Charlie Parker

Aka "Bird", jazz alto saxophonist. Born 29 August 1920. Died 12 March 1955
Charlie Parker
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1920-08-29
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c7356af9-9ea6-4a78-a55b-c73775716312
Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker Biography (BBC)

Nicknamed 'Bird' or 'Yardbird', Parker was one of the most significant and widely imitated improvisers in jazz history. He was one of the main contributors to the development of bebop in the 1940s, having grown up in Kansas City, and begun playing professionally as a teenager.

His far-reaching developments to saxophone playing did not begin to occur until after he had been playing for some years, and spent part of 1939 in New York. On his return to the Midwest, after much practice, he joined Jay McShann's orchestra, and his first discs with that band, made in 1941, show the beginnings of his mature style.

He created long, loping lines of melody, stringing together many short themes or motifs, and using notes that related to the higher intervals, (ninths, elevenths and thirteenths,) of the underlying chords. He came to New York with McShann, and soon became renowned around the city for his improvising, especially on the blues, or on the chord sequence of Ray Noble's tune Cherokee.

He remained in the city, sitting in at after hours clubs, and gaining a reputation as a formidable jam-session player. Then he joined Earl Hines's band in the spring of 1943, in which he played alongside Dizzy Gillespie, and they worked together again the following year in Billy Eckstine's band. In 1945, they worked together in a small group in New York and on record, travelling to the West at the end of the year.

In California, Parker's health broke down. After years of drug and alcohol abuse, he checked into a hospital for a cure. He only worked with Gillespie sporadically after that, but his new trumpet partnerships were equally fulfilling, and he shared the front line of his subseuqent quintets with Kenny Dorham, Miles Davis, Fats Navarro and the young white trumpeter Red Rodney.

In the meantime he established himself as a soloist, appearing on Jazz At The Philharmonic concerts, on tour with Stan Kenton, and also fronting a string orchestra in some highly commercially successful discs and gigs called 'Bird With Strings'. However, from the late 1940s onwards, Parker was always fighting a battle with his inner demons and the pull of drugs and alcohol.

He mixed moments of pure genius with unreliability, and when he died at just 34, the doctor signing his death certificate assumed he was almost twice that age, from his fast-lane lifestyle. Nevertheless, his legacy lives on through the enormous influence he exerted on the majority of saxophonists in the second half of the 20th century.

Charlie Parker Biography (Wikipedia)

Charles Parker Jr. (August 29, 1920 – March 12, 1955), also known as Yardbird and Bird, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer.

Parker was a highly influential jazz soloist and a leading figure in the development of bebop, a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos, virtuosic technique and advanced harmonies. Parker was a blazingly fast virtuoso, and he introduced revolutionary harmonic ideas including rapid passing chords, new variants of altered chords, and chord substitutions. His tone ranged from clean and penetrating to sweet and somber. Parker acquired the nickname "Yardbird" early in his career. This, and the shortened form "Bird", continued to be used for the rest of his life, inspiring the titles of a number of Parker compositions, such as "Yardbird Suite", "Ornithology", "Bird Gets the Worm", and "Bird of Paradise". Parker was an icon for the hipster subculture and later the Beat Generation, personifying the jazz musician as an uncompromising artist and intellectual rather than just an entertainer.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.


Charlie Parker Tracks

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Charlie Parker
Klactoveedsedstene
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Klactoveedsedstene
Charlie Parker
Ko Ko
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Ko Ko
Charlie Parker
Parker's Mood
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Parker's Mood
Charlie Parker
Bird Gets The Worm
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Bird Gets The Worm
Charlie Parker
Scrapple From The Apple
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Scrapple From The Apple
Charlie Parker
Moose The Mooche
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Moose The Mooche
Charlie Parker
Tico Tico
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Tico Tico
Charlie Parker
Ornithology
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Ornithology
Charlie Parker
Laura
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Laura
Charlie Parker
April In Paris
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April In Paris
Charlie Parker
Salt Peanuts
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Salt Peanuts
George Gershwin
Summertime
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Summertime
Charlie Parker
No Problem
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No Problem
Charlie Parker
In the Still of the Night
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In the Still of the Night
Charlie Parker
Red Cross
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Red Cross
Charlie Parker
Billie's Bounce
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Billie's Bounce
Charlie Parker
A Night In Tunisia
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A Night In Tunisia
Charlie Parker
Get Happy
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Get Happy
Charlie Parker
Hot House
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Hot House
Dizzy Gillespie
Groovin' High
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Groovin' High
Charlie Parker
I Remember You
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I Remember You
Charlie Parker
Autumn in New York
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Autumn in New York
Charlie Parker
My Little Suede Shoes
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My Little Suede Shoes
Charlie Parker
Now's The Time
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Now's The Time
Charlie Parker
Donna Lee
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Donna Lee
Charlie Parker
What Is This Thing Called Love
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What Is This Thing Called Love
Dizzy Gillespie
Salt Peanuts
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Salt Peanuts
Slim Galliard, Dizzy Gillespie & Charlie Parker
Slim's Jam
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Slim's Jam
Charlie Parker
Salt Peanuts
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Salt Peanuts

Salt Peanuts

Performer
Charlie Parker/Dizzy Gillespie
Dizzy Gillespie And His All Star Qunitet
Charlie Parker
Cool Blues
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Cool Blues
Charlie Parker
Ah-Leu-Cha
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Ah-Leu-Cha
Charlie Parker
Back Home Blues Part 2
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Back Home Blues Part 2
Charlie Parker
Anthropology
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Anthropology
Charlie Parker
My Heart Belongs To Daddy
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My Heart Belongs To Daddy
Charlie Parker
Ornithology (Take 4 - Master)
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Ornithology (Take 4 - Master)
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