Béla Bartók
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1881-03-25
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/fd14da1b-3c2d-4cc8-9ca6-fc8c62ce6988
Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók Biography (BBC)

Without doubt the greatest Hungarian composer of the 20th century, Bartók was also a formidably accomplished pianist and a renowned collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and beyond. And, of course, he taught.

Bartók learnt the piano and began composing at a very young age. He went on to study at the Budapest Academy of Music but was slow in developing his own musical language. His most accomplished pre-Academy works show the influence of Brahms and Schumann; those of his student years betray the marks of Richard Strauss. The subject matter of the early symphonic poem Kossuth was already unmistakably Hungarian, but it wasn’t until 1904 that Bartók heard his first genuine Hungarian folk song. The deep acquaintance with his native folk music resonated in his own work. He had found his real musical identity and proved as much in a sequence of hugely accomplished scores: the First and Second String Quartets (1909 and 1914–17), the one-act opera Duke Bluebeard’s Castle (1911), and the ballets The Wooden Prince (1914–17) and The Miraculous Mandarin (1918–19).

His fame as both composer and pianist spread fast. Between 1926 and 1931 he wrote the first two of his three piano concertos as vehicles for his own playing. Typically, though, he resisted adopting the life of a touring composer-virtuoso. He continued with his folk-music studies and with developing his own musical language, exploring the nature of variation, the viability of symmetrical forms and a whole array of novel sounds in pieces such as the Third, Fourth and Fifth Quartets (1927, 1928, 1934), the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) and the Sonata for two pianos and percussion (1937). His later music veers towards a more diatonic sound-world, though formal process and proportion always remained important issues.

Bartók fled to the USA in 1940. Although he found work lecturing and giving concerts, he failed to re-establish his reputation. Depression, financial worries and severe health problems followed. He died in New York on 26 September 1945 from leukaemia, leaving his Third Piano Concerto 17 bars short of completion and his Viola Concerto still in sketch form. Thanks to a far-sighted commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation, though, he had in 1943 completed his Concerto for Orchestra, a masterpiece that betrays no sign of the distress that this sensitive, reluctant émigré was suffering.

Profile by Stephen Pettitt © BBC

Béla Bartók Biography (Wikipedia)

Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers (Gillies 2001). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Béla Bartók Performances & Interviews


Béla Bartók Tracks

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Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (Arr. Szekely)
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Romanian Folk Dances (Arr. Szekely)
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No.1 (Op.Post) (Sz.36)
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Violin Concerto No.1 (Op.Post) (Sz.36)
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra - Game or Presentation of Couples - 2nd Movement
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Concerto for Orchestra - Game or Presentation of Couples - 2nd Movement
Béla Bartók
Sonata for two pianos and percussion (3rd mvt)
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Sonata for two pianos and percussion (3rd mvt)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
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Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Seventh Floor: Bluebeard's Wives
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Seventh Floor: Bluebeard's Wives

Seventh Floor: Bluebeard's Wives

Performer
Elena Zhidkova (mezzo-soprano), Sir Willard White (bass-baritone), London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev (Conductor)
Béla Bartók
Piano Concero No.2 - 2nd Movement
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Piano Concero No.2 - 2nd Movement
Béla Bartók
The Miraculous Mandarin, Op. 19 - suite
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The Miraculous Mandarin, Op. 19 - suite
Béla Bartók
Mikrokosmos ( No. 107, BB 105) - Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm
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Mikrokosmos ( No. 107, BB 105) - Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm
Béla Bartók
Piano Quartet in C minor, Op. 20 (2nd mvt)
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Piano Quartet in C minor, Op. 20 (2nd mvt)
Béla Bartók
Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs
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Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Performer
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Choir
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Conductor
Bela Podor
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No. 1 i. Andante sostenuto
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Violin Concerto No. 1 i. Andante sostenuto
Béla Bartók
Concerto Sz.116 for orchestra
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Concerto Sz.116 for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra
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Concerto for Orchestra
Béla Bartók
Hungarian Sketches for orchestra (Evening in the Village)
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Hungarian Sketches for orchestra (Evening in the Village)
Béla Bartók
The Miraculous mandarin - pantomime Sz.73
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The Miraculous mandarin - pantomime Sz.73
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody no. 2 Sz.90, arr. for violin & orchestra [orig. for violin & piano (Sz.89)]
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Rhapsody no. 2 Sz.90, arr. for violin & orchestra [orig. for violin & piano (Sz.89)]
Béla Bartók
Concerto no. 1 Sz.36 for violin and orchestra
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Concerto no. 1 Sz.36 for violin and orchestra
Béla Bartók
Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; i. Preludio
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Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; i. Preludio

Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; i. Preludio

Orchestra
Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra
Conductor
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
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Romanian Folk Dances for orchestra
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances (selection)
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Romanian Folk Dances (selection)
Béla Bartók
Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14)
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Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14)
Béla Bartók
Concerto for Orchestra (BBC NOW 2017-18 Season)
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Concerto for Orchestra (BBC NOW 2017-18 Season)
Béla Bartók
Two Pictures Op.10
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Two Pictures Op.10
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No. 3, Sz. 119: III. Allegro vivace
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Piano Concerto No. 3, Sz. 119: III. Allegro vivace
Béla Bartók
Contrasts
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Contrasts
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody for Violin and Piano No 1, Sz. 86
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Rhapsody for Violin and Piano No 1, Sz. 86
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto no. 3 - iii) Allegro vivace
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Piano Concerto no. 3 - iii) Allegro vivace
Béla Bartók
Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano)
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Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano)
Béla Bartók
Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings
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Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings
Béla Bartók
Dance Suite: III. Allegro vivace
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Dance Suite: III. Allegro vivace
Béla Bartók
Romanian Dances
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Romanian Dances
Béla Bartók
Divertimento Sz.113 for string orchestra
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Divertimento Sz.113 for string orchestra
Béla Bartók
Mikrokosmos No.113 Bulgarian Rhythm (1)
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Mikrokosmos No.113 Bulgarian Rhythm (1)
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody no. 1 Sz.87, arr. for violin & orchestra (folk dances)
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Rhapsody no. 1 Sz.87, arr. for violin & orchestra (folk dances)
Béla Bartók
4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus (Sz.93) (1930)
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4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus (Sz.93) (1930)
Béla Bartók
Concerto Sz.116 for Orchestra
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Concerto Sz.116 for Orchestra
Béla Bartók
The Wooden Prince
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The Wooden Prince
Béla Bartók
Six Romanian Folk Dances
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Six Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody No.1, for cello and piano
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Rhapsody No.1, for cello and piano
Béla Bartók
Allegro Barbaro
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Allegro Barbaro

Allegro Barbaro

Performer
Bela Bartok (piano)
Béla Bartók
Kossuth
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Kossuth

Kossuth

Performer
Budapest Festival Orchestra
Ivan Fischer (conductor)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances
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Romanian Folk Dances
Béla Bartók
Sonatina
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Sonatina
Béla Bartók
6 Romanian Dances
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6 Romanian Dances
Béla Bartók
Cantata Profana
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Cantata Profana
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Upcoming BBC Events

Proms 2018: Prom 47: Elgar, Prokofiev & Venables
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Royal Albert Hall
2018-08-17T18:42:08
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Past BBC Events

Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08
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Queen's Hall
1936-01-07T18:42:08
7
Jan
1936

Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08

Queen's Hall

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