Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
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Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

Franz Joseph Haydn ( (listen); 31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely, and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a tutor of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

Joseph Haydn
Harmoniemesse (Agnus Dei)
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Harmoniemesse (Agnus Dei)

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Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.92 (H.1.92) in G major, "Oxford"
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Symphony no.92 (H.1.92) in G major, "Oxford"
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 12 in E major H.1.12: 3rd movement; Finale (Presto)
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Symphony no. 12 in E major H.1.12: 3rd movement; Finale (Presto)
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto in D
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Cello Concerto in D
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C major, Op.76`3 'Emperor' (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in C major, Op.76`3 'Emperor' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.45 in F sharp minor 'Farewell' (4th mvt)
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Symphony no.45 in F sharp minor 'Farewell' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C minor, Op 17 no 4
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String Quartet in C minor, Op 17 no 4
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 93 in D major (4ht mvt)
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Symphony No 93 in D major (4ht mvt)

Symphony No 93 in D major (4ht mvt)

Orchestra
Les Musiciens du Louvre-Grenobles
Last played on
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D minor, Op. 76/2 'Fifths'
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String Quartet in D minor, Op. 76/2 'Fifths'
Joseph Haydn
Overture to [Lo] Speziale (H.28.3)
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Overture to [Lo] Speziale (H.28.3)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 73 in D major 'La Chasse' (H.1.73)
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Symphony no 73 in D major 'La Chasse' (H.1.73)

Symphony no 73 in D major 'La Chasse' (H.1.73)

Orchestra
Romanian National Chamber Orchestra
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 104 in D major 'London': I. Adagio - Allegro
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Symphony No. 104 in D major 'London': I. Adagio - Allegro
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 83 in G minor, 'The Hen' (1st mvt)
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Symphony No 83 in G minor, 'The Hen' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Horn Concerto No 1 in D major, H VIId 4 (2nd mvt)
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Horn Concerto No 1 in D major, H VIId 4 (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major Op 77 No 1
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String Quartet in G major Op 77 No 1
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 13 in D major: 2nd mvt
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Symphony No 13 in D major: 2nd mvt
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 84 in E flat major (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 84 in E flat major (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.67 in F major (4th mvt)
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Symphony no.67 in F major (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.99 (H.1.99) in E flat major
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Symphony No.99 (H.1.99) in E flat major
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 98 in B flat major
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Symphony No 98 in B flat major
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B flat major, Op.76`4 'Sunrise'
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String Quartet in B flat major, Op.76`4 'Sunrise'
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto in C major (H.7b.1)
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Cello Concerto in C major (H.7b.1)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B flat major, Op 76 No 4, 'Sunrise' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in B flat major, Op 76 No 4, 'Sunrise' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concert in E flat major, H VIIe 1
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Trumpet Concert in E flat major, H VIIe 1
Joseph Haydn
Quartet in G major, Op 77, No 1
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Quartet in G major, Op 77, No 1
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in C minor, HXVI:36
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Sonata in C minor, HXVI:36
Joseph Haydn
Overture, L'Isola disabitata
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Overture, L'Isola disabitata
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 101 in D ‘Clock’, 2. Andante
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Symphony No. 101 in D ‘Clock’, 2. Andante

Symphony No. 101 in D ‘Clock’, 2. Andante

Performer
Sir Neville Marriner, Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields
Joseph Haydn
Octet (Divertimento No.1) in G major
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Octet (Divertimento No.1) in G major
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto no.1 in C major H.7b.1 (3rd mvt)
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Cello Concerto no.1 in C major H.7b.1 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Te Deum for the Empress Marie Therese, H XXIIIc 2
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Te Deum for the Empress Marie Therese, H XXIIIc 2
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in B flat major H.16.41
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Piano Sonata in B flat major H.16.41
Joseph Haydn
Concerto No. 1 in C Major, Hob.VIIh:1 "Lyra organizzata"; I. Allegro con spirito
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Concerto No. 1 in C Major, Hob.VIIh:1 "Lyra organizzata"; I. Allegro con spirito
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op.71 No.2 Hob III:70; I. Adagio
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String Quartet in D major, Op.71 No.2 Hob III:70; I. Adagio
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.103 in E flat minor 'Drum Roll' (4th mvt)
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Symphony no.103 in E flat minor 'Drum Roll' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 104 in D major, 'London' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 104 in D major, 'London' (4th mvt)

Symphony No 104 in D major, 'London' (4th mvt)

Orchestra
London Classical Players
Last played on
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 93 in D major (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 93 in D major (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 49 in F minor IV. Presto
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Symphony No. 49 in F minor IV. Presto
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in G major 'Gypsy Rondo' H.15.25 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio in G major 'Gypsy Rondo' H.15.25 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet, Op. 71 No. 2 in D major - first movement
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String Quartet, Op. 71 No. 2 in D major - first movement
Joseph Haydn
Notturno No 5 in C major, H II 29
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Notturno No 5 in C major, H II 29
Joseph Haydn
Quartet in D major Op.64`5 (Lark) for strings
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Quartet in D major Op.64`5 (Lark) for strings
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider'
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String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider'
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento in E flat major, Hob.2.21
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Divertimento in E flat major, Hob.2.21

Divertimento in E flat major, Hob.2.21

Orchestra
St. Christopher Chamber Orchestra, Vilnius
Joseph Haydn
Quartet in G minor, Op.74 No.3 'Rider'
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Quartet in G minor, Op.74 No.3 'Rider'
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'The Joke' - 1st movement, Allegro moderato cantabile
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String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'The Joke' - 1st movement, Allegro moderato cantabile
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 44 in E minor, 'Trauer'
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Symphony no 44 in E minor, 'Trauer'
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto
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Trumpet Concerto
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D, Op.20 no.4
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String Quartet in D, Op.20 no.4
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