Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe
Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

Franz Joseph Haydn ( (listen); 31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely, and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a tutor of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto No. 2 in D Major, Op. 101, Hob. VIIb:2: III. Rondo. Allegro
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Cello Concerto No. 2 in D Major, Op. 101, Hob. VIIb:2: III. Rondo. Allegro

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Joseph Haydn
String Quartet No 23 in F minor, Op 20, No 5 (1st mvt)
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String Quartet No 23 in F minor, Op 20, No 5 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E major, H XV 28 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio in E major, H XV 28 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Te Deum in C major H.23c.2
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Te Deum in C major H.23c.2
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'The Joke' - 1st movement, Allegro moderato cantabile
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String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'The Joke' - 1st movement, Allegro moderato cantabile
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in A Major, H.15.18
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Piano Trio in A Major, H.15.18
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 43 in E flat major, Hob.1.43, 'Mercury'
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Symphony No 43 in E flat major, Hob.1.43, 'Mercury'
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B-flat, Op. 76, No. 4, "Sunrise"
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String Quartet in B-flat, Op. 76, No. 4, "Sunrise"
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 98 in B flat major (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 98 in B flat major (2nd mvt)

Symphony No 98 in B flat major (2nd mvt)

Orchestra
Les Musiciens du Louvre-Grenobles
Joseph Haydn
L' Incontro improvviso. H.28.6 (Overture)
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L' Incontro improvviso. H.28.6 (Overture)
Joseph Haydn
Piano trio in C major Hob XV:27
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Piano trio in C major Hob XV:27
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op 20 No 4 (3rd mvt)
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String Quartet Op 20 No 4 (3rd mvt)

String Quartet Op 20 No 4 (3rd mvt)

Ensemble
St Lawrence Quartet
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Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op 20 No 2 (2nd mvt)
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String Quartet Op 20 No 2 (2nd mvt)

String Quartet Op 20 No 2 (2nd mvt)

Ensemble
St Lawrence Quartet
Last played on
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op 20 No 1 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet Op 20 No 1 (4th mvt)

String Quartet Op 20 No 1 (4th mvt)

Ensemble
St Lawrence Quartet
Last played on
Joseph Haydn
Quartet in G major, Op.76`1
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Quartet in G major, Op.76`1
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D minor , Op 76, No. 2, 'Fifths'
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String Quartet in D minor , Op 76, No. 2, 'Fifths'
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.45 in F sharp minor 'Farewell'
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Symphony No.45 in F sharp minor 'Farewell'
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet No.2 in D Minor, Op.76 "Fifths" (1st mvt)
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String Quartet No.2 in D Minor, Op.76 "Fifths" (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C minor, Op 17 no 4
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String Quartet in C minor, Op 17 no 4
Joseph Haydn
Sonata No.50 in D major, Hob. XVI:37 i) Allegro con brio
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Sonata No.50 in D major, Hob. XVI:37 i) Allegro con brio
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 73 in D major 'La Chasse' (H.1.73)
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Symphony no 73 in D major 'La Chasse' (H.1.73)

Symphony no 73 in D major 'La Chasse' (H.1.73)

Orchestra
Romanian National Chamber Orchestra
Joseph Haydn
Piano concerto in D major H.8:2 (2nd mvt)
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Piano concerto in D major H.8:2 (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major Op 77 No 1
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String Quartet in G major Op 77 No 1
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.73 in D major, 'La Chasse' - last movt: Presto
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Symphony no.73 in D major, 'La Chasse' - last movt: Presto
Joseph Haydn
Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
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Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet No. 33 in D, op. 33/6, Hob. III:42
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String Quartet No. 33 in D, op. 33/6, Hob. III:42
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in C major H.16.10
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Piano Sonata in C major H.16.10
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in D major, Hob.XVI.33
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Piano Sonata in D major, Hob.XVI.33
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 102 in B flat major (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 102 in B flat major (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B flat major Op.1`1 "La Chasse" (1st & 2nd mvts)
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String Quartet in B flat major Op.1`1 "La Chasse" (1st & 2nd mvts)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 100 in G major, Hob. I:100, 'Military'
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Symphony No 100 in G major, Hob. I:100, 'Military'
Joseph Haydn
Parthia in B flat major for wind ensemble
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Parthia in B flat major for wind ensemble
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major, Op 76 No 1, 2nd Mvt
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String Quartet in G major, Op 76 No 1, 2nd Mvt
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 97 in C major, Hob.I:97, I. Adagio- Vivace
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Symphony No. 97 in C major, Hob.I:97, I. Adagio- Vivace
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.83 “The Hen”
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Symphony no.83 “The Hen”
Joseph Haydn
The Heavens are Telling (The Creation)
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The Heavens are Telling (The Creation)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat op. 33 no. 2 'Joke'
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String Quartet in E flat op. 33 no. 2 'Joke'
Joseph Haydn
L'Anima del Filosofo, ossia 'Orfeo ed Euridice' Act IV
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L'Anima del Filosofo, ossia 'Orfeo ed Euridice' Act IV

L'Anima del Filosofo, ossia 'Orfeo ed Euridice' Act IV

Singer
Grit van Juten
Elena Vink
Robert Gambill
Henk Smit
Choir
Netherlands Radio Chamber Choir
Orchestra
Netherlands Radio Orchestra
Conductor
Dieter Rossberg
Robin Gritton
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto in E flat major, H.7e.1
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Trumpet Concerto in E flat major, H.7e.1
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 103 in E flat major "Drum Roll" (H.1.103)
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Symphony no 103 in E flat major "Drum Roll" (H.1.103)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 104 in D major, 'London' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 104 in D major, 'London' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in G major Hob 16:40, 2nd movement (finale): Presto
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Sonata in G major Hob 16:40, 2nd movement (finale): Presto
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in B minor Hob 16:32, 1st movement: Allegro moderato
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Sonata in B minor Hob 16:32, 1st movement: Allegro moderato
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No 49 in C sharp minor, H XVI 36 (2nd mvt)
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Piano Sonata No 49 in C sharp minor, H XVI 36 (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in A major Op 9 No 6 (3rd and 4th mvts)
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String Quartet in A major Op 9 No 6 (3rd and 4th mvts)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 27 in G major
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Symphony No 27 in G major
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto in E flat major, H.7e.1 (1st mvt)
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Trumpet Concerto in E flat major, H.7e.1 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String quartet in C, Op. 74 No. 1 (2nd movement)
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String quartet in C, Op. 74 No. 1 (2nd movement)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op.20`3 in G minor (4th mvt)
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String Quartet Op.20`3 in G minor (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major (Op. 64 No.5) 'The Lark'
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String Quartet in D major (Op. 64 No.5) 'The Lark'
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