Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
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Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

Franz Joseph Haydn ( (listen); 31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely, and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a tutor of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 86 in D major H.1.86 (2nd mvt)
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Symphony no. 86 in D major H.1.86 (2nd mvt)

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Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B-flat, Op. 76, No. 4, "Sunrise"
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String Quartet in B-flat, Op. 76, No. 4, "Sunrise"
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in D major H.XVI:37
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Piano Sonata in D major H.XVI:37
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento for 2 flutes and cello in C major , Hob.4.1, 'London trio' No 1
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Divertimento for 2 flutes and cello in C major , Hob.4.1, 'London trio' No 1
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C major, Op 33 No 3, 'The Bird' (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in C major, Op 33 No 3, 'The Bird' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major Op 77 No 1
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String Quartet in G major Op 77 No 1
Joseph Haydn
Finale spirituoso (Symphony No.104 "London")
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Finale spirituoso (Symphony No.104 "London")
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto in C major (H.7b.1)
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Cello Concerto in C major (H.7b.1)
Joseph Haydn
Die Schopfung [The Creation] (H.21.2) Part 3 - Nos. 29 & 30
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Die Schopfung [The Creation] (H.21.2) Part 3 - Nos. 29 & 30
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in C major H.16.10
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Piano Sonata in C major H.16.10
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Sonata in B flat major, Hob.16.41
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Keyboard Sonata in B flat major, Hob.16.41
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.99 (H.1.99) in E flat major
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Symphony No.99 (H.1.99) in E flat major
Joseph Haydn
Abschiedsymphony (Farewell Symphony) No.45 - movement 4
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Abschiedsymphony (Farewell Symphony) No.45 - movement 4
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No. 6 in C: III. Finale. Presto
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Piano Sonata No. 6 in C: III. Finale. Presto
Joseph Haydn
Concerto in D major for keyboard, H.18.11 (1st mvt)
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Concerto in D major for keyboard, H.18.11 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in C major, no 58, H.16.48 (2nd mvt)
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Piano Sonata in C major, no 58, H.16.48 (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Notturno no.6 in G major, H.2.30
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Notturno no.6 in G major, H.2.30
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 87 in A major (1st mvt)
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Symphony No 87 in A major (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 98 in B flat major (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 98 in B flat major (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
The Creation Part I: 12. In Splendour bright
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The Creation Part I: 12. In Splendour bright
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in E minor, H.16:34
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Piano Sonata in E minor, H.16:34
Joseph Haydn
Overture, L' Isola disabitata
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Overture, L' Isola disabitata
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in F major, H.16.29
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Piano Sonata in F major, H.16.29
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.1 in D major, Hob.1.I (1st mvt - Presto)
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Symphony No.1 in D major, Hob.1.I (1st mvt - Presto)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 20 in C
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Symphony no. 20 in C
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 95 in C minor (1st mvt)
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Symphony No 95 in C minor (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider'
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String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider'
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento in E flat major, Hob.2.21
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Divertimento in E flat major, Hob.2.21

Divertimento in E flat major, Hob.2.21

Orchestra
St. Christopher Chamber Orchestra, Vilnius
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 94 in G major, 'Surprise' (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 94 in G major, 'Surprise' (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.12 in E major
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Symphony No.12 in E major
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G minor, Op 20, No 3
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String Quartet in G minor, Op 20, No 3
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 83 (H.1.83) in G minor "The Hen", 4th movement; Finale
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Symphony no. 83 (H.1.83) in G minor "The Hen", 4th movement; Finale
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio 'Gypsy Rondo' (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio 'Gypsy Rondo' (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Sonata No.52 in E Flat, Hob XVI/52
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Keyboard Sonata No.52 in E Flat, Hob XVI/52
Joseph Haydn
Dir der unschuld Seligkeit [Philemon et Baucis]
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Dir der unschuld Seligkeit [Philemon et Baucis]
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in F sharp minor Op. 50 no. 4
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String Quartet in F sharp minor Op. 50 no. 4
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E flat major, H.15.10
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Piano Trio in E flat major, H.15.10
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 6 in D major 'Le Matin'
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Symphony no 6 in D major 'Le Matin'
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major, Op 77 No 1, 'Lobkowitz' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in G major, Op 77 No 1, 'Lobkowitz' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
The Seasons: Winter (beginning)
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The Seasons: Winter (beginning)
Joseph Haydn
Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
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Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio No 39 in G Hob XV:25
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Piano Trio No 39 in G Hob XV:25
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in C Major, H.15.21
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Piano Trio in C Major, H.15.21
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C major, Op 20`2
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String Quartet in C major, Op 20`2
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 94 in G major H.1.94 (Surprise): 2nd movement; Andante
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Symphony no. 94 in G major H.1.94 (Surprise): 2nd movement; Andante
Joseph Haydn
Quartet for strings (Op.76`4) in B flat major "Sunrise", 1st mvt; Allegro con spirito
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Quartet for strings (Op.76`4) in B flat major "Sunrise", 1st mvt; Allegro con spirito
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op.55'2 "Razor" (4th mvt)
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String Quartet Op.55'2 "Razor" (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major Op.77`1 (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in G major Op.77`1 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major, Hob.2.46
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Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major, Hob.2.46

Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major, Hob.2.46

Music Arranger
Harold Perry
Ensemble
Academic Wind Quintet
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