo)
Béla Bartók
For children Sz.42 - volumes 1 & 2
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For children Sz.42 - volumes 1 & 2
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra (Intermezzo interrotto)
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Concerto for Orchestra (Intermezzo interrotto)
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Sketches for orchestra
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Hungarian Sketches for orchestra
Igor Kuljerić
In The Mist; Nor among the Flowers There is Justice; Allegro Barbaro; May Lily
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In The Mist; Nor among the Flowers There is Justice; Allegro Barbaro; May Lily

In The Mist; Nor among the Flowers There is Justice; Allegro Barbaro; May Lily

Composer
Igor Kuljerić
Emil Cossetto
Béla Bartók
Milan Arko
Performer
Danijel Detoni
Music Arranger
Choir
Croatian Radio and Television Chorus
Singer
Andro Bojanic
Miroslav Zlvkovlc
Béla Bartók
Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta
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Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta
Béla Bartók
Divertimento for Strings
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Divertimento for Strings
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra
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Concerto for Orchestra
Béla Bartók
Mirokosmos Book 6: Six Dances in Bulgarian rhythm
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Mirokosmos Book 6: Six Dances in Bulgarian rhythm
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Sketches Sz.97
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Hungarian Sketches Sz.97
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.4
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String Quartet No.4
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra
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Concerto for Orchestra
Béla Bartók
The Miraculous Mandarin - suite Sz.73
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The Miraculous Mandarin - suite Sz.73
Béla Bartók
Divertimento for Strings movement 2
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Divertimento for Strings movement 2
Béla Bartók
Concerto no. 1 Sz.36 for violin and orchestra
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Concerto no. 1 Sz.36 for violin and orchestra
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances for cello and piano
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Romanian Folk Dances for cello and piano
Béla Bartók
Stick Dance (Romanian Folk Dances)
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Stick Dance (Romanian Folk Dances)
Béla Bartók
2 Pictures for orchestra (Sz.46) (Op.10)
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2 Pictures for orchestra (Sz.46) (Op.10)

2 Pictures for orchestra (Sz.46) (Op.10)

Orchestra
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No.2 - first movement
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Violin Concerto No.2 - first movement
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.4, BB 95: V. Allegro molto
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String Quartet No.4, BB 95: V. Allegro molto
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.5, BB 110: II. Adagio molto
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String Quartet No.5, BB 110: II. Adagio molto
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No.1, Op.7: II. Allegretto - Introduzione
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String Quartet No.1, Op.7: II. Allegretto - Introduzione
Béla Bartók
Music for Strings, Percussion and Celeste 4th mvt: Allegro molto
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Music for Strings, Percussion and Celeste 4th mvt: Allegro molto
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No 1
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Violin Concerto No 1
Béla Bartók
Bartok Suite no 1
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Bartok Suite no 1
Béla Bartók
Bartok Suite no 2
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Bartok Suite no 2
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (Horn Dance)
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Romanian Folk Dances (Horn Dance)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (Transylvanian Stamping Dance)
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Romanian Folk Dances (Transylvanian Stamping Dance)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (Dance with a Sash)
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Romanian Folk Dances (Dance with a Sash)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (Dance with a Stave)
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Romanian Folk Dances (Dance with a Stave)
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No 2
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Violin Concerto No 2
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances arr Szekely
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Romanian Folk Dances arr Szekely
Béla Bartók
Mikrokosmos - volume 4 Sz.107 for piano
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Mikrokosmos - volume 4 Sz.107 for piano
Béla Bartók
String Quartet No 3, Sz85
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String Quartet No 3, Sz85
Béla Bartók
Romanian folk dances Sz.68 orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano)
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Romanian folk dances Sz.68 orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Dances
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Romanian Dances
Béla Bartók
Contrasts for violin, clarinet and piano, Sz.111
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Contrasts for violin, clarinet and piano, Sz.111

Contrasts for violin, clarinet and piano, Sz.111

Performer
Anna Karpuk
Ruzalia Kasimova
Vladimir Yurygin-Klevke
Béla Bartók
Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Sz. 110 - Finale
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Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Sz. 110 - Finale

Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Sz. 110 - Finale

Performer
Eleonora Karpukhina
Vladimir Yurygin-Klevke
Andrei Vinnitsky
Andrei Nikitin
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Playlists featuring Béla Bartók


Past BBC Events

Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/evv4mb
Royal Albert Hall
2018-08-17T06:18:49
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17
Aug
2018
Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables

Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables

Royal Albert Hall
Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ec95v2
Queen's Hall
1936-01-07T06:18:49
7
Jan
1936

Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08

Queen's Hall

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