Gabriel Fauré
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/960x540/p01br152.jpg
1845-05-12
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/fa19a8b6-e7f4-40d4-af15-7a7c41ac7d8f
Gabriel Fauré

Gabriel Fauré Biography (BBC)

Gabriel Fauré’s personality contains a singular mix of contradictory elements. He learnt his craft at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, an institution devoted to raising the standards of church music by studying plainchant and Renaissance music. He then made his name with songs and piano music of sensuous melodic allure and an apparently easy fluency, which earned him a reputation as a society composer that he never emerged from in his lifetime as far as the wider world was concerned.

Thanks to the early advocacy of his teacher Saint-Saëns, he made his way in the musical world and rose through the hierarchies of Paris church posts – assistant to Widor at Saint-Sulpice, then organist at the fashionable Madeleine – and teaching positions, eventually becoming director of the Conservatoire. In the latter capacity, he was a reformist; socially, he was an established figure, taking advantage of his apparent popularity with women, though it should be remembered that salons were a prime venue for artistic networking and musical performance: Fauré would there meet Debussy and Ravel, Colette and Anatole France, while his improvised piano duets with Messager were legendary. Overseas he attempted to make himself known in London, with limited success.

For two decades at the end of his life he suffered a hearing affliction that distorted pitch, and progressive deafness. The concentration and introverted nature of his later music is sometimes attributed to this condition, but it is also the logical outcome of the way he had always composed. His Niedermeyer training had instilled the elements of counterpoint and especially the modes, which give his melodies and harmonies their personal flavour. Technically speaking, a fondness for sharpened fourths and flattened sevenths, and a reluctance to use perfect cadences, made for a marked lessening of the dramatic tensions that typified fully tonal music at the turn of the 19th century.

Instead, Fauré’s music expresses its energy in restless, intricate harmonic movement. The even way in which it flows can make it seem bland on the surface, and it demands focused listening (and performing), and an awareness of where the various lines are going, for its full intensity to register. This goes as much for his most familiar work, the Requiem, as for his highly distilled String Quartet.

Fauré continued to compose piano music and songs throughout his life. They are the mediums best matched to an idiom that depends more on the performer’s artistry than on instrumental colour; his equally impressive body of chamber music almost all uses a piano, apart from the String Quartet and two pieces for harp. Little interested in orchestration, he often assigned the task to others, although he was responsible for scoring four-fifths of his only opera Pénélope, a work of ravishing beauty and rather static dramaturgy.

Profile by Robert Maycock © BBC

Gabriel Fauré Biography (Wikipedia)

Gabriel Urbain Fauré (12 May 1845 – 4 November 1924) was a French composer, organist, pianist and teacher. He was one of the foremost French composers of his generation, and his musical style influenced many 20th-century composers. Among his best-known works are his Pavane, Requiem, Sicilienne, nocturnes for piano and the songs "Après un rêve" and "Clair de lune". Although his best-known and most accessible compositions are generally his earlier ones, Fauré composed many of his most highly regarded works in his later years, in a more harmonically and melodically complex style.

Fauré was born into a cultured but not especially musical family. His talent became clear when he was a small boy. At the age of nine, he was sent to the Ecole Niedermeyer music college in Paris, where he was trained to be a church organist and choirmaster. The Ecole Neidermeyer's pedagogy differed greatly from that of the Paris Conservatoire. Among his teachers was Camille Saint-Saëns, who became a lifelong friend. After graduating from the college in 1865, Fauré earned a modest living as an organist and teacher, leaving him little time for composition. When he became successful in his middle age, holding the important posts of organist of the Église de la Madeleine and director of the Paris Conservatoire, he still lacked time for composing; he retreated to the countryside in the summer holidays to concentrate on composition. By his last years, Fauré was recognised in France as the leading French composer of his day. An unprecedented national musical tribute was held for him in Paris in 1922, headed by the president of the French Republic. Outside France, Fauré's music took decades to become widely accepted, except in Britain, where he had many admirers during his lifetime.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Gabriel Fauré Performances & Interviews


Gabriel Fauré Tracks

Gabriel Fauré
Apres un reve
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Apres un reve

Sort by

Gabriel Fauré
Impromptu No 2 in F minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Impromptu No 2 in F minor
Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne in A flat major (Op.33, No.3) (1883)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Nocturne in A flat major (Op.33, No.3) (1883)
Gabriel Fauré
Dolly Suite
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Dolly Suite
Gabriel Fauré
Berceuse Op.16 for violin and piano
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Berceuse Op.16 for violin and piano
Gabriel Fauré
Mazurka in B flat major, Op 32
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Mazurka in B flat major, Op 32
Gabriel Fauré
Piano Trio in D Minor, Op. 120: II. Andantino
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Piano Trio in D Minor, Op. 120: II. Andantino
Gabriel Fauré
Piano Quartet No.2 in G minor (Op.45)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Piano Quartet No.2 in G minor (Op.45)
Gabriel Fauré
Pelleas et Melisande suite, Op 80
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Pelleas et Melisande suite, Op 80
Gabriel Fauré
Papillon, Op 77
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Papillon, Op 77
Gabriel Fauré
Elegy for cello and piano, Op 24 [1883]
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Elegy for cello and piano, Op 24 [1883]
Gabriel Fauré
Apres un reve Op.7 No.1, arr. for violin and piano
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Apres un reve Op.7 No.1, arr. for violin and piano
Gabriel Fauré
Sicilienne (Pelléas et Mélisande, Op.80)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Sicilienne (Pelléas et Mélisande, Op.80)
Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne no. 6 in D flat major Op.63
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Nocturne no. 6 in D flat major Op.63
Gabriel Fauré
Pavane (arr. for organ)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Pavane (arr. for organ)
Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne for piano no.1 (Op.33 No.1) in E flat minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Nocturne for piano no.1 (Op.33 No.1) in E flat minor
Gabriel Fauré
Violin Sonata No 1 (3rd mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Violin Sonata No 1 (3rd mvt)
Gabriel Fauré
Piano Trio - 3rd mvt: Allegro vivo
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Piano Trio - 3rd mvt: Allegro vivo
Gabriel Fauré
Agnus Dei (Requiem, Op 48)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Agnus Dei (Requiem, Op 48)
Gabriel Fauré
Messe Basse
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Messe Basse

Messe Basse

Orchestrator
Singer
Henriette Schellenberg
Conductor
Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne for piano no 6 in D flat major, Op 63
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Nocturne for piano no 6 in D flat major, Op 63
Gabriel Fauré
Le papillon et la fleur, op. 1/1
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Le papillon et la fleur, op. 1/1
Gabriel Fauré
Sicilienne (Pelléas et Mélisande, Op 80)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Sicilienne (Pelléas et Mélisande, Op 80)
Gabriel Fauré
Sicilienne, Op.78
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Sicilienne, Op.78
Gabriel Fauré
Cantique de Jean Racine, Op.11
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Cantique de Jean Racine, Op.11
Gabriel Fauré
Cantique de Jean Racine
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Cantique de Jean Racine
Gabriel Fauré
Masques et bergamasques, Op 112 (Overture)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Masques et bergamasques, Op 112 (Overture)
Gabriel Fauré
Agnus Dei (Requiem)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Agnus Dei (Requiem)
Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne in D flat major Op.63 No.6
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Nocturne in D flat major Op.63 No.6
Gabriel Fauré
Pavane, Op 50
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Pavane, Op 50
Gabriel Fauré
Trio in D minor (Op.120), 3rd mvt: Allegro vivo
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Trio in D minor (Op.120), 3rd mvt: Allegro vivo
Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne for piano in E flat minor, Op 33 no 1
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Nocturne for piano in E flat minor, Op 33 no 1
Gabriel Fauré
Souvenirs de Bayreuth for piano duet (Fantaisie en forme de quadrille)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Souvenirs de Bayreuth for piano duet (Fantaisie en forme de quadrille)
Gabriel Fauré
Sicilienne
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Sicilienne
Gabriel Fauré
Nell (3 Songs Op.18)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Nell (3 Songs Op.18)
Gabriel Fauré
Élégie Op.24
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Élégie Op.24
Gabriel Fauré
Pavane, Op 50
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Pavane, Op 50
Gabriel Fauré
Papillon for cello and piano, Op 77
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Papillon for cello and piano, Op 77
Gabriel Fauré
Piano Trio in D minor, Op 120 (2nd mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Piano Trio in D minor, Op 120 (2nd mvt)
Gabriel Fauré
Pelleas et Melisande - suite Op.80 (Sicilienne)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Pelleas et Melisande - suite Op.80 (Sicilienne)
Gabriel Fauré
Après un rêve, Op 7 No 1
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Après un rêve, Op 7 No 1
Gabriel Fauré
Pavane for orchestra Op 50
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Pavane for orchestra Op 50
Gabriel Fauré
Berceuse (Dolly Suite, Op 56)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Berceuse (Dolly Suite, Op 56)
Gabriel Fauré
Barcarolle No 3 in G flat major, Op 42
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Barcarolle No 3 in G flat major, Op 42
Gabriel Fauré
String Quartet in E minor (3rd mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
String Quartet in E minor (3rd mvt)
Gabriel Fauré
Improvisation in C sharp minor, Op 84 No 5
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Improvisation in C sharp minor, Op 84 No 5
Gabriel Fauré
Barcarolle no. 9
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Barcarolle no. 9
Gabriel Fauré
Pavane in F sharp minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01br152.jpg
link
Pavane in F sharp minor
Load more tracks

Back to artist