Winston Churchill
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1874-11-30
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Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill Biography (Wikipedia)

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill KG OM CH TD PC PCc DL FRS RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. As Prime Minister, Churchill led Britain to victory over Nazi Germany during World War II. Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a non-academic historian, and a writer (as Winston S. Churchill). He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 for his overall, lifetime body of work.

Churchill was born into the family of the Dukes of Marlborough, a branch of the Spencer family. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jennie Jerome, was an American socialite. As a young army officer, he saw action in British India, the Anglo–Sudan War, and the Second Boer War. He gained fame as a war correspondent and wrote books about his campaigns. At the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of Asquith's Liberal government. During the war, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He then briefly resumed active army service on the Western Front as commander of the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government under Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, Secretary of State for Air, then Secretary of State for the Colonies. After two years out of Parliament, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Baldwin's Conservative government of 1924–1929, controversially returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.


Winston Churchill Tracks

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Winston Churchill
This Was Their Finest Hour (speech, 18 June 1940)
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This Was Their Finest Hour (speech, 18 June 1940)
Winston Churchill
These Are Great Days (Speech To Boys Of Harrow School)
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These Are Great Days (Speech To Boys Of Harrow School)
Winston Churchill
Westward Look The Land Is Bright (speech, 27 April 1941)
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Westward Look The Land Is Bright (speech, 27 April 1941)
Winston Churchill
Meeting With Roosevelt (Speech 24/08/41)
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Meeting With Roosevelt (Speech 24/08/41)
Winston Churchill
VE Day (speech, 8 May 1945)
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VE Day (speech, 8 May 1945)
Winston Churchill
We Shall Fight on the Beaches (speech, 4 June 1940)
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We Shall Fight on the Beaches (speech, 4 June 1940)
Winston Churchill
Every Man to His Post (speech, 11 September 1940)
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Every Man to His Post (speech, 11 September 1940)
Winston Churchill
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat (speech, 13 May 1940)
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Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat (speech, 13 May 1940)
Winston Churchill
The War Of The Unknown Warriors
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The War Of The Unknown Warriors
Winston Churchill
Speech By Winston Churchill 14 August 1946
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Speech By Winston Churchill 14 August 1946
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