Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
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Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

Franz Joseph Haydn ( (listen); 31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely, and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a tutor of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major, Op 54 No 1 iii) Menuetto: Allegretto
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String Quartet in G major, Op 54 No 1 iii) Menuetto: Allegretto

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Joseph Haydn
Overture in D major H.1a.7
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Overture in D major H.1a.7
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 104 in D major "London" (H.1.104)
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Symphony no 104 in D major "London" (H.1.104)
Joseph Haydn
The Creation: Awake the Harp
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The Creation: Awake the Harp
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.92 in G major 'Oxford' (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No.92 in G major 'Oxford' (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Trio in D, Hob XV:24
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Keyboard Trio in D, Hob XV:24
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 88 in G major (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 88 in G major (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 49 (La Passione)
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Symphony no 49 (La Passione)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (4th mvt - Presto e scherzando)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (4th mvt - Presto e scherzando)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (2nd mvt - Un poco adagio e affetuoso)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (2nd mvt - Un poco adagio e affetuoso)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major, Op 77 No 1 (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in G major, Op 77 No 1 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E major, H.15.28 (1st mvt)
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Piano Trio in E major, H.15.28 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 43 in E flat major, Hob.1.43, 'Mercury'
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Symphony No 43 in E flat major, Hob.1.43, 'Mercury'
Joseph Haydn
Fantasia in C Hob. XVII no. 4
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Fantasia in C Hob. XVII no. 4
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 86 in D major H.1.86 (2nd mvt)
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Symphony no. 86 in D major H.1.86 (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Violin Concerto No 1 in C major
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Violin Concerto No 1 in C major
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 54 No 1
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String Quartet in D major, Op 54 No 1
Joseph Haydn
Symphony 92 ('Oxford') - 2nd movement 'Adagio'
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Symphony 92 ('Oxford') - 2nd movement 'Adagio'
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Sonata in D major (Hob.XVI/37)
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Keyboard Sonata in D major (Hob.XVI/37)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 50 No 6, 'The Frog' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 50 No 6, 'The Frog' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C major, Op 50 No 2 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in C major, Op 50 No 2 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 96 in D major, 'Miracle' (1st mvt)
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Symphony No 96 in D major, 'Miracle' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Sonata for Piano in G major (H.16.27) (1774-76)
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Sonata for Piano in G major (H.16.27) (1774-76)
Joseph Haydn
Notturno No.3 in G major, 3rd movement
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Notturno No.3 in G major, 3rd movement
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major Op 71, No 2 (Finale)
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String Quartet in D major Op 71, No 2 (Finale)
Joseph Haydn
The Creation (In holder Anmut stehn)
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The Creation (In holder Anmut stehn)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No.12 in A major, Hob.XVI:12
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Piano Sonata No.12 in A major, Hob.XVI:12
Joseph Haydn
The Storm, H XXIVa 8
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The Storm, H XXIVa 8

The Storm, H XXIVa 8

Orchestra
Gottingen Festival Orchestra
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, H.16.52
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Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, H.16.52
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 7 in C major, 'Le midi'
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Symphony No 7 in C major, 'Le midi'
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no 102 in B flat major (H.1.102)
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Symphony no 102 in B flat major (H.1.102)
Joseph Haydn
Organ Concerto in C, Hob XVIII:5 (Andante)
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Organ Concerto in C, Hob XVIII:5 (Andante)
Joseph Haydn
Quartet for strings no.50 (Op.64 No.3) (Hob.III:67) in B flat major
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Quartet for strings no.50 (Op.64 No.3) (Hob.III:67) in B flat major
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E major (H.15.28)
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Piano Trio in E major (H.15.28)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 83 in G minor, 'The Hen' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 83 in G minor, 'The Hen' (4th mvt)

Symphony No 83 in G minor, 'The Hen' (4th mvt)

Orchestra
Handel and Haydn Society of Boston
Last played on
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in F major, Op 74 No 2 (2nd mvt)
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String Quartet in F major, Op 74 No 2 (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto
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Trumpet Concerto
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Concerto in F major H.18.3 - 3rd mvt (arr.for accordion)
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Keyboard Concerto in F major H.18.3 - 3rd mvt (arr.for accordion)
Joseph Haydn
"Sun Quartet" No.25 in C Major, Op. 20 No.2 - Finale
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"Sun Quartet" No.25 in C Major, Op. 20 No.2 - Finale
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.98 in B flat, Hob: 1:98
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Symphony No.98 in B flat, Hob: 1:98
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 94 in G major, 'Surprise'
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Symphony No 94 in G major, 'Surprise'
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 101 in D major 'The Clock': II. Andante
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Symphony no. 101 in D major 'The Clock': II. Andante
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.25 in C major H.1.25
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Symphony No.25 in C major H.1.25
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat major Op.20 No.1 - 3rd mvt
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String Quartet in E flat major Op.20 No.1 - 3rd mvt
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No. 41 in B flat major
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Piano Sonata No. 41 in B flat major
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Opus 76, No.4
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String Quartet Opus 76, No.4
Joseph Haydn
Parthia in B flat major for wind ensemble
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Parthia in B flat major for wind ensemble
Joseph Haydn
Notturno No 5 in C major, H.2.29
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Notturno No 5 in C major, H.2.29
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